View clinical trials related to Major Depressive Disorder.Filter by:
The Antidepressant Advisor Study is a feasibility study to develop and probe the feasibility of a computerised decision support tool for GPs to prescribe antidepressant treatments. The study will use an algorithm to support GPs in their prescribing decisions for patients who have previously not responded to first-line antidepressants. Another group of GPs will prescribe as usual without the algorithm so that the effectiveness of the tool can be assessed, in terms of patient recovery. The aim of the study is to design a support tool which can aid GPs to prescribe the most effective treatment option for the patient so that they have increased likelihood of improvement in depression. A further aim of the study is to assess GP adherence and satisfaction with the tool so that modifications can be made that would improve the usability of the tool in future trials.
The objective of this study is to assess the changes in symptoms and cognition that occur after a 28-day abstinence period in patients with comorbid Cannabis Use Disorder (CUD) and Major Depression (MDD). This study employs a 28-day abstinence paradigm a total of 8 visits to the CAMH Russell site (screening, training, baseline, week 1, week 2, week 3, week 4, follow-up). Participants should be between the ages of 18-55, meet criteria for moderate depression and CUD, be non-treatment seeking, and be on a stable dose of antidepressant medication. The study visits will take up a total of approximately 22.5 hours with compensation for time provided. These visits will involve multiple clinical, substance use, and cognitive assessments. Abstinence will be maintained by weekly behavioural coaching sessions and contingency reinforcement.
Available pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments are not effective for the treatment of cognitive symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD). More recent studies have described that functional disability and the indirect costs of MDD (e.g., sick leaves at work, decreased productivity, ...) are related to persistent cognitive deficits. Some programs of cognitive rehabilitation and cognitive training (developed for other pathologies) have been tested, but the results are inconsistent. There is an imperative need to develop a specific comprehensive rehabilitation program for MDD that includes the benefits of traditional functional remediation (FR) and computerized cognitive training (CCT) programs adjusted for each patient's cognitive deficit.
Antidepressants is the primary treatment for depression, but only less than 50% of the patients get clinical remission. There is no objective markers to select antidepressants for clinical treatment . Clinical choose usually use experience and waste a lot of time, even the patients cannot be treated timely and effectively. The investigators found that the later antidepressant effect for 8 weeks is related with early brain functional response. Present prospectively drug treatment and follow-up study intends to adopt pharmacological imaging research methods to detect the brain function or structure change of three different mechanisms of antidepressant drugs, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs, escitalopram), serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs, duloxetine), norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRIs, bupropion) in depression patients. Brain functional or structural magnetic resonance imaging data were collected at baseline, 1 days, 14 days and 12 weeks after treatment. The investigators want to observe the changes of brain functional networks and structure at different time points, acute and chronic treatment induced during drug treatment. Combined with the blood concentration detection, symptom change, cognitive function tests, the investigators also hope to determine the different mechanisms of drug efficacy of antidepressants with different mechanisms. The second aim is to explore different mechanisms of brain function for effective or ineffective drug response. The results of the study will help to further explain the mechanism of different antidepressants, to facilitate the development of early indicators for drug efficacy and individual treatment decision.
Cognitive difficulties such as indecisiveness or inability to concentrate are core symptoms of depression with up to 90% of untreated depressed individuals experiencing these symptoms. As many as half of those who remit from a major depressive episode continue to experience residual cognitive deficits, but these symptoms are frequently overlooked in clinical practice. This leads to persistent cognitive deficits which can cause reduced level of functioning and loss of productivity. As standard antidepressants have an inadequate impact on these residual cognitive symptoms, further treatment options are required. Modafinil is a wakefulness agent with evidence that it improves some domains in cognition such as memory in those whose non-cognitive depressive symptoms have been treated over a short term period. This medication may have favourable lasting effects on cognition, such as the ability to plan and execute tasks in those who receive modafinil for a longer time period. The aim of this study is to investigate whether modafinil can enhance cognition and have additional effects on functioning and work productivity in a sample of participants who were treated for depression but who continue to experience cognitive deficits.
