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As a potential solution to address high rates of depression and anxiety seen in epilepsy patients and poor mental health care access, this trial aims to carry out treatment for depression and anxiety directly in the epilepsy clinic. Patients that meet eligibility criteria, including significant symptoms of depression and/or anxiety, will be enrolled in the intervention. The intervention will consist of an initial prescription for an FDA-approved medication to treat depression/anxiety and telephone-based chronic care management plan for repeated symptom measurement and side effect surveillance. The purpose of this pre-piloting limited study is to streamline recruitment, intervention and outcome assessment process in preparation for a randomized, controlled pilot of the intervention.
The adverse effects of poverty at the individual, family, and community level on health outcomes for children are well-established. Material hardship, defined as difficulty meeting basic needs such as food, housing, and consumer goods, has been shown to have negative physical and emotional effects on both children and their parents. Diaper need, defined as a lack of sufficient supply of clean and dry diapers, is an example of a material hardship. Community-based studies of low-income families have demonstrated that between 30-50% of caregivers of young children expressed diaper need. Some of these caregivers with diaper need reported reducing diaper changes, a practice that is associated with diaper dermatitis and urinary tract infections (UTIs). These community-based studies have also shown that diaper need is associated with maternal depression and parental stress, even after adjusting for demographic factors and food insecurity. Diaper need may be a specific modifiable marker of caregiver stress and depression, beyond its role as an indicator of poverty. In this pilot, randomized controlled trial of low-income newborns and their caregivers the investigators will test the feasibility of supplying diapers as an intervention to infants in low-income families and assess if it can improve both a child's health and their caregiver's overall health.
People with COPD have a greater risk for symptoms of depression, anxiety, and fear of breathlessness. Those emotions are independently associated with lower physical activity, poorer quality of life, and higher hospitalization and exacerbations; all independent predictors of survival and costs. There is a lack of treatment options to be routinely used in primary clinics for patients with COPD. Systematic reviews suggest that interventions that promote an accepting mode of response, such as mindfulness, might be more appropriate and effective for managing psychological distress in COPD patients, especially breathing-related anxiety. Hypothesis: A home-based 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for COPD targeted to individuals with symptoms of depression, anxiety, or fear of breathlessness delivered by a mindfulness coach using a combination of in-person sessions and remote video call sessions will be effective in improving emotional and overall quality of life, and measured physical activity.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of TAK-653 compared with placebo in maintaining the effect of ketamine treatment on depressive symptoms.
This project will determine whether an intervention to enhance communication between infants and toddlers with developmental disabilities and their depressed mothers can be integrated into federally-funded Early Intervention (EI) services. Participants will be mothers with depressive symptoms whose children are receiving EI services, along with their EI service providers. The investigators will conduct a small randomized control trial using the Language ENhancement Assessment/intervention system (LENA), a technology-supported language monitoring system, with 20 mothers and one of their child's EI service providers. The LENA uses an infant or toddler garment with an integrated audiotape system that records adult speech centered on the child, child vocalizations, and reciprocal parent-child turn-taking conversations. The LENA software produces visual feedback that a mother can use to focus her language interactions with her child. A "LENA with feedback" group will follow participants in the intervention over 5 weeks: 5 weeks of LENA data collection (with mothers running the system 1 day/week for 16 consecutive hours), with feedback during 3 weeks (baseline=LENA, no feedback; 3 week intervention=LENA with feedback; post-intervention=LENA, no feedback). A "LENA no feedback" group will complete LENA data collection at baseline on the same schedule but will not receive feedback. The main difference between groups will be provision of LENA feedback and strategies to promote increased mother-child interactions. This design allows the investigators to isolate the effect of LENA with feedback, and minimizes attributing changes in language environments due to exposure to LENA alone. The investigators will analyze data from measures on LENA communication data (adult word count, child vocalizations and conversational turn-taking), and measures of child language, maternal depressive symptoms, and child disability profiles.
