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The investigators are conducting a prospective, randomized trial to investigate whether patients randomized to receive an augmented bladder neck reconstruction (aBNR) at the time of robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy experience improved urinary function post-operatively compared to patients who undergo prostatectomy with a standard BNR. An aBNR here consists of the autologous medial umbilical ligament sling as well as a bladder neck intussusception stitch. The standard BNR group will receive the intussusception stitch only.
This is a randomized study aiming to assess the feasibility of a phase II randomized controlled trial of different high-intensity training interventions and usual care (UC) in men with prostate cancer (PCa) undergoing active surveillance (AS).
This is a single-center, single arm, open-label phase II study evaluating the safety, anti-tumor effect, and immunogenicity of neoadjuvant Dupixent given prior to radical prostatectomy.
The aim of this trial is to study the tolerance, pharmacokinetics (PK) and efficacy of SHR2554 alone or in combination with SHR3680 in the treatment of patients with metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer.
This was a Phase II, multi-center, open label, single dose study in patients with tumor types known to overexpress Gastrin-Releasing Peptide Receptor (GRPR), including breast, prostate, colorectal, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) and Small-Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC).
The diagnosis and treatment trajectory of cancer can constitute a traumatic event because these can be perceived as sudden, catastrophic and life threatening. One common mental disorder following traumatic events is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), described as reexperiencing of the event (e.g., having intrusive thoughts), having avoidance of trauma memories, emotional numbing, and experiencing hyperarousal symptoms. To date, and to the best of the investigator's knowledge, few studies have focused on PTSD in advanced cancer, but the existing data show that these patients are at risk for experiencing PTSD symptoms. Among the early interventions for preventing PTSD in people confronted by traumatic events is group debriefing, the retelling of the event, receiving empathy and compassion, and being encouraged to express feelings. However, four meta-analyses found debriefing to be ineffective. A neuroscience-based and evidence-based alternative may be the Memory Structuring Intervention (MSI) that tries to shift trauma processing from a limbic, emotional and somatic level to a frontal-cortical, cognitive and verbal level of processing. The MSI tries to achieve this shift by teaching people confronted with traumatic events to chronologically organize the segments of the event, to verbally label feelings or somatic sensations rather than re-experience them, and to provide causal links between the event's segments and causality to their feelings and sensations Since in males, sympathetic responses were more predictive of PTSD than in females , parasympathetic activation may be needed to be added to the MSI, for men. A main branch of the parasympathetic response is the vagus nerve, whose non-invasive index is Heart Rate Variability (HRV). One way to increase HRV, and thus parasympathetic activation, is through vagal breathing (i.e., deep, paced breathing). Therefore, adding to the MSI deep vagal breathing (VB) to reduce sympathetic hyperactivity, may increase connectivity between the amygdala and the frontal cortex. This may also increase the emotional regulation possibly yielded by the MSI, however in both genders. The effects of the MSI + vagal breathing on PTSD symptoms and on prognosis in advanced cancer patients receiving announcement of terminal cancer have never been investigated. Furthermore, whether reduced inflammation and increased emotional regulation may account for such effects needs to be investigated at the fundamental level. This project reflects the merging of neuroscience, psychooncology and psychoneuroimmunology for better understanding and treating cancer patients, as well as their partners.
The study is a prospective, single-arm, non-randomized, unblinded trial to determine the safety and efficacy of MRI guided focal laser ablation of localized low and intermediate risk prostate cancer. All subjects meeting the inclusion exclusion criteria and are enrolled will undergo a MRI guided focal laser ablation procedure. The primary aim of the study is to study the safety and efficacy of the procedure.
This randomized trial will compare the safety and efficacy of TPM versus TRUS biopsies performed in the outpatient setting. Primary endpoints will be pain as well as detection of clinically significant disease (defined as Gleason Score >=7 or cancer core length >=6 mm). Secondary endpoints will be detection of any prostate cancer, hospital re-admissions within 30 days, aborted procedures due to discomfort, procedure time, adverse events including hematuria, urinary retention, hematospermia, hematochezia, and infection, and patient-reported outcomes as measured on validated instruments such as International Prostate Symptom Scores (IPSS) and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5). In men who subsequently elect to undergo radical prostatectomy for definitive treatment of their prostate cancer, Gleason scores at final pathology will be correlated to the Gleason scores obtained at time of biopsy.
This is a phase 1/phase 2a study of the combination of immune checkpoint inhibitor (nivolumab) in combination with the PARP inhibitor (rucaparib) for patients with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and metastatic/recurrent endometrial cancer. In the phase 1 portion, the safety of the combination dosing will be determined. If the combination dosing is determined to be safe and feasible, the study will move onto phase 2a. In the phase 2a portion, participants will be randomized to receive either: rucaparib alone, nivolumab alone, or combination therapy (rucaparib and nivolumab).
Phase I dose escalation study with combination of 177Lu−J591 and 177Lu−PSMA−617 using a dose-fractionated regimen will be performed in patients with documented progressive metastatic CRPC. The cumulative 177Lu−J591 dose for each subject will be 2.7 GBq/m2 (73 mCi/m2) of 177Lu with 20 mg J591 and the cumulative 177Lu−PSMA−617 dose for each subject will vary (depending on the Cohort) from 3.7 GBq (100 mCi) to 18.5 GBq (500 mCi). The 177Lu−PSMA−617 dose will be escalated in up to 6 different dose levels (3+3 dose−escalation study / de-escalation design). For the phase II portion, a minimum number of 14 patients will be enrolled at MTD (including those enrolled at MTD in Phase I) and a maximum of 24.