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Patients with acute ischemic stroke will be divided into 2 groups by double-blind, randomized, and controlled trial. Personality and past history of the patients will be recorded after the patients signed inform consent. The patient will be collected blood among 10 cc. for measurement biomarker in serum that related plaque stability for baseline and obtained neurological examination for baseline. The patients must be take pills for 180 days by randomized code number on pill box, and patients must be turn into the site for follow up visit at Day 90 and Day 180. All visits of the patients will be collected blood among 10 cc. for measurement biomarker in serum that related plaque stability and obtained neurological examination. Next, the data will be separated with code number for divided group into 2 groups. Group 1 is simvastatin 10 mg per day treatment (n=36) and Group 2 is simvastatin 40 mg per day treatment. Finally, all data of each group will be calculated mean ± standard deviation, and compared by statistical analysis.
The purpose of the ImpACT-24col sub-study is to explore effect of SPG stimulation on the augmentation of collateral blood flow and to relate it to the subject's cerebral blood flow status, the extent of the collateral vessel potency prior to the stimulation and the relation of the vessel occlusion site to the vasodilatory effect by using digital subtraction angiography (DSA), the gold standard imaging technique to demonstrate collateral blood flow dynamics. The results of this study will further promote the knowledge towards optimization of SPG stimulation to treat acute ischemic stroke patients.
Personalized therapy as prophylaxis in ischemic stroke patients is not yet an option. From patients with ischemic heart disease, we know that patients with in vitro high on treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) have an increased risk of stent thrombosis following per-cutaneous coronary intervention. Other studies have shown association of CYP2C19 genotypes with different responses to the anti platelet drug Clopidogrel. We measure HTPR in ischemic stroke patients on increasing doses of clopidogrel and investigate the CYP2C19 genotype for each patient.
A stroke is the second cause of deaths after heart attack, one of the most important causes of malfunction as far as adults are concerned and the second as for the frequency cause of dementia. In spite of a possibility of the therapy of stroke ( tissue plasminogen activator) and recognized most of risk factors there is expected that incidence rate on stroke connected with ageing of the society will be growing. It will cause medical and social consequences. There are many of potential causes of cardiac strokes, which are not entirely examined. More over many cryptogenic strokes are presumed to have an embolic etiology, and the frequent cause of these kind of strokes at young age is probably the mechanism of paradoxical embolism through patent foramen ovale. As far as the investigators are concerned, at present there is lack of any recommendations for these scientific hypothesis.
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide and the main cause of incapacity. Currently, the only therapies for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients are the administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) and/or endovascular treatment. Unfortunately, many patients cannot benefit from these therapies due to contraindications or evolution time. Neuroprotective therapies could not only increase the benefits of available reperfusion therapies but also provide an option for patients who are not candidates for these treatments. Remote ischemic conditioning, consisting on brief episodes of transient limb ischemia, represents a new paradigm in neuroprotection. It can be categorized in pre-, per- or postconditioning, depending on the moment of application. According to studies in coronary ischemia, remote ischemic perconditioning (RIPerC) during the ischemic event is safe, cost-effective, feasible and associated with a reduction in myocardial injury. The investigators aim to conduct a multicentre study (5 university hospitals) of pre-hospital RIPerC in AIS patients (within 8 hours of stroke onset), which would include 572 stroke code activated patients (286 would undergo RIPerC and 286 would be sham). Our hypothesis is that RIPerC would be safe and would induce endogenous neuroprotective phenomena associated with good outcomes in AIS patients whether treated with revascularization therapies or not. Moreover, the development of systemic ischemic tolerance should provide metabolomic and lipidomic signatures that would present an opportunity to find specific molecular markers (biomarkers). The main objectives will be to assess: 1) RIPerC clinical benefits in AIS, 2) whether RIPerC is safe not only in AIS but also in all cases of stroke code activation, 3) whether RIPerC is associated with a reduction in cerebral infarct size and 4) metabolomic and lipidomic signatures of the RIPerC effect.
The study is designed to determine the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics in healthy subjects with multiple intravenous administration of the neuroprotectant YC-6 compared to placebo.
After intravenous thrombolysis, the overall recanalization rate is 46%, and recclusion after initial recanalization occurs in 14-34%. In the MR TEA, the investigators compared the effects of administration of tirofiban in acute ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous alteplase thrombolysis with alteplase alone.
To study safety, feasibility and outcomes of combining osteopathic manipulative therapies with hyperbaric oxygen therapy in reducing the functional deficits in stroke survivors in subacute and chronic phases post ischemic stroke. To document the same as part of a pilot project in anticipation of further investigational studies.
The purpose of this research study is to test an experimental procedure called intra-arterial delivery of verapamil in patients diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke. This study investigates the safety of intra-arterial delivery of verapamil, a drug used to treat vasospasm (spasm of a blood vessel), and how it affects recovery from stroke. Recruitment is limited to patients that have received mechanical thrombectomy as standard of care.
Patients presenting to the emergency department with acute ischemic stroke, who are eligible for standard intravenous thrombolysis within 4.5 hours of stroke onset will be assessed for major vessel occlusion to determine their eligibility for randomization into the trial. If the patient gives informed consent they will be randomised 50:50 using central computerised allocation to either 0.4mg/kg or 0.25mg/kg intravenous tenecteplase before all participants undergo endovascular thrombectomy. The trial is prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded endpoint (PROBE) design.