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African Americans with coronary artery disease who have been prescribed clopidogrel (also known as Plavix), an antiplatelet drug will be enrolled. The purpose of this study is to help identify why African Americans are at an increased risk of having a major heart attack or stroke after a common procedure to open up blocked arteries with stents. The knowledge to be gained from this study includes: 1. A better understanding of the metabolism of the antiplatelet drug, clopidogrel, and abnormal platelet function in African Americans; this understanding may provide a basis for potential future therapy 2. A better understanding of challenges to taking clopidogrel as prescribed by a doctor and opinions about a genetic test related to this medicine.
The use of fractional flow reserve (FFR) to guide coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is controversial and not ubiquitously adopted across the units. There is no definitive evidence that the use of FFR improves early clinical outcomes after CABG, with the exception of a simplification of the procedure. FFR use may help in defining the indication to the use arterial grafts, but there is no evidence that preoperative FFR lead to any benefits in terms of patency when venous grafts are used. On these grounds a large multicentric all-comers observational study is planned. The aim is to achieve a real-life picture of the FFR practice in CABG across several European and non-European units. This study will inform on the effective use rate of FFR in the CABG practice and its clinical effectiveness when compared to standard angiography-based CABG.
This phase III trial compares the effect of adding tocilizumab to standard of care versus standard of care alone in treating cytokine release syndrome (CRS) in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. CRS is a potentially serious disorder caused by the release of an excessive amount of substance that is made by cells of the immune system (cytokines) as a response to viral infection. Tocilizumab is used to decrease the body's immune response. Adding tocilizumab to standard of care may work better in treating CRS in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection compared to standard of care alone.
This study is designed to test the hypothesis that ticagrelor is superior to clopidogrel, in improving coronary microvascular function, as measured by coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients with T2DM at high risk of cardiovascular (CV) events undergoing elective PCI.
The purpose of this registry study is to gather real world standard of care (SOC) data on the safety and performance on the Roxwood Medical catheter devices in the treatment of stenotic lesions and CTO.
NSTE-ACS patients are more likely to exhibit high-risk plaque characteristics in non-culprit lesions. Both IVUS and OCT imaging techniques interact in a complementary manner to provide morphological characterization of the atherosclerotic coronary plaques and help identification of high-risk vulnerable plaques. Using morphological parameters obtained from OCT and IVUS, a new plaque vulnerability score will be established for more precise definition of the most vulnerable plaques that carry the greatest risk of rupture and subsequent detrimental clinical outcomes in the future. Such score might help in targeting these plaques with certain therapeutic interventions aiming to their stabilization.
The CABG-REVOLUTION study is an investigator-initiated single-arm, multicentre, prospective study for patients with 3-vessel disease (with or without left-main involvement) referred to CABG treatment. Surgical revascularization strategy and treatment planning will be solely based on MSCT (with FFRCT) without knowledge of the anatomy defined by conventional cine-angiography.
The MARKOV study is an investigator-sponsored single arm, prospective study to assess the effect of evolocumab on the improvement in coronary flow (FFRCT) after 18 and 36 months of treatment in patients with coronary atherosclerosis.
- 1. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) could be performed with or without extracorporeal circulation (ECC). - 2. OSA (Obstructive Sleep Apnea) could be influenced by in intravenous perfusion. - 3. ECC could influence the amount of intravenous perfusion administered to the patient. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of ECC on the development of OSA.
This is a pilot study to determine the hemodynamic effects when hydroxocobalamin vs methylene blue is administered during cardiopulmonary bypass in patients at risk of vasoplegia by measuring mean arterial pressure (MAP), systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and vasopressor requirement.