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We aim to assess the quality of life (QoL), and presence and severity of anxiety and depressive symptoms, in women who have had breast cancer diagnosed at ≥1 year, compared to women who did not have cancer. The Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) primary care database will be used to select a random sample of breast cancer survivors (≥1 year), whose general practitioner (GP) agrees to participate in the study (see below), and who were registered with the practice for ≥1 year before and after the breast cancer diagnosis. Age-matched women who never had cancer will be randomly selected from the same practice. Staff at each practice will mail the study materials to the eligible women, who will complete the questionnaires and send those to the CPRD Intervention Studies Team for processing. Studies of patient reported outcomes (PROs) have been limited by the high cost, time and logistics involved in recruiting patients and processing data. We will evaluate the feasibility of collecting these data using electronic questionnaires rather than paper ones. Thus, nearly half of the participants will receive paper questionnaires, while the others will receive instructions on how to complete the questionnaires online. We will compare the participation rate by each method. In addition, a secondary objective of this study is to assess whether PROs can be reasonably studied by using electronic health records (EHR) or by inquiring the patients' GP, as any of these would involve fewer resources. For this, the EHR of the participating women will be collated from the CPRD primary care database, and the GPs of the participating women will report on their awareness of the patient's anxiety and depressive disorders, or distress for QoL domains; the results of the two sources will be compared to those reported by the patients.
The first aim of this study is to develop a structured, cognitive behavioral treatment manual for major depressive disorder (MDD) adapted for individuals with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) (CBTx-TBI), as well as evaluate its acceptability and tolerability in an open 12-week pilot trial (N=10). The second aim is to evaluate the acceptability and tolerability of, and adherence to, CBTx-TBI in a randomized waitlist-controlled, 12-week pilot trial (N=40). A third, exploratory aim is to evaluate the potential efficacy of CBTx-TBI for MDD in the randomized pilot trial (N=40) and possible moderators and mediators of outcome.
Depression and anxiety are prevalent and disabling conditions that often go untreated. Internet-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (ICBT) is a relatively new approach to treatment that is a convenient way for patients to access care. ICBT is typically highly standardized and involves patients reviewing weekly lessons over the Internet. Patients also receive brief weekly support from a therapist via secure emails or phone calls. Past research shows that ~75% of patients complete ICBT and report large symptom improvements. Although these results are very promising, research also suggests that ICBT could potentially be improved by being more personalized in terms of amount of therapist contact, especially for clients with more severe symptoms. The current trial will involve therapists who work in a clinic that specializes in ICBT. Over one year, 440 patients with depression and/or anxiety will be randomized to either receive standardized (5 lessons completed in 8 weeks; once week therapist contact) or personalized ICBT (5 lessons completed in 8 weeks; personalized therapist contact depending on needs of patient). Psychosocial outcomes of patients in the two treatment arms will be compared post-treatment and at 3-month, 6-month, and 1-year follow-up from enrollment. Data on intervention usage, satisfaction measures, and costs will also be assessed.
Background: The transition to long-term care facility can be a stressful and emotional event for the elderly. The evidences showed that the prevalence of depression and the cognition impairment were higher in the institutionalized elderly than the community dwelling elderly. It could affect the quality of life of the elderly and increase risk of mortality. Purpose: The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of outdoor activities and sunlight exposure on depression, cognitive function, and quality of life among institutionalized elderly. Method: The design is a randomized control trial. Participants will be randomly allocated to experimental or control groups by block randomization. In the experimental group, participants will be encouraged to reduce time spent on bed and bedroom. Nurses, nurse aids or family will take participants outdoors and exposure their face, hands or arm to sunlight for 15-30 minutes a day, five days a week for three months (if the UV index is over 8 according to the forecast of Center Weather Bureau, the participants will be asked to stay inside). In the control group, the participants will receive routine care. The control group will neither be encouraged to stay outdoors nor limit the chance to exposure to sunlight. Expected outcome: The expected benefit of the research is to improve the depression, cognitive function, and quality of life of the institutionalized elderly.
This study uses a randomized controlled trial design to compare the psychological effects of surf therapy to hike therapy in active duty service members who have been diagnosed with major depressive disorder.
Common mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression are leading causes of sickness absence and disability in Norway. Despite tremendous costs for individual and society, effective treatment is lacking. Mental health interventions do not typically target work situation, despite its importance for patient well-being. On a policy level, effective measures are impeded by a paucity of scientific data, and programs designed to address the issue such as Faster Return to Work ("Raskere tilbake") lack evaluation. The present project will test the effectiveness of integrated work-focused metacognitive therapy for reducing sick leave in patients with common mental disorders.
This study will investigate the effects of aerobic exercise on mental states, cognition, and long-term outcomes in adolescents with subthreshold depressive and/or hypomanic syndromes and in non-clinical school children
The aim of this study is to explore the effects of probiotics in individuals with a clinically relevant depression on psychiatric symptoms and cognition, inflammatory parameters, as well as gene-expression. The study is conducted as a placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, prospective, monocentric clinical study, with a two-arm parallel group design. Individuals in the intervention group receive the multispecies probiotics "Omnibiotics Stress Repair" in addition to vitamin B7, while individuals in the control group receive "Placebo" in addition to vitamin B7.
This project is intended to develop an evidence-based peer group counseling program that addresses depressive symptoms in men with physical disabilities. Expanding treatment options for depressive symptoms in men with physical disabilities will improve their access to care. The benefits of men with physical disabilities receiving effective treatment for depressive symptoms include better health, independent living, and longer life.
Depression is among the world's leading causes of disability. To fill the existing treatment gap, psychological online interventions (POIs) and Internet-based treatment, including bibliotherapy with PDF manuals (POIs), are increasingly recommended as they are easily accessible and deemed an initial alternative approach. The present trial aims to evaluate imagery rescripting. With the help of various techniques, the approach aims to edit negative memories and rewrite a "happy end". To the best of our knowledge, imagery rescripting has never been tested as a self-help intervention. A large sample of patients with primary or secondary depression (N = 120) will be recruited and randomly allocated to either the intervention group or a wait-list control group. The intervention group consists of two subgroups that will receive either a full or brief version of a manual teaching them imagery rescripting. Participants will be assessed at baseline and six weeks later. A follow-up assessment will be completed six months later. The primary outcome measure is the Beck Depression Inventory II.