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The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of duloxetine hydrochloride versus placebo in the treatment of Japanese children and adolescents with depressive disorder.
The overall aim of this pilot study is to conduct a preliminary trial to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of adding a transdiagnostic, emotion-focused group intervention (the Unified Protocol) to treatment as usual (TAU) in a comprehensive outpatient program for adolescents and young adults with substance use disorders and emotional distress.
the investigators make the following assumptions: 1) neuroinflammation in MDD can be measured by the [18 F ] DPA- 714 ; 2) it is accompanied by anatomical and functional changes in the frontal subcortical loops, strongly involved in MDD ; 3) neuroinflammation in patients might be a biomarker related to resistance to treatment in patients with MDD. If this assumptions are validated, then this study will enable a better understanding of the neuroinflammatory processes. This breakthrough could have a long term therapeutic impact, helping to target more specifically antidepressant drugs with anti-inflammatory action and / or drugs targeting neuroinflammation.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of TAK-653 compared with placebo in maintaining the effect of ketamine treatment on depressive symptoms.
Depressive symptoms are associated with significant psychosocial impairment. However, current treatments of bipolar depression are only partially effective. Cannabidiol is a natural component of cannabis without psychotomimetic or addictive properties. Cannabidiol has been shown to produce therapeutic effects including anticonvulsive, anxiolytic, antipsychotic and neuroprotective effects. The investigators hypothesize that treatment with cannabidiol will result in improvement of depressive and anxiety symptoms, as well as, improvement in functioning and inflammatory biomarkers. During the clinical trial subjects will receive study medications (cannabidiol 600mg/day or placebo) for a period of 12 weeks.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of videogame-like digital therapies as adjunct therapy to antidepressant medications on cognitive deficits associated with major depressive disorder.
In the past, there were studies on relationship between insomnia and depression, and those studies found that depression can be the result of untreated insomnia. Mostly insomnia precedes depression, and is a marker for recurrence of depression. Research suggests that insomnia may cause depression by changing the emotional response. In this study, investigators will establish the national online cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (e-aid Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia, eCBTI ) tools, and online health education on sleep (e-aid Sleep Hygiene Education, eSHE ) tools for controls. Investigators will be testing whether eCBTI can reduce the incidence of depression in patients with sleep disorders, increasing remission rate of depression, and a corresponding reduction in suicidal ideas, compared with eSHE control groups.
Aortic valve stenosis (AS) shows high and increasing prevalence in Western civilizations and leads to high morbidity and mortality. 15 years ago Alain Cribier performed the first catheter-based transfemoral aortic valve replacement at the University of Rouon. This historical step initiated a dramatic shift in the treatment of AS with more than 50% of patients being treated interventionally instead of the surgical approach, today. Comorbidities are major determinants of cardiovascular events and clinical outcome in aortic valve stenosis but little is known about psychiatric comorbidities or frailty in these patients. Data from our group suggest an inflammatory trigger for depression and potentially other psychiatric diseases and aortic valve stenosis as well as aortic valve replacement are associated with considerable changes in the inflammatory state of the patients. However, no study has prospectively examined the interaction of these inflammatory markers and mood disorders, yet. In addition, frailty is a key aspect of many of TAVR patients clinically, however, scientifically there is only emerging data with half of all PubMed-indexed publications being less than 18 months old and clinical use of various scores still under discussion. The " Effect of interventional aortic valve replacement on emotional status, quality of life, frailty and inflammation"-study is designed to fill these gaps in evidence. It will be a prospective epidemiological cohort study to recruit 102 patients with symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis within 18 months. All of these patients will undergo standardized cardiologic, psychiatric and frailty assessment as well as a sophisticated laboratory analysis focussing on the inflammatory state. The study aims to integrate these interdisciplinary findings to optimize patient treatment.
We aim to assess the quality of life (QoL), and presence and severity of anxiety and depressive symptoms, in women who have had breast cancer diagnosed at ≥1 year, compared to women who did not have cancer. The Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) primary care database will be used to select a random sample of breast cancer survivors (≥1 year), whose general practitioner (GP) agrees to participate in the study (see below), and who were registered with the practice for ≥1 year before and after the breast cancer diagnosis. Age-matched women who never had cancer will be randomly selected from the same practice. Staff at each practice will mail the study materials to the eligible women, who will complete the questionnaires and send those to the CPRD Intervention Studies Team for processing. Studies of patient reported outcomes (PROs) have been limited by the high cost, time and logistics involved in recruiting patients and processing data. We will evaluate the feasibility of collecting these data using electronic questionnaires rather than paper ones. Thus, nearly half of the participants will receive paper questionnaires, while the others will receive instructions on how to complete the questionnaires online. We will compare the participation rate by each method. In addition, a secondary objective of this study is to assess whether PROs can be reasonably studied by using electronic health records (EHR) or by inquiring the patients' GP, as any of these would involve fewer resources. For this, the EHR of the participating women will be collated from the CPRD primary care database, and the GPs of the participating women will report on their awareness of the patient's anxiety and depressive disorders, or distress for QoL domains; the results of the two sources will be compared to those reported by the patients.
Depression and anxiety are prevalent and disabling conditions that often go untreated. Internet-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (ICBT) is a relatively new approach to treatment that is a convenient way for patients to access care. ICBT is typically highly standardized and involves patients reviewing weekly lessons over the Internet. Patients also receive brief weekly support from a therapist via secure emails or phone calls. Past research shows that ~75% of patients complete ICBT and report large symptom improvements. Although these results are very promising, research also suggests that ICBT could potentially be improved by being more personalized in terms of amount of therapist contact, especially for clients with more severe symptoms. The current trial will involve therapists who work in a clinic that specializes in ICBT. Over one year, 440 patients with depression and/or anxiety will be randomized to either receive standardized (5 lessons completed in 8 weeks; once week therapist contact) or personalized ICBT (5 lessons completed in 8 weeks; personalized therapist contact depending on needs of patient). Psychosocial outcomes of patients in the two treatment arms will be compared post-treatment and at 3-month, 6-month, and 1-year follow-up from enrollment. Data on intervention usage, satisfaction measures, and costs will also be assessed.