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Depression and anxiety are common and prevalent conditions that often go untreated. In an attempt to increase timely and accessible psychological treatment, Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) has emerged. ICBT involves delivering therapeutic content via structured online lessons. This is often combined with therapist guidance, such as once per week contact via secure messaging or phone calls over several months. Over the past several years, the investigators have been studying the efficacy of ICBT for symptoms of depression and anxiety and found ~70% of patient's fully complete treatment and demonstrate large improvement in symptoms. Although outcomes of ICBT are very impressive, there is some room for improvement in terms of completion rates and outcomes. In this three-factorial randomized controlled trial, the investigators aim to contribute to the literature by examining whether the efficacy of ICBT in routine practice is moderated by amount of contact (once versus twice a week), inclusion of homework reflection questionnaire (yes vs no) and location of therapist (specialized unit vs community mental health clinic). Follow-up measures will be carried out at 3, 6 and 12 months after randomization. Primary outcomes are reduced anxiety and depression. Secondary outcomes include psychological distress, panic, social anxiety, trauma, health anxiety, quality of life, disability, intervention usage (e.g., completion rates, log-ins, emails sent), satisfaction, therapeutic alliance, and costs (e.g., health care utilization).
In this randomized controlled trial we will treat 80 patients with depression with intermittent theta burst stimulation in two parallel arms. Both arms are active interventions differing with respect to positioning of the treatment coil - one arm with neuronavigation and one arm with targeting according to EEG Position representing the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Randomisation will be balanced for in- and out-patients and for the treatment arms.
The purpose of this study is to identify pharmacogenetic profiles associated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI)-induced behavioral disinhibition in children with Major depressive disorder (MDD), anxiety disorders and/or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) that could be used clinically to reduce the incidence of this adverse event and improve health outcomes.
Adolescence is a period of many physical, mental, emotional, and social changes. It is also associated with risk behaviour conducts. Nonetheless, not all youths under disadvantage, adversity, or exposure to risk factors experience negative mental health outcomes. The concept of RESILIENCE provides one possible explanation for the ability of some individuals to maintain positive mental health. Resilience is thus the ability of an individual or community to adapt to life challenges or adversities while maintaining mental health and well-being. The increasing prevalence of mental disorders amongst children (around 10-20% of young people) makes positive mental health promotion in schools necessary through intervention programmes. UPRIGHT (Universal Preventive Resilience Intervention Globally implemented in schools to improve and promote mental Health for Teenagers) is a research and innovation project funded by the European Union´s Horizon 2020 programme (No. 754919). UPRIGHT general aim is to promote mental well-being and prevent mental disorders in youth by enhancing resilience capacities. It has been designed as a whole school approach addressing early adolescents, their families and the school community to finally create a real mental well-being culture at schools.
The goal of the proposed project is to collect data from clinician files and the electronic medical record to describe the clinical implementation of Brief Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT), an individual psychotherapy for depression and anxiety, at the VA through psychology staff and trainees between 2012-present.
This study aims to investigate changes in functional connectivity over a four week treatment course with intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). To this end, seven weekly resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) scans at 7 tesla (7T) will precede, accompany and follow the iTBS treatment course. By obtaining several samples of the modulatory effects of iTBS on functional connectivity networks and simultaneous measurements of the depressive symptoms it will be possible to assess the time course of changes in connectivity across different networks, and to assess the overall relationship between the network modulation and the antidepressant effects of the treatment over time.
The purpose of the study is to estimate the ability of mirtazapine to reduce depression, nausea, and vomiting, and maintain weight in depressed glioma patients undergoing Temozolomide (TMZ) therapy. Of equal importance, the investigators will monitor the tolerability of Mirtazapine in these patients over the course of the study.
Title: Behavioural Activation for Low mood in Multiple Sclerosis The study will be sponsored by the University of Lincoln, indemnity will be provided by U M Association Limited. Depression is highly prevalent among people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). More specifically, as the disease progresses, people are more likely to develop depression and there is limited evidence of suitable interventions in this group. There are few studies that investigate the most appropriate duration, delivery modality, or individual adaptations for therapy for people with secondary progressive Multiple Sclerosis. This is problematic because continued reduction in physical and cognitive ability, combined with greater incidence of depression, may make accessing and engaging in therapies difficult. Behavioural activation is a technique used as a component of psychotherapy. Behavioural activation aims to reduce behaviours that maintain or exacerbate depression by promoting counteracting behaviours, using strategies such as activity monitoring and scheduling. However, there is no research looking in-depth at the underlying processes. Therefore, this research aims to explore the feasibility and efficacy of behavioural activation by: - Adapting an existing behavioural activation manual into five sessions, suitable for people with secondary progressive MS. - Examining if behavioural activation is followed by phases of change that are considered to predict later therapeutic outcome and to determine whether behavioural activation accounts for changes observed. Up to ten participants from Nottingham University Hospitals will be recruited. Participants will be briefed on the research aims and consent will be obtained before commencing the intervention. The project will follow a multiple baseline single-case experimental design. Participants will complete weekly outcome measures that aim to observe low mood, quality of life, and adherence to behavioural activation and alignment with individual's values. Following five to six contact sessions, participants will take part in a follow-up interview. Participants will then be debriefed.
This study aims at investigating the persistence of antidepressant effect of Nitrous Oxide (N2O) for Treatment-Resistant Depression(TRD). The investigators also aim to assess the effect of N2O on the electroencephalograph, multimodal magnetic resonance imaging(MRI), blood cytokines, feces bacteria flora and neuropsychological performance in patients with TRD. The investigators further aim to identify the predictors of N2O's antidepressant effeect using the above techniques.
People with type 2 diabetes are twice as likely to experience depression as nondiabetic individuals, and depression in turn increases the risk of diabetes. Clinical care for patients for either condition usually fails to consider the impact of sex and gender on tests, diagnosis and treatment, and evidence on these impacts is limited. The investigators aim to assess the impact of a continuing professional education activity (CPD) on diabetes and depression that includes considerations of sex and gender on the clinical behaviours of French-speaking healthcare professionals in Canada. In a non-randomised controlled trial, the investigators are assessing the impacts of two CPD activities on depression and diabetes, one that includes considerations of sex and gender, and an identical one that omits sex and gender considerations, on French-speaking healthcare professionals' self-reported clinical behaviors regarding sex and gender considerations post-intervention and at 3 months. Data collection will occur in three distinct locations in Canada. Project development, data collection and analysis and dissemination of results will all integrate considerations of sex and gender. The process of creating a CPD activity that integrates considerations of sex and gender could be scaled up to other CPD activities in other clinical subjects and in other minority languages.