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This study evaluates the efficacy of 5Hz repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) over Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex and Dorsomedial Prefrontal Cortex on Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).
PEMF (Pulsed Electro Magnetic Fields) therapy has been used to stimulate bone repair in non-union since the 1970s. This is an accepted use, which has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the US. The mode of action of PEMF is based on creating small electrical fields in tissue and thereby promoting healing. Besides it has been shown that PEMF enhance regeneration of nerve fibers exposed to a lesion For treatment of depression the PEMF equipment, which are provided by the company Re5 A/S, consists of a 220 V impulse generator that creates electrical impulses and an applicator which consists of an electrical cable connected to a helmet on which there are 7 electrical coils on the inside. In comparison with the rTMS (Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation) equipment, which uses stimuli approaching neuronal firing level, the PEMF fields in human is very much lower.
To be aware of oneself as a unique entity in the world occurs early in human development and is the prerequisite of normal social functioning. The disturbance of self representation characterizes a variety of mental disorders such as autism and schizophrenia. Negative self-bias was found to serve as the core cognitive mechanism of depression disorder. However, there was no evidence to show the reason lead to negative bias. In the current study, investigators hypothesized that the blurring self representation was the neural correlates in depression disorder.
Psychological treatments may be provided by non-medical health workers (NMHW) to increase accessibility. Task shifting of screening and treatment of non-communicable diseases to non-medical health workers is both effective and cost-effective. A recent review included five randomized controlled trials to assess effectiveness of NMHW provided psychological interventions to treat common mental disorders and depression, and all five trials found the intervention beneficial over usual treatment. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of psychosocial counselling as practiced by non-medical psychosocial counsellors in improving the outcomes of persons with common mental disorders in a primary health care setting. Patients with psychosocial distress will be randomized to receive either counseling + enhanced usual care or enhanced usual care by health workers. The hypothesis is that adding psychosocial counselling to enhanced usual care, will be more effective than enhanced care alone in reducing the symptoms of depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder and in improving day-to-day functioning of clients receiving services in primary health care settings. If proven effective, non-medical health worker led counseling could be an affordable treatment to alleviate psychological suffering and improve functional capacity of Nepalese people.
Among the major depressive disorder (MDD) patients in the follow-up group, 16 were administered with 50 mg of oral sertralin once daily with placebo, whereas 28 were treated with 100 mg of ketoprofen once daily as adjuvant treatment for MDD. Controls do not take any medicine.
An intervention study was designed to examine the impact of impact of community home-based care intervention on mental health and treatment outcome in HIV-positive people. The intervention comprised a home-based counseling on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) adherence, psycho social support, basic health care services at the home of HIV-positive people. The intervention started in March, 2018 and completed in August 2018. The major measurements of the interventions were ART adherence, status of depression, anxiety, and stress levels.
Rationale: Depression is a frequent complication after a stroke. In stroke guidelines several recommendations focus on early screening, and treatment off depression after stroke. Introducing clinical practice guidelines into routine daily practice however, is a difficult process. In order to make the recommendations applicable to clinical practice a toolkit was developed (the Post Stroke Depression-toolkit), which provides assessment tools for the early detection of depression after stroke, and a set of interventions in case of a positive screening for (risk on) depressive symptoms. Objective: to investigate the feasibility of the Post Stroke Depression-toolkit in daily practice. Study design: An explanatory mixed-methods, before-and-after study design. Study population: Nurses working on the neurological wards of one university hospital and two general hospitals in the Netherlands were included in the study. Additionally, data were obtained from patient charts.
The study develops, implements, and evaluates an intervention focused on alleviating discouragement, food insecurity, and excess weight in women,targeted at the individual, family, and community levels in the Canton Central of the province of Alajuela, Costa Rica.
In HIV positive patients with sleep onset insomnia and receiving pharmacologic treatment for comorbid depression, the proposed study aims to evaluate the impact of zaleplon on sleep measures determined by insomnia severity index (ISI) and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS).
This study is designed to test the hypothesis that an intervention increasing exposure to daylight indoors will reduce depression and other neuropsychiatric symptoms among people living with dementia in long term care facilities.