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The goal of this pilot trial was to test SPARX with Inuit youth in Northern Canada. SPARX is an educational video game designed to teach cognitive behavioural therapy strategies and techniques. This "serious game" has previously shown promise in addressing symptoms of depression with Māori youth in New Zealand. Researchers in this study tested SPARX's suitability with Inuit youth in the territory of Nunavut using surveys that youth completed before and after gameplay. Hypothesis 1: Youth who completed SPARX were expected to experience a decrease in depressive symptoms and risk factors related to depression. Hypothesis 2: Youth who completed the SPARX program were expected to experience an increase in factors related to resilience. A team of Nunavut-based community mental health staff facilitated youth's participation in this remote pilot trial with 24 youth aged 13-18 across 11 communities in Nunavut. These youth had been identified by community facilitators as showing low mood, depression, and/or significant levels of stress.
Post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV2 (PASC), colloquially known as "long-COVID," is thought to affect between 10-30% of all COVID-19 survivors. Patients with PASC also report worsening behavioral health symptoms over time that include new-onset depression, anxiety, and even suicidal behavior. The purpose of this randomized, double-blind, controlled trial is to test the efficacy of a glutamate modulator among PASC patients suffering from new-onset or worsening of depressive symptoms.
This is a Phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of TNX-601 ER monotherapy versus placebo in patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).
The investigators are conducting a randomised-controlled trial comparing coherent breathing at ~5.5 breath cycles per minute-bcpm (with equal inhalation/exhalation durations of ~5.5secs each) to a well-designed placebo (paced breathing at 12bcpm with equal inhalation/exhalation durations of 2.5secs each). The metric of 12bcpm is in line with guidance from the British Journal of Nursing, Royal College of Physicians, and Johns Hopkins University which state that the average, healthy bcpm should range from: 12-20bcpm, 12-18bcpm, and 12-16bcpm, respectively, hence the investigators chose the minimum/lower bound for the active placebo control group. The main questions that our study attempts to address are: Does coherent breathing (and placebo coherent breathing) lead to improved mental health, well-being and sleep disturbance in a general population adult sample? The study will be conducted entirely online through the research platform Prolific, so participant data will be anonymous. The investigators will collect self-reports of mental health, well-being, and sleep disturbance before and after the four-week breathwork period, along with a follow-up one-month later. Pre-post intervention and follow-up questionnaires will be completed online via the survey platform Qualtrics which will be linked to Prolific. Participants will also be asked how many times they practiced out of the assigned 28 days, to gauge self-reported adherence to the protocol. The investigators can then observe whether self-reported adherence correlates with changes in mental health, well-being and sleep disturbance, if any. Open-ended responses on participants' overall experience of the protocol/study will also be collected.
The aim with this study is to investigate the effects of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) on psychological symptoms related to one or more life crises. The target group is adults (18 years or older) who have symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress, or other psychological distress related to one or more life crises. The ICBT consists of eight modules during eight weeks with weekly support by a therapist and the treatment group will be compared to a wait-list control condition. Participants will be recruited in Sweden with nationwide recruitment.
With the SuRxgWell study, the investigators envision multipronged benefits from this pilot work for the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) Insurance Services Division (ISD) and its members. The RxWell platform is expected to provide the following benefits: expansion of the use of RxWell to all UPMC ISD members providing peri-operative mood management with advantage of improved peri-operative outcomes, improving saving for the UPMC ISD by hastening the recovery and decreased resource utilization, and addition to the high-value care of UPMC with this holistic approach to patient perioperative care.
Bibliotherapy has been mainly focused on the social and emotional problems of children and young people, and studies with the elderly are very few. Based on the suggestion of meeting the right book with the right individual, which is the basis of bibliotherapy, it is predicted that the bibliotherapy method can be useful in reducing depression and increasing hope in the elderly, with the selection of books that are suitable for the cognitive levels of the elderly.
The long-term goal is to create behavioral health technologies to advance the science that leverages state-of-the-art technology to delivery psychotherapeutic treatment to individuals on hemodialysis (HD) to improve their emotional well-being, quality of life, and overall health. The objective in this small R01 study is to design a virtual reality (VR) platform, that fully immerses users into a fictitious lifelike environment, to deliver an evidence-based positive psychological intervention and to test whether it improves the emotional well-being of individuals on HD with comorbid depression. In this proposed 2-arm randomized controlled trial, the investigators hypothesize that delivery of psychotherapy in individuals on HD using a VR environment will prove feasible and will result in significant improvements in depressive symptoms, quality of life, and treatment adherence, along with reduced rates of hospitalization when compared to an active control condition-all while serving as a cost-effective and far-reaching platform for expansive dissemination. The Specific Aims are: Aim #1: To develop VR software to immersively deliver the skills taught in a 5-week evidence-based positive psychological intervention in individuals on HD to improve their emotional well-being. Aim #2: To evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of a 5-week positive psychological intervention, delivered using a VR platform through consideration of rates of recruitment, refusal, retention, (non)compliance, and adherence. Aim #3: To test initial efficacy of the VR-based psychotherapeutic intervention, compared to a control arm, on outcomes of depression, psychological well-being, quality of life, treatment adherence, HD sessions missed, and hospitalizations in HD patients. Knowledge gained from completion of the proposed research will result in the first VR software application to deliver psychotherapy to individuals on HD, while simultaneously allowing them to leave the confines of the clinic and virtually travel to distant regions of the world. This new therapeutic approach can be used to successfully address the added burden of psychological distress experienced by individuals on HD, with the potential to positively impact their quality of life, engagement in healthful behaviors, and overall healthy longevity. And, these findings will yield data essential for a fully-powered trial testing important health outcomes and biomarkers in individuals on HD.
Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in older adults and a major cause of years lived with disability. Depression does not always respond to antidepressants, and non-pharmacological interventions are recommended by international guidelines. The Metacognitive Training for Depression in Later Life (MCT-Silver) is a creative and innovative group intervention that aims to reduce depressive symptoms by challenging the cognitive and metacognitive beliefs characteristic of this disorder, that intends to enable participants to recognize and correct their automatic and dysfunctional thinking patterns and behavior. It was developed by the partner institution's team, and has already demonstrated positive results. This project aims to extend the research study to Portugal, through cultural adaptation, pilot study, and a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT). To this end, we defined the following aims: To plan and conduct a pilot study to assess the efficacy of the MCT-Silver in the Portuguese population; To conduct a multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT).
The goal of this clinical trial is to examine the effects of self-administered acupressure intervention for alleviating depressive symptoms among people with depression. It is hypothesized that the self-administered acupressure group would have a great improvement in depressive symptoms as measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire compared with the mental health education group across the 12-week intervention period. The main questions it aims to answer are: - Is the self-administered acupressure intervention more effective for alleviating depression and other related outcomes compared to the mental health education group among depressed individuals? - Is the self-administered acupressure intervention acceptable and feasible for depressed individuals to alleviate depression? Participants will be randomized into self-administered acupressure group or mental health education group based on the group allocation with a 1:1 ratio. Participants will attend two weekly 120-min self-administered acupressure training or mental health education, respectively.