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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of the Mediracer® NCS device in early detection of CIPN in patients receiving potentially neurotoxic substance (vincristine, oxaliplatin or docetaxel) as a part of their chemotherapy regimen.
Background: The NIH and the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) conducted a Diet and Health Study. It studied the links between diet, cancer, and cause of death in a group of middle-aged people in the U.S. Researchers want to learn more about how diet and lifestyle can affect cancer and mortality. Objective: To clarify links between diet, lifestyle, cancer, death, and chronic diseases. Eligibility: AARP members ages 50 to 71 who took part in study #OH95CN025 and lived in California, Florida, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, North Carolina, Louisiana, Atlanta, or Detroit in 1995 1996. Design: This study will use existing data and samples. Participants will not be contacted. Participants personal data, like name, date of birth, and address, will be used. This data will be kept private. Their data and samples will get a unique ID. Data from other follow-up studies will be used. Cancer outcome data will be obtained from the 8 sample areas. Many participants have moved to Arizona, Nevada, and Texas. Data will be obtained from those states as well. Cause of death and date of death will be obtained from the National Death Index. Cheek swab samples were gathered from 2004 to 2005. They will be used to study the oral microbiome. The University of Washington (UW) will be added as a study site. UW will study air pollution. The process of linking with the Virtual Pooled Registry Cancer Linkage System will be explored. It uses one system. Right now, 11 state systems are used to get and link data. Paper records will be stored in locked file rooms. Electronic data will be stored on secure servers.
This clinical trial is focused in the development of a screening test for the people at risk of colo-rectal cancer (aged more than 50 years old), valid and safe, improving the screening prognosis increasing the sensitivity and sensitive as compared with the current method, fecal occult blood.
The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactorial education and support program for the prevention of cancer-related cachexia syndrome, for patients and their family caregivers during anti-cancer treatment.
Cancer patients are considered vulnerable to COVID-19 infection. During the pandemic, cancer patients may need to continue their regular treatment of chemotherapy and / or radiotherapy and therefore must visit a hospital unit. As such, they may be at risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection by means of close contact to other patients and health care workers. Hospitals may implement policies to identify symptomatic subjects and limit their access to the chemotherapy / radiotherapy unit. However, asymptomatic COVID-19 positive patients may escape these filters and potentially be contagious to other patients and their health-related workers that care for other several patients. Therefore, there is a real risk of an outbreak that affects a particularly fragile patient population. Patients and their doctors need to know what is the risk associated to visiting a chemotherapy unit in order to decide if the risk outweighs the benefits of cancer treatment in their particular case. To date, this risk is unknown. The study will test patients and health care workers for COVID-19 infection during the peak of the pandemic in a chemotherapy unit in Mexico in order to determine this risk.
This is a randomized pilot trial to test the feasibility and acceptability (primary outcomes) of a virtual cognitive behavioral program for insomnia for survivors of various cancer types. Secondary outcomes are to examine the preliminary effects on reducing insomnia severity from baseline to post-intervention.
This study aimed to assess the efficacy of cryotherapy in controlling Peripheral Neuropathy in cancer children
Since December 2019, outbreak of COVID-19 caused by a novel virus SARS-Cov-2 has spread rapidly around the world and became a pandemic issue. Cancer patients seem to be at higher risk of infection and evolution to severe forms related to immunosuppression, according to the first published data from Chinese experience. However, the role of confounding factors such as age and smoking habits cannot be independently assessed. Supplementary data from a large retrospective Italian cohort suggest that the proportion of cancer patients with severe form of COVID-19 could be lower than expected. In addition, the proportion of asymptomatic SARS-Cov-2 infected cancer patients is unknown. Based on academic and expert's recommendations, most of cancer units have already modified cancer treatment during the pandemic, in order to limit the number of outpatient visits / inpatient admissions and then reduce or avoid cross infection of COVID-19, although the negative impact on patient's outcome (cancer recurrence or mortality) has not been established. Thus, a large screening for SARS-Cov-2 infection in treated cancer patients could help to: - Define an accurate prevalence of COVID-19 immunization in this population - Aggregate data on the relationship between clinical characteristics in cancer patients and COVID-19 risk. - Provide information about asymptomatic COVID-19 cases. - Organize effectively cancer units to separate infected and non-infected patients. The RT-PCR gold-standard test for COVID-19 on nasal and pharyngeal swabs has limitations, as the test is not universally available, turnaround times can be lengthy, and reported sensitivities vary. It does not provide information about immunization status. Serological assays may be important for understanding the epidemiology of emerging SARS-Cov-2, including the burden and role of asymptomatic infections. Thus, the development of new devices or techniques for accurate diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infections, of fast and safe use, that could be spread in the local hospitals and clinics, would be a major advance for identifying and treating patients. In addition, information about the immunization of fragile people, such as cancer patients, could help to plan a safe strategy for anti-cancer treatment schedule and for the end of quarantine.
