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This trial is a 52-week safety study to evaluate the safety of adjunctive Brexpiprazole in outpatients with major depressive disorder.
The overall aim of this study is to explore if a structured drug review will change clinical symptoms and the psychotropic drugs prescription rate in the elderly living in nursing homes (participants of the study). The study will examine how training of nursing home physicians on reviewing prescription lists using the Norwegian general practice criteria - Nursing homes (NorGeP-NH) will influence the participants` clinical symptoms such as cognition, depression, anxiety and their quality of life. Secondary, we will analyse how a structured drug review will influence further psychotropic drug prescribing rates in nursing homes. The hypothesis for this study are: 1. Training of nursing home physicians on doing a systematic drug review will decrease the participants' clinical symptoms and improve their Quality of Life. 2. A systematic drug review will decrease the psychotropic drug prescription rates compared to before the drug review.
This study addresses the unmet medical problem of insufficient treatment of late life depression (LLD). Compared with depression in early adulthood, treatment options of LLD are limited. This trial is the first confirmatory multicentre study to test the efficacy of an LLD-adapted cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) program. It will test the hypothesis, that LLD-specific cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is superior to unspecific supportive intervention (SUI) with regard to reducing symptoms of depression over the course of 6 months. Secondary goals are to test the efficacy of LLD-CBT in comparison with SUI on patient reported outcome in major depressive disorders (PRO-MDD), anxiety, cognition, quality of life, overall health status, sleep and global clinical impression.
We are trying to understand what causes bipolar disorder and how medications treat bipolar depression. Particularly, we are looking at the importance of inflammation in the process. If you participate, you will have two different brain scans (MRI and PET scan). You will also have an experimental treatment for your depression named N-acetyl cysteine (NAC). The study is funded by the Columbia University Irving Institute to improve the treatment of bipolar disorder. Please contact us if you are interested in participating. Up to $600 in compensation if you are eligible and choose to participate. Up to 6 months of treatment for depression at no cost to you.
The study examines the effects of the combined use of two different non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques targeting the DLPFC on stress reactivity.
The study objective is to test a guided e-mental health intervention called Step-by-Step for people living in Lebanon. Step-by-Step is a self-help programme delivered through an app or website and aims to treat symptoms of depression and other symptoms of psychological distress. First, a small study will be conducted to test the research procedure. Second, a large study will be conducted to test the effectiveness of Step-by-Step. People residing in Lebanon (i.e. Lebanese, Palestinians and Syrian displaced people), above the age of 18 with symptoms of depression will be recruited through social media, posters, radio and television adverts, etc. Minors (under the age of 18) and people who have plans to end their life will be excluded from the study. To test whether the use of Step-by-Step improves symptoms of depression, two groups will be compared. Participants in the intervention group will receive Step-by-Step, while those in the control group will receive basic information about depression and a list of health centres where they can get face-to-face help that is based on evidence. In addition, participants in the intervention group will receive weekly phone or chat support (up to 15 minutes) provided through lay helpers who were trained and work under the supervision of a trained clinical psychologist. The study hypothesises that participants who receive Step-by-Step will have a higher symptom improvement than participants who receive basic information. In order to assess symptoms of depression and other symptoms of psychological distress, participants in this study will complete several questionnaires three times: At the beginning of the study, after 8 weeks, and then three months later (i.e. 5 months after the beginning of the study).
Anhedonia is a symptom dimension that characterizes many individuals suffering from depression, as well as some types of anxiety, psychosis, and substance use. For the most part, treatments are effective in decreasing negative affect but ineffective in improving anhedonia, with some antidepressant medications even worsening symptoms of anhedonia. Yet anhedonia is a significant marker of poor prognosis as well as suicidal ideation and actual suicide. The development of effective treatments for anhedonia is thus of paramount importance. Advances in neuroscience indicate specific targets that may underlie anhedonia that can be shifted through behavioral training. The investigators have developed such a program and found it to be effective in raising positive affect, especially for depressed or anxious individuals with anhedonia at baseline. To date, this program has been implemented by highly trained clinicians, which have supervised its implementation on a large scale. Moreover, the behavior program is dependent on readily available rewarding experiences, which anhedonia obviously challenges. Furthermore, mechanistic evaluation is impeded by intra¬- and inter-¬individual variability in exposure to rewarding stimuli. Virtual Reality (VR) offsets these barriers by repeated controlled immersion in experiences designed to enhance approach motivation, initial responsiveness to reward attainment, and reward learning. In this current study, the investigators aim to measure clinical outcomes using Virtual Reality-Reward Training (VR-RT).
Hospice care is conceptualized as quality compassionate care for people facing a life-limiting illness, with services that cover clinical care, pain management, and emotional and spiritual support tailored to patients' and families' needs and preferences. Family members, spouses, friends or others who assume the unpaid or informal caregiving role are essential to the delivery of hospice services; however, stress and caregiver burden can negatively affect caregivers' morbidity and mortality. The emotional needs of individuals caring for dying persons at home are not well attended, and interventions aiming to provide support to hospice caregivers are notably lacking. The investigator team recently completed a study with 514 hospice caregivers to test a problem-solving therapy (PST) intervention tailored specifically for the hospice setting, entitled PISCES (Problem-solving Intervention to Support Caregivers in End of Life care Settings). The findings demonstrate that the PISCES intervention when delivered face to face was effective leading to statistically significant decrease in anxiety and increase in quality of life when compared to the other groups (video group and attention control). An additional lesson learned from that RCT study was that caregivers wanted to focus not only on specific problems or challenges, but also on recognizing the positive aspects of caregiving. This approach of positive reappraisal has been found to enhance problem solving interventions in other settings. The specific aims of this new study are: 1) to compare the effectiveness of the PISCES intervention when delivered face to face and when delivered in a hybrid platform (with the first session in person and remaining sessions via video) to hospice caregivers; 2) to compare the effectiveness of the PISCES intervention to the refined PISCES intervention (PISCESplus) that integrates positive reappraisal elements; 3) to assess caregivers' perceptions of and satisfaction with the PISCESplus intervention; and 4) to conduct a cost analysis of the three intervention groups.
The main aims of the study are to (1) compare the effectiveness of Group metacognitive therapy (GMCT) treatment to that of clinical management and (2) explore patterns of change and investigate factors associated with treatment outcome
This research tries to investigate the validity and reliability of eye-tracking technologies by using different paradigms (eg. free-view, pro-saccade and anti-saccade) which served as a novel way of evaluating suicide risk among affective disorder patients including bipolar and unipolar depression. All the participants including health control will be assessed by clinical interviewing, self-report assessment, cognitive evaluation and eye-tracking task.