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Consenting subjects with Bipolar depression will remain under the care of their local (psychiatric) care provider and be randomized to a six week course of one of two forms of oxcarbazepine (extended release or immediate release. Study outcomes will be assessed based on outcome measures administered to the subject at home by a computer simulated rater. Local care providers will receive "pre-assessment" reports ahead of each clinical visit, rate the Clinical Global Impression for Severity, and evaluate adverse effects. The primary outcome variable is "treatment effectiveness" operationally defined as the response rate X the completion rate.
The purpose of this study to to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and satisfaction of a telehealth cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) intervention among adults with cystic fibrosis (CF) who exhibit elevated anxiety and/or depression symptoms.
Depression is highly prevalent among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Malawi and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Besides its high prevalence, depression likely represents an important barrier to consistent HIV care engagement and long-term viral suppression. However, the potential for depression treatment to improve HIV care outcomes has received little attention in the region, in part because of limited mental health infrastructure. In this study, the investigators will evaluate the impact of a depression treatment program integrated within existing HIV clinics on depression response, retention in HIV care, and viral suppression. It is expected that this evaluation will yield important evidence on the impact of depression treatment integrated with HIV care for improving HIV care and mental health outcomes in Malawi.
The overarching goal of this study is to improve the delivery of an established, evidence-based intervention (cognitive-behavioral therapy-CBT) in Michigan schools through different implementation strategies designed to better educate school professionals. Specifically, the study will assist the ongoing Transforming Research into Action to Improve the Lives of Students (TRAILS) Program by evaluating different ways to educate school professionals (SPs) to improve their delivery of CBT to high school students and ultimately improve student mental health outcomes in the state of Michigan. The three educational approaches are Replicating Effective Programs (REP), Coaching, and Facilitation.
Conflict and unrest over three decades has resulted in significant economic decline in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan and these now rank among the poorest regions in the country. The 2009-10 insurgency and subsequent security operations affected both regions and displaced an estimated 2 million people. The severe damage to infrastructure and livelihoods negatively impacted the social and economic fabric of the entire region. As peace has returned to the area, the Economic Revitalization of KP and FATA (ERKF) project, established in 2012 and supported by the World Bank, is working for the rehabilitation of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), with the aim of creation and restoration of jobs. This support is in the form of grants given to individuals who use the funds to establish and run a business in their locality. Epidemiological studies from the area have shown high rates of common mental disorder (eg., depression, anxiety) in the general population (Husain et al, 2006, Khan et al 2016). Such conditions have a serious impact on the well-being, functioning and productivity of affected individuals (World Health Organization, 2000). For example, in the USA, Depressive Disorders have been estimated to cost the economy over US$210 billion per annum, largely due to reduced productivity (Greenberg et al, 2015). The economic rehabilitation of a population exposed to a humanitarian crisis, and therefore at greater risk of depression, must include interventions to reduce mental morbidity so the individuals are able to function better and potentially improve their long-term productivity. The Human Development Research Foundation, in collaboration with the World Bank, has adapted a 5-session group intervention from WHO Problem Management Plus program, tailored to the needs of small and medium enterprise owners affected by the prolonged conflict in KP and FATA areas of Pakistan. This intervention (Problem Management Plus adapted for entrepreneurs) is based on established cognitive behavioral strategies previously tested in Pakistan (Rahman et al, 2016). The goal of the intervention is to improve psychological capital,reduce psychosocial distress leading to, increased productivity in the long-term. The intervention will be evaluated using a two arm, single blind randomized controlled trial.
The purpose of this research study is to determine whether Nexalin Trans-cranial Electrical Stimulation (TES) is a viable adjunctive treatment of substance use treatments.
Background Impairing emotional and behavioural problems are common in children and adolescents and mark a three-fold increased risk of mental disorder in young adulthood. Evidence-based psychological interventions are recommended for indicated prevention and first-line treatment, but access to treatment is often limited. A new, modular cognitive and behavioural therapy program Mind My Mind (MMM) comprising evidence-based interventions for children with emotional and behavioral problems was designed to be delivered by educational psychologists in the Danish municipalities. A feasibility RCT (NCT03448809), demonstrated that the study design was acceptable among children, parents, and therapists, and it provided data to estimate the sample size needed for the definitive RCT. The investigators test the hypothesis that the parent-reported impact of mental health problems will be significantly lower for children in the MMM group as compared with children in the TAU group after the 18-week intervention period (primary hypothesis), and after follow-up at week 26 (first secondary hypothesis). Aim To investigate the effects and cost-effectiveness of MMM compared with TAU for children and adolescents with impairing anxiety, depressive symptoms and/or behavioral problems. Both beneficial and harmful effects are evaluated. Methods The study compares the new modular MMM with TAU for children aged 6-16 years with anxiety, depressive symptoms or behavioral problems impacting on their daily and social life. The trial is conducted in four Danish municipalities in the period from September 2017 to April 2019. Participants are children with indicated needs. The parents sign up the child for assessment in the Pedagogical Psychological Services in the Municipalities. The assessment includes web-based standardized questionnaires for child and parent: 1) the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ), 2) Spence Children's Anxiety Scale, 3) Mood and Feelings Questionnaire, and 4) family, social and school functioning. The questionnaires are supplemented with a clinical psychopathological interview by a trained