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The primary goal of this study is to assess in vivo the efficacy of the insoles in improving venous return in subjects affected by this problem after 14 days of medical device use, by self-assessment, filling-in questions regarding Quality of Life, in comparison to the baseline. The secondary goals of this study are (1) to assess in vivo the perception of subjects about the rapid relief felt after 7 days of using the same medical device, by self-assessment, filling-in three subjective evaluation questions, and (2) to assess in vivo the usability of the subjects regarding the same medical device after 14 days of its use, by self-assessment, filling-in subjective evaluation questions.
To analyze and compare the long-term recurrence-free survival rate, overall survival rate and quality of survival after minimally invasive esophagectomy and open esophagectomy, and to conduct subgroup analysis according to the type of esophageal cancer and pathological stage, etc., and to explore more deeply the differences between minimally invasive esophagectomy and open esophagectomy in terms of the benefits for different types of patients, so as to provide reference for the selection of the clinical surgical methods. We will also use the available data to analyze the influence of other factors on patients' long-term survival after surgery.
To examine the effect of dance interventions on cognitive functions and quality of life in patients with chronic stroke.
The aim of this study is to develop a teaching material built on the Five Ways to Wellbeing and investigate its effects on wellbeing and mental health among school pupils aged 10 to 16 in Moss municipality, Norway. The main questions it aims to answer are: 1. How do participating pupils, teachers, and other school personnel experience the teaching material - is it acceptable and experienced as useful? 2. What are the immediate and long-term effects of the teaching material on the pupils' wellbeing and mental health? 3. For whom is the teaching material effective, and what mechanisms may explain potential improvements in wellbeing after exposure to the teaching material? Pupils will be given a teaching program at school, delivered by their teacher. Participating pupils and their teachers will be invited to complete questionnaires. Some teachers, school leaders, school health nurses, and parents will be invited to share their experiences with the teaching material in focus group discussions.
The goal of this electronic feasibility clinical trial study is to evaluate the effects of breathing and meditation techniques on stress levels in patients with glaucoma. The main questions it aims to answer are: - Does breathing and meditation decrease the level of stress in glaucoma patients? - Does breathing and meditation improve disease specific quality of life in glaucoma patients - Does breathing and meditation affect the importance that in glaucoma patients place on future consequences? Participants will participate in online session where they will be taught proper breathing and meditation technique to practice. They will also be completing online questionnaires following independent practice sessions over time. Researchers will compare the breathing and meditation group to the usual care group to see if the outcomes are different.
As Korea is becoming a super-aged society, the number of elderly patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is expected to increase rapidly. Therefore, the burden on Korean society will also increase. Thrice-weekly hemodialysis is standard for renal replacement therapy. However, this regimen has not been validated for elderly ESKD patients with residual renal function. Elderly patients can have multiple comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and impaired physical activity. Frequent hemodialysis could provoke falls, hypotension, and cognitive impairment. Previous reports have suggested the potential benefit of twice-weekly hemodialysis with incremental increases in frequency when residual renal function decreases. In addition, twice-weekly hemodialysis decreases hospitalization rates in frail patients. Therefore, the investigators hypothesized initiating renal replacement therapy with twice-weekly hemodialysis decreases the hopsitalizatoin rates compared with conventional thrice-weekly hemodialysis in elderly ESRD patients with residual renal function. This study is a pragmatic randomized clinical trial, multicenter study. Study subjects are incident ESRD patients (>= 60 years old, n=428) with residual urine volume ( > 500 mL/day) and follow up up to 2 years. Twice-weekly hemodialysis could be incremented according to clinical situations such as volume overload, hyperkalemia and uremic symptom. Primary outcome of this study is hospitalization rate during follow-up. Secondary outcomes include dialysis related hospitalization rate, the length of hospital stay, complication of dialysis,mortality rate and assessments of quality of life, frailty, and cost-utility.
It it hypothesized that children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes, who are counting carbohydrates can achieve better metabolic control by concurrent use of the Accu-Chek Aviva Expert. Additionally, it is proposed that carbohydrate counting in combination with the the Accu-Chek Aviva Expert will lead to better quality of life as a result of fewer restrictions when eating and less variation in blood glucose.
Creation of an adaptation of a mindfulness-based stress reduction mobile health application specifically designed for adolescents living with Type 1 diabetes. Aim to determine whether daily mindfulness improves anxiety symptoms in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes.
Referrals for autism assessment have greatly increased in the last few years. This means that waiting times are longer for families, and children and young people are struggling to get the support they need. This also means that the number of autistic children and young people there is assumed to be is not correct. A better understanding of the true number of autistic children and young people is needed so that better support for them can be provided. This research aims to understand what autism looks like in Kent, Surrey, and Sussex (KSS) to better help autistic children and young people. To do this, schools will be asked about the number of autistic children in their school to better understand the number of children and young people with autism in KSS. Secondly, autistic children and young people will be interviewed to find out about the support they need. The information gathered will help the research team to develop a quality-of-life measure, which can be used by schools to help autistic children and young people get the support they need.
This study was evaluated anxiety, pain, and oral health-related quality of life in individuals treated with conventional fixed appliances (Group A) and clear aligners (Group B) for moderate malocclusion during the initial phase of orthodontic treatment