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The purpose of this study is to explore if the magnitude of treatment effect (JNJ-42847922; placebo) on symptoms of depression (as measured by Hamilton rating scale for depression-17 [HDRS17], Sleep item-adjusted HDRS17, Anxiety/somatization factor score and the 6-item subscale from HDRS17 [HAM-D6]) differs across different levels of hyper-arousal status (characterized by Sleep parameters, ruminative response scale [RRS], Sleep and Worry visual analogue scale [VAS], quantitative electro-encephalography [qEEG], heart rate variability [HRV] and others).
The purpose of this study is to assess the participants socio-demographics and disease-related characteristics, naturalistic treatment patterns and the clinical, social and economic outcomes of routine clinical practice in the treatment of participants with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) in a variety of European countries.
Healthy Hearts Healthy Minds: An Overview Individuals with depression are four times more likely to die from coronary heart disease than someone who does not have depression. At the same time, the risk of having a heart attack with depression is double that of individuals who do not have depression. Exercise, improves both depression and risk factors for heart disease; yet, most Americans do not exercise regularly, especially those with depression and/or heart disease. This study is important to these individuals as most of them want to exercise, but have difficulty finding the motivation and energy to do so, which has a substantially negative impact on their physical and mental health. This study will compare two empirically supported treatments designed to help individuals with a mood disorder at risk or with heart disease to increase their physical activity as objectively measured by a Fitbit (which we will provide to participants at no cost). This new study, focused on getting people moving, is funded by the Patient Centered Outcome Research Institute (PCORI) and involves 2 Patient Powered Research Networks (PPRNs) known as the MoodNetwork and the Health eHeart Alliance. With the help of patients across the country the Healthy Hearts Healthy Minds study team aims to be able to study the best method to get people to be more physically active - making them happier and healthier in the process.
Late-life depression affects 2-8% of seniors and causes high rates of caregiver distress and risk of suicide. To exacerbate the problem, antidepressants, the cornerstone of therapy, are resistant in 55-80% of this population. Hence, this group of patients is labeled as having treatment-resistant late-life depression (TR-LLD). Non-pharmacological interventions like meditation could offer significant benefits as augmentation strategies to improve response rate of antidepressants in TR-LLD. One such breath-based meditation intervention called Sudarshan Kriya Yoga is of interest based on highly significant preliminary data in adult patients with treatment-resistant depression, its scalability and relatively low cost to learn this lifelong skill. Thirty patients diagnosed with TR-LLD will learn this intervention over 5 consecutive days by a certified para-professional trainer. This will be followed by 3 weekly 90 min follow-up sessions and then bimonthly sessions for 8 more weeks. SKY consists of a series of breathing techniques, including Sudarshan Kriya (SK), a sequential rhythm-specific breathing exercise. Participants will be asked to practice this technique for 25-30 minutes daily over the next 11 weeks. The investigators will collect clinical as well as feasibility outcome measures. The investigators will also explore if it is feasible to assess the antioxidant Glutathione (GSH) in the brain using a sophisticated magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The investigators suspect that GSH levels are reduced in TR-LLD and they will improve with SKY.
The proposed study seeks to obtain preliminary signal of the tolerability and efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for depressive symptoms in a sample of adolescents with depression and epilepsy. Additionally, effects of tDCS will be assessed via electroencephalographic, cognitive, and psychosocial measures.
The proposed study will assess the combined effect of perampanel and ketamine on the anti-depressant response in individuals with treatment resistant depression. The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that stimulation of Alpha-Amino-3-Hydroxy-5-Methyl-4- Isoxazole Propionic Acid receptors (AMPAR) is critical to the anti-depressant response of ketamine.
The aim of this study is to analyze both depressive symptomatology and psychological well-being fluctuation in a day-to-day basis in the general population, in order to identify contextual determinants of the mood and well-being changes
The purpose of this research is to understand if it is helpful for patients with mental illness to be connected to a psychiatrist and case manager at the time of cancer diagnosis.
This is a pilot feasibility study of group problem management plus, a low-intensity psychological intervention, delivered in five sessions to adults affected by humanitarian crises. The current study will evaluate feasibility and acceptability of the intervention to determine procedures and content for a subsequent full trial using a cluster-randomized design of group problem management plus versus enhanced treatment as usual.
Mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and trauma-related stress (MD\AD\TRS) are common among men, particularly those suffering from heart disease (HD). MD\AD\TRS are significantly related to exacerbation of HD symptoms that often lead to death. Unfortunately, men are significantly less likely than women to seek and receive appropriate treatment for their mental health issues including MD\AD\TRS. Furthermore, there is little literature about the use of the stepped care model in the Canadian setting. The overarching goal of this interventional program is therefore to prevent, early detect and treat MD\AD\TRS in men living with HD. This Participatory Action Research aims to implement a stepped-care model for MD\AD\TRS in men in New Brunswick, Ontario, and quebec. The second phase of the project proposes a quantitative study that will consist of testing the effectiveness and acceptability (by the men and the involved health professionals) of the stepped-care model. It will offer to post ACS-males a mental health related component presently not available in the typical services of the NB health system. Data will be collected at baseline (0 month) and at four follow-up (each 3-months) sessions to manage the progress of each participant throughout their 12-month journey in the study. Typical sociodemographic data will be collected, along with a questionnaire on Masculinity Norms, Couples Satisfaction (when applicable), and four mental health assessment tools.