View clinical trials related to Coronary Heart Disease.Filter by:
Coronary heart disease (CHD), the major group of cardiovascular disorders, is the leading cause of cardiac-associated mortality, causing >9 million death in 2016. American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) recognized that lifestyle modification including physical activity is the class one-level recommendation for secondary prevention and risk reduction therapy for patients with CHD. The assessment of physical activity and confidence in performing exercise for patients with CHD will help healthcare professionals to develop and implement the appropriate intervention to enhance patients' confidence in performing exercise and physical activity to promote and maintain their health. With the increasing morbidity and mortality from CHD, especially in low and middle-income countries, secondary prevention including exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) plays an important role to improve the prognosis of CHD patients. High prevalence of physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary practices, poor control of blood glucose, blood pressure (BP), blood lipid, and body weight (BW) was found among CHD patients in the world as well as in Sri Lanka. Therefore, it is important to design and implement an appropriate intervention to improve the physical activity level, exercise self-efficacy, and cardiovascular risk factors in CHD patients in Sri Lanka. This study aims to develop and examine a culturally specific motivated, action-based intervention for improving physical activity level, exercise self-efficacy, and cardiovascular risk factors of CHD patients in Sri Lanka. The participants will be patients who admitted to the coronary care unit (CCU) and medical wards of the Teaching Hospital Batticaloa, Sri Lanka with CHD for the first time confirmed by electrocardiogram with aged 18 years or above, able to reads and speak Tamil, able to attend clinic follow-up, obtain a medical clearance from a cardiologist to perform the exercise and, able to understand and give informed consent. The medical records of the CHD patients will be reviewed to screen for their eligibility. In addition, the cardiologist of the participants will be consulted for their suitability to perform the exercise of the intervention. The purpose of the study, the data collection procedures, the potential risk and benefits, the maintenance of confidentiality, and the voluntary basis of participation will be clearly explained to the participants, and informed written consent will be obtained before data collection. Ethical approval was obtained from The Joint Chinese University of Hong Kong - New Territories East Cluster Clinical Research Ethics Committee and Ethics Review Committee, Faculty of Health Care-sciences, Eastern University, Sri Lanka. The Statistical Package for Social Science version 22.0 software (SPSS 22.0) will be used to analyze the data and the p-value less than 0.5 will be considered as significant. This study will provide evidence on the effectiveness of a motivated, action-based intervention on the physical activity level, cardiovascular risk factors, and exercise self-efficacy of CHD patients in Sri Lanka. Findings from this study could be useful to promote healthy lifestyle behaviors in CHD patients in a low-resource setting. Furthermore, this study will provide information on which level this intervention could be applied and possible constraints that hinder the outcomes of the results.
This is a single-center, prospective, controlled and diagnostic clinical trial which will enroll 30 patients scheduled for coronary angiography in China.Patients will receive contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance with polysaccharide superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle before percutaneous coronary angiography.In order to evaluate the safety of polysaccharide superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle, patients will detect iron levels in peripheral and tissue before and after the examination.The main indicators of the study are the degree of coronary artery stenosis and the stability of coronary atherosclerotic plaque assessed by contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance with polysaccharide superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle.
PROTEUS is a multicentre, two arm, randomised controlled trial of a medical device to assess the impact of the introduction of EchoGo into the standard care pathway for stress echocardiology.
The aim of this study is to examine the reproducibility of postprandial coronary heart disease (CHD) risk marker and sleep responses to acute exercise bouts and to quantify the magnitude of individual variability in responses using a replicated crossover design. Healthy, recreationally active men will complete two identical rest control and two identical exercise (60 min at 60% maximum oxygen uptake) conditions in randomised sequences. Fasting and postprandial venous blood samples, arterial blood pressure and arterial stiffness measurements will be taken at pre-determined intervals, and sleep duration and quality will be assessed. Reproducibility and individual variability will be examined using bivariate correlations and linear mixed modelling.
Based on the clinical data of patients, a machine learning model for coronary heart disease diagnosis was established to evaluate whether the model could improve the accuracy of coronary heart disease diagnosis, and to evaluate its authenticity, reliability and benefits.
Sarcopenia is a skeletal muscle disease, characterised by low muscle strength and muscle mass, and associated with higher medical care costs, shorter life expectancy and physical dependence. Sarcopenia affects around 1 in 10 older adults in the general population. However, in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), this number is almost 3 in 10. Patients who have CHD are offered cardiac rehabilitation (CR); a multicomponent programme designed to improve long-term health outcomes. Nutritional education is an important part of CR and typically focuses around modifying fat and carbohydrate intake to lower cholesterol levels and achieve a healthy weight. Currently there is little focus on increasing protein intake, which might reduce the risk of sarcopenia. Eligible patients with CHD and low protein intake will receive the standard nutritional education delivered during CR. Next, participants will be randomised to one of two groups: protein education (intervention), or standard information (control). Whilst COVID-19 restrictions are in place, education will be delivered remotely via pre-recorded video. Outcome measures, including protein intake, sit to stand performance, sarcopenia risk score (modified SARC-F), Physical Activity Vital Signs (PAVS) and waist circumference, will be assessed at baseline, 12 weeks and 24 weeks.
This study is designed to verify the safety and efficacy of Lepu® NeoVas™ Bioabsorbable Coronary Artery Rapamycin-eluting Stent System combined with different antiplatelet therapies in the treatment of coronary heart disease.
Objective to evaluate the effect of Shexiang Baoxin Pill on myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary microvascular dysfunction (non obstructive coronary heart disease) through a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical multicenter study.At the same time, the effects of exercise tolerance and quality of life were also observed.
It aims to compare the effects of a professional -led support programme using a mobile application versus telephone advice on clients at risk of coronary heart disease. A multi-centre, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial will be conducted. 168 Clients who are at risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), able to use a smart phone will be randomized into the App Support group (App group) or the Nursing Telephone advice (NTA) group . All participants will receive same nursing educational briefing related to CHD. The App Group will additional receive an app use to support their self care whereas the NTA group will receive nursing telephone advice for 20 minutes monthly. Health outcomes will be collected at baseline (T0), 1 months (T1), 3 months (T2). Data analysis will be conducted using a Generalized Estimating Equations model to assess differential changes in all outcome variables.
Coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction have become a major threat to the health of our people. Their incidence rate and mortality rate are still rising. Dyslipidemia is one of the important risk factors. However, little is known about the genetic information of myocardial infarction and dyslipidemia, especially in Chinese population. This project aims to identify new loci related to myocardial infarction and blood lipid level in Chinese population, compare these gene variations with 94 gene variations related to myocardial infarction and blood lipid level in European population, and extract gene variations related to myocardial infarction and blood lipid level in Chinese population. In this case-control study, 3998 blood samples and 702 new blood samples were collected from the sample bank of Peking University Third Hospital and first hospital, respectively. The blood samples were collected from Asian heart disease hospital, Taiyuan cardiovascular disease hospital, Beijing Third Hospital and Shijingshan community follow-up population According to the results of carotid ultrasound or treadmill exercise test, the samples were divided into myocardial infarction group and control group, and the corresponding blood lipid levels were collected. The samples were genotyped by the metabochip gene chip of Illumina company. The data were processed by the calling algorithm of BeadStudio Gentrain 1.0 and the GenoSNP software. The related genes of myocardial infarction were analyzed by logistic regression, and the related genes of blood lipid level were analyzed by linear regression.