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The study included 120 male patients who would undergo a prostate biopsy. Patients were divided into 3 groups as placebo group (n = 40), Levander group (N = 40), and Frankincense group (n = 40). Aromatherapy agents were added to the nebulizer at a rate of 2%. Only saline solution was applied to the placebo group. The nebulizer was prepared and operated in the room where the prostate biopsy would be performed before the procedure. Patients were taken to the room 5 minutes before the procedure and the nebulizer was operated during the procedure. The level of anxiety was evaluated by the State Anxiety Inventory (STAI-I). After the procedure, the patient was rested and were again filled out the STAI-1 form. After that, the data of all the patients involved in the study was compared.
The investigators propose an AI methodology combining machine learning, histological results and expert image interpretation for the development of a PI-RADS 3 classifier.
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and the fifth in cancer-related deaths. Open radical retropubic prostatectomy is the most common surgical treatment for localized prostate cancer. Open radical retropubic prostatectomy is associated with moderate pain. Severe pain in the postoperative period affects the length of hospital stay and morbidity. Multimodal analgesia applications for the management of postoperative pain are the main component of post-surgical recovery. Different analgesia modalities, including systemic opioid use and neuraxial analgesia, have been used for pain control after retropubic radical prostatectomy. Side effects of systemic and intrathecal opioids limit the potential benefits of these agents. Transversus abdominis plane block and quadratus lumborum block are blocks that can be used for postoperative analgesia in the abdominal and pelvic regions. There is no study in the literature comparing the efficacy of these two blocks for postoperative analgesia in open radical retropubic prostatectomy and their effects on narcotic consumption.
Recent guidelines now recommend multi parametric magnetic resonance imaging prior to biopsy for all men as an integral part of improved diagnosis of clinical significant prostate cancer. However, magnetic resonance imaging targeted biopsy is a strategy that focuses on maximizing detection of clinical significant prostate cancer, but this procedure has the disadvantage of leading to higher detection of clinically insignificant prostate cancers. One of the risk-stratifications developed to minimize the existing disadvantages and avoid unnecessary biopsy procedures is a strategy in which multi parametric magnetic resonance imaging and prostate-specific antigen density are used in combination. This is especially important in all patients with PI-RADS (Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System) 3 lesions which are also interpreted as indeterminate mpMRI findings. Current guidelines suggest that biopsy may be omitted in some patient groups with PI-RADS 3 lesions in the risk-adapted strategy involving prostate-specific antigen density. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of risk-adapted strategies involving prostate-specific antigen density in biopsy decision to avoid unnecessary biopsy vs the risk of missing clinical significant prostate cancer diagnosis in patients with PI-RADS 3 lesions.
Background: Prostate biopsies are essential to diagnose prostate cancer (PCa). Transrectal prostate biopsies (TR-PB) are commonly performed, however disadvantages include the requirement of antibiotic prophylaxis (AP) and higher complication rates than transperineal prostate biopsies (TP-PB). Guidelines still recommend the use of AP for TP-PB due to the limited evidence regarding complication rates after their omission. However, the rising rates of antibiotic resistance is of concern. The aim of this study was to compare the complication and detection rates of freehand TP-PB without AP versus TR-PB with AP. Methods: This single center retrospective study was performed in an academic hospital. TP-PB were introduced in 2019 and implemented as the main technique by late 2020. To compare the two techniques, data was collected for freehand TR-PB with AP between 2017-2018 and freehand TP-PB without AP between 2021-2022. The data from 2019 and 2020 were excluded to rule out the effects of the initial learning curve during the transition period. Primary outcome measure was post-biopsy complications occurring within 2 weeks, focusing on infectious complications. Secondary outcome measures were detection rates and upgrading/reclassification in the repeat biopsy in active surveillance (AS). Statistical analysis was performed using a Fisher exact or Chi-Squared test.
To optimize precision for secondary resection (SR) in frozen section (FS) controlled nerve-sparing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (NS-RARP) by using a personalized 3D-printed prostate model.
The study team will evaluate the impact of video characteristics on health consumers' trust in online videos. Participants will be randomized to watch a video by one of four speakers about prostate cancer screening or clinical trials and complete a questionnaire (approximately 15 minutes total).
The aim of this study was therefore to investigate a new unrolled DL super resolution reconstruction of an initially low-resolution Cartesian T2 turbo spin echo sequence (T2 TSE) and compare it qualitatively and quantitatively to standard high-resolution Cartesian and non-Cartesian T2 TSE sequences in the setting of prostate mpMRI with particular interest in image sharpness, conspicuity of lesions and acquisition time. Furthermore, the investigators assessed the agreement of assigned PI-RADS scores between deep learning super resolution and standard sequences.
The overall goal is to provide an innovative approach to restage patients with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer by using hybrid PET/MR with innovative radiotracers (68Ga-PSMA and 68Ga-RM2)
Transrectal prostate biopsy is a commonly performed ambulatory procedure for diagnosing prostate cancer. Prostate biopsy are associated with pain or anxiety. Nitrous oxide (or laughing gas) is a well-known inhaled anesthetic which is frequently used in dental offices and for pediatric procedures to alleviate a patient's anxiety and pain. This study seeks to determine whether administration of nitrous oxide at the time of prostate biopsy will improve a patient's experience of care.