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RATIONALE: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is known to improve cardiac performance and to reduce morbidity and mortality in reduced-ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF) despite optimal medical therapy (OMT). Several studies have shown that patients with with left bundle branch block (LBBB) respond favourably to CRT, whereas there is less certainty about non-LBBB morphology. Specifically, whether patients with right bundle branch block (RBBB) and HFrEF benefit from CRT is unclear. Some studies suggest lack of favourable outcomes. It follows from this that VVI implantable defibrillator are implanted in most RBBB patients.On the other hand right ventricular bifocal stimulation could be useful as an alternative approach in patient with RBBB. It consists of two endocardial leads implanted in right ventricle. The first lead is implanted in His bundle area, and the second lead is in the right ventricle apex. In this way bifocal pacing could decrease the inter- and intraventricular delays, thus improving left ventricular hemodynamics. However no specifically randomized studies are designed to date. PURPOSE: To demonstrate the superiority of right ventricular bifocal stimulation over placebo (VVI implantable defibrillator) in RBBB and HFrEF despite OMT. DESIGN Multicenter prospective randomized, double blind cross-over study. MASKING Investigator responsible for device programming is masked from having knowledge about clinical, functional, and echocardiographic data. On the other hand echocardiographist is masked from having knowledge about stimulation mode. Patients are masked from having knowledge about their clinical, functional, and device data. POPULATION At least fifty patients would be enrolled. The enrollment period should be one year. Study overall duration should be two years. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA RBBB and HFrEF (left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35%) in sinus rhythm, in NYHA class II-III or ambulatory IV despite OMT. EXCLUSION CRITERIA -Refusal or withdrawal of informed consent.Renal failure (glomerular filtration rate ≤ 60 ml/min).Life expectancy < 12 months.Active neoplasm.Permanent atrial fibrillation.40 days following acute coronary syndrome.Atrio-ventricular block (from second degree AV block).Valvular heart disease with surgery indications. PROTOCOL Each patient undergoes baseline assessment. Pharmacological therapy, hospitalization,NYHA functional class, QRS complex informations, type of heart disease and comorbidities are collected. Quality of life (QOL) is defined by Minnesota Living with Heart Failure questionnaire. Functional capacity is assessed by 6MWT (optionally by cardiopulmonary exercise test). Trans-thoracic echocardiogram is performed, analyzing: left-ventricle diameters and volumes, left-ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF), left atrial diameter and area, TAPSE,valvulopathy,systolic pulmonary artery pressure. All patients undergo bifocal right ventricular resynchronization therapy: right atrial lead is implanted, whereas the first ventricular lead is placed in His bundle area, and the second ventricular lead in the right ventricle apex. Then the leads are connected to the respective channels of a CRT-D generator.After the implant, all devices are programmed in VVI mode. After the first 40±10 days (first f-up) patients are 1:1 randomized to VVI mode 40 beats/minute (placebo arm) or bifocal DDD-mode 60 beats/minute (with VV delay 0 msec and optimal AV delay). After six months (second f-up) a clinical and instrumental assessment equal to baseline is performed, as well as devices electrical parameters control. Then arms cross-over is performed (from VVI-mode to bifocal DDD-mode and vice versa). At 12 months (end of follow-up) an evaluation equal to that performed at 6 months is assessed. Echocardiographic data are unravelled to the investigator responsible for device programming. In this way the stimulation mode able to determine the best clinical improved (VVI or bifocal DDD mode) is programmed and the study closes. PRIMARY ENDPOINT The main assumption is that bifocal stimulation can increase of at least 20% the distance walked during 6MWT in respect of baseline and VVI-mode.The primary endpoint is the distance walked (expressed by meters) during 6MWT, as assessed at baseline, 6-months follow-up and 12 months follow up. Specifically changes in 6MWT observed during bifocal DDD-mode compared to baseline and to VVI mode would be significative if there is an increase of at least 20%. SECONDARY ENDPOINT Secondary endpoint is bifocal stimulation therapy response, defined by at least one of the following criteria, evaluated at baseline, 6-months follow-up and 12 months-follow-up in comparison to baseline and VVI mode: NYHA functional class improvement; changes in 6MWT, defined by an increase in distance walked major or equal to 30%; LVEF improvement major or equal to 25%;Left ventricular telesystolic volume reduction major or equal to 15%
This study aims to prospectively evaluate the relationship between serial measurement of several biomarkers, such as insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7), bone morphogenic protein 1 (BMP1), and carboxyterminal propeptide of type-I procollagen (PICP), and echocardiographic features of diastolic dysfunction in three groups, including patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), and patients without a history of heart failure (HF). The relationship between these novel biomarkers and one year major cardiovascular adverse events will also be evaluated.
The GUIDE-HF IDE clinical trial is intended to demonstrate the effectiveness of the CardioMEMS™ HF System in an expanded patient population including heart failure (HF) patients outside of the present indication, but at risk for future HF events or mortality.
