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Objective: The objective of the study is to assess the structural and functional cardiac effects of treatment with the beta 3 AR agonist Mirabegron in patients with moderate to severe chronic heart failure (LVEF<35%, NYHA III-IV). The study is a randomized, placebo‐controlled, double‐blinded trial in two phases with two hypotheses: Chronic study - study A: Long-term treatment (3 months) with the β3 adrenergic receptor agonist Mirabegron is beneficial in patients with moderate to severe human heart failure Invasive study - Study B: Administration of Mirabegron in patients with heart failure leads to an immediate increase in cardiac output at a constant or reduced left ventricular filling pressure during submaximal exercise Specific aims 1. Determine safety of administration of Mirabegron to patients with moderate to severe heart failure. 2. Determine if treatment with Mirabegron for 3 months induces beneficial cardiac structural remodelling in patients with moderate to severe heart failure. In an open-label follow-up to determine the effects of Mirabegron after an extended duration (a total of 12 months). 3. Determine if Mirabegron improves symptoms and exercise capacity as indicated by questionnaires and 6 min walk test in patients with moderate to severe heart failure. 4. Determine effects of Mirabegron on cardiac conduction, repolarisation and rhythms and arrhythmias in patients with moderate to severe heart failure. 5. Determine effects of Mirabegron on circulating biomarkers in patients with moderate to severe heart failure. 6. Determine the immediate and short term haemodynamic effects of Mirabron as measured by CT and invasively.
We aimed to show the difference between balance and gait parameters in heart failure and healthy individuals.
This is an investigator-initiated, one-armed, phase 2 clinical trial using an injectable fluorescent tracer to assay and evaluate measured plasma volume (mPV) and measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) in hospitalized patients with acute decompensated congestive heart failure (CHF).
Out-of-hospital care of complex diseases, such as heart failure, is transitioning from an individual patient-doctor relationship to population health management strategies. As an example, at our institution, medication therapy management (MTM) pharmacists are being deployed to patients with heart failure with the intent of improving patient outcomes (through proper medication management and adherence) while reducing cost (e.g., keeping these patients out of the hospital). The success of such strategies will be dependent on the ability to effectively direct scarce resources to deliver appropriate/needed care to patients. In this prospective, pragmatic randomized and matched controlled study, the investigators hypothesize that the combination of accurate, data-driven benefit models and MTM pharmacist intervention in patients with heart failure will result in reduced 1-year mortality and hospital admissions. Using our extensive historical electronic health record data, the investigators have developed a machine learning model that, for individual patients with heart failure, predicts risk and benefit (that is, reduction in risk) associated with closing specific "care gaps". These care gaps represent standard evidence-based treatments that may be missing for an individual patient, such as beta blockers or flu shots. The investigators will use this model to define three cohorts to be studied: 1) a high risk/high benefit group to be referred for MTM pharmacist intervention, 2) a high risk/high benefit group to continue with existing standard of care (not necessarily involving MTM pharmacy), and 3) a high risk/low benefit group to be referred for MTM pharmacist intervention. Comparison of groups 1 and 2 (for which assignment is randomized) will evaluate the effectiveness of the MTM pharmacy intervention, while comparison of groups 1 and 3 will evaluate the accuracy of the benefit model prediction and importance of appropriate patient selection for treatment. The primary study outcomes will be mortality and number of hospital admissions during 1-year follow-up following study enrollment.
Polypharmacy is common among older adults in the United States and is associated with harms such as adverse drug reactions and higher costs of care. This pilot-phase project is designed to test two electronic health record (EHR)-based behavioral economic nudges to help primary care clinicians reduce the rate of high-risk polypharmacy among their older adult patients.
The purpose of this prospective controlled study is to obtain a multi-center safety and feasibility data on patients managed with anti-thrombotic monotherapy with HeartMate 3 LVAS.
In patients with weak pumping function of the heart, uncoordinated contraction of the chambers can be corrected using a cardiac resynchronization therapy ("CRT") pacemaker. These devices make patients live longer by improving how the heart pumps and reducing symptoms such as breathlessness. However, not all patients benefit from CRT and programming devices optimally can greatly influence success. Predicting the correct timings of contraction between the atria (top chambers of the heart) and the ventricles (bottom chambers), as well as between the left and right ventricles, especially when heart rate increases during exercises, is challenging. A new approach to optimizing CRT programming has been proposed known as 'fusion-pacing'. This allows the electrical wave from the heart's own conduction system to merge or fuse with the impulse from the pacemaker in the left ventricle. The timing of the pacemaker's impulse is continuously adjusted to measurements the device makes of the hearts natural conduction. What is not clear is how effective 'fusion-pacing' is during exercise when the hearts natural conduction changes rapidly and unpredictably. We plan to investigate this by monitoring the electrocardiogram ("ECG") whilst accurately measuring exercise performance and ability during a cardiopulmonary exercise test ("CPET") on an exercise bike. We will also ask participants to rate their perceived exercise intensity to see whether fusion pacing improves ECG resynchronization, exercise performance, and patients' symptoms compared to standard programming.
The aim of this open-label (OL) extension trial is to study the long-term safety and efficacy of macitentan in subjects with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) beyond the 52 weeks of treatment in the double-blind parent SERENADE study (AC-055G202, NCT03153111). Furthermore, this OL extension study will give eligible subjects who have completed the main study (SERENADE/AC-055G202, NCT03153111) an opportunity to continue or start receiving macitentan.
The purpose of this study is to obtain a single-center safety and feasibility data on patients managed with a single anti-thrombotic therapy and the incidence of thrombotic adverse events associated with HeartMate 3 LVAS therapy.
This prospective study is a pilot study for evaluating a guidance system that aims to facilitate high-quality echocardiographic acquisitions.