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The goal of this study is to test the efficacy and the feasibility of the Asian Women's Action for Resilience and Empowerment (AWARE) intervention, in the real world setting -- student health service centers at Boston University, Wellesley College, and Harvard University. AWARE is an 8-week group intervention specifically designed to address mental health and sexual health issues among Asian-Pacific Islander (API) women. One AWARE group (final number of 8-10 API women who will be treated) will be held at BU Student Health Services, two groups at Wellesley College, and two groups at Harvard University Health Services for undergraduate and graduate students who meet the demographic and clinical criteria. During the intervention period, participants will attend the AWARE group counseling sessions, which are 90 minutes, once a week, for 8 weeks. Each week's session is focused on a specific theme related to the cultural and gender-specific issues typical among young Asian American women. The sessions are led by staff therapists at either institution. Participants will fill out forms that detail their therapeutic goals ("commitments") and any adverse emotional/behavioral events from the past week. Participants will also receive daily text messages that reinforce the group session themes. Participants will be assessed pre- and post-intervention on clinical outcomes, including depression, anxiety, PTSD, and suicidality, using standardized quantitative instruments. This serves to evaluate the efficacy of AWARE at improving mental health outcomes. Participants will also participate in a post-intervention focus group session to evaluate the program's implementation and suggest ways for future improvement.
In the middle of this century, coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of death in the United States. Chinese health service survey showed that about 1000,0000 ~ 320,000 people were suffering from CHD in the mainland of China in 2008. The high mortality and morbidity of CHD will aggravate the psychological burden of patients, such as depression. Depression is the most psychological problem in CHD patients. The incidence of depression in Chinese population was in the range of 4%~6%, while it was as high as 14%~17% in patients with CHD. Depression not only affects the patients' illness, but also reducing their quality of life, the compliance of drugs and lifestyle. In addition, depression is a major risk factor for the mortality and morbidity of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, it's urgently needed to screen and treat the depression of patients with CHD. At present, the treatment of depression in patients with CHD mainly includes antidepressant, cognitive behavioral therapy， psychological counseling, knowledge education, relaxation therapy and so on. However, the medicine would yield side - effect. Furthermore, the content of psychological interventions are not systematic and dynamic. Moreover, patients' depressive level varies in different periods, the traditional psychological intervention just focused on the ultimate psychological benefits, and cannot analyze some factors and staged results in the process of psycho-behavioral change. Thus, an dynamic and effective intervention to alleviate depression in patients with CHD is imperative.
This research hypothesizes that moderate physical activity in a "green environment" (e.g. a forest preserve path) has increased benefits on psychological measures (stress, anxiety, mood, depression, attention) and on physiological measures (Heart Rate Variability, Blood Glucose, Salivary Cortisol) when directly compared to activity in a "gray environment" (urban or suburban sidewalks). The study design is a randomized crossover design in which each subject is assigned randomly to a group which determines the order in which participants will walk in each location. Subjects will take three 50-minute walks per location in one week, with half of the subjects taking the urban walks first as per group assignment. Control data are collected on days when participants do not walk. Physiological data are taken during walks and control periods (heart rate, heart rate variation). Biomarker samples (saliva, dried blood spots) are taken on selected days. Psychological data are take before and after walks and control periods.
This study is planned to assess the efficacy of SAMEUp versus placebo after six weeks of treatment in subjects characterized by depression symptoms according to ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases - 10th revision) diagnostic criteria and confirmed by mean of Zung's Self-Rating Depression Scale.
The study investigates the influence of inflammatory processes on the development and the course of uni- and bipolar depression. It is assumed, that the concentrations of certain inflammatory proteins have an influence on the development of depression, its clinical severity, the response to treatment and the risk of relapse. To verify this hypothesis, a total of 145 patients, which were hospitalized für treatment of a depressive disorder in the study centers in Germany, Italy and France, were screened according to the criteria set out in the study protocol. Finally, 104 patients with moderate to severe depressive symptoms were included in the study. These patients were treated according to the recommendations of the DGPPN treatment guidelines. All patients received a medication with sertraline or venlafaxine during the study, starting at baseline. The patients were examined for the presence and severity of depressive symptoms at the time of study enrollment, as well as after 4 and 8 weeks, using standardized clinical test procedures. In addition blood was taken. In the serum of the patients, the concentrations of specific inflammatory proteins were measured using Cytometric Bead Array and ELISA and then correlated with the clinical data. The investigated proteins include high-sensitivity CRP, Interleukin 4, Interleukin 6, Interleukin 12, TNF-α, Eotaxin, CD54, Interferone-gamma and MCP-1.
This study evaluated whether uninsured patients living at or below 200% of the federal poverty level who received enhanced, culturally-relevant, integrated behavioral health services were more likely to improve health outcomes after 12 months compared to similar patients receiving usual care from Hope Family Health Center (HFHC), a charitable community clinic. The study employed a randomized control trial (RCT) design where intervention participants receiving integrated care at HFHC were compared to control participants receiving usual care at HFHC. Patients were placed in each group using simple random assignment. Demographic and health outcome data were collected from intervention and control participants at baseline. Health outcome data were subsequently collected at 6-month and 12-month follow-up points.
Major depressive disorder is a common mental disorder and the leading cause of disability worldwide. According to the Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatment, early improvement following an antidepressant treatment is correlated with response and remission. Escalation of an antidepressant dose after 2 weeks, as opposed to 4 to 8 weeks, is proposed to favor early improvement. However, this has never been tested systematically in a controlled study involving major depressive disorder patients that are non-responders to their antidepressant treatment.
The study examines whether people primarily want to confirm their prior attitudes in health-related information search, in an online environment using social tags for navigation. Participants were looking for information on the treatment of depression with antidepressants and psychotherapy. They were randomly assigned to two groups with either high or low credibility of the community who provides social tags, and two groups where participants' confidence in prior attitudes was heightened or lowered, and to two groups where either antidepressant tags were more popular or psychotherapy was more popular. The investigators measured attitude change toward the treatments and also navigation behavior.
This study evaluated whether patients with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) who received coordinated co-located behavioral health and primary care services were more likely to improve health outcomes after 12 months compared to SPMI patients who receive only behavioral health services from the local mental health authority (LMHA) Tropical Texas Behavioral Health (TTBH).The study employed a randomized control trial (RCT) design where intervention participants receiving integrated behavioral health were compared to control participants receiving the usual care provided within an LMHA for SPMI patients. Patients were placed in each group using a randomized number process. Demographic and health outcome data were collected from intervention and control participants at baseline. Health outcome data was subsequently collected at 6-month and 12-month follow-up points.
Investigate the clinical subtypes and the biological markers to personalize the use n-3 PUFAs (EPA, DHA, and EPA/DHA) in MDD.