Heart failure (HF) is the leading cause of hospitalization in the US. Endothelial dysfunction, characterized by the decreased vasodilatory capacity of the vascular endothelium, is rampant in atherosclerotic diseases such as coronary artery disease and also in HF. Endothelial dysfunction also correlates with HF severity, progression, and mortality. It is postulated that endothelial dysfunction may in part be due to enhanced sympathetic drive, diminished parasympathetic drive, chronic inflammatory state thereby leading to reduced nitric oxide synthase activity in the vascular endothelium. Low-level vagus nerve stimulation (LLVNS) is an invasive way to modulate autonomic tone. Recent experimental and clinical data suggest that low-level transcutaneous vagal stimulation (TVS) (by stimulating the auricular branch of the vagus nerve located at the tragus of the external ear) may produce the same desired neuromodulator effect compared to LLVNS. The objective of this study is to determine the impact of TVS on endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffness. The study population will include patients with chronic HFrEF. After performing baseline flow-mediated dilation (FMD), laser speckle contrast imaging(LSCI) and pulse wave analysis (PWA) testing, patients will be randomized to TVS or sham stimulation with a crossover design at different time points. The patient randomized to TVS arm will undergo stimulation for 1 hour followed by immediate measurement of FMD,LSCI and PWA. There will be a washout period of at least 24 hours with patient crossing over to the other arms thus serving as their self-control.
The CHILISALT Study aimed to explore the effect of angiotensin-neprilysin inhibition on intrathoracic impedance and -derived fluid index in HFrEF patients who had a device for cardiac resynchronization therapy and/or an implantable cardioverter-deﬁbrillator (ICD; Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN) allowing continuous measurement of intrathoracic impedance.
The purpose of this American Heart Association-funded and NIH-funded study is to examine circulating RNAs in the acute CHF setting, how they change with decongestive therapy, and their function in vitro and in vivo. The investigators are testing the hypothesis that ex-RNA levels change significantly during decongestion therapy and can be used as a marker of those individuals who respond to CHF therapy (in terms of cardiac structure or outcome). Additionally, the translational research design allows the investigators to assay the effects of these RNAs on tissue phenotypes in vitro.
The EPIC-HF study will test the effectiveness of a patient empowerment and activation for optimization of Heart Failure with reduced Ejection Fraction (HFrEF) medication plans. Three main regional centers in the UCHealth system will participate in a two-arm, randomized study design. In this design, each site participates in both control and intervention, with members of the sites eligible patient population randomly enrolled in either the intervention or the control arm. All eligible patients who agree to participate in the study will complete the Baseline Survey, the Follow-Up Survey, and will have information collected from their medical record at baseline, 1 month after the first clinic appointment post-enrollment, and 1 year after enrollment. Enrollment will take place at three UCHealth locations: UCHealth University of Colorado Hospital (Metro), UCHealth Medical Center of the Rockies and UCHealth Poudre Valley Hospital (North), and UCHealth Memorial Central and Memorial North (South). Study personnel at the North and South sites will carry out enrollment and Baseline Surveys with patients for those locations; all other study procedures will be conducted by study personnel at the University of Colorado (UC) School of Medicine (SOM) (UCSOM) at UCHealth University of Colorado School of Medicine. Patients enrolled in the intervention arm will receive, by email and/or text, a link to 1) a short patient engagement video around HFrEF medications, and 2) a link to an online PDF of a HFrEF medication checklist. Patients in the intervention arm will receive these materials after enrollment and one week prior to their next scheduled clinic appointment. The materials will be delivered in a second communication, three days after the first, via text, as well as a third communication on the day of the clinic appointment. Patients enrolled in the control arm will not receive any materials at any point of time and will receive their usual care. For both arms, medication changes in patient medical records will be assessed before and after clinic visits to measure the effectiveness of the intervention on aim 1; surveys will be compared before and after clinic visits to determine the effectiveness of the intervention on aim 2.
The study is a phase II single-centered, single group, prospective clinical trial to evaluate the safety of HMA-CD20 doses among stable patients with class III/IV according to the NYHA classification with HFrEF receiving standard of care therapy. The index qualifying HFrEF must have EF < 40% based on echocardiographic or cardiac MRI techniques, heart failure class III/IV according to the NYHA classification,aged 40-60 years, being diagnosed less than 12 months before enrollment of study, following the standard heart failure treatment regimen.
This study aims to evaluate cardiopulmonary interactions in patients with heat failure
In 200 patients with documented systolic heart failure give supplementation with vitamin D in those with a 25-OH- vitamin D < 50nmol/L - or placebo. In those with a vitamin D level <25nmol/L a substitution of 2400IU will be given, and in those with a vitamin D level 25-50nmol/L a substitution of 1600IU will be given. Intervention time 12 months. Biomarkers of heart function, quality of life, and hospitalisation will be analysed.