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The project seeks to test the integration of Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Groups within Care Group projects and investigate whether the treatment of maternal depression with Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Groups improves the adoption of nutrition-related behaviors that can reduce stunting in the Kitgum District in northern Uganda. A secondary aim is to examine whether the participation in the care groups will also result in remission of depression as a non-specific therapeutic effect although it may not be intended as an antidepressant treatment.
This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic benefits of pentoxifylline (PTX) in treatment of adult patients with MDD as it has anti-inflammatory and phosphodiastrase inhibition activities.
This study explores the differential efficacy of Spanish or English versions of a mindfulness intervention on Depression levels, using a pre test post test design and an active control condition (health education).
Considering the rapid increase of the elderly population in Brazil and the growing impact of depression, the third cause of global burden of diseases in the world, the relevance of depression prevention and treatment in older people tend to raise in future years. The investigators planned to screen 2,700 individuals, 60 years and older, from Basic Health Units in the west region of Sao Paulo city, for subsyndromic depressive and / or anxiety symptoms. The elderly will be assessed with a standardized psychiatric interview to calculate the prevalence of subsyndromic symptoms of depression and / or anxiety and the prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders. Those who do not meet criteria for depressive disorders and / or anxiety will be invited to participate in a randomized clinical trial with 2 arms: a stepped-care prevention program with physical activity (n = 35) or usual care (n = 35). The primary outcome measure will be the cumulative incidence of major depressive disorder, or anxiety disorders, after 12 months.
The purpose of this early Phase 2 comparison trial is to evaluate the impact of community health worker (CHW) home visitors on pregnant women and their children in a rural setting in the rural Eastern Cape of South Africa. The intervention provided by the CHWs targets underweight children, mothers living with HIV (MLH), mothers using alcohol, and depressed mothers with the goal of supporting pregnant women to improve birth outcomes, decrease the number of children born with a low birthweight, and develop child caretaking skills over time. UCLA has identified and matched four areas surrounding primary health care clinics: two intervention areas in which this CHW program has been running for one year, and two control areas without the program. Mothers in the research area are followed for one year after giving birth.
This randomized trial with a crossover design will examine the efficacy of rTMS targeting the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex as a treatment for medication-resistant major depression in patients meeting diagnostic criteria for borderline personality disorder.
Research has shown that people suffering from MDD tend to maintain dysfunctional expectations despite experiences that disconfirm expectations. Recently, it has been shown that this persistence of expectations is due to maladaptive information processing involving "cognitive immunization". This experimental study aims at testing three different strategies to inhibit cognitive immunization, in order to enhance expectation change.
This is a RCT conducted with 1752 children in 40 public middle schools in Hyderabad Pakistan with the goal of evaluating the effectiveness of the international non-governmental organisation Right To Play's Positive Child and Youth Development program on reducing peer violence perpetration and victimisation and child depression in a two arm trial where this intervention is compared to a no intervention arm.
The Gerontology Research Programme (GRP) in the National University Singapore's Department of Psychological Medicine, was formed to coordinate and facilitate the conduct of multi-disciplinary research on in a wide range of research on ageing and health. The establishment of the Singapore Longitudinal Aging Cohort will provide a large community-based cohort of elderly subjects for observational studies with useful clinical applications. Research synergy is achieved in terms of pooling multi-disciplinary expertise, and combining genetic, biological, environmental, behavioural, social, clinical, and health services approaches to gerontological research.
Social networks, social capital, i.e., network-accessed resources, and neighbourhood environments have been shown associated with a range of health behaviours and conditions, including obesity, physical activity, nutrition, and mental health. Research on social capital and health in Montreal has shown the importance of network social capital for a person's subjective health status, sense of control, self-reported physical activity, and obesity. Research has also shown high social capital to reduce health service use, mental health service use, and improve the management of chronic illnesses. Despite advances in the understanding of social capital and its link to health and health service use, most research on social capital is cross sectional and is unable to identify the causal pathways linking social networks and capital to health and health care use. Longitudinal research would strengthen the evidence base for designing interventions to prevent or delay the use of health services, particularly in older adults. This research has three main objectives: (1) transform the original sample of Montreal Neighbourhood Networks and Healthy Aging (MoNNET-HA) households (n=2707) into a panel study, (2) link the MoNNET-HA participant data to their Quebec Health Insurance Registry (Régie de l'assurance maladie (RAMQ)) information, and (3) assess the feasibility of extending the MoNNET-HA panel by one wave to include participant's core network members. Unique about the original MoNNET-HA sample is that it purposefully oversampled older adults (> 64 years old) but remains representative of Montreal adults at various ages and income levels. In addition, MoNNET-HA data is integrated into a GIS database which allows researchers to examine the effects of neighbourhood environmental characteristics on health. By linking MoNNET-HA data to RAMQ, researchers will be able to examine patterns of diagnosed health conditions, (e.g., fractures, depression), pharmaceutical use and adherence, and formal health care use over time. Transforming the cross-sectional study into a panel study would also allow researchers to examine longitudinally the dynamics of health and health care utilization among Panel participants over the life course, and the causal pathways linking neighbourhoods and networks to health and health care use.