rTMS has appeared a potential new non-invasive antidepressant method, which implies non-convulsive focal stimulation of the brain through a time varying magnetic field. ). Research on rTMS reports of minimal side effects of the method . The majority of clinically controlled studies have used high frequency stimulation of the left frontal cortex . Fewer studies have used right prefrontal, which has less side effects, such as local discomfort and a lower risk of releasing epileptic seizures, than high frequency stimulation .Both stimulus models has been shown to have statistically significant antidepressant effect and recent research clearly indicates that low frequency rTMS of the right prefrontal cortex i associated with an antidepressant effect at the same level as the high frequency model. Therefore the investigators want to examine the antidepressant effect of a specific rTMS low frequency model in a clinical setting using a placebo controlled, randomized double blind design.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health problem with an annual incidence of about 1.7 million per year. TBI is associated with various long-term morbidities. Among them, psychiatric disturbances are the major cause of chronic disability and poor quality of life. Major depression is the common psychiatric sequela post TBI with rates ranging from 13% at 1 year to 60% at 8 years after TBI. Major depression after TBI (henceforth referred to as TBI depression) is often associated with comorbid neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) such as anxiety, aggression, substance abuse and cognitive deficits that often makes treatment difficult. Despite increased rates of depression, there is no Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drug/s for its treatment. The investigators propose to address these limitations by use of a novel serotonergic agent, vortioxetine, which has a multimodal mechanism of action through serotonin transporter (SERT) inhibition, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)3, 7, and 1D receptor antagonism, 1B receptor partial agonism, and 1A receptor agonism. Overarching Goal: The overarching goal of the proposed pilot study is to determine the effectiveness and safety of vortioxetine for the treatment of post-TBI depression and co-morbid NPS. Study Design: The study design will include a DBPCT of 30 TBI patients of all severities who meet the DSM 5 criteria for major depression. A total of 150 will be consented to allow for screen failures. Written informed consent will be obtained from these patients. Subjects will be followed for a total of 12 weeks. Subjects will be randomized to either the vortioxetine arm (N=15) or placebo arm (N=15). The treatment group will receive vortioxetine 10mg per day, which will be increased to 20 mg or decreased to 5 mg, if deemed clinically necessary, at week 4 or 8. Subjects will have a total of 4-5 visits: Baseline evaluation (1 or 2 visits) and follow-up visits at weeks 4, 8 and 12. Well-validated psychiatric instruments will be used to compare the effectiveness of vortioxetine versus placebo treatment at week 12 compared to baseline Relevance: This study has the potential to provide strong preliminary evidence for the use of vortioxetine as a safe and novel agent for treatment of TBI depression and its psychiatric co-morbidities. If found to be effective, results from this study can be used to design larger studies and also determine brain changes associated with its use via neuroimaging.
This is randomized control trial of a brief intervention called Bellevue ROSE (Reach Out Stay Strong Essentials). Bellevue ROSE is a manualized and highly structured interpersonal intervention that provides women with psycho-education about maternal depression and strategies for strengthening social support and connectedness. Investigators use motivational interviewing strategies to improve treatment compliance and resource acquisition
A Stepped Care pathway for managing postpartum depression (PPD) in pediatric primary care settings will be used to (1) understand context for implementation feasibility (2) evaluate benefits for mother and child. The proposed pilot project will be conducted as part of a quality improvement effort in the Department of Pediatrics at Gouverneur Health Services to improve management of postpartum depression during pediatric primary care visits. This project will test the feasibility of a stepped care approach to identifying and managing depression among mothers of infants (0-6 months). This study will provide preliminary data on the feasibility of the care management protocol, implementation and fidelity measures, and training/consultation methods within a real world pediatric care practice. These data will inform and support the preparation of a large-scale NIH grant. Specific research questions include: 1. To pilot the feasibility of using a Stepped Care Approach to identify and mange maternal depression within primary care pediatric care visits, with a focus on mothers of infants 0-6 months. 1. Train non specialty MH providers to systematically identify maternal depression. 2. Assess how effective integration of maternal depression intervention is as part of well baby visits. 2. To o examine the impact of STRONG, a brief 3-session IPT-based preventive intervention, on maternal and child health outcomes (e.g., maternal depression symptoms, child receipt of acute care services). Secondary outcomes include maternal social support and parenting practices.
The purpose of this antidepressant study is to determine the efficacy of vortioxetine on depression and cognition in 80 women with breast cancer, and to elucidate inflammatory-mediated mechanisms by which depression and its treatment influence cancer outcome. Our hypothesis is that effective vortioxetine antidepressant therapy in depressed women with breast cancer will attenuate increased intermediate endpoints of inflammation that contribute to the pathogenesis of depression, cognitive impairment, and cancer progression