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The aim of the present study will be to identify different phenotypes of microvascular dysfunction and their associations with the severity of anginal symptoms assessed through the Seattle Angina Questionnaire(SAQ-7).
This study aims to collect data on clinical outcomes of real world patients undergoing FFRangio guided treatment for coronary artery disease in Japan and Israel through a retrospective multicentre registry.
Investigating the myocardial effects of cold blood cardioplegia and del nido cardioplegia solution, which are routinely used in clinical practice, will contribute to the studies in the literature on the safety and efficacy of these two methods. For this purpose, patients with coronary artery disease that going to be Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery will be classified within the scope of the SYNTAX score, the level of exposure to cardioplegia change in proportion to their score will be examined. Also, left ventricular muscle mass will be calculated in patients who will undergo Aortic Valve replacement (AVR) due to Aortic Stenosis, and myocardial protection level proportional to muscle mass will be examined, and cardioplegia efficiency will be compared.
The POLARSTAR study is an early feasibility study to evaluate the performance and safety of the CryoTherapy System (CTS) for the treatment of coronary plaque lesions that are not obstructing blood flow but are at high-risk of rupture which would cause a major heart attack. The CTS is used to apply local freezing of the lesion using a balloon catheter, controlled by a console that regulates in- and outflow of a cooling agent into the catheter. The treatment is expected to stabilize the lesion, diminishing the risk of rupture. The study will enrol subjects with acute coronary disease who have suitable coronary lesions. Subjects will be followed for 1 year after the CTS treatment. Baseline identification of lesions will be done using Coronary CT-angiography (CCTA), which will be repeated at 3 and 9 months after procedure.
Introduction. Ischemic cardiomyopathy is one of the death leading causes in industrialized countries. Up-to-date ESC guidelines recommend a surgical approach (coronary by pass graft) in patients with multivessel coronaropathy, with involvement of left main (LM) or proximal left anterior descending (LAD) artery. In any case, is recommended the use of the internal thoracic artery (ITA) as conduct of choice. In consideration of the very strong evidence supporting the use of ITA, the study objective is to analyze and compare some blood markers collected from ITA blood vs. LAD blood, with the purpose of better understanding the technique benefits from a biological point of view, being the hemodynamic one already evident. Methods. Forty patients scheduled for coronary bypass graft (CABG) surgery at the Cardiac Surgery Unit of European Hospital of Rome will be enrolled. Patients which intervention includes off-pump ITA-LAD anastomosis will be included. For each patient blood sample from ITA and LAD will be collected. On those samples, polymorphonuclear leukocytes and platelets activity, endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress and inflammatory burden will be analysed. In patients in which a pre-operative coronary CT scan is available, findings will be correlated with atherosclerotic plaque morphology. Expected results. Diseased LAD's blood will have a deranged markers profile compared with ITA's, with augmented inflammatory burden, reduce NO availability and increased platelet activation. In the patients subgroup with available coronary CT scan will be possible to esteem the effective blood mixing and speculate on a possible pharmacological effect of CABG, in terms of dilution of inflammatory burden in the target vessel.
This is an retrospective extended study of a randomized clinical trial (The HOST-EXAM trial ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02044250). Investigators will perform a retrospective analysis of all participants enrolled in this trial will be performed, until the longest follow-up duration.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate respiratory parameters and functional capacity in coronary artery patients.
ECG is one of the classic tests for coronary artery disease, but patients with coronary artery disease often have no onset of typical symptoms at the time of consultation, so it is difficult to capture ischemic changes on a conventional ECG. In this study, a diagnostic test was performed to assess the diagnostic value of wearable ECG for coronary artery disease, with the gold standard of coronary angiography and quantitative flow fraction. In addition, we followed up with the enrolled participants for 1 year to assess the relationship between wearable ECG and long-term prognosis.
Background: Despite improvements in surgical and anesthesia procedures over the past 15 years complications during cardiac surgery still remain high. Bridgewater B et al. describes mortality during on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) at 2%-3%, and the rate postoperative complications about 20%-30%. At the same time, the standard of care in patients undergoingon-pump CABG is not fully established. Hypothesis, Research Need: Use of multimodal low-dose opioid anesthesia during CABG decreases inflammatory response and the incidence of early postoperative cardiac complications due to a reduction in interleukin-6. Methodology: According to anesthesia standard protocol, all patients were divided into two groups - study group with multimodal low-dose opioid anesthesia (60 patients) and control group with a high-dose opioid anesthesia (60 patients). Primary (IL-6 at the end of the operation) and secondary clinical outcomes (postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF), low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS), duration of mechanical ventilation (MV), length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, length of hospital stay) were compared between the groups. Analysis Tools: Clinical observations; instrumental research methods (electrocapdiography, echocardiography); labs (blood gases, hemoglobin, electrolytes); enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IL-6); statistical (Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2-test, correlation analysis). Expected Outcomes: Use of multimodal low-dose opioid anesthesia during CABG will decrease inflammatory response (lower levels of IL-6 at the end of the surgery) and the incidence of early postoperative cardiac complications, expressed as lower incidence of LCOS and POAF, lower duration of MV and lower length of ICU stay.
The objective of the BIOSTEMI ES study is to assess the long-term clinical outcomes with the Orsiro ultrathin-strut biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent compared to the Xience thin-strut durable polymer everolimus-eluting stent up to 5 years of follow-up among patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI, enrolled in the BIOSTEMI trial.