The study of hereditary cancer related syndromes allows reducing the risk of suffering in cancer to patients and close relatives. The objective of this study will be to evaluate the prevelance of psychological morbidity in patients attended at cancer genetic counselling unit, and to determine the socio-demographic and clinical factors that influence it. A descriptive cross-sectional study will be carried out. Patients attented at the cancer genetic counselling unit, who have criteria for conducting a genetic syndrome test related to hererditary cancer, will be consecutively evaluated. To knowing the psychological morbidity it is relevant to providing care for these patients.
Since December 2019, China and then the rest of the world have been affected by the rapid development of a new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2). The disease caused by this coronavirus (COVID-19), which is transmitted by air via droplets, is potentially responsible for a severe respiratory syndrome but also for a multivisceral deficiency that can lead to death. Cancer patients are generally more susceptible to infections than people without cancer due to immunosuppression caused by their tumor disease and/or conventional anti-cancer treatments used such as cytotoxic chemotherapy, several targeted therapies, radiotherapy or recent surgery. These patients may therefore be at particular risk for COVID-19. This is suggested by the very first analysis on the subject, which reports data from the Chinese prospective database of 2007 patients with proven COVID-19 infection in 575 hospitals in 31 Chinese provinces. The authors of this publication conclude with 3 measures to be proposed to patients undergoing cancer follow-up: 1/ consider postponing adjuvant chemotherapy or surgery in the case of localized and stable cancer, 2/ reinforce protective measures for these patients, and 3/ monitor very closely and treat these patients more intensively when they have a COVID-19. However, the increased risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and severe forms of COVID-19 in cancer patients suggested by this first study remains to be demonstrated given its limitations, already highlighted by other authors. Indeed, the number of patients is small and the population of cancer patients is very heterogeneous, with in particular 12 patients out of 16 who had recovered from initial cancer treatments (therefore without immunosuppression), half of whom had a disease course of more than 4 years. Nevertheless, a second Chinese study has just recently been published, reporting COVID-19 data among 1524 cancer patients admitted between December 30, 2019 and February 17, 2020 in the Department of Radiotherapy and Medical Oncology of the University Hospital of Wuhan, the source city of the COVID-19 epidemic. Although the rate of CoV-2 SARS infection was lower than that reported in the first study, it was still 0.79% (n=12), which is much higher than the rate of COVID-19 diagnosed in Wuhan City during the same period (0.37%, 41 152/11 081 000). Again, lung cancer was the main tumour location observed in 7 patients (58%), of which 5 (42%) were undergoing chemotherapy +/- immunotherapy. Three deaths (25%) were reported. Patients over 60 years of age with lung cancer had a higher incidence of COVID-19 (4.3% vs. 1.8%). Thus, it appears that the risk of COVID-19 is actually increased in cancer patients, although again, less than half of the patients with lung cancer had a higher incidence of COVID-19. Moreover, two more recent studies performed in patients treated in Hubei Province of China and in New-York city found that patients with cancer had significantly increased risk of death compared to non-cancer COVID-19 patients, especially patients with metastatic cancer and those who had recent surgery. Therefore, many questions remain to date on the level of risk and the severity of COVID-19 in patients with active cancer, in particular those under anti-cancer treatment and in patients recently operated for localized cancer.