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As a potential solution to address high rates of depression and anxiety seen in epilepsy patients and poor mental health care access, this randomized trial aims to study treatment for anxiety and depression in epilepsy taking place directly within the epilepsy clinic vs. psychiatry referral (typical care). Patients that meet eligibility criteria, including significant symptoms of depression and/or anxiety, will be randomized to the either the intervention group or the control group. The intervention will consist of an initial prescription for an FDA-approved medication to treat depression/anxiety and telephone-based chronic care management plan for repeated symptom measurement and side effect surveillance. The control group will receive usual care, which is a referral order to psychiatry placed by their treating neurologist.
A clinical study to evaluate safety, tolerability and efficacy of oral administration of ganaxolone in women with postpartum depression
Research has shown that people suffering from MDD tend to maintain dysfunctional expectations despite experiences that disconfirm expectations. Recently, it has been shown that this persistence of expectations is due to maladaptive information processing involving "cognitive immunization". This experimental study aims at testing three different strategies to inhibit cognitive immunization, in order to enhance expectation change.
The main objective of this study is to examine the efficacy of a new psychological intervention, called Back2School, in helping youths with problematic school absenteeism to return to school. Furthermore, the study will examine how well this program fares against the treatment or interventions that are usually given to youths with school absenteeism (treatment as usual or TAU). Based on previous studies we hypothesize that the Back2School intervention will be better at improving levels of school attendance as compared with treatment as usual (TAU).
Findings in neuroscientific research show that the environment one lives in has measurable effects on brain morphology and functioning. Human exposure to airborne infra- and ultrasound has been constantly increasing during the last decades. For instance, the European Renewable Energy Directive, established in 2009, lead to an increased use of wind turbines, generating infrasound. The EU Directive states that until 2020 a 20% of the EUs' total energy needs is to be generated with renewables, therefore the current infrasound load in the European environment will increase further. Similarly, ultrasound is ubiquitous in the modern public environment, emitted from public address systems, animal repellents, industrial machines, even toothbrushes. The present study aims to investigate potential long-term effects of exposure to infra- and ultrasound on subjective well-being, cognitive and brain functioning, as well as on brain structure. The study will apply a randomized-(placebo) controlled single-blind approach to investigate this subject.
This study evaluates the effect of the addition of ketamine to a conscious sedation protocol including remifentanil during oocyte retrieval. The investigators will have 2 groups with different target effect site concentrations, namely 150 ng/ml and 200 ng/ml.
This study will evaluate two Train-the-Trainer implementation strategies to increase and better sustain the number of providers delivering evidence-based mental health services in low and middle-income countries (LIMC). The first strategy is the gold standard approach using experts to do a "live" training and the second is a technology based strategy. Evaluation will include trainer and provider competency, knowledge and fidelity, as well as cost effectiveness and will be relevant for diverse evidence-based practices that are not being scaled-up in LMIC.
In Canada the prevalence of spinal cord injury (SCI) is approximately 85,556, with incidence rates of traumatic and non-traumatic SCI at 1,785 and 2,286 cases per year, respectively. Common secondary health conditions experienced by individuals with SCI include psychological distress and pain. Appropriate management of these secondary conditions, through a multidisciplinary approach, is imperative as they have been shown to contribute to slower recovery, increased negative outcomes, and greater rates of rehospitalizations and health care utilization. However, resource limitations can restrict the ability of service providers to deliver these integrative biopsychosocial approaches in the community. In Canada over 37% of individuals with SCI expressed a need for emotional counselling; of these, only 43% felt that these needs were met. Transportation can also be a significant issue for persons with SCI, with 87% and 73% respectively expressing a need for short- and long-distance transportation. Guided internet delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) program offers an alternative approach for psychosocial service delivery in the community. The program provides online structured self-help modules based on the principles of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in combination with guidance from a coach through weekly emails and telephone calls. ICBT has shown to have a greater reduction in levels of anxiety and depression post treatment compared to a waitlist control group, and these levels were maintained at both 3 and 12 month follow-ups. ICBT was shown to have similar effects to face-to-face CBT. These studies demonstrate that guided ICBT is a safe and effective alternative to face-to-face interventions and it may be beneficial for under serviced populations. Hence, examination of its effectiveness is warranted in the SCI population which faces various psychological and somatic secondary issues. Participants with SCI will receive a 8 week guided ICBT program called the Chronic Conditions Course for persons with SCI. The program is completed over 8 weeks with once a week guidance from a coach. The guided course consists of five lessons, "Do It Yourself" activities, and case vignettes adapted from persons with SCI. The course also provides guidance and resources on other essential skills for persons with SCI, including communicating with health care professional, managing chronic pain, and sleep hygiene. Psychosocial outcomes will be assessed at baseline, 8 weeks, and at 3 months. Data on intervention usage and satisfaction measures will also be examined through a qualitative interview. Caregivers of participants will be asked to complete self-report measures and a qualitative interview regarding their caregiver burden.
This study evaluates the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of Ammoxetine Hydrochloride Enteric-coated Tablets in Chinese heathy subjects. Part of the participants will receive Ammoxetine Hydrochloride Enteric-coated Tablets, while the other part will receive placebo.
The study is a randomized controlled study. A total of 200 students will be invited to participate in a 5-session mindful self-compassion course aimed at increasing self-compassion and reducing maladaptive perfectionism, anxiety, depression, and unhealthy body image. Self-compassion is the ability to show oneself kindness in instances of perceived inadequacy, failure, and suffering by attending to distressing experiences with kindness, mindfulness, and the ability to recognize these as a part of a shared humanity. Twelve participants will be randomly selected for pre- and post interviews to qualitatively evaluate outcome. Ten participants with high perfectionistic tendencies will be selected to participate in a narrative life story interview.