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The study examines associations between competence in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and adherence to evidence-based generic CBT in therapists and treatment outcome in patients with depression or an anxiety disorder in psychiatric outpatient care.
The purpose of this research study is to examine the effectiveness of an online Spanish cognitive intervention program in Latino/Hispanic Spanish-speaking subarachnoid hemorrhage patients. In particular, the researchers will examine whether cognitive impairments associated with a subarachnoid hemorrhagic event improve after completing the online cognitive intervention program. Secondary outcomes of the research study include examining whether there is an improvement in research participants' quality of life and psychological functioning as a result of the online Spanish cognitive intervention program.
This observational research study will evaluate medical gender affirmation delivered in primary care as an intervention to reduce disparities in HIV-related outcomes (e.g., low rates of PrEP uptake for HIV-uninfected patients, high rates of viral suppression for HIV-infected patients) for transgender patients in two urban federally-qualified community health centers.
Intranasal administration of Oxytocin (OT) has been found to improve social communication skills and encoding of social cues. Studies indicate that the provision of OT enhances the ability to develop trust 1, to improve the benefits of social support during social stress induction tasks 2 and to increase positive communication during couples' conflict discussions 3. These studies, and many others, point to the potential beneficial effects of OT as a facilitator of relationship-focused processes such as psychotherapy. Studies assessing the effect of OT as a possible outcome enhancer in psychotherapy for clinical populations are scarce, and their findings are largely inconsistent 4. Reasons for this state of affairs include the complexity of recruitment in this population; the provision of single-dose OT, which tends to cause a lower and insufficient effect 5; and methodological constraints, such as the lack of a control group 6 or insufficient probing of interpersonal factors 7. In this study we intend to overcome these constraints by evaluating the impact of intranasal administration of OT in patients suffering from acute stages of anxiety and depression disorders and undergoing intensive, relationship-focused psychotherapy during psychiatric hospitalization. One-hundred-and-twenty admitted patients with anxiety and depression disorders will be randomized and double-blindly allocated to two groups: (a) psychotherapy + OT (n=60), and (b) psychotherapy + placebo (n=60). Patients will be followed for three weeks, beginning at the start of their hospitalization, and will be assessed for the severity of their anxiety and depression symptoms; their working alliance with their therapist; and their treatment outcome after each session. Psychotherapy will be delivered twice a week. Intranasal OT will be administered twice a day. This study can provide insights regarding the potential involvement of OT in the trajectories leading to the production of detectable changes in brain activity following psychotherapy. Additionally, it can support the development of an integrating model combining recent findings in psychotherapy research pertaining to the significant role of therapeutic alliance in psychotherapy outcome, and findings from neuroimaging studies. Finally, provision of OT as a psychotherapy enhancer can facilitate a rapid therapeutic response and subsequently replace aggressive psychiatric medication usage, needed to create a rapid decrease of distress during psychiatric admissions.
Brief Summary: Background: There is a growing demand for mental health services on college campuses. At the same time there has been a dramatic surge in development of mobile mental health apps. Given the widespread popularity and utilization of mobile apps in the college-age population, there is an opportunity to leverage these tools to improve services. The study aims to evaluate the effects of a mobile app on reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety for students awaiting their first visit at Harvard Counseling and Mental Health Services (CAMHS), and on enhancing recovery after beginning treatment. Methods: Students seeking an appointment at Harvard CAMHS who meet eligibility criteria will be randomized to receive one of two apps: an app offering direct online social support (7cups) or an app that provides information about mental health resources on campus (Bliss). Participants will complete a baseline assessment using the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 and a measure of perceived social support. They will be asked to use their assigned app while awaiting their intake appointment and during treatment. The primary endpoint will be at 2 weeks after enrollment and the secondary endpoints at 4, 8- and 12 weeks after enrollment. At all endpoints participants will complete a PHQ-9, GAD-7 and a survey assessing their experience with the app. At the 8-week endpoint they will also be asked about their overall satisfaction with their care and their perceived social support. Results: Feasibility and acceptability of the app will be evaluated by analyzing usage metrics of the 7cups app, self-report satisfaction questionnaire as well as trial adherence. Changes in PHQ-9 and GAD-7 scores between the two groups at baseline, primary and secondary endpoints will be analyzed as well as associations between PHQ-9, GAD-7 scores and patient socio-demographic and social support variables. Mediators of change in symptoms including frequency of use, activities used on app and perceived social support will also be analyzed.
Pilot design: The feasibility pilot of PLH for Young Children in Thailand has a single-site, pre-post design with no control group, with the aims of assessing programme implementation, cultural and contextual relevance, and study feasibility. Although there is no comparison group and it is not designed to test effects, the pilot also has a provisional goal of reductions in child physical and emotional abuse at one-month post-intervention. RCT design: The RCT of PLH for Young Children Thailand is a randomized, controlled, observer-blinded, single-site trial with two parallel groups and a primary endpoint goal of reductions in child physical and emotional abuse at one month and three-months post-intervention. Randomisation will be performed at the individual level with a 1:1 allocation ratio. Allocation: Using a 1:1 allocation ratio, the 120 participants will be randomly assigned to either the intervention or control group using the concealed computerized programme Sealed Envelope. An external researcher based at the Department of Social Policy and Intervention at the University of Oxford, and who is not directly involved in the study, will generate the random sequence. The Project Coordinator and Co-Investigator McCoy will notify participants of their allocation status via telephone following the collection of baseline data, in order to ensure that participants remain blind to their status during the initial assessment. Blinding: Due to the involvement of facilitators and coaches in the delivery of the programme, blinding will not be possible for deliverers; moreover, participants cannot be blinded to their allocation status following the initial assessment. However, the allocation status of other participants will be kept concealed from participants in order to reduce the risk of contamination. Data collectors gathering outcome and process evaluation data, as well as statisticians providing support in data analysis, will be blinded to participant allocation status for the purposes of minimizing assessment bias. Cases of compromised blinding will be immediately reported to the Research Manager, who will consult with the research team on an appropriate course of action. Un-blinding of participants will only be permitted if any instances of significant harm due to participation in the study are reported by a participant or any member of the project team at any stage of the study.
Recent demonstration that probiotics administration has positive effects on depressive feelings in healthy populations suggests its possible role as an adjuvant therapy for depression in clinical populations and as a non-invasive strategy to prevent depressive feelings in healthy individuals. The present study extends current knowledge on the beneficial effects of probiotics on psychological well-being, as measured by changes in mood (e.g., depression, anxiety, cognitive reactivity to sad mood), personality dimensions, and quality of sleep, which have been considered as related to mood. For this double-blind, placebo-controlled study healthy volunteers pseudo-randomly assigned to an experimental or control group assumed a daily dose of probiotic or placebo, respectively, for 6 weeks. Mood, personality dimensions, and sleep quality were assessed four times (before the beginning of the study, at 3 and 6 weeks, and at 3 weeks of washout).
The aim of this study is to conduct a small randomized controlled trial (RCT) for a 10-week mobile phone intervention using principles of Cognitive Behavior Therapy to target general and minority stressors and treat anxiety and depression in young men romantically/sexually attracted to men.
To investigate the effect of patient mood and cigarette smoking before spinal anesthesia on post spinal puncture headache and backache
Pre-existing pain and severe postoperative pain are predictors of persistent pain after surgery, but a complete understanding on the development of persistent pain is still lacking. The study aims to identify clinically relevant and genetic risk factors for persistent postsurgical pain that can be reliably distinguished statistically.