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In a prospective multi-center observational study, 200 HIV-infected patients treated with antiretroviral treatment (ART) and who suffered from coronary artery disease (CAD) will be enrolled. Blood samples for biological parameters will be collected with all participants: lipid profile and markers of systemic inflammation specific for HIV-infection (lipopolysaccharide-binding protein; cytokines: IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF -α, INF-γ, INF-α; procalcitonin; inflammatory hsCRP). All of them will undergo functional testing (Echo, CMR both at rest and stress if necessary) and invasive imaging with QCA, FFR, QFR, OCT, IVUS, VH-IVUS, NIRS. Patients will be treated according to the current and previous recommendations. Both medical treatment and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) with or without stenting will be done. Collected data will be analyzed: correlation between ART, blood test results, coronary angiography results, including performed PTCA, history of myocardial infarctions, and other cardiovascular events. The follow-up period will achieve 12 months prospectively with collected clinical events and imaging outcomes which will be determined at the baseline and 12-month follow-up. The independent ethics expertise will be provided by the Central Clinical Hospital of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russia). The monitoring of the clinical data with imaging will be provided by The Ethics Board of Central Clinical Hospital of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
This is a multi-center, randomized quality improvement project. At least 200 statin-naïve patients without a history of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease with incidental coronary artery calcium (CAC) on a prior non-gated chest CT will be enrolled across the Stanford Healthcare System and the Palo Alto Veteran's Affairs Healthcare System. Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion to notification or usual care arms. The primary aim of this project is to estimate the increase in 6-month statin prescription among statin-naïve patients without a history of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease with incidental CAC on a non-gated chest CT who are randomized to receive notification of their findings vs. usual care.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of drug-coated balloon angioplasty for the treatment of chronic total occlusions patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesion.
Early-Synergy investigates a diagnostic imaging approach in asymptomatic individuals from the general population for early detection of silent myocardial ischemia and cardiac dysfunction. The diagnostic imaging approach consists of cardiac computed tomography for coronary artery calcium scoring (CT-CAC) and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) stress perfusion imaging. Early-Synergy investigates the effect of early detection of silent myocardial ischemia and cardiac dysfunction by CMR in asymptomatic individuals with increased CAC. In addition, the diagnostic yield of CMR for early detection of silent myocardial ischemia and cardiac dysfunction is investigated. Asymptomatic individuals at increased risk (CAC ≥ 300) are therefore randomized 1:1 to either CMR stress perfusion imaging or a control group.
This comparative diagnostic accuracy study will determine the accuracy of a noninvasive wearable infrasonic sensor to detect the mechanical, electrical, and hemodynamic function of the cardiovascular system.
Coronary physiologic assessments by the pressure-derived fractional flow reserve (FFR) have become standard methods for identifying hemodynamic deprivation in coronary arterial stenosis for evidence-based percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Invasive physiologic indices-guidance enables on-site real time assessment for functional significance of epicardial coronary stenosis and the use of those indices has shown to be effective to guide treatment decision. Several studies further support the role of post-PCI FFR measurement as a functional marker of residual disease after PCI and prognostic indicator of patients. Although optimal cut-off values of post-PCI FFR varied across studies, an inverse relationship between post-PCI FFR and the risk of future clinical events have been reported consistently. Recently, non-hyperemic pressure ratios (NHPRs) have been introduced in clinical practice. Although there are several different NHPRs, previous studies consistently indicated that those NHPRs shares similar diagnostic performance and prognostic implications. Nevertheless, few reports were available for clinical relevance of NHPRs in evaluation of post-PCI status. In this context, we will evaluate the physiologic characteristics and prognostic implication of post-PCI NHPRs and compare with those of post-PCI FFR in patients who underwent angiographically successful PCI with 2nd generation drug-eluting stent implantation (DES).
Introduction: Stress can cause hemodynamic and metabolic changes that contribute to endothelial dysfunction and there is a significant association between high stress and cardiovascular events. Objective: To evaluate the influence of stress management on endothelial function in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: Randomized, controlled, parallel, intention-to-treat clinical trial. Will be considered eligible patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention and who have high stress (above average for the Brazilian population) in the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10). Patients will be evaluated on PCI admission and stress management with cognitive behavioral techniques will be implemented one month after hospital discharge in the intervention group. Group sessions will be held between 6-9 people. There will be 4 1-hour meetings for 8 weeks. The primary outcome will be the difference in the variation of brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) between the groups and at 3 months of baseline evaluation and at 6-month follow-up after the intervention and the secondary outcome will be the difference in the variation of the velocity of brachial artery. Pulse wave evaluated at the same time periods as DMF. Outcomes will be evaluated by Generalized Estimation Equations (GEE). Expected Results: In patients undergoing high-stress percutaneous coronary intervention, the use of cognitive behavioral techniques for stress management will improve endothelial function and vascular stiffness.
The coronary images of invasive angiography and optical coherence tomography (or Coronary CT angiography) with FFR(Fractional Flow Reserve) values of the intermediate lesions (50-70% stenosis) will be prospectively registered.
The purpose of this study is to look at the link between emotional stress and heart disease in men and women. Taking part in this study involves one clinic visit, one week of at home monitoring, and follow up phone calls every 6 months for 3 years.
To observe the effects of fastigial nucleus stimulation on serum inflammation, oxidative stress related factors, cardiac autonomic function and prognosis in patients with coronary heart disease