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The principal objective is to test non-inferiority of the CRT-DX system as compared to a conventional CRT-D system, in terms of the combined endpoint of mortality, hospitalizations due cardiovascular causes, any complication leading to loss of lead functionality, in the subset of patients without evidence of sinus dysfunction on optimal therapy.
This study evaluates the use of a wearable vest capable of non-invasively measuring lung fluid content in hospitalized patients with heart failure
The purpose of this study is to test a home-based exergaming intervention designed to decrease frailty and fatigue and improve affective well-being, functional capacity, and immune function in individuals with advanced heart failure (HF) and multiple chronic conditions (MCC) prior to receiving either a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) or orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). Prior to surgery, individuals with advanced HF/MCC experience a high symptom burden that often precludes them from participating in meaningful physical activity. Pre-surgical fitness programs have been used in other critically ill populations to improve function prior to surgery. Interactive gaming systems have been successfully used to engage other seriously ill adults in low-intensity physical activity. However, exergaming interventions have not yet been applied in individuals with advanced HF/MCC as prehabilitation prior to LVAD implantation or OHT. The investigators propose that a prehabilitation exergaming intervention will not only enhance pre-surgical outcomes but will also augment postoperative outcomes. This study is designed in two-phases. Phase 1 examines intervention feasibility and phase 2 is a pilot study with a two-group design. In phase 2, participants will be randomized to a usual care group or the exergaming intervention group. The exergaming group will participate in a low-intensity exergaming intervention and additional investigator-developed educational modules that will be delivered via the Nintendo Wii U exergaming system. The investigators will evaluate pre- and post-surgical frailty, fatigue, affective well-being, and immune function as primary outcomes. The investigators expect that participation in low intensity exergaming will improve these primary outcomes pre- and post-surgically, and decrease post-surgical complications and health care utilization. Investigator-developed modules will promote self-efficacy, self-regulation, and activation. This is the first study to apply low-intensity exergaming to a pre-operative advanced HF/MCC population. The successful application of this intervention has significant implications to the pre-operative conditioning of individuals with advanced HF/MCC prior to LVAD implantation or OHT.
The goal of the PREEMPT-HF study is to collect device and clinical event data to evaluate extended applications of the HeartLogicTM Heart Failure Diagnostic (HeartLogic) in a broad spectrum of heart failure (HF) patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D). There are no primary safety and/or efficacy endpoints for this study. Heart failure (HF) is a complex clinical syndrome with high morbidity, mortality, and economic burden. Chronic HF is persistent, gradually progressive, and punctuated by episodes of acute worsening leading to hospitalizations. Therefore, there remains an unmet clinical need to slow the progression of HF and prevent hospitalizations. HeartLogicTM, available in Boston Scientific cardiac resynchronization therapy devices and defibrillators (CRT-Ds and ICDs), combines novel sensor parameters such as heart sounds and respiration with other measurements like thoracic impedance, heart rate, and activity into a HeartLogic Index for the early detection of worsening HF. However, there is limited data on the association of HeartLogic with the risk of HF readmissions and tachyarrhythmias, or for phenotyping the broad spectrum of HF patients.
This project compares two models of the Serious Illness Care Program (SICP) in primary care: clinician-focused SICP and team-based SICP. Discussion and planning for serious illness care can help patients identify what is most important to them and assure they receive care that best matches their goals and values, such as spending more time at home or not being in pain.
Purpose: This study evaluates the subacute effect of levosimendan infusion on exercise capacity and exercise hemodynamics compared with placebo in patients with advanced chronic heart failure. Hypothesis: Treatment with 6 hours infusion of levosimendan compared with placebo improves exercise capacity and exercise hemodynamics evaluated by change in CO/PCWP. Design: The study is a prospective multi-center, double-blinded, placebo controlled randomized study. 42 consecutive patients who meet the eligibility criteria will be enrolled.
