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The primary purpose is to compare with resting fMRI the functional networks of rest (RTS) in unipolar depression and in bipolar depression. Hypothesis : the main objective of this work is to compare with the rest fMRI the Rest Functional Networks (RFN) in the unipolar depression and in the bipolar depression in order to identify specific biomarkers for each affection. The general hypothesis of this work is that intra- and inter RFN connectivity is different between bipolar patients and unipolar patients. Specifically the investigators assume that connectivity within the default mode network (including ventral mediofrontal cortex, subgenual cingulate cortex, inferior parietal cortex, posterior cingulate cortex) will be increased in unipolar patients compared to bipolar patients.
The purpose of this study is to explore the efficacy and feasibility of an integrated, prescriptive, and trackable wellness intervention combining five wellness elements including exercise, mindfulness, sleep, social connectedness, and nutrition in First Year Beloit College students self-selected into a wellness focused first year initiative.
Non emergent scheduled cesarean sections will be consented to participate in this study of patients who have screened negative for obstructive sleep apnea and who are also BMI>/= 35 to have capnography monitoring postoperatively. The capnography and pulse oximetry will be initiated in the post anesthesia care unit and be worn for 12-24 hours after delivery. Data will be retrieved after that time period in a deidentified fashion. Medication usage will be reviewed as well as the standard of care information from the duramorph monitoring will be retrieved.
For a number of reasons women with major depressive disorder often discontinue conventional antidepressants when they become pregnant and prefer not to take them when depressive illness develops in the course of pregnancy. There is now considerable evidence that the administration of the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), as monotherapy has antidepressant effects. If it could be clearly established as effective such an approach would offer a valuable alternative for woman who are at risk for, or who develop, depressive disorder during pregnancy. Strongly positive placebo-controlled trials of EPA supplementation, though, co-exist with entirely negative ones. No clear reasons for these discrepancies have emerged but one possibility is that the samples studied have differed in the proportion of individuals likely to benefit from EPA supplementation. As there has been no effort to identify such individuals we propose to explore two groups of measures, both relevant to EPA's likely mechanisms of action, as potential tools for identifying individuals likely to benefit this treatment. Hypothesis: Among women who experience major depressive episodes during their first two trimesters of pregnancy, baseline measures of cytokine activity and erythrocyte PUFA concentrations will be associated, in an additive or interactive fashion, with subsequent improvement in depressive symptoms among women taking omega-3 PUFA supplementation.
The purpose of this study is to determine if omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids as a monotherapy have antidepressant effects during pregnancy. It will also provide pilot data pertaining to relationships between apparent response to omega-3 monotherapy and both plasma cytokine and erythrocyte essential fatty acid concentrations.
The current study is an open feasibility trial with the aim of providing a description of the factors associated with the implementation of an iCBT platform into an existing treatment framework in a primary care setting. The trial will examine the factors surrounding implementation, such as the experience of primary care practitioners and the online supporters, the recruitment process, and attitudes towards the overall implementation of the interventions. Patients presenting to the primary care setting will be screened using standard depression and anxiety measures, and where appropriate, will be referred to an iCBT intervention for either depression or anxiety, with support from trained staff. Analyses will be conducted on outcome measures to examine changes in symptom severity as patients progress through the intervention. Patient satisfaction data will also be collected to establish patient acceptability of the intervention. [Note: Recruitment is ONLY open to patients at Ohio Family Practice Center]
This pilot study aims to investigate the efficacy of fMRI-targeted repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in treatment of major depression associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Half of patients will receive active treatment, while the other will receive a sham treatment with the option of receiving open-label active treatment afterwards.
The goal of this proposal is to conduct the first pilot study of whether consuming flavanol supplements will augment the cognitive and mood benefits of antidepressant medication in older adults with Late LifeDepression (LLD). Flavanols represent a specific group of plant derived nutrients that are found in cocoa beans, grapes, tea, berries and various other fruits and vegetables. The specific flavanols investigated in this study come from cocoa. Currently available treatments for LLD (i.e., antidepressant medication) are limited in efficacy, especially in individuals who also suffer from cognitive impairment. Recent studies performed at Columbia and elsewhere suggest that flavanols may induce beneficial brain changes that support cognitive functioning and elevate mood, but their precise clinical effects in older adults with combined depression and cognitive impairment remain to be evaluated. For this study, the investigators plan to recruit 50 adults aged ≥60 years who have Major Depressive Disorder, meet a minimum depressive symptom threshold despite currently receiving an adequate trial of an antidepressant, and have a significant cognitive complaints without a diagnosis of dementia. Subjects will be randomized to receive 8 weeks of augmentation treatment with flavanol capsules (in addition to continuing their antidepressant) vs. capsules not containing flavanols. Pre- and post-treatment MRI scanning of the brain will be conducted, and comprehensive pre- and post-treatment neuropsychological assessment will be performed. Results from this project will allow the investigators to evaluate a novel therapeutic approach to LLD, which could have large public health ramifications given the prevalence, frequent treatment resistance, and chronicity characteristic of LLD.
The purpose of this study is to help researchers learn about how the brain responds to rewards. This study is interested in seeing how these responses differ between people who are more and less responsive to insulin in their body, and people with and without depression.
The purpose of the study is to learn about the impact of exercise on fatigue, anxiety, and depression in Parkinson's disease. It is well established that exercise improves the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease. However, it is not clear which types of exercise are most beneficial for specific non-motor symptoms.