psychologist. The investigators exclude children with 1) low levels of problems and no indicated needs, or 2) high levels of problems and need of referral to the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 412 children will be included and randomized (1:1) to MMM versus TAU. MMM is supported by a central organization, who is responsible for the education and weekly supervision of the therapists, and the web-based data collection and feedback of data in real time to therapists and researchers. All outcomes are self-, parent- and teacher-reported scores on standardized questionnaires administered at baseline, week 18 and week 26. At entry, the child and the parents own description of the Top-problem is recorded and scored on a 10-point likert scale. The Top-problem and impact of problem is scored by parent and child every second week during the intervention period, and the progress is monitored by the therapists in the MMM group. Information on costs is gathered through administrative registers and questionnaires at baseline, week 18, and week 26. Primary objectives and outcome measures This primary outcome is measured with the parent-reported SDQ impact-scale. The minimum relevant difference in impact of mental health problems was set at 1.0 corresponding to a change from severe to moderate, or from moderate to little-or-no impact in one of five domains of child's life: distress, home-life, friendships, classroom learning and leisure activities. Secondary objectives and outcomes measures The key secondary hypotheses are that the children in the MMM group will show significantly lower levels of parent-reported anxiety, depressive symptoms, functional impairment, Top-problems and behavioural problems, and better school attendance and quality-of-life as compared with the children in the TAU group at week 18. All other outcomes are explored at week 18 and 26, including the primary and secondary measures of potential harm: 1) youths with severe and increased levels of self-reported suicidality, hopelessness and/or negative self-evaluation, and 2) youths with poor quality of life in relation to family, free time and friends. Statistical analyses All analyses will be intention-to-treat with two-sided significance tests. The investigators will use mixed models with repeated measures for continuous outcomes and generalized linear mixed model for binary and non-normally distributed outcomes. For the key secondary outcomes, the investigators will use the strategy of hierarchical testing allowing us to preserve the level of significance, α=0.05, as long as the null hypotheses are rejected. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio will be calculated to analyze cost-effectiveness. Perspectives The results will guide policy makers in deciding whether to implement modular CBT-programs like the MMM.
Background: Depression is prevalent and can have devastating effects on the life of adolescents. Computerized intervention programs for depression have shown positive results. There is less evidence in prevention and early treatment for depression in Latin American adolescents. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine whether a stepped internet-based program is effective to prevent and early intervene depression in adolescents attending 9th to 11th grade in eight schools in Santiago, Chile. Study design: A two-arm cluster-randomized clinical trial will be carried out with approximately 600 adolescents.
Conflict in Syria and Iraq has created a humanitarian crisis that includes hundreds of thousands of refugees who have experienced trauma and suffer from a greater incidence of trauma-related disorders as compared to the general population. The need for intervention is clear: our research team has determined prevalence of probable PTSD, anxiety, and depression in adults at rates of 32.2%, 40.3% and 47.7%, respectively and children at rates of 6.3% for PTSD and 52.9% for anxiety. Barriers to treatment include cultural ideations surrounding psychiatric treatment, language barriers posed to psychotherapy, and high dropout associated exposure therapy—the standard treatment for PTSD. To overcome these challenges, the investigators developed a behavioral health program that addresses not only the psychological but also the somatic components of trauma-related disorders which are common but often less addressed by traditional treatment. This 12-week family-based program offers weekly, 90 minute sessions in Dance/Movement Therapy (DMT) or Art Therapy for children, mindful yoga for mothers, and High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) for fathers as well as complimentary transportation to and from sessions. Self-report questionnaires and biological specimens (hair cortisol; saliva or blood inflammation markers) are collected at the beginning, middle, and end of the intervention phase, as well as 3, 6, and 12 months afterwards to measure acute and long-term effects of these treatments. By collecting psychological and biomarker data the investigators seek concrete scientific evidence supporting these non-pharmacological, cost effective, and accessible programs as reliable treatment options.
Despite their efficacy at controlling joint inflammation, current treatments of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) leave up to 40% of patients into non-remission. Non-remission is most frequently due to persistently negative self-reported global impact of RA, and not to remaining swollen joints or elevated levels of acute phase reactants. In a cohort of recent-onset RA patients diagnosed early and treated to remission (Sherbrooke Early Undifferentiated PolyArthritis (EUPA) cohort), treatment of active disease rapidly led to reduced depressive symptoms in most, but 20% still expressed elevated depressive symptoms (using the CES-D screening tool) after a mean of 7 months. Elevated CES-D scores at this early time strongly predicted never reaching remission over the following 4 years. Elevated CES-D scores were strongly correlated with increased levels of patient-related outcomes (PROs such as fatigue, pain, sleep quality, stiffness and functional limitation), but not with joint or systemic inflammation. In fact, 80% of patients expressing depressive symptoms had controlled joint disease at the same visit. The investigators propose that addressing depressive symptoms will improve RA patients' symptoms and quality of life. In clinical practice, the best indicator of depressive symptoms is the presence of a disconnect between the Patient's (Pt-VAS) and the Physician's (MD-VAS) evaluation of disease activity in patients without objective signs of inflammation. This pilot study will explore the feasibility and acceptability of testing MBSR in these patients. It will assess over 6 months the changes in depressive symptoms and PROs both in controls and MBSR-treated patients. If positive, the investigators plan to complete a multicenter 6-month Randomized Clinical trial (RCT) (with a 2 year follow up) to formally address the risks/benefits of group MBSR interventions in RA patients with controlled inflammatory disease but positive disconnect between Pt-VAS and MD-VAS.