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To investigate the prospective association between a vegetarian diet and chronic degenerative diseases in two cohorts of Taiwanese Buddhists
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a serious psychiatric illness with a high lifetime prevalence rate and causes major clinical, social and economic burden to patients and their family. Despite more than 40 antidepressants with various mechanisms are available on the market, half of patients fail to achieve remission with optimized medication treatment. Due to unsatisfactory efficacy, frequent intolerability and poor compliance of psychopharmacotherapies, novel and safe alternative therapies are critically in need to improve the treatment of depression. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory describes a state of health maintained by a balance of energy in the body. If imbalanced, it can be corrected by acupuncture, the insertion of fine needles into different parts of the body. Although there are several clinical trials to demonstrate the antidepressant effects of acupuncture, its biological and physiological mechanisms are still unknown. In addition, clinical depression is frequently accompanied with somatic presentations, which are related to autonomic nervous dysfunction. It would be of interest to know if acupuncture could regulate autonomic nervous system (ANS) and improve the somatic symptoms in depression. The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of depression and to determine the influence of acupuncture on the molecular and ANS systems.
In this feasibility RCT of the modular and flexible cognitive and behavioural therapy (Mind My Mind, MMM) compared with treatment as usual, the overall research aim was to explore the trial design and the acceptability of the assessments, interventions and outcome measures among children, parents, teachers and therapists, and secondly to provide data to estimate the parameters required to design a definitive RCT.
Fluoxetine is commonly used to treat adolescent depression, but the neural mechanisms underlying antidepressant drugs in the young brain are still poorly understood. This study proposes to investigate the effects of a single dose of fluoxetine on emotional neural processing in a sample of depressed adolescents, using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI).
This study aims to evaluate the benefits of yoga as a 'mind-body' practice, by measuring it's effects on health-related psychological and physiological variables. The study also aims to investigate whether an association exists between subjective (psychological) and objective (physiological) measures, with a particular focus on stress as the primary outcome.
This study evaluates the vestibular activity in major depression patients and healthy controls using the rotatory test and electronystagmography.
Objective: This randomized and controlled trial was aimed at exploring the effect of a new mentalization-focused 4D interactive ultrasound and a week-by-week pregnancy diary intervention with substance-abusing pregnant women. Method: Pregnant women referred to the hospital maternity outpatient clinic from primary health care due to substance abuse were recruited to participate in a randomized and controlled study. At admission, a psychiatric nurse offered all eligible women an opportunity for participation. A written informed consent was obtained from all participants included in the study. The participants were randomized into the intervention and control groups using a computer-generated block-randomization with block size of four. A separate randomization assignment was used for women in medication-assisted treatment for opioid dependence. The intervention group subjects were offered three mentalization-focused interactive 4D ultrasounds at 24, 30 and 34 gestational weeks and a mentalization-focused week-by-week pregnancy diary combined with three antenatal sessions and an option for one diary session after delivery. The control group received active treatment as usual in an obstetric tertiary setting. The pregnant woman and the child were followed-up until the child was one year old. The primary outcome was prenatal maternal depressive symptoms post-intervention, and secondary outcomes were anxiety symptoms, prenatal parental mentalization, maternal-fetal attachment and substance abuse. Other outcomes were utilisation of prenatal care, perinatal outcome, neonatal withdrawal symptoms and neonatal neurobehavior, postnatal maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms, parental mentalization, experienced stress from parenting and experienced social support, and emotional connection and commitment with the baby. The study was conducted at the hospital maternity outpatient clinic for substance-abusing pregnant women at Turku University Hospital (Finland) between October 2011 and December 2015. The registration of the trial is made retrospectively, but the research plan and outcomes are reported in this registration as they were originally documented in the research plan approved by The Joint Ethics Committee of the University of Turku and the Hospital District of Southwest Finland on 14th of June 2011.
Mind-body exercise improves symptom of negative moods, dyspnea and quality of life in chronic diseases, but these improvements for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are unproven. This study aims to examine the effects of dyspnea, exercise capacity, heart rate variability(HRV), anxiety, depression, interoceptive awareness, quality of life(QoL) in patients with COPD across a three-month mind-body exercise program.
Program ACTIVE II is a depression treatment study sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, Indiana University, Ohio University and West Virginia University. The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of two forms of treatment for depression for adults with type 2 diabetes: talk therapy (counseling) and exercise. Both of these forms of treatment have been proven to be effective in helping people with depression alone. In this study, the investigators will test to see if both of these approaches may be more effective in helping people live depression-free compared to talk therapy, exercise or usual care alone.
Maternal bonding was described as a qualitative change in the relationship of a mother with her infant. By this study, the investigators aimed to investigate the mother-infant bonding and the factors affecting it, from the point of the family practice, which is responsible for the healthcare of all family members from the fetus to the eldest individual in a family.