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The purpose of this study is to collect a urine sample from patients with prostate and urothelial (bladder) cancer and healthy volunteers who do not have cancer, so that researchers can perform studies on microcellular structures called exosomes that may eventually lead to a new type of urinary biomarker test for prostate and urothelial cancer.
The purpose of this research study is to measure the hypoxia (low oxygen condition) in prostate cancers and its effect in survival. In this study, investigators will assess hypoxia by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and create a hypoxia score. Investigators will study the hypoxia score and how it correlates (if any) to the disease aggressiveness as well as its effect on the treatment outcomes.
Phase III study that aims to evaluate the necessity of prophylactic antibiotics use after HDR brachytherapy in the treatment of prostate adenocarcinomas.
The overall objective of this study is to acquire ultrasound images, spectral data and prostate tissue biopsy cores using the ClariCore System via a transperineal approach.
A diet consisting of a reduced quantity of the essential amino acid methionine sensitizes cancer cells to radiation therapy and reduces metastasis formation and disease progression in mice. However, to date, dietary restriction of methionine has not been tested in combination with radiation therapy in humans as a strategy to improve patient outcomes.
This study will enroll 60 patients previously enrolled to MCC#18523, "A Validation Study on the Impact of Decipher® Testing on Treatment Recommendations in African-American and Non-African American Men with Prostate Cancer: (VANDAAM)" that had high risk Decipher test results (Decipher score >0.45). Patients with a high genomic classifier (GC) score at diagnosis will be approached for formal consenting for PSMA-PET imaging at 2 years post treatment.
This is an investigator initiated study to test the efficacy of an upright MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) for the screening of prostate cancer. The purpose of this study is to compare Upright MRI as a technique to PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) and current MRI imaging. It will take place at Mount Sinai Hospital, and last for a total of about 5 years. Eligible patients will be determined by the urologist. The target population is men who are at risk for prostate cancer, as determined by the urologist. Diagnostic criteria will include elevated PSA and an abnormal digital rectal exam (DRE). After patients are screened and determined eligible, they will be asked to have a seated MRI using the Indomitable Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scanner, Ex vivo magnetic resonance imaging using 0.6 T strength, as well as a standard of care closed 3T MRI. After each scan, the patient will be given a series of questionnaires to assess their comfort level during the scan. Patients will be followed every 6 months after completion of (or early withdrawal from) study enrollment until 5 years.
Through this study the investigators seek to build up a repository of prostate ultrasonography videos and prostate MRI scans to enable research into novel anatomical registration techniques. These data will facilitate the development of improved technology that enables targeting of tumours seen on MRI using free-hand biopsy techniques, without the need for a gantry or overlaid perineal grid.
The objective of this study is to obtain human blood CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) to reconstitute a match human immune system in our PDX model. The hypothesis is that by using matched leukocytes and PDX from the same patient, rejection of the PDX by the host immune system will not be observed and therefore a preclinical model to study immunotherapy can be developed to study, understand and improve upon our current therapies. HSPCs will be collected from bone marrow aspirate obtained from a bone marrow biopsy. The secondary objective is to use patient tumor biopsy samples or circulating tumor cell samples to develop additional preclinical models of GU cancers, particularly prostate cancer, that are clinically relevant by generating additional PDXs.
The purpose of this study is to establish a more accurate and precise way to image (take pictures of) metastatic bone disease in patients with prostate cancer for staging and monitoring response to therapy. More specifically, the study aims to evaluate the capabilities of dual energy CT as a more precise and accurate tool for staging and monitoring of therapy response in patients with osseous metastases from castrate-resistant prostate cancer. Bone metastases in prostate cancer patients are a clinical and diagnostic challenge to image. Sometimes very small metastatic bone lesions may only become detectable by imaging in response to therapy due to increased bone deposition during the first three months after therapy. Commonly used imaging tests (such as regular CT or bone scan) are unable to reliably tell the difference between increased bone deposition (therapy response) and growth of the lesion (progressive disease). This diagnostic challenge may have profound negative effects on patient management since it may require additional imaging before an accurate determination of tumor response can be made. An appropriate determination of tumor response is needed for appropriate management of prostate cancer. The investigators anticipate that the new imaging tested in this study (called dual energy CT) may provide additional critical information in this clinical and diagnostic challenge. Approximately 100 people with prostate cancer and metastatic bone disease will take part in this study. At enrollment, three months, and six months, they will will receive a non-enhanced (without contrast) dual energy CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis before receiving their routine, clinical contrast-enhanced CT scan.