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SMaHRT (Stroke Motor reHabilitation and Recovery sTudy) is a longitudinal study aimed at understanding the natural history of upper extremity motor recovery after ischemic stroke.
The purpose of this study is to collect real-world performance and safety data on the Penumbra System including the 3D Revascularization Device in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to blockages of the large blood vessels in the brain.
Currently, there is no reliable biomarker for stroke, meaning that treatment is often delayed and patients are often left with a disability. Stroke is one of the largest causes of mortality (death) and morbidity (disease) in the UK and affects around 120 and 15 people per 100,000 population. This has huge economic implications, with around £9 billion a year being spent on stroke in the UK alone, and health and social care costs accounting for half of this amount. Productivity losses (i.e. income costs) are estimated at £1.33 billion and benefit payments total £840 million per year. Previous studies involving heart attack patients have suggested that succinate (a biomarker) levels rise after reperfusion (reoxygenation) of the heart tissue and in the context of ischaemia (i.e. when a restriction of blood supply to the heart has caused a heart attack and the tissue has been reoxygenated to improve blood flow around the body). Malonate is a therapeutic option to block this rise in succinate and reduce any potential resulting damage. Animal studies support these findings and have further shown that malonate prevents ischaemic brain damage and reduces the succinate increase in tissue. However, there is currently no pre-clinical data for the release of succinate into blood, nor for stroke. This study aims to explore whether elevated succinate levels are present in stroke patients having thrombolysis (brain reperfusion). If we can show that elevated succinate levels are attributed to stroke (and not a result of thrombolysis), it might be possible to identify a therapeutic intervention at baseline for these patients and this reduce disability in all stroke patients, and healthcare costs in turn.
Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability in the United States, and aphasia is common following a stroke to the left hemisphere of the brain. Aphasia therapy can improve aphasia recover; however, very little is known about how different patients respond to different types of treatments. The purpose of this study is to understand how the following factors influence an individual's response to aphasia treatment: 1) biographical factors (e.g., age, education, gender), 2) post-stroke cognitive/linguistic abilities and learning potential, and 3) the location and extent of post-stroke brain damage. We are also interested in understanding the kinds of treatment materials that should be emphasized in speech/language treatment. Overall, the goal of the current research is to inform the clinical management of post-stroke aphasia by identifying factors that can predict how an individual will respond to different treatment methods.
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is the most common type of stroke, which has high rate of morbidity, mortality and disability. A large number of studies have confirmed that the thrombolytic therapy can effectively open blood vessels and improve the functional prognosis of acute ischemic stroke. Therefore, all guidelines recommend giving thrombolysis treatment to acute ischemic stroke patients within 4.5 hours of onset. However, about 1/3 patients receiving thrombolysis will have good prognosis, while a large number of patients will still be disabled and even dead. How to improve the neurofunctional prognosis of thrombolytic patients has been a hot topic in the world. Butyl phthalide is type I chemical drugs. Some multicenter randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials have showed that acute ischemic stroke patients taking butyl phthalide has better lateral branch circulation and living ability score than patients taking placebo. Besides, butyl phthalide treatment is safe. The animal experiment indicated that buphthalein could significantly improve secondary side branch circulation, recover the microarterial diameter of the soft meninges in the ischemic region and increase the blood flow rate. Based on the discussion, we assume that: giving butyl phthalide to patients with acute ischemic stroke in advance, might promote and improve the formation of collateral circulation to freeze ischemia penumbra. Based on this hypothesis, we would like to explore the efficacy and safety of butyl phthalide combined with rtPA thrombolysis in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke.
The objective of this study is to evaluate safety and performance of the COOLSTAT® Transnasal Thermal Regulating Device in reducing temperature in a population of febrile subjects who meet the inclusion/exclusion criteria.
XIENCE 28 Global Study is a prospective, single arm, multi-center, open label, non-randomized trial to further evaluate the safety of 1-month (as short as 28 days) dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in subjects at high risk of bleeding (HBR) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with the approved XIENCE family (XIENCE Xpedition Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System [EECSS], XIENCE Alpine EECSS, XIENCE PROX EECSS, or XIENCE Sierra EECSS of coronary drug-eluting stents
Primary objective of the MAAESTRO trial is to evaluate the impact of an educational and reminder-based intervention on the adherence of stroke patients to DOACs. Secondary objectives are to evaluate the association between non-adherence and clinical events, to identify predictors of non-adherence and to compare objective measures of adherence with self-reporting. Key methodological instrument for this study will be the "Time4Med" pillbox with Smart/ Reminder Card. The study includes 3 visits (baseline visit 0, follow-up visit 1 and end-of-study visit 2) with a total follow-up of 12 months. After an initial 6-month observational phase with electronic monitoring of adherence using the "Smart Card", all patients will receive counselling based on their electronically recorded drug intake data, as well as a multicompartment pillbox. Patients will be then randomised to one of two groups in a crossover design, so that in the subsequent 6-month interventional phase one group will use a (reminder-delivering) "Reminder Card" for the first 3 months and the "Smart Card" for the last 3 months, while the second group will use the cards in reverse order.
Stroke is a major cerebrovascular disease that causes significant burdens for human health and life, including high morbidity, mortality, and disability. Prolidase enzyme activity was found in various organs, such as the heart, brain, thymus, kidney, lung, pancreas, and spleen, and in plasma, leukocytes, erythrocytes, and dermal fibroblasts. An increase in collagen turnover is known to be correlated with increased prolidase enzyme activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SPA levels in AIS patients can be used as a potential diagnostic and prognostic marker. SPA levels were prospectively evaluated in 37 patients aged between 20 and 85 years who were admitted within 24 hours of the onset of AIS. The control group included 37 healthy volunteers of similar age without any disease.
This is a pilot randomized control trial (RCT) to explore the possible beneficial effect of a novel combination therapy consisting of molecular hydrogen H2 plus minocycline ("H2M"), on neurological recovery after acute ischemic stroke.