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Ga-68 PSMA-11 PET/CT is known as useful method for localizing recurred tumor lesions in prostate cancer patients with biochemical recurrence [elevated serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) after radical prostatectomy]. The recent digital PET/CT which is known to show better resolution and sensitivity than analogue PET/CT may have better performance for detecting early small recurred tumor lesions. This study is intended to compare the diagnostic performance (detection rate and positive predictive value) of Ga-68 PSMA-11 PET/CT using analogue PET/CT scanner and digital PET/CT scanner in same patients who had biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer.
As the most common carcinoma in men, prostate cancer is a significant tumor entity in oncology. In addition to the surgical approach, definitive radiotherapy is an equivalent therapy alternative in the non-metastatic primary situation. However, radiotherapy usually stretches over a period of several weeks (7 to 8 weeks) during which the patient receives irradiation on a daily basis. For this reason and for radiobiological considerations the total treatment time is increasingly shortened. It has been shown in several randomized phase III studies that shorting radiotherapy to about 4 weeks by increasing the single dose (so-called hypofractionation) is possible. Meanwhile there is also more data on extreme hypofractionation (max. 10 radiation sessions) available, however often times, extensive preparations are necessary (such as the invasive introduction of markers into the prostate). The current, prospective, non-randomized, multicentric, Phase II SMILE study is now testing whether the MRI-guided radiotherapy with a greatly shortened radiotherapy of the prostate over 5 radiation sessions is possible and safe.
This is a single arm phase II study of image-guided pencil beam scanning proton SBRT (40Gy RBE in 5 fractions delivered every other day) for patients with low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer. The primary aim is to assess GU/GI toxicity of proton SBRT and compare this to historic outcomes associated with photon-based prostate SBRT. The primary endpoint is 2-year grade 3+ GU/GI toxicity free rate by CTCAE v5.0, which is expected to be ≥95%. Toxicity will be evaluated by the treating radiation oncologist at least once during SBRT, then following SBRT at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. The treatment will be considered safe if grade 3 or higher GU/GI toxicity free rate at 2 years is >85% (95% rate expected with a 10% non-inferiority margin). The accrual goal is 61 patients over 3 years. To ensure that unexpected significant toxicity is identified, all grade 3 or higher toxicities will be reported to the study PI and the trial will stop accruing if at any point 4 or more patients experience a grade 3 or higher toxicity after completing SBRT. This is felt to be conservative given the vast experience with photon SBRT at this dose with an expected G3+ toxicity of ~5%. Secondary objectives are to examine patient-reported urinary, gastrointestinal, sexual, and financial outcomes using IPSS, EPIC-26, and COST questionnaires at the same follow-up timepoints as above. Baseline measures of these domains will be obtained prior to treatment as well. Clinical outcomes will also be evaluated with PSA measured at each follow-up, as well as prostate MRI and biopsies at 2 years. Patients will be followed for at least 2 years to determine rates of PSA relapse, salvage treatment, development of metastases, death from prostate cancer, and overall survival. A dosimetric comparison will be performed where each patient will be planned for proton and photon SBRT to determine possible advantages of proton SBRT.
This is a monocentre, paired-cohort, prospective study. Patients with a clinical suspicion of csPCa will receive mpMRI and Micro-US in two different visits. The results of the diagnostic procedures will determine how many and which type prostate biopsies patients will undergo. During the following visit patients with both positive mpMRI and Micro-US, defined as the presence of one or more lesions with PI-RADS ≥ 3 and PRI-MUS ≥ 3 respectively, will receive a 12-core TRUSBx in addiction to MRI-TBx and Micro-US-TBx (Group 4). Patients with both negative mpMRI and Micro-US will receive a 12-core TRUSBx (Group 1). Patients with only postitive mpMRI will receive MRI-TBx and 12-core TRUSBx (Group 2). Patients with only positive Micro-US-TBx will receive Micro-US-TBx and 12-core TRUSBx (Group 3). Our hypothesis is that the sensitivity for csPCa (defined as prostate cancer with Gleason score ≥ 3+4) of Micro-US will be superior or at least equal to that of mpMRI. Despite the introduction of the mpMRI and MRI-TBx has improved the diagnostic pathway of PCa, the proportion of men with negative mpMRI with a csPCa is still difficult to delineate due to the high variability of mpMRI negative predictive value (NPV) and specificity. In this context, a specific standardization of the use of Micro-US may play a crucial role to optimize PCa diagnostic pathway. Moreover, a direct comparison between Micro-US and mpMRI might be useful to determinate whether Micro-US could be more accurate than mpMRI for PCa diagnosis. Furthermore, in patients with suspicion of PCa the combined use between mpMRI and Micro-US might increase the detection of csPCa and reduce the number of unnecessary biopsies, improving mpMRI limitations in NPV and specificity. Demonstrating that Micro-US provides a similar sensitivity for csPCa as compared to mpMRI may lead to its definitive inclusion in daily clinical practice, potentially replacing mpMRI, streamlining the current diagnostic pathway of PCa.
