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Serum uric acid level is a commonly measured biomarker. The association between serum uric acid level and the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases has been observed in some studies, while others showed controversial results. Estimation of this association may help to predict cardiovascular outcomes and may guide new treatment strategies. The hypothesis is that increased serum uric acid level is associated with a range of cardiovascular diseases.
This study occurs in two phases. Phase 1 involves initial item development and measurement validation of a new tool for identifying hospitalized patients at high risk for preventable readmission. Primary tasks include item construction and content validation, data collection, analysis, and instrument refinement. Phase 2 involves administering the refined instrument to a new group of patients to determine final item content for the instrument, its factor structure, and its predictive validity.
Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) underwent to a hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program in the Lisbon district Hospitals will be recruited. The participants will be randomized into one of the following exercise groups: A) combined exercise training with more aerobic training and less strength training (CAT); B) combined exercise training with more strength training and less aerobic training (CST). The investigators will test two proportions in combined training, CAT and CST. There hasn't been any data on the so called combined regimes, which include both aerobic exercise with HIIT and ST and the investigators will evaluate the effects of acute and chronic response. The research project will contribute to a better understanding in several aspects that are unexplained by scientific research.
A study to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of AMG 986 given orally as a single dose to healthy subjects and subjects with severely impaired kidney function.
Human heart failure (HF) has been associated with reduced cardiac sodium channel current and other electrical remodeling. Recently, the investigators have shown that downregulation of cardiac Na+ channels (SCN5A) can contribute to arrhythmic risk and that upregulation can mitigate that risk. Furthermore, the investigators have shown that the reduction in cardiac SCN5A mRNA abundance is reflected in circulating white blood cells (WBCs), which also express SCN5A, and that a reduction in SCN5A is highly predictive of appropriate implanted cardiac defibrillator (ICD) therapy. These data suggest that SCN5A regulation contributes to arrhythmic risk in HF. Other electrical remodeling events thought to contribute to arrhythmic risk include reductions in K+ currents, including Ito, IK1 and IKs are responsible. These current reductions have been linked to reduced transcription, translation and expression of the corresponding channel subunits, such as Kv4.3, Kir2.1, KvLQT1, and accessory proteins including minK and K+ channel interacting protein 2. That all these ion channels are downregulated may suggest a common mechanism to reduce ion channel expression. In this application, the investigators intend to explore an entirely novel mechanism by which SCN5A and other ion channel mRNA abundances are reduced in HF.
This is an open randomized clinical trial with two study arms. One group, receiving usual care for heart failure, will be compared to another group, receiving usual care plus active telemonitoring interference. When leaving the hospital, the usual care arm receives a document with a predefined medication scheme and advice for the general practitioner (like it is currently done in usual care). The telemonitoring interference in the other study arm consists of a smartphone application to register medication intake and to transmit the data of an automatic blood pressure device and a balance to a central platform. The goal is to improve medication uptitration (angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) and bètablockers (BB)) in heart failure patients and to improve medication compliance.
NATURE-HF is an observational, multicentric and longitudinal study of heart failure performed with 100 tunisian cardiologists.
FEVRIER study is an observatory of hospitalizations in cardiology units in sub-Saharan Africa.
This retrospective multicenter cohort will validate an independent association of electrocardiographic (ECG) global electrical heterogeneity (GEH) measures with sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias and appropriate ICD therapies in systolic heart failure patients with primary prevention ICD, and will validate and re-calibrate GEH ECG risk score for prediction of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias and appropriate ICD therapies in systolic heart failure patients with primary prevention ICD.
A random sample a random sample of half of all men born in 1943 and living in the city of Gothenburg, Sweden, have been investigated in 1993 at 50 years of age and will be followed continuously with repeated re-examinations and follow-up concerning mortality and cardiovascular diseased. Out of 1463 invited men, 798 (54.5%) accepted the invitation and is included in this longitudinal cohort study.