View clinical trials related to Depressive Disorder.Filter by:
Depression is the most common psychiatric condition and a important public health concern in society. But medications for depression don't work as well as people expected and cause serious side-effects. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive electrical stimulation treatment for depression, which has been approved by the FDA and added to the Guidelines for the Treatment of Depression in China. Despite the effect of the treatment is clear ,the TMS target,the neural circuit which plays a role in TMS and its mechanism remain unknown now. TBS target and effective site may be not in the same position. A large number of previous studies demonstrate the advantages and application prospects of different techniques of magnetic resonance (MR)in the study of pathogenesis of depression. Based on the results of previous research supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China,the National Key Technology Research and Development Program of China during the "10th Five-Year Plan" and New Health Care and New technology. project team puts forward the idea of joint use of brain structure imaging of MR ,Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) and resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) with different analysis methods to conduct a comprehensive study. The study is focused on the effects of TBS treatment on brain structure network, fiber connectivity network and functional connectivity network ,and nodes affected by it. Then we make further investigation about the mechanism of TMS treatment. The research will provide not only help for studying the pathogenesis of depression but also more reliable targets of next TMS treatment.
Postnatal depression is a common public health problem which has long-term sequelae on the family and the infant's psychosocial development. Interpersonal psychotherapy has demonstrated its value as one of the most effective interventions for postnatal depression. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of a couple-based interpersonal psychotherapy for first-time Chinese mothers and fathers on depressive symptoms, family sense of coherence, and marital relationships immediately after intervention and at 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum.
This RCT aims to investigate the effect of an early family-based intervention (VIA Family) focusing on reducing risk and increasing resilience for children in families where at least one parent has a severe mental illness.The study is a randomized clinical trial including 100 children age 6-12 with familial high risk.The children and their parents will be assessed at baseline and thereafter randomized and allocated to either Treatment as Usual or VIA Family.
This study evaluates the effectiveness of two music-based approaches - group music therapy and recreational choir singing - for reducing depression symptoms in people living with dementia. It also examines mechanisms and heterogeneity of treatment effects.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a culturally adapted internet-administrated cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) in Arabic for anxiety and depression
Major depressive disorder is the number one cause of disability worldwide. Evidence regarding the effectiveness of various treatments for patients with severe depression is still lacking. Although many patients achieve treatment response, only a minority of patients achieve full remission and even fewer sustain it. In fact, within one month 10% will be re-hospitalized and the rate climbs to 30% within a year. Further, remission from depressive symptoms is a surprisingly poor predictor of recovery of community functioning following discharge. It is clear that the traditional focus on diagnostic symptoms is insufficient for promoting a full return to everyday functioning. The present aim is to examine the efficacy and effectiveness of treating neurocognition, a symptom that explains persistent deficits in community functioning for those with depression. The study design that maps on to the contemporary clinical setting, in order to reflect the changing landscape of inpatient and community treatment.
The hypothesis of a link between depression and Hypothalamic-Pituitary Axis (HPA) dysfunction is now experienced. Since a first description in 1949 this link has made the HPA one of the most investigated hormonal axis in depression. Many studies have demonstrated quantitative variations of circulating cortisol in situation of depression including increasing of basal concentration of blood cortisol or Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH). Furthermore there is an attenuated negative feedback performance of the blood cortisol on the release of ACTH and cortisol. This attenuation seems to be a consequence of a bluntness of sensibility of the hypothalamic cells and their Glucocorticoids Receptors type 2. Actually it seems that these phenomena are included in a diversion of the cortisol's action. From a function of acute stress management, with short-time exposures, the cortisol become one of the factors increasing an allostatic load, or resulting of this increase, maintaining a permanent state of stress, an inertia delay to adaptation and facilitating the emergence of psychiatric disorders. This lack of function can be estimated by the Dexamethasone Suppression Test (DST) which, by stimulation attempting of feedback mechanisms by Dexamethasone (which has cortisol-like properties), can show a non-suppressor population with HPA bluntness. If this biological feature isn't a biological marker of depression, because of a lack of specificity and sensibility, is notably associated with a poor outcome and higher risks of suicidal behaviors and pharmacological resistance. Many studies have explored possibilities of action on the HPA to treat depression or improve antidepressant specific therapeutics, with inconstant results. One of the most promising molecule seems to be Metyrapone, a reversible inhibitor of the 11ß-hydroxylase enzyme which transform desoxycorticosterone and 11deoxycortisol to respectively corticosterone and cortisol. There have been several open label studies which aim to explore the possibility of an effect of the combination between Metyrapone and antidepressant molecules. This led to two randomized double blind controlled versus placebo studies whose conclusions are divergent. These conclusions and their heterogeneity lead to think that there is a sub-population which could be better responder to this type of association. Physiopathological knowledges and preliminary observations in DST non-suppressor population by using anti-glucocorticoids therapies , makes it possible to consider possible that responsive sub-population can be defined by the feature " DST non-suppressor ".
The first goal of the randomized trial will be to study the influence of personalized text messaging on both glycemic control and depressive symptoms. The primary outcomes for this aim will be improvements in physical activity. The secondary outcomes include diabetes and depressive symptoms at the 6-month follow-up, as well as mood and quality of life. The secondary goal of the trial is to evaluate the influence of nurse phone outreach on glycemic control and depressive symptoms for participants who are non-responsive to the text messaging approaches used in this study. In particular, a sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART) design will use responsiveness data from participants during the course of the study to implement a second randomization step for nurse phone outreach.We will examine the same primary outcome and secondary health behavior outcomes among this sub-group.
In HIV positive patients with sleep onset insomnia and receiving pharmacologic treatment for comorbid depression, the proposed study aims to evaluate the impact of zaleplon on sleep measures determined by insomnia severity index (ISI) and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS).
The proposed study addresses a gap regarding the need for effective Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) treatments and the 40% of individuals treated with antidepressant medications that do not achieve full remission. This study tests a novel approach for treating MDD in a Randomized Control Trial (RTC) using yoga versus walking interventions to correct an imbalance in the Autonomic Nervous System; an over active Sympathetic Nervous System (fight or flight) an underactive Parasympathetic Nervous System (PNS) (rest, renewal and social engagement) and associated under activity in the neurotransmitter, gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA). This novel approach is complimentary to the use of antidepressant medications that primarily target the monoamine systems. Low activity in the PNS and GABA systems are also found in MDD, PTSD, and Alcohol Use Disorder, disorders representing a high healthcare burden in the Veteran population. This intervention has potential to provide relief for MDD and other disorders relevant the Veteran population