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This is a five year multi-site, cross sectional, observational study designed to examine chronic pain and pain treatment after moderate to severe TBI.
Our purpose for the study is to find safer, less intrusive, better preforming non-addictive products, as an alternative therapy for pain relief and to help alleviate the opioid epidemic ongoing in America today.
The present study is a multicenter, explorative, qualitative study. The primary endpoint of this study is to evaluate to which extent the collection of data with regard to pain caused by illness or treatment can be optimized using health technology solutions. For this evaluation semi-structured qualitative interviews with 8-10 patients will be conducted. Secondary variables are the evaluation of the patients' pain experience and the general patients' willingness to collect data with regard to pain by using technological devices themselves or with support of healthcare professionals.
To determine if Pain Neuroscience Education (PNE) would result in positive clinical changes in patients presenting with acute or sub-acute low back pain (LBP).
To determine whether a 5-week computer-based cognitive training intervention results in changes in resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) within the brain networks.
Pain in commonly found in working population. The working population who aged from 15 to 64 is the largest portion of population in Hong Kong. Also, the prevalence of chronic pain in this population group is high. The issue requires special attention. Researches demonstrated pain affects a person in a multidimensional way. Pain induces negative effects to both the physical and psychological aspects. The levels of depression, anxiety, stress are increased and quality of life is decreased in people with chronic pain. They are interrelated to pain. As pain induced discomforts, people adopted self-initiated treatments as treatment. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain management interventions are commonly used. Although people used different ways to relieve the pain, they tend to bear the pain to work or take sick leave. This contributes to the work loss to the whole society. Pain service in Hong Kong is scarce in the public and private sectors. It takes months for a pain sufferer to be arranged for a pain clinic follow-up. It is possible for the pain get worsen while waiting for the pain service. The pain can be difficult to treat afterwards. As self-initiated treatments are welcomed by the pain sufferers, pain education can be focused on empowering the pain sufferers on their pain knowledge and self-management techniques. The pain self-efficacy can be enhanced. The pain sufferers can be benefited from lowering the pain intensity and negative emotions. It can be a solution to develop an online pain management programme to ease the service demand. Limited studies are found for online pain management programmes to improve the pain self-efficacy and self-management techniques. In order to fill the knowledge gap and service gap, the present study aims to evaluate an online pain management programme (ePain) in improving the self-efficacy, reduction of pain intensity, decreased levels of depression, anxiety and stress, and improving quality of life in pain management in adults with chronic pain. Participants are randomised to the intervention group or the control group.
Recently a new form of spinal cord stimulation therapy called burst spinal cord stimulation (Burst-SCS) is available to treat chronic pain. The goal of this study is to learn more about how Burst-SCS works to reduce chronic pain. The study will examine chronic pain patients who have been deemed candidates for Burst-SCS therapy, and who have already been selected to receive a temporary externalized trial of Burst-SCS from their own doctors as part of their standard clinical care for chronic pain management. During the study, participants will be asked to complete a variety of evaluations at certain time points. In addition, there will be a randomized, double blind, crossover phase, where the particular effects of Burst-SCS and sham SCS will be evaluated. The device used to deliver Burst-SCS and sham SCS is the St. Jude Medical Invisible Trial System.
In this study, investigators will examine the brain mechanism behind the synergistic effects of combining acupuncture and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) treatments. Specifically, chronic low back pain (cLBP) patients will be recruited and randomized to one of four groups (30 per group, one month of treatment): 1) verum acupuncture + real tDCS, 2) sham acupuncture + real tDCS, 3) verum acupuncture + sham tDCS, and 4) sham acupuncture + sham tDCS. Investigators will study 1) the longitudinal (one-month) effects of different treatments as indicated by changes in resting state functional connectivity (rsFC), cerebral blood flow (CBF), clinical outcomes of low back pain, and quantitative sensory test (QST) and 2) the association between these changes.
Chronic pain is a significant burden to the individual and society with post-surgical pain identified as a research priority for the speciality of anaesthesia. The objectives are to explore the relationship between IENFD and pain after caesarean section and to explore the characteristics of post-caesarean section pain. The hypothesis is that reduced pre-operative IENFD at the surgical site will correlate with risk of developing CPSP.
This prospective, consecutive cohort study presents nationwide 5-year outcome data on patients with severe persistent pain after groin hernia repair (SPG). The inclusion criteria were SPG-related impairment of physical and social life. Two-hundred-four out of 222 patients (92%) were analyzed. Relevant surgical records were obtained, and examinations were by standardized clinical and neurophysiological tests. Patients demonstrating pain sensitivity to pressure algometry in the groin were evaluated regarding exploratory surgery, while patients with putative neuropathic pain received pharmacotherapy. Questionnaires at baseline (Q0) and five-year (Q5Y) were used in outcome-analyses of pain-intensity (numeric rating scale [NRS] 0-10) and the pain-related effect on the activity-of-daily-living (Activities Assessment Scale, AAS).