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Depression in youth is a serious public health concern for which more personalized treatments are needed. This study will test the effect of an intervention aimed at enhancing depressed children's social cognitive capacities (e.g., ability to take another's perspective), thereby making treatment of depression in youth more efficient and effective. Participants in both the R61 (N=42) and R33 (N=82) will be youth between 12 and 17 years old currently experiencing a depressive disorder. Youth will be randomized to either an enhanced CBT intervention that teaches social cognitive skills, particularly social perspective taking and theory of mind as compared to CBT only. The primary target is improvement in the social cognitive skills at post treatment in the first trial (R61) and improvements in both social cognitive skills and depressive symptoms at post-treatment and at a 4-month follow-up (R33).
The purpose of the study is to investigate whether an occupational therapy program could enhance mental health outcomes for veterans who SCUBA dive. SCUBA diving requires modified breathing techniques and has been found to provide calming effects to individuals who engage in this activity. Occupational therapy interventions such as mindfulness, journaling, and deep breathing techniques can also provide similar calming effects. Therefore, this study will explore whether occupational therapy can provide additional benefits to overall mental health of veterans who SCUBA dive.
This study will be using Xbox 360 kinect to investigate sleep quality and mental health status among undergraduate healthcare students. Thirty-six participants will be recruited and randomly allocated into the intervention and control group. The session will be 30 minutes per session for three times per week. Two outcome measures will be used at pre and post intervention.
The study will consist in an evaluation of the EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) psychotherapy in the context on invasive primitive breast cancer. EMDR could then allow the affected patients to readjust their point of view on the pathology and thus promote more adapted behaviors or additional resources to cope with the disease. 190 Patients are going to be randomized in two groups : one group with EMDR psychotherapists and one group with support psychotherapists. Patients will receive 8 sessions. We expect that patient in EMDR psychotherapists group will have an higher decrease of anxiety score, depressive score (CES-D) and PTSD score, and a higher increase in quality of life.
This study evaluates the effects of the Life Story Book intervention on depressive symptoms and meaning in life for mentally alert residents of nursing homes. Half of the participants will receive the intervention while the other half receive care-as-usual. The intervention will then be switched, and the participants who received care-as-usual will receive the intervention while the home that received the intervention will then receive care-as-usual.
This study will test the quality of physician care decisions using a patient-simulation based measurement and feedback approach that combines multiple-choice care decisions with real-time, personalized scoring and feedback. The study will also measure the impact of gaming-inspired competition and motivation, including a weekly leaderboard, to improve evidence-based care decisions. In addition, the study the test the impact of CME and MOC credits on participant engagement in the process.
The long-term goal of this study is to validate a simple and inexpensive intervention to reduce the incidence and impact of Postpartum Depression (PPD). The central hypothesis is that enhancing social support of new mothers specifically via an organized peer get-together will decrease rates of postpartum depression. The rationale for the proposed research is that even though PPD is common and risk factors for developing PPD are known, simple and inexpensive interventions to prevent PPD need to be studied. Postpartum mothers will be recruited for the study and randomized into control versus intervention group. The intervention group will be placed in a peer discussion group. Incidence of PPD will be tracked.
This study will examine the use of a transdiagnostic Sleep and Circadian Treatment (TranS-C) in treating Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in Chinese adults. Sleep disturbance is highly comorbid with a range of psychological disorders, especially MDD. MDD is a major public health concern and a leading cause of disability worldwide. A shift in treatment perspectives, from a disorder-specific approach to a transdiagnostic approach, has been proposed. While the disorder-specific approach tends to understand and treat different mental disorders as independent psychological problems, the transdiagnostic approach aims to identify common clinical features (e.g. sleep disturbances) across a range of psychological disorders. The transdiagnostic approach would potentially facilitate timely dissemination of evidence-based psychological treatments and contribute to significant public health implications. This study will be a randomized controlled trial on the efficacy of TranS-C for MDD. TranS-C integrates elements of evidence-based interventions, namely cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia, delayed sleep phase type, and interpersonal and social rhythm therapy. Prior to all study procedures, an online informed consent (with phone support) will be obtained from potential participants. Around 150 eligible participants will be randomly assigned to the TranS-C group or the care-as-usual control group (CAU group) in a ratio of 1:1. The randomization will be performed by an independent assessor using a computer-generated list of numbers. No deception is necessary. Participants in the TranS-C group will receive TranS-C once per week for 6 consecutive weeks respectively. The group treatment will be delivered by a clinical psychology trainee under the supervision of a clinical psychologist. The TranS-C group will complete a set of online/paper-and-pencil questionnaires before the treatment commences, 1-week, and 12-week after the treatment sessions are completed. The CAU group will complete the same set of online/paper-and-pencil questionnaires during the same periods.
Research has shown that people with depressive symptoms maintain negative expectations even if they have positive experiences that contradict their expectations. Healthy people, however, change their expectations after unexpected positive experiences. In this experimental study, it will now be examined whether there are also differences between healthy people and people with depressive symptoms in dealing with unexpected negative experiences.
Groups (intervention group receives 50000 IU vitamin D and control group receives placebo) through a random allocation. After 8 weeks, blood sample will be collected from each participant. The studied indices (inflammatory (IL-1β, IL-6, hs-CRP), PTH, platelet serotonin, serum oxytocin, serum 25(OH) D, depression status and anthropometry indices) will be evaluated at beginning and end of interventional period.