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Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Vascular dementia (VaD) have become common diseases in the elderly. The burden of dementia is rising in China, with major medical, social and economic impacts. To address this important public health problem, cohort study on elderly cognitive disorders should be carry out. The methods of early prevention, early diagnosis and early treatment the cognitive disorders in elderly should be found to reduce the burden of the social and economic issue due to dementia. At present, the international corresponding guidelines have taken gene and brain imaging biomarkers as important indicators of dementia pathogenesis research, accurate diagnosis and targeted intervention. Based on the above understanding, the study carry out the population cohort study based on accurate diagnosis and construct the high standard information and sample bank. The study will establish the standard and quality system of geriatric cognitive disorders cohort study (unified standards and norms). The study will integrate the standard biological samples stratified acquisition function module (homogeneity and precision) of elderly cognitive disorders, and complete the construction of biological samples bank and clinical diagnosis and treatment information database. The study will apply and develop brain structural and pathological imaging technology to support precision diagnosis of senile cognitive disorders. The study will evaluate whether peripheral nerve degeneration can predict central nervous system degeneration based on the large cohort of elderly study. In addition, The study will make an effective supplement the sample bank construction of Shanghai Mental Health Center.
Depression and suicide are two leading mental health and public health issues in Taiwan. However, until now, the optimal treatment for refractory depression and suicide is still lacking. Previous USA studies suggested a low dose NMDA antagonist Ketamine infusion can significantly reduce depression and suicide. In our study, we firstly investigate the anti-suicide and anti-depressive effects of ketamine in Taiwan. If we can find the similar antidepressant and anti-suicide of ketamine in Taiwanese, this result will have a great influence in the current suicide and depression prevention programs.
This study is a multi-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating the efficacy, safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of Brexanolone in the treatment of adolescent female subjects with postpartum depression.
This study evaluates the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on psycho-social and physiological well-being among stroke survivors and their family caregivers. This study will employ a treatment wait-list cross-over design, with half the participants randomized to receive the intervention first (treatment group), while the other half receives the interventions 2 months following the end of the treatment phase (wait-list group).
Patients and caregivers undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation often continue to experience anxiety, depression, isolation, and other psychosocial distress. A narrative-based digital stories intervention has shown promise in a pilot study with breast cancer patients in helping to alleviate emotional distress. This study is designed to test digital stories to be viewed and discussed by other HCT patients/caregivers as a psychosocial intervention in a randomized controlled trial and to test the effects of digital stories on how 110 patient and caregiver dyads (N=220) undergoing one of the most rigorous and aggressive treatments cope with treatment-related distress through supportive open dyadic communication and emotional expression.
Postpartum depression (PPD) affects up to 20% of women and has profound effects on women and their families. Clinical practice guidelines recommend that the majority of women with PPD receive psychotherapy. The purpose of this pilot study is to successfully adapt and deliver a 1-day CBT workshop for depression to women with PPD, establish the feasibility of a study protocol, and generate an estimate of the treatment effect (as well as its variance) in this population for a later, large-scale study. A previously validated 1-day CBT workshop has been adapted for depression for use with women experiencing PPD and living in the community. 30 women will be randomized to active treatment (n=15) or a 12 week wait list (n=15) in each setting and compare changes in depression, mother-infant attachment, service utilization, quality of life, and offspring behaviour.
The aim of the current research is to evaluate the efficacy of a combination of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to improve cognitive function in individuals with anxiety, depression and/or cognitive complaints.
Using technology to deliver depression interventions is one way could alleviate the public health burden of depression. The study is testing a mobile app intervention program for depression that uses cognitive behavioral skills and mindfulness. This study seeks to obtain feedback on the intervention and refine the intervention and then test the intervention in a larger study. The mobile app intervention called the Meru Health Ascend program consists of the app and therapist support via messaging within the app.
Autonomic regulation is disturbed in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), indicated by a higher heart rate (HR) and lower heart rate variability (HRV). Moreover, the heart seems to be functionally connected via the vagus nerve (VN) to other brain structures that are dysregulated in depression, such as the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC), and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), suggesting dysregulated network function in MDD. In line with this network dysregulation hypothesis of MDD, optimal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) sites are currently thought to be those that show functional connectivity to the sgACC such as the DLPFC and multiple studies have shown that stimulation of the DLPFC, sgACC and nervus vagus decreased heart rate, suggestive of parasymphatetic action. It is hypothesized that this influence on parasympathetic activity can be used as a functional outcome measure reflecting adequate targeting of the DLPFC-sgACC network, similar to the motor evoked potential (MEP) as functional key measure for primary motor cortex stimulation. Recently, a pilot study was conducted, proposing a new functional neuronavigation method for localizing the frontal area representation of DLPFC-sgACC connectivity using HR, called: Neuro-Cardiac-Guided TMS (NCG-TMS), which is being replicated in the current study. .
To evaluate effectiveness of a 8-week behavioral Mind-Body-Intervention based on Yoga and Meditation in depressive outpatients.