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Mental disorders have been shown to be associated with a number of general medical conditions (also referred to as somatic or physical conditions). The investigators aim to undertake a comprehensive study of comorbidity among those with treated mental disorders, by using high-quality Danish registers to provide age- and sex-specific pairwise estimates between the ten groups of mental disorders and nine groups of general medical conditions. The investigators will examine the association between all 90 possible pairs of prior mental disorders and later GMC categories using the Danish national registers. Depending on whether individuals are diagnosed with a specific mental disorder, the investigators will estimate the risk of receiving a later diagnosis within a specific GMC category, between the start of follow-up (January 1, 2000) or at the earliest age at which a person might develop the mental disorder, whichever comes later. Follow-up will be terminated at onset of the GMC, death, emigration from Denmark, or December 31, 2016, whichever came first. Additionally for dyslipidemia, follow-up will be ended if a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease was received. A "wash-out" period will be employed in the five years before follow-up started (1995-1999), to identify and exclude prevalent cases from the analysis. Individuals with the GMC of interest before the observation period will be considered prevalent cases and excluded from the analyses (i.e. prevalent cases were "washed-out"). When estimating the risk of a specific GMC, the investigators will consider all individuals to be exposed or unexposed to the each mental disorder depending on whether a diagnosis is received before the end of follow-up. Persons will be considered unexposed to a mental disorder until the date of the first diagnosis, and exposed thereafter.
Retrospective, observational cohort study. Objectives: To identify intra hospital mortality risk factors in patients admitted admitted to cardiac intensive care units (CICU). The clinical main endpoint will be the observed percentage of deaths that occured during the year 2017 in french CICU. To identify the length of stay key determiners of patients admitted in french CICU. The study will use data from one of the french nationwide healthcare systems database (SNDS) : the national hospital discharge database (PMSI) to be precise.
This study compares the effectiveness of a 6-week Energy Conservation + Problem Solving Therapy Intervention to Health Education Intervention for reducing the fatigue impact and fatigue level and improving the level of participation in instrumental, leisure, and social activities in people with heart failure associated fatigue. Half of the participants received Energy Conservation + Problem Solving Therapy Intervention, and the other half received Health Education Intervention.
AZD9977 is an oral, selective mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) modulator. AZD9977 is a partial antagonist and partial agonist in reporter gene assays and has a different interaction pattern with the MR compared to eplerenone. This study will assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) of four different Formulations of AZD9977 (Part A) and influence of food and lower dose of a selected formulation (Part B) in healthy male subjects.
This study will test the quality of physician care decisions using a patient-simulation based measurement and feedback approach that combines multiple-choice care decisions with real-time, personalized scoring and feedback. The study will also measure the impact of gaming-inspired competition and motivation, including a weekly leaderboard, to improve evidence-based care decisions. In addition, the study the test the impact of CME and MOC credits on participant engagement in the process.
The research project aims to perform data extraction, integration and analysis across multiple clinical, administrative, financial and pharmacy databases in the participating institutions. The key data components will include clinical cardiovascular specific data, procedural data, financial and administrative data (e.g. cost of medications and supplies, length of stay, diagnosis codes etc.), short-to-long term clinical outcomes (including hospital re-admissions, cardiovascular events, death), and quality-of-care indices (e.g. compliance to guideline-recommended therapy and medications). The research project will involve all patients proven and/or suspected with coronary artery disease (CAD), congestive heart failure (CHF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) admitted to National Heart Centre Singapore (NHCS) and NUH.
2018 Revision of Health Reimbursement in Japan recognized non face-to-face diagnostics, such as Online Treatment, as the standard of care. There was a significantly additional cost for Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices (CIEDs) Management Fee as well. The adaption of Remote Monitoring for CIEDs patients is recommended by the societies based on the clinical evidences. However, how QALYs earned by CIEDs Remote Monitoring are justified in Japanese reimbursement environment from the cost-effectiveness standpoint is still not so clear. The evaluation about the impact on the health economics about the installation of CIEDs Remote Monitoring has not been enough due to the lack of the researches around this field. Therefore this research is designed to examine the impact of the installation of CIEDs Remote Monitoring from the health economics perspective by considering the health insurance system and the clinical process in Japan, through Systematic Review methodology.
Despite modern reperfusion strategies, myocardial infarction leads to deleterious processes resulting in left ventricular remodelling (LVR) and heart failure (HF). Several biomarkers i.e. galectin-3 (Gal-3) and soluble ST-2 protein are involved in LVR as a result of inflammatory processes and fibrosis. There is an evidence of a high prognostic value of both biomarkers in prediction of outcomes in HF patients. This study will further investigate the role of Gal-3 and ST-2 in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and without prior HF in prediction of unfavourable outcomes.
This study is a population-based, patient-level analysis of heart failure in England over a 5-year period using a dataset created by linking HES and NICOR databases. Our analyses will look into the re-occurrence of hospitalisation after the initial diagnosis of heart failure, the influence of population factors on risk of re-hospitalisation, and the resultant cost implications in an NHS environment.
The aim of the work is to Evaluate the efficacy, quality of life and safety of early addition of ivabradine to B-blocker in reduced EF heart failure patients after acute decompensation compared to the standard treatment.