The project aims at assessing the role of radio-guided surgery in the detection of lymph node invasion (LNI) in prostate cancer (PCa) patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) by using an intraoperative gamma probe and a radioactive labelled PSMA ligand (99mTc-PSMA-I&S). We hypothesize that 99mTc-PSMA-I&S radio-guided surgery (99mTc-PSMA-RGS) might assist physicians in the identification of patients with LNI candidate for an extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND). Overall, 100 men with a LNI risk >5% according to the Briganti nomogram will be submitted to 68Ga-PSMA PET/MRI followed by 99mTc-PSMA-RGS and ePLND. The aims are 1) to assess the safety and tolerability of 99mTc-PSMA-I&S; 2) to assess the accuracy of 99mTc-PSMA-RGS in the identification of LNI compared to available clinical tools and to molecular imaging (i.e., 68Ga-PSMA PET/MRI); 3) to assess whether 99mTc-PSMA-RGS would allow for the identification of positive nodes outside the standard ePLND template.
To evaluate the potential usefulness of 68Ga-PSMA-11 positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the diagnosis of primary and metastatic lesions, efficacy assessment and recurrence monitoring in various types of cancer.
This trial aims to develop and validate the urinary multimarker sensor which can measure trace amounts of biomarkers from naturally voided urine in men referred with clinical suspicion of prostate cancer who have had no prior prostate biopsy. The investigators hypothesize that urinary multimarker sensor will help to avoid unnecessary prostate biopsy while detect the clinically significant cancers.
The main purpose of this study is to reveal the effectiveness of the Knack maneuver and lifestyle recommendations program to be given in addition to the pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) program, which has been proven to be effective in individuals with urinary incontinence symptoms after prostatectomy. This study is a prospective, controlled, randomized clinical trial. The study includes an 8-week pelvic floor muscle training, Knack maneuver and lifestyle recommendations. In summary, it is stated in the literature that PFMT and lifestyle recommendations are beneficial in the treatment of urinary incontinence (UI). However, although there is evidence of the effectiveness of the Knack maneuver in stress UI in women, there is no evidence of the Knack maneuver in urinary incontinence after prostatectomy. On the other hand, the literature on the effect of lifestyle recommendations after prostatectomy is very limited. Therefore, the aim of this study is to reveal the effectiveness of the Knack maneuver and lifestyle recommendations program, which will be given in addition to the PFMT program, which has been demonstrated in individuals with UI complaints after radical prostatectomy, in a randomized controlled design.
Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeted PET imaging with 68Ga-labeled compounds is able to provide superior sensitivity and specificity to detect primary prostate tumor and its metastases, like the widely studied 68Ga-PSMA-617. This pilot study was prospectively designed to evaluate the early dynamic distribution of 68Ga-P16-093, a novel radiopharmaceutical targeting PSMA, which was compared with 68Ga-PSMA-617 in the same group of prostate cancer patients.
Less than 50% of patients receiving salvage radiation therapy (SRT) to the pelvis as treatment for prostate cancer relapsing after surgery will achieve undetectable PSA levels. Despite SRT, two-thirds of patients will again develop elevated PSA, 20% will have distant metastases, and 10% will die from prostate cancer within 10 years. The reason for this is probably preexisting distant metastasis and lymph node metastasises which need to better targeted directly. Additionally , there are well known permanent side effects to SRT. Standard imaging techniques have poor sensitivity detecting recurrence when PSA is below 1.0 ng/ml. The surface protein Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is overexpressed on prostate cancer cells and 68Ga- and 18F-targeted radioligands have been developed. PSMA PET/CT is used increasingly but there is limited data of its impact. In this study patients with biochemical relapse of prostate cancer after surgery are randomised to the control or experimental group (1:2) and undergo a PSMA PET/CT scan. The experimental group receives individualised therapy based on the result of the PET/CT. The control group receives standard salvage therapy and the result of the PET/CT is blinded. The patients are followed-up with PSA test and quality of life questionnaires.