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This study will test the quality of physician care decisions using a patient-simulation based measurement and feedback approach that combines multiple-choice care decisions with real-time, personalized scoring and feedback. The study will also measure the impact of gaming-inspired competition and motivation, including a weekly leaderboard, to improve evidence-based care decisions. In addition, the study the test the impact of CME and MOC credits on participant engagement in the process.
The long-term goal of this study is to validate a simple and inexpensive intervention to reduce the incidence and impact of Postpartum Depression (PPD). The central hypothesis is that enhancing social support of new mothers specifically via an organized peer get-together will decrease rates of postpartum depression. The rationale for the proposed research is that even though PPD is common and risk factors for developing PPD are known, simple and inexpensive interventions to prevent PPD need to be studied. Postpartum mothers will be recruited for the study and randomized into control versus intervention group. The intervention group will be placed in a peer discussion group. Incidence of PPD will be tracked.
This study will examine the use of a transdiagnostic Sleep and Circadian Treatment (TranS-C) in treating Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in Chinese adults. Sleep disturbance is highly comorbid with a range of psychological disorders, especially MDD. MDD is a major public health concern and a leading cause of disability worldwide. A shift in treatment perspectives, from a disorder-specific approach to a transdiagnostic approach, has been proposed. While the disorder-specific approach tends to understand and treat different mental disorders as independent psychological problems, the transdiagnostic approach aims to identify common clinical features (e.g. sleep disturbances) across a range of psychological disorders. The transdiagnostic approach would potentially facilitate timely dissemination of evidence-based psychological treatments and contribute to significant public health implications. This study will be a randomized controlled trial on the efficacy of TranS-C for MDD. TranS-C integrates elements of evidence-based interventions, namely cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia, delayed sleep phase type, and interpersonal and social rhythm therapy. Prior to all study procedures, an online informed consent (with phone support) will be obtained from potential participants. Around 150 eligible participants will be randomly assigned to the TranS-C group or the care-as-usual control group (CAU group) in a ratio of 1:1. The randomization will be performed by an independent assessor using a computer-generated list of numbers. No deception is necessary. Participants in the TranS-C group will receive TranS-C once per week for 6 consecutive weeks respectively. The group treatment will be delivered by a clinical psychology trainee under the supervision of a clinical psychologist. The TranS-C group will complete a set of online/paper-and-pencil questionnaires before the treatment commences, 1-week, and 12-week after the treatment sessions are completed. The CAU group will complete the same set of online/paper-and-pencil questionnaires during the same periods.
Groups (intervention group receives 50000 IU vitamin D and control group receives placebo) through a random allocation. After 8 weeks, blood sample will be collected from each participant. The studied indices (inflammatory (IL-1β, IL-6, hs-CRP), PTH, platelet serotonin, serum oxytocin, serum 25(OH) D, depression status and anthropometry indices) will be evaluated at beginning and end of interventional period.
ABSTRACT Background: Today, a wide range of pediatric cancers is treated by chemotherapy. More than 21 side effects of chemotherapy have been identified. Among those nausea; vomiting, infection and anemia are most common. The adverse effects are normally managed by the parents at home. Ineffective coping and lack of knowledge about chemotherapy side effect management leads parents stress. Contemporary research evidence that Nurse-led education, booklet providence and follow up about chemotherapy and side effect management, help to decrease parents anxiety and depression. Objectives: To measure the effect of nurse-led multimedia education, booklet providence and telephonic follow up about chemotherapy and side effects management on parents anxiety and depression of children receiving chemotherapy for the first time. Methodology: A randomized control trial will be conducted in the department of chemotherapy at Indus Children Cancer Hospital Karachi from March 2018 to August 2018 on parents of children below 18 years of age undergoing chemotherapy for the first time. Total 100 parents will be randomly divided into Intervention group (n=50) and Control Group (n=50). The Intervention group will received multimedia education, booklet and weekly tele-nursing follow-up about chemotherapy and side effects management. The Control group will receive routine care. Parent's anxiety and depression will be identified by using DASS-21 and generalized estimating estimation will be used to analyzed the data. Keywords: Nurse-led, Multimedia education, Booklet, telephonic follow-up, chemotherapy, side effects, parents, anxiety, depression, children, cancer
The purpose of this study is to test the usefulness of a computer-assisted intervention for depressed cannabis users by combining peer and therapist social network support via Facebook that uses the techniques of cognitive behavioral therapy and motivational enhancement therapy (CBT/MET) to help with relapse prevention skills, reduce cannabis use and depressive symptoms, and improve treatment adherence. All participants will receive 10 weeks of the computer assisted intervention which includes weekly 60 minute (1 hour) sessions. All participants will also be part of a secret Facebook group (CONNECT). The goal of this secret Facebook group is to reinforce the knowledge and skills taught in the computer assisted intervention and to provide social support.
The investigators aim to initiate and complete the first investigation of the effect of a yoga-based program on resident physicians' psychological health using a randomized controlled trial to assess feasibility of the program in this population and measure outcomes across several domains. To meet the goals of the proposed project the investigators have identified 3 specific aims: Specific Aim 1: Assess the acceptability and feasibility of the yoga program through measuring participation and conducting standardized interviews with a subset of yoga participants. Specific Aim 12: Evaluate the effect of the yoga program on resident physicians' stress, burnout, resilience, mindfulness, mood, depression, anxiety, and sleep quality using quantitative self-report measures. Specific Aim 3. Examine whether outcome measures were perceived as relevant to the participants' work environment and were not burdensome as to the length and content of the program.
This study aims to explore the determinants of cognitive impairment among Indonesian geriatrics in an Old Age Home.
Main Objectives: In Chinese healthy subjects under both fasting and postprandial conditions, amitriptyline hydrochloride tablets (size: 25 mg) produced by Sandoz Inc., US Orange Book, were used as reference preparations. A single-dose oral reference preparation and amitriptyline hydrochloride tablets (size: 25 mg) produced by Hunan Dongting Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., and the calculation of the drug by the time course of amitriptyline and its active metabolite, nortriptyline, in vivo The kinetic parameters were compared, and the relative bioavailability of the two was compared to evaluate bioequivalence, which provided the basis for the bioequivalence study of amitriptyline hydrochloride tablets by Hunan Dongting Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Secondary Objective: To monitor the safety of fasting and postprandial oral test and reference preparations.
This is a Phase 2a, placebo-controlled, single-blind study in up to 24 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD).