View clinical trials related to Coronary Heart Disease.Filter by:
The overarching goal of this study is to develop, implement, and evaluate the effect of a collaborative quality improvement (C-QIP) intervention (consisting of non-physician health workers, text messages for a healthy lifestyle, and a clinical decision support system) on processes of care and clinical outcomes among individuals with previous cardiovascular disease in India.
The incidence of coronary heart disease in young people is not uncommon and the investigators will explore the factors contributing to this outcome
Oat fibre has been shown to lower cholesterol and may have cardioprotective effects. However, whether this translates to actual cardiovascular risk reduction is unclear, as there is a lack of controlled human trials. To address this uncertainty, the investigator proposes to use established cardiovascular disease risk scores, such as those recommended by the Canadian Cardiovascular Society and other clinical practice groups, to create composite risk scores in assessing future risk. The data on oat fibre will be collected through a systematic review of controlled trials, composite cardiovascular risk scores will be calculated for each eligible study, and meta-analyses will be conducted to assess the overall effect. The findings generated by this proposed knowledge synthesis will help improve the health of consumers through informing evidence-based guidelines and improving health outcomes by educating healthcare providers and patients, stimulating industry innovation, and guiding future research design.
Being born small increases your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes (T2D) with age. Furthermore, data even suggest that some of the diseases ("complications") in the eyes, kidneys, nerves, liver, blood vessels and heart often seen in T2D patients may not only be due to high blood sugar levels, but rather they to some extent are due to reduced growth in your mother´s womb. The Inter99 cohort included 6784 Danish citizens aged 30 to 60 years when established 20 years ago. Data from the Inter99 cohort showed a strong role of low birth weight (LBW) on T2D risk. The aim is now to reexamine risk of T2D and complications in all the alive 6004 elderly Inter99 participants. Importantly, today there are available techniques to perform detailed examinations for even the earliest signs of complications in both subjects with and without diabetes, and the results of this study will altogether provide important new insights into both the origin and classification of T2D and associated complications. It is hypothesized that being born with lower birth weights increases the adult risk of T2D and heart disease and associated complications in the large and smaller blood vessels.
This study is a prospective, single-center clinical trial，Comparison of transthoracic echocardiography and coronary angiography in coronary heart disease using a paired-analysis clinical trial.This study is based on the basis of clinical screening for coronary heart disease.
This work suggests a methodology to adapt the injected radionuclide activity to the level of attenuation of each patient. The investigators propose a dose reduction adapted to the patient's weight, with no significant degradation of the image quality, in order to improve patients and staff radioprotection, standardize the image quality for easier clinical interpretation, and lead to radiopharmaceutical saving in the context of myocardial perfusion Imaging.
Drug-Coated Balloon (DCB) angioplasty is similar to plain old balloon angioplasty procedurally, but there is an anti-proliferative medication paclitaxel coated on the balloon. Treating in-stent restenosis (ISR) with the DCB has the theoretical advantage of avoiding multiple stent layers and respecting the vessel anatomy. DCB has shown promising results for the treatment of ISR. Currently, DCB has a Class I indication to treat ISR recommended by European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines. In addition, some interventional cardiologist has also applied DCB in de novo lesions in their clinical practice. Although some small sample size RCTs and observational studies have suggested that the clinical prognosis of DCB in primary large vessels is non-inferior to drug-eluting stent (DES), there is no large-scale RCT or cohort studies to compare the clinical effects of DCB and DES. Despite several theoretical benefits of DCB, the procedural-related complications cannot be entirely prevented, such as acute elastic retraction and severe dissection, which would affect coronary blood flow or lead to acute vascular occlusion. Some studies have suggested that optimization of the procedural technique can reduce the occurrence of complications and target lesion failure in the long-term. Proposed criteria include adapting cutting or scoring balloon for pre-dilatation, residual stenosis<30% post-DCB, maintaining TIMI flow=3, DCB dilation time<60s, and appropriate balloon to vessel ratio> 0.91. However, such proposed technique and criteria have not been evaluated in the real-world clinical practice. This current study is designed to investigate the efficacy and safety of DCB in the real world and exploring the optimal procedural configurations.