This study is looking at genetic, biological, and environmental causes and how all three may work together to cause postpartum mood episodes. Participants will have psychiatric histories taken and will be monitored throughout pregnancy and during the postpartum period for the development of depressive or other mood episodes. Biological measures, including hormone levels, immunological measures, and growth factors will be collected. Environmental factors such as sleep deprivation and stress will also be measured. These factors will be considered in the setting of genetic and epigenetic data with the hope that investigators will ultimately be able to predict the onset of postpartum mood episodes in this vulnerable population.
The aim of the project is to establish a multimodal imaging approach for the investigation of the neural mechanisms underlying neuroreceptor regulation, glutamatergic metabolism and brain function that are of particular relevance for major depressive disorder (MDD) and that can be translated into clinical applications. There is growing evidence for imbalance with regard to glutamatergic neurotransmission in stress-related affective disorders. Further support for the hypothesis that dysfunctional glutamatergic signaling underlies major depressive disorder, and indeed that its reversal constitutes a potential efficacious mechanism of action, is provided by the evidence that pharmacological compounds active at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) ionotropic glutamate receptor such as ketamine exert rapid antidepressant effects. As a tool compound ketamine enables the safe investigation of the brain region-specific effects of NMDA receptor antagonism in terms of glutamatergic neurotransmission, brain function and the association of these neural changes with emotional state, thereby allowing for increased understanding of the therapeutic mechanism of action. The possibility to simultaneously study brain perfusion (arterial spin labeling), functional brain activity (fMRI) and connectivity (resting state fMRI), neurometabolism (proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy) and metabotropic glutamate receptor densities (positron emission tomography) will unravel their functional interplay in the mechanisms underlying the regulation of mood and cognition. Combining those imaging modalities with treatment interventions in healthy subjects and depressed patients, this project aims at providing insight into the neuropharmacological effects of ketamine and its antidepressant properties.
Depression is a common issue but there is no marker of response to an antidepressant treatment.The measurement of variation of the cortical excitability in responders to a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) (compared to no-responders) had never been done before. In the study of Robol et al. (2004) concerning the acute effects of citalopram on markers of cortical excitability, the authors have pointed out an increase on the cortical silent period (CSP) after administration of citalopram (2.5 hours). The investigators hypothesize that this effect remains later and that the diminution of cortical excitability could be a biomarker of antidepressant response. In this case, they expect that the variation of CSP between day 1 and day 28 is higher in responders to a SSRI (citalopram) compared to non-responders. the investigators lead a pilot, prospective, multicentric study in drug-naive patients to compare the variation of the markers of cortical excitability (the CSP but to the resting motor threshold RMT, the motor evoked potential MEP, the intra-cortical inhibition ICI and the intra-cortical facilitation ICF) between day 1 and day 28 in responders to citalopram, compared to non-responders.
This is an outpatient study to evaluate the safety, and efficacy of RGH-188 as an add-on therapy to standard antidepressants in patients who did not respond to previous antidepressant therapy.
Severe mental illness (SMI) refers to the most burdensome psychiatric conditions. The need to pre-empt the onset of SMI is pressing because once SMI develops, quality of life is poor and available treatments have limited efficacy. Most risk factors for SMI are either unchangeable (e.g., genetics) or difficult to alter (e.g., low socio-economic status). In contrast, cannabis use is one specific risk factor that could be avoided. Certain individuals are more vulnerable to the harmful effects of cannabis. Genetic factors can help us identify these high-risk individuals. One in three individuals are carriers of a higher-risk genetic variant, and cannabis users with this genotype are at up to 7-fold increased risk of developing schizophrenia. In our study, genetic counselling will be provided to participants by a board-certified genetic counsellor. During the genetic counselling session, participants will have the option to receive their genotype. Participants will be counselled regarding their individualized risk of developing and of not developing SMI based on family history, whether or not they choose to use cannabis, and genotype (if the participants accept the genetic test results). The investigators hypothesize that this intervention will reduce exposure to cannabis compared to the youth who are not offered the intervention.