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Physiological cardiovascular stress test plays a crucial role in the assessment of patients with suspected heart disease. There are several methods of cardiac physiological stress tests and each of them offer varied insight into cardiac physiological adaptation: passive leg raise, intra-venous fluid challenge, pharmacological stressors and physical exercise stress test. Echocardiography, which is the mainstay for the non-invasive rest/stress assessment of the left ventricular (LV) haemodynamics has several limitations. Novel methods of CMR imaging allow to map intra-cardiac flow in three-dimension using novel flow acquisitions. These novel flow acquisitions are called four-dimensional flow CMR, where the fourth dimension is time. Additionally, traditional cine CMR imaging for functional assessment can now be done without breath-holds using advanced acceleration methods, allowing them to be used during exercise. A comprehensive understanding of functional-flow coupling at rest, during increased pre-load (fluid challenge) to the heart or during exercise, is lacking in the literature. There is an important need to validate these novel CMR methods for developing mechanistic insight into physiological cardiac adaptation to increased pre-load or to exercise in health and how it alters in heart disease.
This is an international, multicentre, parallel-group, randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled, phase II study to evaluate the benefits and risks of using sodium zirconium cyclosilicate (ZS) to initiate and intensify renin angiotensin aldosterone system inhibitor (RAASi) therapy in heart failure patients.
This is a prospective, multicenter, non-randomized registry/observational study. The study will enroll up to 200 patients with successful St. Jude Medical (SJM) Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) MP device implant from up to 10 centers.
Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) improves outcomes and symptoms in selected patients with heart failure. However, around one third of suitable patients do not demonstrate benefit following device implantation when assessed by echocardiography (heart scanning). This group has poorer outcomes. Response rate can be enhanced by altering timing delays between the pacing leads, but some patients still fail to improve. Quadripolar left ventricular leads are now widely used in CRT. The lead's four poles increase the number of conformations available to the programmer, allowing multiple vectors to be programmed simultaneously or sequentially. This allows programming to avoid, for example, a patch of scar and find an area that will respond better to pacing. This technique is known as multi-site pacing. CRT is often implanted along with a defibrillator lead in the right ventricle, known as CRT-D. The defibrillator lead offers further combinations for pacing. Goal of Research To evaluate an algorithm for assessing different multi-site pacing combinations in optimisation of CRT Outline The investigators will recruit 24 consecutive patients undergoing CRT-D implantation for conventional indications at our hospital. At baseline, patients will undergo echocardiography, exercise testing and assessments of functional ability and quality of life. The device will be implanted as standard. Optimisation will be performed with an algorithm using different vector combinations and assessing the heart's efficiency through echocardiography and invasive pressure monitoring. The pacemaker will be programmed with standard settings. After twelve weeks, the baseline investigations and optimisation algorithm will be repeated and the device programmed according to the maximum efficiency. After a further 12 weeks, the same parameters will be measured to look for improved response to CRT. Potential Benefit To increase the response rate to cardiac resynchronisation therapy and improve reliability of the technique
The aim of this study is to investigate whether the objective measurement of fluid overload by bioimpedance analysis (Body Composition Monitor-BCM) in patient with acute decompensated heart failure would improve the diuretic therapy.
