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The aim of this study is to investigate whether the objective measurement of fluid overload by bioimpedance analysis (Body Composition Monitor-BCM) in patient with acute decompensated heart failure would improve the diuretic therapy.
This registry will observe patients with symptomatic heart failure with implantable vagus nerve stimulation to provide insights into safety and efficacy during clinical routine.
Objective: The Ultrasonic Cardiac Output Monitor (USCOM) is a non-invasive, quantitative method for measuring and monitoring cardiovascular haemodynamic parameters in patients. The aims of this study are: 1. To investigate whether USCOM-derived haemodynamic parameters such as Cardiac output (CO), inotropy and oxygen delivery (DO2) have a role in the diagnosis of patients with a compensated heart failure syndrome (cHFS) or acute decompensated heart failure syndrome (adHFS) 2. To investigate whether USCOM-derived haemodynamic parameters such as CO, inotropy and DO2 correlate with heart failure staging, especially New York Heart Association (NYHA) class and American Heart Association (AHA) stage. 3. To investigate whether USCOM-derived haemodynamic parameters such as velocity time interval (vti), stroke volume (SV), CO, SV index (SVI), CO index (CI), inotropy and DO2 correlate with ejection fraction. 4. To investigate whether USCOM-derived haemodynamic variables may be used as prognostic indicators of 30-day, 6-month and 1-year Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE). 5. To evaluate the agreement between hemodynamic measurements obtained using the Ultrasonic Cardiac Output Monitor (USCOM®; USCOM Ltd., Sydney, Australia), and reference standards as determined by 2 Dimensional echocardiography (2D-echo) measurements in groups of haemodynamically stable and unstable adult patients. Design: This prospective observational cohort study will be conducted in the Prince of Wales Hospital in Hong Kong. Setting and Subjects: Patients will be screened and recruited from adult patients either scheduled for elective 2D-echo at a cardiology clinic at the Prince of Wales Hospital, or attending the emergency department at the Prince of Wales Hospital. Interventions: Haemodynamic measurements made using the USCOM and 2D-echo will be compared. In order to assess inter-observer variability, a second, blinded operator will repeated 15% of scans.
Central Sleep Apnoea (CSA) affects up to half of patients with severe heart failure and is associated with a poor prognosis. CSA is manifest as episodes of deep breathing interspersed with very shallow or absent breathing and is largely due to an exaggerated response to rising carbon dioxide in the blood, which normally drives how hard we breathe. Cardiac Resynchronization therapy (CRT), in which a pacemaker is implanted to improve co-ordinated contraction of the heart, has been shown to reduce the severity of CSA in some patient groups. We aim to determine whether this improvement is due to normalization of the body's response to carbon dioxide in the blood. Our hypothesis is that CRT improves CSA by normalizing the brain's response to carbon dioxide.
The left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is a portable mechanical pump that helps the left side of the heart of patients with severe heart failure that are awaiting heart transplantation or are not transplant candidates. However, while LVAD supports the left side of the heart, the right side must work on its own. Sometimes the right side does not recover, a condition called right ventricular failure (RVF). This complication increases mortality, prolongs hospitalization, requires additional procedures, and increases costs. Several risk factors and scores have been proposed to identify patients at risk for RVF. However, these methods have proven inadequate; one out of three patients is still experiencing right ventricular failure after LVAD surgery. Echocardiography, an established noninvasive method to see the heart without radiation or risk, has a lot of potential to identify patients at risk for RVF. The questions we will tray to answer with this American Heart Association funded project are: 1. Can echocardiography before scheduled LVAD surgery predict who is going to develop RVF and poor quality of life so we can better select patients for LVAD surgery? 2. Can echocardiography before scheduled LVAD surgery tell us the course of right ventricular function after implantation so we can potentially take additional measures and prevent RVF? To answer these questions, we will record images of the heart with echocardiography before LVAD surgery in 120 LVAD recipients at Emory University. We will then follow the patients for 90 days to detect any symptoms and signs of clinical RVF and poor quality of life and record the course of right ventricular function with echocardiography. Currently, it is estimated that 150,000 to 250,000 patients in US are potential LVAD recipients with 2,000 devices implanted in 2012. LVAD can improve survival and quality of life in suitable patients. However, implantation requires a major surgical procedure with associated risks and considerable resources. Thus, careful patient selection is necessary to minimize risk for patients and maximize benefit for patients and society. Our long-term goal is to use echocardiography as a tool to (1) optimally select patients for LVAD and offer alternatives to patients at increased risk for complications and (2) potentially, inform earlier LVAD implantation in patients with weakening right ventricular function.
The aim of this prospective, randomized and controlled trial is to evaluate the use of the ivabradine in combination to a low-dose of beta-blocker (bisoprolol) versus up-titration of beta-blocker (bisoprolol) to obtain heart rate (HR) control with reduction in RV pacing in single-chamber or dual chambers ICD recipients HF patients with moderate to severe left ventricular dysfunction (FE ≤ 40%) and an heart rate ≥ 70 bpm in sinus rhythm over a 12-months follow up. Besides the investigators want to assess if the combination of ivabradine to a low-dose of beta-blocker (bisoprolol) versus up-titration of beta-blocker (bisoprolol) may determine a lower degree of left ventricular dysfunction progression, the reduction of ventricular arrhythmias burden and ICD appropriate therapy occurrence and the improvement of quality of life in ICD heart failure patients.
This multi-center, prospective, non-randomized, single-arm trial will investigate the safety and performance of the HeartWare® Miniaturized Ventricular Assist Device (MVAD®) system over 24 months in subjects with advanced heart failure
This protocol describes a 2-arm randomised controlled pilot study assessing the tolerance, safety and efficacy of sildenafil compared to control. The hypothesis is that sildenafil will be well tolerated and efficacious in patients with chronic heart failure (NYHA class II and III) with evidence of systolic dysfunction (EF ≤40 %) and secondary pulmonary hypertension (SPAP >40mmHg). Patients that satisfy the inclusion criteria will be randomized to sildenafil (40mg x 3) or placebo therapy for 6 months in a 2:1 blinded fashion. The placebo group will be compared to the active therapy group and analysed for differences in the main study end-points Patient Global Assessment and 6-Minute Walk Test. The study will also assess safety, tolerability, symptoms and quality of life.
The investigators hypothesized that in vitamin D deficiency the 25-OH-D3 vitamin substitution improve the heart function in chronic heart failure. Type of study: Controlled, randomized, double blind, placebo control Number of patient: 300; 150 treated and 150 placebo controlled Type of drug: 180 000 IU 25-OH-D3 vitamin oil (Vigantol) per month in the 0,1,2,3,6, month Duration of study:1+1 year Primary end points: Survival rate, Ejection fraction by ultrasound, Brain natriuretic peptid, Secondary end points: Safety of D-vitamin supplementation, well being score, blood pressure, BMI Walking distant in 6 minutes Visits: Screening, Randomization, 1month, 2 month, 3 month, 6 month, 12 month, 24 month,
The use of dobutamine in postoperative hemodynamic treatment is widespread despite seemingly intact contraction of the heart. This study aims to elucidate the efficacy of low-dose dobutamine infusion in patients in the postoperative phase replacement of the aortic valve.