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Chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) is a newly described classification devised by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) 2019 to replace the term "Stable Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). The main reason for effecting the change is the term is thought to better describe the disease process and encompass a wider spectrum of clinical, pharmacological, and pathophysiological entities. Using this new term, the disease atherosclerosis manifests as CAD is categorized into Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) and CCS. The main focus of introducing the concept of CCS is on the fact that CAD is a continuous phenomenon involving intravascular plaque aggregation and progression which has different evolutionary phases. Dyslipidemia is recognized as a prominent risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) disease. It is characterized by an elevation of serum total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), or triglycerides (TG) and reduced serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration . Genetically determined and metabolically induced disturbances in lipid metabolism, as manifested in several types of dyslipidemia, have been shown to be causally related to the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). A diversity of clinical and angiographic studies has been made to evaluate the linkage between plasma lipid-control therapy in the development of recurrent cardiovascular events. Independent predictors of recurrent CVD events or death include age, smoking, hypertension (HTN), dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and the underutilization of medications recommended by current treatment guidelines.
The aim of the IMPACTavi prospective cohort study is to test feasibility and safety of clinically indicated intravascular coronary imaging with NIRS-IVUS in addition to routine coronary angiography in patients scheduled for TAVI, to improve assessment of CAD severity in this challenging group of patients.
Diabetes is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and it contributes substantially to healthcare costs. Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is the most common type of diabetes accounting for approximately (90%) of all cases. Type 2 DM carries a two to six times risk of death from cardiovascular etiologies, such that age adjusted prevalence of white Americans for coronary artery disease (CAD) is double in those with type 2 DM than those without .
The [email protected] study is a prospective registry carried out at Federico II University of Naples with the aim to evaluate the influence of the guiding catheter engagement within the coronary ostium on both FFR and non-hyperaemic pressure ratios values (such as Pd/Pa and the Resting Full-cycle Ratio -RFR), as well as the corresponding clinical impact on decision-making strategies. Consecutive patients with at least one intermediate stenosis (40%-90% by visual estimation) in any of the 3 main coronary arteries will be included.
Prospective, single-center, clinical registry of patients with symptomatic/critical carotid artery stenosis at risk of stroke coexisting with unstable or multivessel severe coronary artery disease and/or severe valvular heart disease undergoing endovascular treatment of carotid atherosclerosis using a mesh stent in combination with cardiac surgery (coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and/or valve surgery). A study involving clinical data evaluation of truly simultaneous treatment outcomes in patients deemed to require carotid revascularization at the time of surgical cardiac intervention (single-stage, simultaneous treatment). An open-label study, without randomization - a single arm study. Academic Registry - scientific activity of the Faculty of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, Jagiellonian University and John Paul II Hospital.
Aims 1. To assess the correlation between absolute flow and resistance assessed by catheter-based thermodilution technique using CoroFlow®-system and myocardial blood flow (MBF) measured by positron emission tomography (PET) and the tracer [15O] labeled water ([15O]H2O) (15O-H2O PET) 2. To assess the correlation between impaired MBF measured with 15O-H2O PET and negative fractional flow reserve (FFR) and index of microvascular resistance (IMR) level. Hypothesis: In patients with angina pectoris and reduced MBF measured with 15O-H2O PET but no hemodynamic significant stenosis (FFR > 0.80), the IMR is >25 measured with continuous thermodilution indicating microcirculatory dysfunction. Methods: We include patients with angina pectoris and suspected coronary disease based on a cardiac-computerised tomography (CT) scan. Patients are then referred to an 15O-H2O PET (rest and stress) and then a diagnostic invasive coronary angiography (ICA) with physiological assessment.
To verify whether GLS and LV mechanical dispersion, measured by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) correlate with LV scar burden measured by cardiac MRI in patients with ischemic heart disease.
China patients in end stage renal disease receiving maintenance dialysis have a high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), with a prevalence of 45.5% approximately, and coronary artery disease (CAD) has been identified as the most common one. It remains unclear that what their treatment status is and whether this group of patients can benefit from revascularization in China. The investigators plan to recruit around 30 hospitals from 7 regions as study centers, which represent different levels of economic development in Mainland China. The detailed information includes demographics, medical history, coronary angiogram, in-hospital treatment and procedures, short-term and long-term outcomes. The aim of the study is to provide the real world knowledge about current status of coronary revascularization and prognosis in patients with CAD and dialysis.
This study was designed to verify the safety and efficacy of Lepu® Drug Coated Balloon in Treatment of Coronary Small-vessel Disease
Ongoing prospective cohort of type 2 diabetes individuals.