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The aim of this study is to assess a mindfulness and compassion group intervention for pregnant women and their partners (8 weeks) for the prevention, reduction and treatment of stress, negative affect and depression in pregnancy and breastfeeding. This group intervention will also be compared with a Treatment as usual (TAU) group consisting in a childbirth education class taught by the Health Center midwife. The principal hypothesis is that the mindfulness and compassion intervention will be more effective than TAU.
This study evaluates a culturally-modified version of Thrive, a computerized Cognitive Behavior Therapy program to treat depressive symptoms, syndromes, and disorders among rural Montanans. Study participants will be randomized to either a wait-list treatment as usual or the Thrive program. After 8 weeks, the wait-list group will then receive Thrive. The primary assessment measure is the Patient Health Questionnaire-9.
Psychiatric disturbances, notably depression, occur frequently as co-morbid conditions with epilepsy. A complex, probably bidirectional relationship between epilepsy and depression has been postulated. Both epilepsy and depression also interact with stressful life events, but only some patients develop these disorders after a stressful event, indicating the possibility of a "vulnerable" population. Animal and human studies have looked at the role of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in this context. Low serum and/or CSF levels of BDNF are associated with higher incidence of depression, and thus indicate the vulnerable population. Animal studies of BDNF have looked specifically at the relation between epilepsy and depression using a novel "double hit" design. After chronic stress exposure, measurement of BDNF levels allowed identification of 2 sub-groups: a vulnerable population and non-vulnerable population. A "second hit" of kainic acid induced status epilepticus (SE) was then applied to both the vulnerable and non-vulnerable populations. Only the vulnerable population exposed to SE developed a depression-like profile. In a proof of concept approach we propose studying the relation between epilepsy, depression, anxiety and stressful life events, using serum BDNF levels in patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy. Evaluation of epilepsy type and co-morbid psychiatric profile will be performed in 150 subjects. By comparing BDNF levels for different epilepsy subgroups to BDNF levels for healthy subjects and for depressed subjects without epilepsy, we hope to identify whether risk of co-morbid depression and/or anxiety in epilepsy may be predicted using BDNF levels. In addition, in a subgroup of 25 patients, we propose a pilot study in which cortisol and C-reactive protein will be measured in addition to BDNF.
The current randomized controlled trial is a pilot study that will assess the effectiveness and feasibility of a mobile phone application intervention. The objective is to determine whether the use of a mobile health application for patient self-management of depression improves patient-provider engagement for patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder.
Anxiety and depression are among the most common mental disorders in the population. Anxiety and depression have significant consequences at the individual, family and community level, and mental illness is estimated to cost the Norwegian society 180 billion Norwegian kroner annually. The majority of this amount is accounted for by anxiety and depression disorders. Meanwhile, access to mental health services to treat these disorders is limited. The proportion of people who do not receive treatment of those who are in need of treatment is estimated to be over 50%. Prompt Mental Health Care (PMHC) is a pilot project initiated in 2012 by the Directorate of Health commissioned by the Ministry of Health, with the goal of increasing access to evidence-based treatment for adults with anxiety disorders and mild-to-moderate levels of depression. The treatment offered is cognitive behavioural therapy and should lead to reduced levels of symptoms of anxiety and depression, improved quality of life and better employability. PMHC is based on the English program "Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)", which is established in virtually all health communities in England. The evaluations of IAPT and PMHC have until now been based on relatively weak research designs which make it difficult to know to what extent the initiative really has the desired effect. In this study, PMHC is compared with a control group that receives treatment as usual (often provided by the general practioner) in two PMHC pilot sites (Kristiansand and Sandnes). Participants are randomly assigned to either the PMHC or the control group. The investigators aim to include 1100 clients in the study. The key objectives of this study are to investigate whether PMHC treatment is more effective as compared to treatment in the control group with regard to symptoms of anxiety and depression, work participation, functional status, and mental well-being. Cost-effectiveness of PMHC is also examined.
The study aims to explore the effectiveness of psycho-behavioral intervention on depressive symptoms among older adults with chronic heart failure. Meanwhile, the effect on cardiac function and quality of life will also be explored.
Constipated patients often have mental problems such as depression and anxiety due to difficult defecation. Our previous studies have proved the efficacy of FMT treating constipation. Meanwhile it is believed that mental diseases are correlated to gut microbiota. This trial is based on the theory of the gut-brain-microbiota axis. Patients with constipation, depression and/or anxiety are performed FMT, laboratory, imaging and microbiota examinations, and clinical follow-up, to observe the clinical efficiency of FMT and the potential role of gut microbiome in these gut-brain disorders.
Early improvemrnt, decreased 20% in the 17 items of Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) at the second week of the treatment of major depression disorder (MDD), can arguably predict the remission at the 12th week. Our observation study including 80 MDD patients will access resting-state function MRI to finding factors which infuencing early improvemrnt, respone and remission of antidepressants.
This is a two-arm double-blind prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate clinical impact of pharmacogenomic testing on the treatment of major depressive disorder. Participants will be randomly assigned to two groups: pharmacogenomic-guided therapy group (guided group) and treatment as usual group (TAU group). The primary hypothesis is the pharmacogenomic-guided treatment group will demonstrate significantly higher percent improvement in depression score compared to treatment-as-usual group.
This study will evaluate the Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy of IV Administration of Ganaxolone in Women with Postpartum Depression