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The aim of the project is to develop and evaluate an interdisciplinary and cross-sectorial intervention targeting pregnant women with psychosocial vulnerabilities. The objective is to 1) detect depression, anxiety and personality disorders in the pregnant women, 2) to increase knowledge sharing across the health care sectors and 3) strengthen the parents' parenting skills and thereby support a secure attachment between parents and child and thus promoting the child's well-being. The overriding hypothesis is that an early multi-stringed, interdisciplinary and cross-sectorial intervention, with a long-term perspective from the early pregnancy throughout the child's first years of life, can effectively prevent disorders in the parent-child relation. The approach is to detect and treat depression and anxiety in the mother and strengthen the parents' parenting skills in families with maternal psychosocial vulnerabilities. The hypothesis indicates that the over-all intervention will result in improved interaction between child and parents which will make it possible to detect higher maternal sensitivity and a higher level of well-being among both children and parents in the intervention group compared to the control group. The projects' specific hypotheses are; - A systematic screening for anxiety, depression and personality disorders in the midwifery consultation will imply more pregnant women with symptoms of anxiety, depression and personality disorders being detected and offered treatment in the intervention group compared to the control group. - Knowledge sharing across health care sectors will improve by the implementation of a joint consultation involving the vulnerable pregnant woman/families, the midwife and the health visitor and by a systematic transmission of information when the woman leaves the post-natal ward and is transferred to the health visitor. - Parental skills in psychosocial vulnerable pregnant women and their partners can be strengthened by a parental training program and by education and dialogue about perceived challenges and breast-feeding. Parents in the intervention group will therefore gain greater knowledge on what it takes to make breast-feeding work successfully, be able to interact more appropriate with their children, and improve their mentalization skills and experience less stress compared to parents in the control group.
The purpose of this research study is to find out if the medication known as ketamine can help the symptoms of depression. This drug is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) but the investigators will use it for a non-FDA approved reason (depression).
There is an urgent need for novel and effective interventions for treatment-resistant depression (TRD). In previous studies, ketamine has been shown to rapidly reduce depressive symptoms; however, the exact mechanisms of action of ketamine remain unknown. There are some preliminary findings to suggest that ketamine may exert its antidepressant effects through promotion of neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus. The aim of this study is to help delineate the neurocognitive effects of ketamine exposure using a behavioral task (specifically, a pattern separation task) and a battery of other well-established cognitive measures. This is an assessment-only study, as we will be recruiting subjects to complete an assessment battery at two time points, before and after receiving ongoing ketamine administrations for at least four weeks.
The study aimed to examine the feasibility, usability, user satisfaction, safety, and preliminary efficacy of a smartphone application intervention for young adults with subthreshold depression.
Evaluation of the long-term safety and tolerability of vortioxetine in child and adolescent patients with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5™) diagnosis of MDD
Background: Patients with advanced cancer suffer from a variety of psycho-social symptoms that impair quality of life and may benefit from psychotherapeutic treatment. We describe here the methodology of a randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of a novel and brief semi-structured psychotherapeutic intervention, called Managing Cancer and Living Meaningfully (CALM), originally developed in Canada and now cross-culturally tested in Italy. Methods/Design: The study is a single-blinded randomized controlled trial with 2 conditions: CALM intervention versus nonspecific supportive intervention (SPI) and assessments at baseline, 3 and 6 months. The site is the Program on Psycho-Oncology and Psychiatry in Palliative Care, University of Ferrara and Integrated Department of Mental Health, S. Anna University Hospital, in Ferrara, Italy. Eligibility criteria include: ≥ 18 years of age; Italian fluency; no cognitive impairment; and diagnosis of advanced cancer. The intervention consists of 12 sessions , following the CALM manual and allowing for flexibility to meet individual patients' needs. It is delivered over a 3-6-month period and provides reflective space for patients (and their primary caregivers) to address 4 main domains: symptom management and communication with health care providers; changes in self and relations with close others; sense of meaning and purpose; and the future and mortality. The primary outcome is depression and the primary endpoint is at 3 months. Secondary outcomes include demoralization, generalized anxiety, death anxiety, spiritual well-being, quality of life, attachment security, posttraumatic growth, communication with partners, and satisfaction with clinical interactions. Discussion: This trial is being conducted to determine the feasibility and benefit of CALM in an Italian cancer setting. The intervention has potential cross-national relevance and, if shown to be effective, has the potential to be disseminated as a new approach in oncology to relieve distress and promote psychological well-being in patients with advanced cancer.
The study is designed to develop and validate an instrument to measure quality and adherence to IPT for research and training purposes. The measure is now being used to evaluate training in IPT.
Demonstrate the acute effects of ketamine on endogenous µ-opioid neurotransmission in humans.
This model will utilize tools from the IMPLICIT (Interventions to Minimize Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infant through Continuous Quality Improvement Techniques) Network (collaboration of academic family medicine providers). The project involves assessing maternal risk behaviors that significantly affect subsequent birth outcomes: specifically smoking cessation, maternal depression, family planning and preconception folic acid supplementation during well child (WCC) visits. There is evidence that screening mothers for depression can be done at WCC. Data from IMPLCIT network has demonstrated increased screening and referral rates as well as decreased rates of prematurity. This is the first collaborative effort between Pediatrics and Family Medicine.
The LTFU study will conduct a naturalistic follow up of the well characterized CAN-BIND study population of patients every six months and continuing over a five-year period. This will provide information on the longitudinal progress in mood, functioning, and quality of life of the CAN-BIND sample with a view towards long-term outcome and treatment.