Our study focuses on the question about cardiac rehabilitation (CR) patients with coronary heart disease are concerned about demonstrating the association between the patients' view of CR and socio-psychological associated factors. In our study, all participants are invited to choose at least 5 questions in 15 questions or provide their questions regarding their doubt about the CR after filling in their personal information. The selectable questions can be categorized into five titles: the content or purpose of CR, the method of CR, the advantage of CR, the adverse effect of CR, and the expenditure of CR.
This is a multi-center, prospective and controlled clinical trial which will enroll 200 coronary arteriography or percutaneous coronary intervention with 2-4 interventional cardiologist. The interventional cardiologist performed 100 interventional procedures using either a new protective device (NPD) or a traditional lead clothing (TLC). The cumulative dose outside the NPD or TLC and the first operator at each height (110cm, 90cm, 50cm, 10cm) was measured. The main indicators of the study are the average X-ray shielding efficiency of the NPD and the TLC at four different heights. The investigators will record all operation information in this study.
Coronary heart disease (CHD), the major group of cardiovascular disorders, is the leading cause of cardiac-associated mortality, causing >9 million death in 2016. American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) recognized that lifestyle modification including physical activity is the class one-level recommendation for secondary prevention and risk reduction therapy for patients with CHD. The assessment of physical activity and confidence in performing exercise for patients with CHD will help healthcare professionals to develop and implement the appropriate intervention to enhance patients' confidence in performing exercise and physical activity to promote and maintain their health. With the increasing morbidity and mortality from CHD, especially in low and middle-income countries, secondary prevention including exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) plays an important role to improve the prognosis of CHD patients. High prevalence of physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary practices, poor control of blood glucose, blood pressure (BP), blood lipid, and body weight (BW) was found among CHD patients in the world as well as in Sri Lanka. Therefore, it is important to design and implement an appropriate intervention to improve the physical activity level, exercise self-efficacy, and cardiovascular risk factors in CHD patients in Sri Lanka. This study aims to develop and examine a culturally specific motivated, action-based intervention for improving physical activity level, exercise self-efficacy, and cardiovascular risk factors of CHD patients in Sri Lanka. The participants will be patients who admitted to the coronary care unit (CCU) and medical wards of the Teaching Hospital Batticaloa, Sri Lanka with CHD for the first time confirmed by electrocardiogram with aged 18 years or above, able to reads and speak Tamil, able to attend clinic follow-up, obtain a medical clearance from a cardiologist to perform the exercise and, able to understand and give informed consent. The medical records of the CHD patients will be reviewed to screen for their eligibility. In addition, the cardiologist of the participants will be consulted for their suitability to perform the exercise of the intervention. The purpose of the study, the data collection procedures, the potential risk and benefits, the maintenance of confidentiality, and the voluntary basis of participation will be clearly explained to the participants, and informed written consent will be obtained before data collection. Ethical approval was obtained from The Joint Chinese University of Hong Kong - New Territories East Cluster Clinical Research Ethics Committee and Ethics Review Committee, Faculty of Health Care-sciences, Eastern University, Sri Lanka. The Statistical Package for Social Science version 22.0 software (SPSS 22.0) will be used to analyze the data and the p-value less than 0.5 will be considered as significant. This study will provide evidence on the effectiveness of a motivated, action-based intervention on the physical activity level, cardiovascular risk factors, and exercise self-efficacy of CHD patients in Sri Lanka. Findings from this study could be useful to promote healthy lifestyle behaviors in CHD patients in a low-resource setting. Furthermore, this study will provide information on which level this intervention could be applied and possible constraints that hinder the outcomes of the results.