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Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is strongly recommended for patients with coronary heart disease. However, patient enrollment and completion of cardiac rehabilitation is low. This study will examine if a mobile phone intervention that uses a text messaging program can successfully promote participation in cardiac rehabilitation.
The study is designed to collect data on LV latency in CRT-D patients by the CRT-D and compare measurements to 12-lead ECG data
Purpose. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether lung ultrasound, in addition to physical examination, leads to a reduction of the admission rate for acute decompensated heart failure of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) followed in the outpatients heart failure clinic. Methods. This is a prospective randomized study. The planned sample size consists of 440 patients with chronic HF. The inclusion criteria are: (1) male and female aged between 18 and 90 years (2) signed written informed consent (3) history of HF for at least six months, (4) left ventricular ejection fraction < 45%, (5) adequate medical therapy for HF for at least two months. The exclusion criteria are: (1) concomitant enrollment in other clinical studies, or treatment with experimental drugs or devices within 30 days of clinical assessment, (2) inability to undergo to the planned follow-up and procedures (3) documented pulmonary infections (3) interstitial lung disease and class 4 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease according to GOLD classification. Patients are randomized in two groups: group A, patients undergoing to lung ultrasound and physical examination; and group B, patients undergoing to physical examination only. Patients are evaluated at baseline and after three months with medical history, Quality of Life test, physical examination, blood sample for hematochemical (creatinine, electrolytes, BNP/NTpro-BNP). The diuretic therapy is then optimized according to the presence and severity of B-lines in group A and physical examination in group B. Only patients enrolled in group A undergo to a lung ultrasound examination to assess the extent of pulmonary congestion, through its evidence of B-lines. B-lines originate from the contrast between air-filled structures and water-thickened pulmonary interlobular septa. This leads to linear echogenic vertical artefacts that spread from the pleural layers downwards in the screen. The ultrasound examination is performed with a handheld echocardiography device. The physician carries out a scan of the pulmonary fields, from basal towards mid and apical fields, through the midaxillary line while the patient lies supine. The quantification of B-lines is performed according to their extent over the lung fields. All the information are recorded in dedicated forms. The results are evaluated according to the following criteria. The primary end-point is a significant reduction of hospitalizations for acute decompensated HF in group A during the follow-up period. The secondary end-points are changes of NT-proBNP values, quality of life test (QLT) score and cardiac mortality.
Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy (CRT) is a specialist pacemaker procedure that aims to improve the efficiency of the heartbeat. This treatment is used routinely in patients with heart failure and a delay in electrical conduction across the heart seen on the surface ECG (heart tracing). Also CRT has been seen to improve some heart failure patients with a normal electrical conduction (seen on the ECG as a narrow QRS complex). The investigators aim to see if cardiac MRI can be used to select patients with normal electrical conduction for CRT, therefore expanding the number of people who would stand to benefit from this treatment.
This study is designed to demonstrate feasibility of study conduct and that acceptable adherence to adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) therapy can be achieved in recently hospitalized HFpEF patients with moderate to severe sleep apnea. All subjects meeting the criteria will receive ASV therapy.
To determine if a strategy of early discharge using a novel subcutaneous delivery system for parenteral furosemide can improve clinical outcomes within 30 days of randomization (days alive and outside the hospital) compared to usual care.
To demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of nocturnal ventilation with oxygen (HFT - high-flow-therapy) for the treatment of CSA in patients with HFrEF compared to placebo (patient will breathe ambient air via nasal cannula that is not connected to the high-flow-device).
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer among Canadian women with nearly 26,000 new cases diagnosed each year. Fortunately, advancements in diagnostic tools and curative treatments have significantly improved overall survival. However, the development of cardiac toxicity (including asymptomatic and symptomatic heart failure) associated with use of anthracycline containing chemotherapy and targeted therapies including trastuzumab limits improvements in survival for women with breast cancer. Cardiac toxicity is a life threatening complication that leads to reduced physical functioning and quality of life. The increased risk is associated with shared risk factors among cancer and heart failure and the direct influence of cancer therapy on the cardiovascular system. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) (including exercise training and education/counselling) has been shown to improve health outcomes, reduce heart failure related hospitalizations and modestly improve mortality among individuals with non-treatment related heart failure and may benefit women with breast cancer and treatment related cardiac toxicity (BC-CT). Therefore, this single centre, randomized control trial aims to determine if participation in an exercise based CR program can improve cardiorespiratory fitness, cardiovascular function/structure and health, and quality of life among women with BC-CT.
To investigate whether nHFT is an effective treatment for patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) and central sleep apnea (CSA). This study is a prospective one armed uncontrolled intervention pilot study investigating 4 weeks of nHFT at home in 10 patients with CHF and CSA.
To evaluate cardiac MRI and/or serum biomarkers for detecting cardiac cardiac toxicity in children who received anthracycline based chemotherapy (ABC).