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Heart failure (HF) is the leading cause of death in US. It is associated with abnormal vascular function termed endothelial dysfunction. It is also associated with increased stress on the blood vessels and high levels of inflammation. Vagus nerve stimulation can help improve inflammation, vascular function and vascular stress. The investigator has recently completed a study showing that 1 hour of noninvasive vagus stimulation can improve vascular health. However, it is unknown if 8 weeks of stimulation will be beneficial in systolic heart failure. The purpose of this study is to determine if transcutaneous vagal stimulation (TVS) will lead to improvement in the function of the inner lining of participants' arteries, memory, and in the levels of certain chemical markers of arterial function in the blood. Participants will be randomized to receive either TVS or a sham stimulation and undergo 8 weeks of stimulation. Vascular function will be assessed by several non-invasive measurements, including Flow Mediate Dilation (FMD), Pulse Wave Analysis (PWA), EndoPAT, and Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging (LSCI). Participants' memory will also be measured through electronic assessments and blood will be collected and analyzed for arterial function chemical markers.
Recent institutional research has demonstrated that black and Latinx patients are significantly less likely to be admitted to cardiology and more likely to be admitted to general medicine for their inpatient heart failure (HF) care. Subsequent HF care on general medicine has been demonstrated to have worse outcomes including lower rates of follow-up with cardiology and higher readmission rates. Given this, this project is a institutional quality improvement initiative, with a stepped wedge design, with the aim to improve the quality of care for heart failure patients admitted to general medicine for their care, and improve discharge planning. General medicine services by hospital pods will be enrolled in a stepped wedge fashion to a Longitudinal Equity Action Plan (LEAP) which includes a standardized clinical management plan to ensure patients are on guideline-appropriate therapy, receive cardiology consultation if appropriate, are discharged when clinically appropriate, discharge planning and systematic follow up with cardiology, transportation support as needed for follow-up visits, post-discharge follow up to identify any post-discharge issues.
The purpose of this study is to compare the risk of cardiovascular events associated with the use of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in comparison with the use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors among patients with type 2 diabetes. The investigators will carry out separate population-based cohort studies using health care databases in seven Canadian provinces and the United Kingdom. The study cohort will be defined by the initiation of a SGLT2 inhibitor or a DPP-4 inhibitor after SGLT2 inhibitors entered the market. Patients will be followed up until the occurrence of a cardiovascular event. The results from the separate sites will be combined by meta-analysis to provide an overall assessment of the risk of cardiovascular events in users of SGLT2 inhibitors. The investigators hypothesize that the use of SGLT2 inhibitors will be associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular events in comparison with the use of DPP-4 inhibitors.
The objective of this clinical investigation is to evaluate the clinical benefits of an MultiSite pacing (MSP) with patient specific left ventricular vector optimization in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) after 6 months of therapy. This clinical investigation is a single-center, prospective, two-arm, randomized 1:1, crossover study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of Optimized MSP CRT compared to conventional bi-ventricular pacing. Data will be collected at enrolment, CRT implant procedure, hospital pre-discharge, one, three and six months post implant. Enrolment data collection will include demographics, cardiovascular history, medication, echocardiography measurements, heart failure quality of life questionnaire and six minute walk test distance. CRT implant procedure data collection will include implanted system information, lead location and conduction times. The electrical conduction recording procedure will include surface ECG and device electrogram (EGM) recordings during various MSP vector pacing configurations at the time of CRT device implant. Patients will also undergo simultaneous invasive pressure measurements using a left ventricular pressure wire to allow haemodynamic measurements (dP/dtmax) during various MSP vector pacing configurations. Optimal MSP programming settings will be determined by the narrowest QRS duration recorded by 12 lead ECG and the greatest change in dP/dtmax by pressure wires study. In a subgroup of patients (approximately 25 patients), non-invasive electrical activation data will be collected with electrocardiographic imaging (ECGi) within 45 days of the implant procedure. Patients will then be randomized 1:1 to receive either standard biventricular pacing or Optimized MSP at their one-month follow-up (± 15 days) visit. At the 3 months (± 15 days) post randomization follow up visit, data collection will include surface ECG, EGMs, echocardiographic parameters and quality of life questionnaire. The patients will then undergo cross-over to the alternate randomization group with programming adjusted accordingly. At the final, 6 months (± 15 days) post randomization follow-up visit, data collection will include surface ECG, EGMs, echocardiographic parameters and quality of life questionnaire. This will mark the completion of the study for each patient. The expected duration of enrolment is 18 months. The total duration of the clinical investigation is expected to be 25 months.
After the implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD), many patients continue to experience exercise intolerance. LVAD echo guided optimization (EO) determines a more favorable hemodynamic profile and could provide an improvement on functional capacity (FC). VAFRACT is a prospective randomized trial to evaluate the additional benefit of an EO approach on FC, measured by cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), in LVAD optimization free population.
Despite the advances in the treatment of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE), the readmissions rates and cardiovascular events remain very high. In this context, it is possible that other potential risk factors may influence the poor prognosis of the ACPE. One of these potential candidates is Obstructive Sleep Apnea(OSA). This study was designed to evaluate the impact of OSA treatment with CPAP in consecutive patients with ACPE. The primary outcome will be to evaluate the impact of CPAP on the recurrence of ACPE in the 1-year follow-up.
Patients with heart failure and left bundle branch block benefit from Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) that delivers pacing from right ventricle (RV) and left ventricle (LV) synchronously, resulting in electrical ventricular resynchrony followed by revere structural cardiac remodeling and thereby reduced heart failure symptoms, hospitalizations and death. It is not known if programming an individually optimized RV-LV pacing offset to maximize electrical resynchrony can improve benefit from CRT. The proposed study is a randomized controlled trial in patients undergoing implant of a CRT pacemaker/defibrillator device for clinical indications to evaluate benefit of RV-LV offset programming using electrocardiogram (ECG) vs. standard nominal CRT programming without RV-LV offset. Patients receiving CRT devices will be randomized to either (A) active intervention of programming RV-LV pacing offset to optimize ECG or to (B) active control of nominally programming CRT device without RV- LV offset. The patients will be followed to evaluate change in echocardiogram, quality of life, functional evaluation and a blood marker for heart failure.
The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic performance of three methods for measuring right ventricular size and function including the Philips Novel RV quantification technologies (RV Heart Model volumetric analysis and Philips 2D strain) and the Upper Valley Right Ventricle Algorithm (UVRV) algorithm as compared to the gold standard of volumetric analysis via cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in a broad patient population.
The study is aimed to evaluate the improvement of the left ventricular volumes and of the left ventricular ejection fraction in a population of ICD patients with heart failure and left ventricle systolic dysfunction undergoing therapy with Sacubitril/Valsartan (according to current Guidelines), during a 6-month follow-up.
This is a non-interventional, multicenter, retrospective study assessing demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics, management and outcome of patients with a HF (heart failure) diagnosis utilizing real world data derived from HF Center Database. This database collects the data of HF from patients hospitalized between March 2010 to Dec 2018 in more than 300 hospitals across China.