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In this proposed study, the investigators will evaluate the effects of fish oil add-on in treatment of major depressive disorder(MDD).
Symptoms of depression and anxiety are extremely prevalent in the population. Unfortunately, patients often face barriers to accessing mental health care, particularly psychotherapeutic interventions, including long wait-times and demanding therapeutic protocols. For instance, Mindfulness-Based Therapy (MBT) has demonstrated effectiveness at decreasing symptoms of depression and anxiety, and improving wellbeing; however, 'traditional' MBT can demand over 30 hours of clinical time, and 50-60 hours of homework, all of which can be barriers to care. A pilot, uncontrolled study conducted at Sunnybrook illustrated the potential feasibility / efficaciousness of a novel abbreviated MBT in improving hospital staff wellbeing. The goal of this controlled study is to further test feasibility and acceptability of this intervention to reduce depressive / anxious symptoms, reduce stress and improve wellbeing in outpatient mood/anxiety patients. If efficacious, this Abbreviated MBT could reduce barriers to accessing mental health care.
Perinatal depression occurs in 15% of pregnant women and new mothers, yet as few as 1 in 5 receive adequate treatment. It has a negative impact on the woman herself, as well as a potential for serious consequences for her child. Virtual psychiatric care is a potential model that may provide accessible mental health care during this time, as barriers to in-person care often include unpredictable infant schedules, competing childcare demands, or travel/cost challenges. The Virtual-PND intervention consists of 12-weeks of the option of supplementing in-person psychiatric care with secure, in-home real-time video-visits through the Ontario Telemedicine Network. This pilot RCT will demonstrate the feasibility of proceeding to a future large-scale RCT evaluation of virtual psychiatric care for this population.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of intermittent theta burst repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (iTBS) as a treatment for Veterans with an alcohol use disorder (AUD) to decrease the exceedingly high rate of relapse associated with this condition. iTBS has demonstrated equivalent efficacy and safety to repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation employing 10Hz stimulation protocols in treatment of depressive disorders. The advantage of iTBS is that it can be delivered in approximately 5 minutes where conventional 10Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) protocols are typically 20-25 minutes. It is hypothesized that Veterans with AUD who receive active iTBS applied to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), compared to controls (i.e., Veterans with AUD who receive sham iTBS), will show significant decreases alcohol craving, depressive symptomatology and cigarette consumptions, as well as improved neurocognition, a longer period of abstinence, and a lower overall rate of relapse over 6 months following standard psychosocial treatment for AUD at VA substance treatment clinics. In exploratory analyses, it is also predicted that magnetic resonance measures of left DLPFC glutamate concentration, volume of anterior frontal cortical brain regions, and performance on fMRI tasks interrogating the function of the salience/reward circuits will serve as biomarkers of iTBS treatment response. The goal of this proposal is to implement treatment that effectively promotes sustained abstinence in Veterans with AUD, given long-term abstinence is related to optimal neurobiological, neuropsychological and psychosocial recovery and functioning.
The purpose of this research study is to compare the antidepressant effect of lithium versus placebo in adults receiving ketamine. Lithium is available commercially for depression; ketamine is available commercially and can help the symptoms of depression; however, it has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for this use. The FDA has allowed the use of this drug in this research study.
Shu gan yi yang capsule is made of traditional Chinese medicine Guizhou Yi Bai pharmaceutical Limited by Share Ltd, for liver and kidney deficiency and liver and kidney deficiency and blood stasis caused by functional impotence and mild arterial insufficiency in impotence, impotence, flaccid penis not hard or lift and not firm, chest deep sigh, chest fullness, soreness and weakness of waist and knees, pale tongue or petechiae, pulse string or string. The choice of depression associated with erectile dysfunction patients, and investigate its effect.In this study, patients with depression and erectile dysfunction were selected and the efficacy was investigated
This is a prospective, observational cohort study aimed to explore the influence of anxiety and depression to long term survival in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients.
Background: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a treatment for depression. It stimulates the brain. Researchers want to see if using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans helps locate the best area for rTMS in each person. They also want to find other ways to make it more effective. Objective: To study the effects of combining MRI- guided transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and talk therapy on the brain in people with depression. Eligibility: Adults ages 18 65 with a major depressive disorder and current depression. If taking an antidepressant, should have been doing so for at least 4 weeks. Design: Participants will be screened with medical and psychiatric history, psychiatric evaluation, physical exam, and blood and urine tests. Phase 1 is 1 4 visits in 1 week. Participants will have: Brain MRI. Participants will lie on a table in a scanner. Questions about their medical history and psychology symptoms Tests of mood and thinking Tests of brain activity. Participants may do tasks during these tests: A cone with magnetic detectors is put on the head. A cap with electrodes is put on the scalp. TMS. A brief electrical current passes through a wire coil on the scalp. A metal disk will be placed on the arm. A nerve will be stimulated with a small electrical shock. Phase 2 is about 6 to 7 weeks. There will be 30 daily sessions of combined therapy and repetitive TMS (rTMS) for 6 weeks. Participants will receive rTMS and another therapy by computer. For rTMS, repeated pulses will pass through the coil. This is followed by up to 3 additional visits, when: Participants will repeat Phase 1 tests Participants will rate their depression symptoms. Phase 3 is 3 visits over 3 months. Participants will rate their depression symptoms and repeat some of the previous questionnaires and tests of mood and thinking.
This is a double-blind, sham controlled, multi-center study to confirm the safety and efficacy of synchronized transcranial magnetic stimulation (sTMS) for the treatment of patients currently experiencing an episode of depression who have failed to respond to at least one (1) antidepressant medication. Patients will be randomly assigned to either active or sham therapy and will undergo daily treatments for a period of time. Following completion of blinded treatments, patients may be eligible for a course of open label treatments.
Antidepressant-free unipolar melancholic depressed patients (at least stage 2 treatment-resistant) will be selected by a certified psychiatrist, who will administer (semi-)structured clinical interviews. Because concomitant antidepressant treatment can confound outcome results, all patients will go through a medication washout before entering the study and they will be free from any antidepressant, neuroleptic and mood stabilizer for at least two weeks before entering the treatment protocol. Only habitual benzodiazepine agents will be allowed. STEP 1: Patients will be treated with in total 20 accelerated intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation (aiTBS) sessions (3000 pulses/session) over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which will be spread over 4 days. On each stimulation day, a given patient will receive 5 sessions with a between-session delay of 15 minutes. Patients will be randomized to receive either the real aiTBS or sham treatment (first week). However, the sham group will receive real aiTBS treatment with 10 days' time interval. The investigators expect that real aiTBS treatment and not sham will result in a significant and clinical meaningful response. STEP 2: To optimize treatment and reduce relapse following the iTBS treatment, in a stepped care approach, all patients then continue with cognitive control training (CCT) ten days later. This CCT consists of 20 sessions, spread over 4 weeks. Patients will be randomized to receive either real CCT or a control training. During this follow-up treatment, all patients will be prescribed antidepressant medication (SSRI) again. As iTBS treatment effects are known to decline over time, the investigators expect that combining aiTBS with a follow-up CCT therapy will stabilize the clinical effects over time compared to receiving the iTBS treatment alone. For baseline comparisons, patients will be closely matched for gender and age with never-depressed, medication-free healthy volunteers. No volunteer will undergo treatment.