View clinical trials related to Coronary Heart Disease.Filter by:
The investigators evaluate the effects of intracoronary and intravenous administration of nicorandil on cardiac sympathetic nerve activity and distribution in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention
Percutaneous coronary intervention is currently one of the effective methods for the treatment of ACS. Unfortunately, the incidence of ISR is as high as 10%-20% at 3-6 months after PCI. So it is necessary to identify the potential risk factors to provide evidence for the prevention of ISR. Current research shows that anxiety and depression are related to the increased risk of major adverse cardiac events and mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction. But there remains a relative paucity of evidence for the association between anxiety and depression and in-stent restenosis (ISR) .So a retrospective cohort study was conducted in the first hospital of Qinhuangdao in 2015-2020. The patients who underwent coronary angiography 1 year after PCI in our hospital from January 2015 to September 2020 were selected. Patients were divided into ISR and non-ISR groups depending on the follow-up coronary angiography results. Logistic regression model was utilized for analyzing the association of depression and anxiety with the in-stent restenosis (ISR) after PCI.
The primary aim of this research is to explore the adherence and drop-out from early cardiac rehabilitation (CR), to inform interventions to support patient's adherence to CR and facilitate maintenance. The secondary aim is to understand which aspects of CR are essential for improving health-related quality of life in the short and long-term. This research will comprise four stages adopting a mixed-methods, quasi-experimental, repeated measures design.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of premature death in Canadian women. Women who suffer an acute coronary event are more likely than men to be physically inactive, have lower exercise capacity, and die in the next year. The standard cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs do not meet women's needs. There is a need to address these issues to increase participation in CR. The main purpose of this project is to evaluate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) compared to moderate-intensity continuous exercise training (MICE) on exercise capacity and quality of life in women with CHD. Positive results of this study will fill the gap in knowledge in exercise training, levels of motivation, self-efficacy and enjoyment following HIIT vs. MICE in women with CHD.
Investigators evaluated the efficacy of a pilot-tested mHealth intervention to improving medication adherence and health outcomes among patients with coronary heart disease.
Depression doubles the risk of death in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), but so far, there is insufficient evidence that we can reduce the risk of death by treating depression. This study will investigate the cardiac risk markers that are associated with depression symptoms that remain despite treatment, and identify potential targets for their treatment. The results of the study will inform the development of more effective interventions to improve both depression and survival in patients with CHD.
This is a double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial which aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Wen Xin granule in patients with unstable angina pectoris.
Chronic conditions such as knee or hip osteoarthritis (OA), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure (HF), coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and depression are among the leading causes of global disability and affect hundreds of millions of people around the world. In recent years, multimorbidity, commonly defined as the co-occurrence of at least two chronic conditions, has also gained interest due to its substantial impact on the person and society. Despite the significant burden of multimorbidity, little is known about how to treat this effectively. A 2016 Cochrane systematic review found that interventions targeting populations with specific combinations of conditions and addressing specific problems such as functional difficulties may be more effective. Exercise therapy is a treatment addressing functional limitations that is a safe and effective treatment of at least 26 chronic conditions, including OA, HF, CHD, hypertension, T2DM, COPD and depression. Furthermore, self-management is increasingly recognized as an essential component of interventions to improve outcomes in patients living with multimorbidity and to support the long-term adherence to exercise. A new systematic review found that exercise seems effective in people with multimorbidity (the conditions included in the current study), however highlighting the need for further high-quality RCTs. The aim of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to investigate the effects of a personalized exercise therapy and self-management program in addition to usual care on self-reported, objectively measured and physiological outcomes in people with multimorbidity (i.e. at least two of the following conditions: OA (knee or hip), heart condition (HF or CHD), hypertension, T2DM, COPD and depression). The primary endpoint is 12 weeks, but 6-month and 12-month follow-ups are included to investigate the medium and long term and health economic effects of the program. Prior to the RCT, a feasibility trial of 20 people with multimorbidity, all undergoing the personalized exercise therapy and self-management program, will be conducted using the same methods as in the RCT, but primarily focusing on feasibility outcomes (recruitment, retention, adherence to treatment, burden of outcomes, improvements in outcomes, adverse events). This will start recruitment in Feb 2021 and end August 2021. The MOBILIZE project has received funding from several foundations, including the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement No 801790).
The present study is trying to find out whether artificial intelligence assisted follow-up strategy will improve secondary prevention in CABG patients. In addition, we will test whether rural patients may have more benefits under the new follow-up strategy based on the artificial intelligence device compared with urban patients.
Introduction: Today it is necessary to emphasize that coronary heart disease is often associated with anxiety disorders. Research over the years has shown several and sometimes surprising links between coronary heart disease and mental illness, and has even suggested that both of these phenomena may actually cause each other. However, the exact nature of these links has not yet been clearly established. Methods: The study included 202 patients with coronary artery disease, of whom 42 patients were with stable angina pectoris, they participated as a control group, and 160 patients with unstable angina pectoris, who made up the main group. Among them there are 102 women and 100 men between the ages of 30 and 88. The average age was 63.75 ± 11.37 years. All study participants had blood in the morning on fasting after 8-12 hours of fasting from the cubital vein. Determination of the level of cytokines TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-4 and IL-10 in blood serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). All participants in the study had blood drawn in the morning on fasting after 8-12 hours of fasting from the cubital vein. The level of uric acid was determined on the CYAN Start apparatus using a unified method. When examining patients with unstable angina pectoris were used: hospital anxiety and depression scale [Kozlova S.N. 2013]. And also the Spielberger-Khanin scale [Psychiatry - Hoffman A.G. 2010], developed by Spielberger Ch.D. and adapted by Yu.L. Khanin. to assess cognitive functions [Psychiatry - Gofman A.G. 2010].