Background: Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a common and potentially fatal cause of acute respiratory distress that requires immediate treatment in emergency department. The mortality rates are as high as 20% after discharge. Currently, furosemide is the most commonly used medicine in emergency department for ADHF. Although nitrate was proved to generate similar effect when compared to furosemide, less than 30% of patients received nitrates. This practice happens not only in Hong Kong, but also all around the world. Moreover, there is limited evidence to support a difference in ADHF patients receiving intravenous nitrate vasodilator therapy or alternative interventions. The aims of the study are: 1. To monitor the changes in concentration of cardiac biomarkers, VAS dyspnoea score and cardiac output before and after treatment of furosemide, isosorbide dinitrate or both. 2. To investigate whether the changes in concentration of cardiac biomarkers, VAS dyspnoea score and cardiac output before and after treatment is associated with the change in length of hospital stay. 3. To investigate whether combination treatment with intravenous furosemide and isosorbide dinitrate in patients with HF reduces VAS dyspnoea score, in-hospital mortality, length of hospital stay and number of readmission to a higher extend than do either medication alone. 4. To evaluate the prognostic values of novel cardiac biomarkers on 7-day, 14-day, 30-day and 6-month mortality and readmission. Design: This single-blinded randomized controlled study will be conducted in the Prince of Wales Hospital in Hong Kong. Setting and Subjects: Patients with dyspnoea will be screened and recruited from adult patients attending the emergency department at the Prince of Wales Hospital. Interventions: Patients with acute decompensated heart failure will be randomly treated with intravenous furosemide, isosorbide dinitrate or both. Level of dyspnoea, multi-biomarker and haemodynamic parameters will be measured before and after treatment. Outcomes: The primary outcome is the change in VAS dyspnoea score after treatment of furosemide, isosorbide dinitrate or both. The secondary outcomes are the changes in concentration of biomarkers and cardiac output, the number of in-hospital mortality, length of hospital stay, 7-day and 30-day and 6-month mortality and readmission.
This registry will observe patients with symptomatic heart failure with implantable vagus nerve stimulation to provide insights into safety and efficacy during clinical routine.
Up to 60% of patients with heart failure show abnormal patterns of breathing (sleep disordered breathing (SDB)) at night which can increase the risk of recurrent admissions and have important prognostic implications. SDB is however, treatable with the use of non invasive breathing support devices such as the adaptive servo ventilation (ASV) device. The aim of the study is to observe and investigate the potential role of ASV in the management of heart failure. Patients that agree to participate in this study will be requested to use an ASV ventilator device (called the AutoSet CS-A) to help their SDB for approximately 6 weeks. The device is approximately the size of a large shoe box, which can be placed at the side of the bed, with tubing and a mask. At night, the mask is placed over the nose and/or mouth and it blows positive air pressure as determined by the device itself as it constantly monitors the patients breathing throughout the night. During this study, the patients breathing patterns will be monitored non-invasively using the ApneaLink device. A non-contact device knows as a SleepMinder will sit on the patients bedside locker as another form of monitoring of their sleep patterns. Study staff will monitor the patient and give them frequent support, and they will also be asked questions regarding their experiences with this equipment and any symptoms they may have over this time. They will be followed up regarding this study at the same time as their follow-up requirements for their heart failure. This study will be conducted in total over 3 months.
Central Sleep Apnoea (CSA) affects up to half of patients with severe heart failure and is associated with a poor prognosis. CSA is manifest as episodes of deep breathing interspersed with very shallow or absent breathing and is largely due to an exaggerated response to rising carbon dioxide in the blood, which normally drives how hard we breathe. Cardiac Resynchronization therapy (CRT), in which a pacemaker is implanted to improve co-ordinated contraction of the heart, has been shown to reduce the severity of CSA in some patient groups. We aim to determine whether this improvement is due to normalization of the body's response to carbon dioxide in the blood. Our hypothesis is that CRT improves CSA by normalizing the brain's response to carbon dioxide.
The aim of this prospective, randomized and controlled trial is to evaluate the use of the ivabradine in combination to a low-dose of beta-blocker (bisoprolol) versus up-titration of beta-blocker (bisoprolol) to obtain heart rate (HR) control with reduction in RV pacing in single-chamber or dual chambers ICD recipients HF patients with moderate to severe left ventricular dysfunction (FE ≤ 40%) and an heart rate ≥ 70 bpm in sinus rhythm over a 12-months follow up. Besides the investigators want to assess if the combination of ivabradine to a low-dose of beta-blocker (bisoprolol) versus up-titration of beta-blocker (bisoprolol) may determine a lower degree of left ventricular dysfunction progression, the reduction of ventricular arrhythmias burden and ICD appropriate therapy occurrence and the improvement of quality of life in ICD heart failure patients.