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The purpose of the study is investigate the effects of NMES in regulation of serum IL-6 and IL-15 in chronic heart failure patients who received standard inpatient cardiac rehabilitation protocol
The study aim is to monitor, during exercise tests carried out in various conditions, the alveolar dead space, by means of continuous transcutaneous measurement of Pt CO2, which would be used as a surrogate for arterial PaCO2. Validity of this measurement needs to be assessed against arterial sampling (either arterial, or arterialized capillary), especially with regards to the lag time required by the CO2 diffusion from the arterial compartment (PaCO2) to the cutaneous one (PtCO2), in particular when rapid changes of CO2 might be induced by exercise. The evaluation will be done in 2 different settings: - intensive care patients, equipped, for their routine clinical care, with an arterial line; this allows for a precise timed comparison between PaCO2 and PtCO2 readouts; - routine exercise test, where blood gas evaluation is done essentially by means of arterialized earlobe capillary sampling. Following assessment of validity of the measurement (and the lag time PaCO2-PtCO2 which might be necessary to introduce as a correction), evolution of dead space during excise test will be tested in different conditions: Healthy subjects, patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), chronic heart failure (CHF), hyperventilation, Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH), or interstitial lung disease (ILD)
Elevated Heart rate (HR) (≥ 70 bpm) is one of the contributing factors in increasing the burden of hospitalization among Heart Failure patient. Ivabradine is a novel, selective and specific in inhibiting a Funny current in sinoatrial node Node and approved as an alternative therapy for Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) patients. CHF patients when treated with Ivabradine reported 39%, and 30% reduction in mortality and hospitalization rate respectively. Patient were treated with Ivabradine 5mg twice daily to determine its effect in lowering Heart rate and the Quality of Life (QOL) in Chronic Heart Failure patients
Medtronic is sponsoring the Apogee study to further enhance scientific understanding of the implant procedure, optimized blood pressure management, and anticoagulation/ antiplatelet therapy in patients receiving a Medtronic HeartWare™ Ventricular Assist Device (HVAD™) for destination therapy. The Apogee study is conducted within Medtronic's Product Surveillance Platform.
Medtronic is sponsoring the HeartWare™ HVAD™ Destination Therapy (DT) Post Approval Study (PAS) to further confirm safety and effectiveness of the HeartWare Ventricular Assist Device System (HVAD System) when used as intended, in "real-world" clinical practice. The Destination Therapy Post Approval Study (DT PAS) is conducted within Medtronic's Product Surveillance Platform.
Heart failure is a cardiac structural or functional disorder that, despite normal filling pressures, leads to inability to deliver enough oxygen to meet the metabolic needs o tissue. Heart failure is a serious chronic condition that affects a large proportion of the adult population in the world causing high mortality, leading to exercise intolerance and reduced health-related quality of life. Patients included in the cardiac rehabilitation program slow down disease progression, hospitalization decreases, quality of life improves and health expenditures decrease. Despite the frequent use of upper extremities in daily living activities, studies investigating the effect of upper extremity aerobic training on daily living activities, functional exercise capacity and other outcomes are limited. No studies have investigated the effect of upper extremity aerobic exercise training on physical activity level, functional and maximal exercise capacity and other measures in patients with heart failure.
This study evaluates the state of the cardiac sympathetic activity and the severity of ventricular dyssynchrony in chronic heart failure patients and assesses the capabilities of radionuclide indication methods in determining the prognosis and evaluating the results of cardiac resynchronization therapy in chronic heart failure patients.
The Human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) is a non-classical, major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) protein that modulates the immune response, inhibiting it in most cases. Physiologically expressed in the cells of some tissues, it increases in inflammatory reactions. Inflammation appears to play an important role in the development of chronic heart failure. This study aims to evaluate the levels of soluble HLA-G in patients with heart failure and to investigate the relationships between HLA-G and other clinical-functional parameters of the disease. Investigators hypothesize that the plasma levels of HLA-G could correlate with the clinical status of heart failure and could provide indications on patient's prognosis.
Heart failure (HF) is a multisystemic disease leading to exercise intolerance and fatigue. Supervised physical training improves functional capacity, quality of life and reduces hospital admissions in HF patients. In this way, home physical training may be a good alternative to patients who, for any reason, cannot perform supervised training. Objective: To asses the effects of a home-based training program on functional capacity, sedentary lifestyle and quality of life of patients with chronic HF compared to supervised training.
Purpose: Exaggerated sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity associated with low heart rate variability (HRV) is considered as a trigger of cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death. Regular exercise training is efficient to improve autonomic balance. In 2013, the investigators published that a single session of an optimized short-high intensity interval exercise with passive recovery (HIIT) protocol was efficient in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients for enhancing vagal tone and to decrease arrhythmias in the 24-h post exercise period when compared to a single session of moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICT). Nevertheless the effects of HIIT training performed on several weeks have never yet been studied on the parameters described by Coumel's triangle (the arrhythmogenic substrate, the trigger factor as premature ventricular contraction and the modulation factors of which the most common is the autonomic nervous system). The aim of this study was to verify the superiority of HIIT to enhance parasympathetic activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and cardiac function when compared to MICT in a short and intense cardiac rehabilitation program.