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The goal of this study is to determine how a structured and supervised physical activity program linked to Dragon Boat practice can improve motivation to participate in physical activity sessions. It is also the purpose of this study to evaluate the improvement in body composition, body image perception and physical function. For this purpose, a group of women operated on for breast cancer was recruited and divided into two experimental groups: one group participated in a structured program of Dragon Boat while the other followed a home-based program of exercises independently in the home environment. Anthropometric measures (weight, height, BMI) and arm circumference, data on lifestyle and psychological well-being were evaluated by means of questionnaires. Tests were also performed to assess shoulder strength, aerobic capacity and mobility. The results of this study will (a) identify the strategies used that make Dragon Boat activity effective in ensuring quality participation in physical activity, (b) define the physiological effects of Dragon Boat activity on physical functionality and (c) correlating objective measures with subjective perceptions thanks to the integration of new body composition analysis techniques (regional BIA) and validated questionnaires on the perception of body image.
Neoadjuvant systemic treatment for breast cancer (used in locally advanced and operable breast cancer) includes anthracycline based chemotherapy (Doxorubicin/Cyclophosphamide) followed by taxanes (weekly Paclitaxel or Docetaxel) with antiHer-2 Trastuzumab or dual antiHer-2 Trastuzumab plus Pertuzumab. Other regimens include Docetaxel plus Carboplatin plus Trastuzumab alone or combined with pertuzumab for Her-2 positive patients. The tumor microenvironment, which includes extracellular matrix and stromal cells, is a key factor in tumorigenicity and the prediction of the efficacy of immunotherapy, conventional chemotherapy, and other anticancer therapies. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), one of the most important components of the tumor microenvironment, were reported to predict the response to NAC both for tumors and axillary lymph nodes in breast cancer patients. This study is conducted to examine the relationship between tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (categorized into three levels) and the pathologic complete response to neoadjuvant systemic therapy in breast cancer patients, and to examine the relationship between TILs and 1-year invasive disease-free survival (IDFS).
One of the primary criticisms of mammography is that it leads to unneeded stress and anxiety from identification and biopsy of non-cancerous findings. Contrast-enhanced mammography (CEM) has the potential to significantly reduce biopsy rates for commonly seen benign breast lesions while preserving very high cancer detection. The investigators propose a prospective clinical study of patients with diagnostic mammograms rated as BIRADS 4A or 4B and scheduled for a biopsy, in which, prior to undergoing their scheduled biopsy, a CEM procedure is performed. The investigators will test the primary hypothesis that for soft tissue lesions (i.e. masses, asymmetries, architectural distortions) initially rated BI-RADS 4A/4B adding CEM will reduce, by at least 20%, the number of biopsy recommendations for actually benign cases and, at the same time, provide a negative predictive value (NPV) higher than 95%.
This study is a prospective, open-label, phase II clinical study for patients with HR+/HER2- advanced breast cancer.
The study should evaluate distribution of 99mTc-ZHER2:41071 Affibody molecule in patients with primary HER2-positive and HER2-negative breast cancer The primary objectives are: 1. To assess distribution of 99mTc-ZHER2:41071 in normal tissues and in tumors over time; 2. To evaluate dosimetry of 99mTc-ZHER2:41071; 3. To obtain initial information concerning safety and tolerability of 99mTc-ZHER2:41071 after single intravenous injection: The secondary objectives are: 1. To compare the tumor imaging data with the data concerning HER2 expression obtained by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of biopsy samples.
This study will test any good and bad effects of combining the study drugs pembrolizumab and olaparib, given before the standard surgical procedure, to treat TNBC or HR+ HER2- breast cancers. The study drugs could shrink cancer, but they could also cause side effects. The study researchers want to find out whether the study drugs will shrink the cancer by a certain percentage compared with its current size, which may improve the outcome of surgery.
90% of breast cancer survivors experience cancer-related fatigue which decreases the physical activity. Moreover, due to the cancer treatments depression and anxiety will be happened. Previous studies showed the effect of physical activity on reduction of depression and anxiety; therefore the aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of aerobic exercises and laughter yoga compared with yoga in anxiety and depression levels in breast cancer survivors.
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among females. Nearly 40-60% of breast surgery patients experience severe acute postoperative pain, with severe pain persisting for 6-12 months in almost 20-50% of patients (post mastectomy pain syndrome) which is defined according to International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) as pain which persists more than 3 months after mastectomy/lumpectomy affecting the anterior thorax, axilla, and/or medial upper arm. Regionale anesthesia is one of the strategies with the potential to prevent the development of chronic pain following breast surgery. We hypothesize that erector spinae plane block is going to be more effective than serratus anterior plane block in the prevention of postmastectomy pain syndrome.
Postoperative breast radiotherapy (RT) has been associated with increased risk of heart toxicity. However, there is a lack of knowledge for radiation-induced early cardiovascular injury, especially for hypofractionated RT. This study aims to prospectively detect and predict early clinical or subclinical cardiac events in women undergoing adjuvant RT for breast cancer.
Intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN) is a cutaneous nerve that provides sensation to the lateral chest, upper medial arm and axilla. It arises from the second intercostal nerve and leave intercostal space at the level of midaxillary line. It then pierces the serratus anterior muscle and enters axilla. Intercostobrachial nerve is encountered during axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) while mobilizing axillary contents laterally off the chest wall and tends to tether axillary contents to the lateral chest wall. Many surgeons routinely sacrifice it as doing so makes mobilization easier and allow exposure of long thoracic neve. Currently there is no consensus on the usefulness of preserving intercostobrachial nerve. According to a 2020 systemic review and meta-analysis, prevalence of CPSP/ PPSP following breast cancer surgery ranged from 2% to 78% and pooled prevalence was found to be 35%. Higher prevalence was associated with ALND. Several risk factors have been identified which contribute to the development of PPSP. These include; Preexisting pain, preoperative opioid exposure, genetics, psychological factors such as anxiety, depression or catastrophizing, intensity of acute postoperative pain and nerve injury during surgery. As a result of nerve injury, damaged and non-damaged nerve fibers start generating action potential spontaneously. These are considered ectopic inputs as they do not arise from peripheral terminals. These inputs lead to the development of central sensitization, which is a state of exaggerated functional response of neurons involved in the pain pathway. This increased sensitization results due to increased membrane excitability, enhanced synaptic efficacy and decreased inhibition. The aim of the present trial is to investigate the effect of ICBN preservation on chronic/ persistent post surgical pain (CPSP/ PPSP). This will be achieved through a randomized control trial with CPSP/ PPSP as a primary outcome measure. Secondary outcome measures will include Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL), operating time, lymph node yield, functional status of ipsilateral shoulder, post-operative complications and post-operative use of opioid analgesics.