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Access to effective treatment resources is a ubiquitous problem in behavioral health. There is a need for effective interventions that are more easily accessed at a lower cost. This study will compare outcomes for two models of treatment: 1) The experimental group, Therapy Assistance Online (TAO), and 2) the comparison group, treatment as usual.
The purpose of this study is: 1. To conduct a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the impact of Working on Womanhood (WOW), a school-based, trauma-informed counseling and clinical mentoring program for young women in Chicago, on PTSD, anxiety, depression. In addition, this study will examine the effect of WOW on other, secondary outcomes such as school discipline, GPA, high school graduation, and criminal justice involvement, risky behaviors, and other social-emotional learning outcomes. 2. To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the WOW program.
The purpose of this study is to explore the efficacy and feasibility of an integrated, prescriptive, and trackable wellness intervention combining five wellness elements including exercise, mindfulness, sleep, social connectedness, and nutrition in First Year Beloit College students self-selected into a wellness focused first year initiative. This program is called "WILD 5 Wellness: A 30-Day Intervention".
There is literature to support both the need for and efficacy of brief interventions for depressive symptoms, particularly among college students.Brief behavioral activation interventions (BATD) have gained recognition as efficacious treatments for depression; yet a recent study evidenced a substantial (39%) non-response rate (Kuyken et al., 2017). In accordance with behavioral models of depression, the treatment involves increasing activity and positive experience, to break the negative reinforcement cycle maintaining depressed mood. Thus, strategies that may facilitate increasing activity may improve BATD outcomes. The objective of the current study is to examine whether briefly practicing a target activity during an activity planning session (modified single session of BATD) increases the likelihood of completing the activity during the upcoming week. We hypothesized that guided activity practice may improve self-efficacy within session and activity completion in the upcoming week. We further aim to explore whether activity completion mediates depressive symptom change.
Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is a multisystemic genetic disease characterized by hypotonia, mental retardation, hyperphagia, and uncontrollable hunger due to hypothalamic dysfunction, caused by dysregulation of genes located in chromosome 15q11-q13. The goal of this study is to evaluate the effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) on hyperphagia and behavior in PWS. Forty children and adolescents (11-24 years) with clinical and cytogenetic-molecular diagnosis of Prader-Willi syndrome will be assessed before and after 10 tDCS session with: Food Craving Questionnaire (FCQ), Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC), Dykens hyperphagia questionnaire. Caregivers self-reported the participant's behaviors at home and, lately, they will be categorized and quantified. tDCS will be applied for 20 minutes with electrodes of 25cm2 wrapped in cotton material soaked in saline solution. The anode at the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (F3) and the cathode at the contralateral area (F4). Children from 11-12 years will receive a current of 1mA; above 13 years, 2mA.
In the past, there were studies on relationship between insomnia and depression, and those studies found that depression can be the result of untreated insomnia. Mostly insomnia precedes depression, and is a marker for recurrence of depression. Research suggests that insomnia may cause depression by changing the emotional response. In this study, investigators will establish the national online cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (e-aid Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia, eCBTI ) tools, and online health education on sleep (e-aid Sleep Hygiene Education, eSHE ) tools for controls. Investigators will be testing whether eCBTI can reduce the incidence of depression in patients with sleep disorders, increasing remission rate of depression, and a corresponding reduction in suicidal ideas, compared with eSHE control groups.
The purpose of this research study is to compare the antidepressant effect of lithium versus placebo in adults receiving ketamine. Lithium is available commercially for depression; ketamine is available commercially and can help the symptoms of depression; however, it has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for this use. The FDA has allowed the use of this drug in this research study.
The purpose of this research study is to determine whether Nexalin Trans-cranial Electrical Stimulation (TES) is an effective treatment for depression among patients who are candidates for ECT. A secondary aim to assess whether Nexalin can be used as an alternative to ECT. Although Nexalin has been approved for use in the US, using Nexalin to treat depression in this way is investigational and experimental. If Nexalin is found to be an alternative to ECT, it could offer a safer treatment for depression with less side-effects and a lower cost.
Among people with HIV, the severity of depressive symptoms has repeatedly been associated with the presence of self-reported cognitive difficulties, even in the absence of impairment on neuropsychological testing. There is uncertainty about the clinical importance of these self-reports, especially when neuropsychological testing is normal. However, there is growing evidence that these self-reports are clinically important. For example, among patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), evidence suggests that functional impairments is mediated by self-reported cognitive dysfunction, rather than objective cognitive dysfunction. Treatment of depression with Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy (CBT) has been shown to improve depressive symptoms and psychosocial functioning in patients with recurrent major depressive disorder, but there are few studies of the impact of psychotherapy on self-reported cognition and cognitive performance. Good Days Ahead (GDA) is a computerized treatment program developed to address symptoms of depression and anxiety. It teaches the basic principles of computerized behavioral therapy (CBT) in nine therapy sessions, each typically taking 30 minutes to complete. GDA has been found to be as effective as face-to-face CBT in decreasing symptoms of depression and anxiety. The hypothesis is that people whose depressive symptoms are reduced following treatment with cCBT will also report fewer cognitive difficulties than before treatment. A second hypothesis is that changes in self-reported cognition will be concordant with changes in cognitive performance, such that people who make no improvement in self-report cognition will also show no improvement in cognitive performance and those who do improve on self-report will improve on cognitive performance.
The purpose of this study is to explore the efficacy and feasibility of an integrated, prescriptive, and trackable wellness intervention combining five wellness elements including exercise, mindfulness, sleep, social connectedness, and nutrition in First Year Beloit College students self-selected into a wellness focused first year initiative.