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As a potential solution to address high rates of depression and anxiety seen in epilepsy patients and poor mental health care access, this trial aims to carry out treatment for depression and anxiety directly in the epilepsy clinic. Patients that meet eligibility criteria, including significant symptoms of depression and/or anxiety, will be enrolled in the intervention. The intervention will consist of an initial prescription for an FDA-approved medication to treat depression/anxiety and telephone-based chronic care management plan for repeated symptom measurement and side effect surveillance. The purpose of this pre-piloting limited study is to streamline recruitment, intervention and outcome assessment process in preparation for a randomized, controlled pilot of the intervention.
The adverse effects of poverty at the individual, family, and community level on health outcomes for children are well-established. Material hardship, defined as difficulty meeting basic needs such as food, housing, and consumer goods, has been shown to have negative physical and emotional effects on both children and their parents. Diaper need, defined as a lack of sufficient supply of clean and dry diapers, is an example of a material hardship. Community-based studies of low-income families have demonstrated that between 30-50% of caregivers of young children expressed diaper need. Some of these caregivers with diaper need reported reducing diaper changes, a practice that is associated with diaper dermatitis and urinary tract infections (UTIs). These community-based studies have also shown that diaper need is associated with maternal depression and parental stress, even after adjusting for demographic factors and food insecurity. Diaper need may be a specific modifiable marker of caregiver stress and depression, beyond its role as an indicator of poverty. In this pilot, randomized controlled trial of low-income newborns and their caregivers the investigators will test the feasibility of supplying diapers as an intervention to infants in low-income families and assess if it can improve both a child's health and their caregiver's overall health.
People with COPD have a greater risk for symptoms of depression, anxiety, and fear of breathlessness. Those emotions are independently associated with lower physical activity, poorer quality of life, and higher hospitalization and exacerbations; all independent predictors of survival and costs. There is a lack of treatment options to be routinely used in primary clinics for patients with COPD. Systematic reviews suggest that interventions that promote an accepting mode of response, such as mindfulness, might be more appropriate and effective for managing psychological distress in COPD patients, especially breathing-related anxiety. Hypothesis: A home-based 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for COPD targeted to individuals with symptoms of depression, anxiety, or fear of breathlessness delivered by a mindfulness coach using a combination of in-person sessions and remote video call sessions will be effective in improving emotional and overall quality of life, and measured physical activity.
This is an observational study evaluating the safety and efficacy of dronabinol for the treatment of anxiety and/or depression in older adults. Participants who are prescribed dronabinol as part of a voluntary inpatient stay in McLean's Division of Geriatric Psychiatry will be interviewed about their mood and cognition on a weekly basis while on dronabinol.
Late-life depression affects 2-8% of seniors and causes high rates of caregiver distress and risk of suicide. To exacerbate the problem, antidepressants, the cornerstone of therapy, are resistant in 55-80% of this population. Hence, this group of patients is labeled as having treatment-resistant late-life depression (TR-LLD). Non-pharmacological interventions like meditation could offer significant benefits as augmentation strategies to improve response rate of antidepressants in TR-LLD. One such breath-based meditation intervention called Sudarshan Kriya Yoga is of interest based on highly significant preliminary data in adult patients with treatment-resistant depression, its scalability and relatively low cost to learn this lifelong skill. Thirty patients diagnosed with TR-LLD will learn this intervention over 5 consecutive days by a certified para-professional trainer. This will be followed by 3 weekly 90 min follow-up sessions and then bimonthly sessions for 8 more weeks. SKY consists of a series of breathing techniques, including Sudarshan Kriya (SK), a sequential rhythm-specific breathing exercise. Participants will be asked to practice this technique for 25-30 minutes daily over the next 11 weeks. The investigators will collect clinical as well as feasibility outcome measures. The investigators will also explore if it is feasible to assess the antioxidant Glutathione (GSH) in the brain using a sophisticated magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The investigators suspect that GSH levels are reduced in TR-LLD and they will improve with SKY.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of TAK-653 compared with placebo in maintaining the effect of ketamine treatment on depressive symptoms.
The purpose of this research study is to compare the antidepressant effect of lithium versus placebo in adults receiving ketamine. Lithium is available commercially for depression; ketamine is available commercially and can help the symptoms of depression; however, it has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for this use. The FDA has allowed the use of this drug in this research study.
The research will utilise an open feasibility parallel groups trial to examine the impact of novel internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) interventions for stress, anxiety, and depression compared to treatment as usual (face to face counselling and psychotherapy) in an employment context. Participants will consist of employees accessing services provided by employee assistance programmes (EAP) provided at the European headquarters of a large technology organisation.
This project will determine whether an intervention to enhance communication between infants and toddlers with developmental disabilities and their depressed mothers can be integrated into federally-funded Early Intervention (EI) services. Participants will be mothers with depressive symptoms whose children are receiving EI services, along with their EI service providers. The investigators will conduct a small randomized control trial using the Language ENhancement Assessment/intervention system (LENA), a technology-supported language monitoring system, with 20 mothers and one of their child's EI service providers. The LENA uses an infant or toddler garment with an integrated audiotape system that records adult speech centered on the child, child vocalizations, and reciprocal parent-child turn-taking conversations. The LENA software produces visual feedback that a mother can use to focus her language interactions with her child. A "LENA with feedback" group will follow participants in the intervention over 5 weeks: 5 weeks of LENA data collection (with mothers running the system 1 day/week for 16 consecutive hours), with feedback during 3 weeks (baseline=LENA, no feedback; 3 week intervention=LENA with feedback; post-intervention=LENA, no feedback). A "LENA no feedback" group will complete LENA data collection at baseline on the same schedule but will not receive feedback. The main difference between groups will be provision of LENA feedback and strategies to promote increased mother-child interactions. This design allows the investigators to isolate the effect of LENA with feedback, and minimizes attributing changes in language environments due to exposure to LENA alone. The investigators will analyze data from measures on LENA communication data (adult word count, child vocalizations and conversational turn-taking), and measures of child language, maternal depressive symptoms, and child disability profiles.
The proposed study addresses the potential utility of providing an accessible self-help intervention for patients in a medical setting with an estimated diagnosis of MDD. Specifically, the study will explore whether a) such an intervention can be effectively implemented in a primary care setting and b) patients originally seeking medical attention for an orthopedic problem will be willing to seek psychological treatment and, c) improvement in depression symptoms will lead to improvement in upper and lower extremity functioning.