Heart transplantation is a life saving therapy for people with end stage heart failure. Acute rejection, a process where the immune system recognizes the transplanted heart as foreign and mounts a response against it, remains a clinical problem despite improvements in immunosuppressive drugs. Acute rejection occurs in 20-30% of patients within the first 3 months post-transplant, and is currently detected by highly invasive heart tissue biopsies that happen 12-15 times in the first year post-transplant. Replacing the biopsy with a simple blood test is of utmost value to patients and will reduce healthcare costs. The goal of our project is to develop a new blood test to monitor heart transplant rejection. Advances in biotechnology have enabled simultaneous measurement of many molecules (e.g., proteins, nucleic acids) in blood, driving the development of new diagnostics. Our team is a leader in using computational tools to combine information from numerous biological molecules and clinical data to generate "biomarker panels" that are more powerful than existing diagnostic tests. Our sophisticated analytic methods has recently derived HEARTBiT, a promising test of acute rejection comprising 9 RNA biomarkers, from the measurement of 30,000 blood molecules in 150 Canadian heart transplant patients. Our objective is to study a custom-built HEARTBiT test in a setting and on a technology that enable clinical adoption. We will evaluate the new test on 400 new patients from 5 North American transplant centres. We will also track patients' HEARTBiT scores over time to help predict future rejection, and explore use of proteins and micoRNAs to improve HEARTBiT. Our work will provide the basis for a future clinical trial. The significance of this work rests in that it will provide a tool to identify acute cardiac rejection in a fast, accurate, cost-effective and minimally invasive manner, allowing for facile long-term monitoring and therapy tailoring for heart transplant patients.
Heart failure (HF) is a serious and challenging syndrome. Globally 26 million people are living with this chronic disease and the prevalence is still increasing. Besides this growing number in prevalence, HF is also responsible for almost 1 million hospitalizations a year in the US and in Europe. Consequently, this has a major economic impact especially due to recurrent admissions of these patients. Adequate prediction of decompensation could prevent (un)necessary admissions as a result of heart failure. Philips is developing a Bayesian Hemodynamics model for general practitioners. This model uses different observables, which can be measured at home. The outcome of the model could be used as an aid in clinical decision making in HF patients.
This study will investigate the feasibility and acceptability of a phone-delivered mindfulness intervention to improve medication adherence among outpatients with heart failure.
The objective of this clinical investigation is to evaluate the clinical benefits of left ventricle (LV) only pacing combined with automatic adjustment of AV timing (SyncAV) in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) after 6 months of therapy. This clinical investigation is a prospective, two-arm, randomized 1:1, multicenter feasibility study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of LV only with multipoint pacing (MPP) and SyncAV compared to bi-ventricular pacing with MPP and SyncAV. The clinical investigation will be conducted at approximately 7 centers in Europe and Canada. Approximately 120 subjects will be enrolled in the study. No site may enroll more than 33% of the total subjects. Data will be collected at enrollment, CRT implant procedure, hospital pre-discharge, one and 6 months post implant. Enrollment data collection will include demographics, cardiovascular history, medication, echocardiography measurements and quality of life questionnaire. CRT implant procedure data collection will include implanted system information and lead location. The electrical conduction recording procedure will include surface ECG and device IEGM recordings during various pacing configurations at implant or up to 45 days post implant. In patients who consent to invasive measurements (expected target of at least 80 patients), a hemodynamic recording procedure will include invasive hemodynamic measurements during various pacing configurations which may take place during device implant or up to 45 days post implant. Hospital pre-discharge data collection will take place within 3 days after the CRT implant, electrical conduction recordings visit or hemodynamic recordings visit and will include system information, surface ECG, and device IEGMs. In a subset of patients from selected centers that have access to this technology (expected 20 patients), non-invasive electrical activation data will be collected with body surface mapping within 45 days of the implant procedure. Patients will be randomized 1:1 to receive either biventricular pacing with multipoint pacing (MPP) or LV-only pacing with MPP at the one-month (± 15 days) visit. The 6-month (± 15 days) post randomization follow up visit will include surface ECG, IEGMs, echocardiographic parameters and quality of life questionnaire. Subjects participating in this clinical investigation will follow the hospital center standard of care from implant to 6 month follow up. The expected duration of enrollment is 1.5 year. The total duration of the clinical investigation is expected to be 2 years.