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To determine the effectiveness of patient controlled methylphenidate as compared to placebo for the management of cancer related fatigue as determined by the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-F Fatigue score.
Cancer patients with known or newly diagnosed (i.e. iatrogenic) Diabetes Mellitus (DM) in Palliative/Supportive Care will be enrolled. Patients will be randomly assigned to one of two groups. Patients included in the first group will monitor glucose levels through Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM), using the FreeStyle Libre 2 (FSL2). The second group is represented by the usual standard way for blood glucose (BG) monitoring (lancing device for finger samples). An interim analysis is foreseen when the half of the expected events (hyperglycemic peaks) will be observed. In case the results of interim analysis show superiority of the CGM (FSL2) group patients of the second group will be switched.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of the Mediracer® NCS device in early detection of CIPN in patients receiving potentially neurotoxic substance (vincristine, oxaliplatin or docetaxel) as a part of their chemotherapy regimen.
Background: The NIH and the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) conducted a Diet and Health Study. It studied the links between diet, cancer, and cause of death in a group of middle-aged people in the U.S. Researchers want to learn more about how diet and lifestyle can affect cancer and mortality. Objective: To clarify links between diet, lifestyle, cancer, death, and chronic diseases. Eligibility: AARP members ages 50 to 71 who took part in study #OH95CN025 and lived in California, Florida, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, North Carolina, Louisiana, Atlanta, or Detroit in 1995 1996. Design: This study will use existing data and samples. Participants will not be contacted. Participants personal data, like name, date of birth, and address, will be used. This data will be kept private. Their data and samples will get a unique ID. Data from other follow-up studies will be used. Cancer outcome data will be obtained from the 8 sample areas. Many participants have moved to Arizona, Nevada, and Texas. Data will be obtained from those states as well. Cause of death and date of death will be obtained from the National Death Index. Cheek swab samples were gathered from 2004 to 2005. They will be used to study the oral microbiome. The University of Washington (UW) will be added as a study site. UW will study air pollution. The process of linking with the Virtual Pooled Registry Cancer Linkage System will be explored. It uses one system. Right now, 11 state systems are used to get and link data. Paper records will be stored in locked file rooms. Electronic data will be stored on secure servers.
Study investigating cancer blood samples on an iterative measurement systme
This study will collect information on immune response and adverse events after vaccination against coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in a vulnerable patient cohort. Understanding the ability or disability to mount a protective immune response after vaccination will help to counsel patients during the pandemic and support decisions on whom to vaccinate and to identify patients who require other measures to protect them from COVID-19.
Sufficient muscle strength helps to get out of a chair and can prevent falls. Up to 30% of older adults experience age-related loss of muscle strength, which can lead to frailty and health instability. Exercise helps to build muscle, maintain bone density and prevent chronic disease, especially during the aging process. In older adults at risk of mobility impairment, exercise greatly reduced incidence and effects did not vary by frailty status. However, more than 75% of Canadian adults ≥18 years of age are not meeting physical activity guidelines. In addition, it is known that malnutrition, including low protein intake, may lead to poor physical function. While there are services to support exercise and nutrition, barriers to implementing them persist. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated the potential for physical inactivity, malnutrition, and loneliness among older adults, especially those with pre-existing health or mobility impairments. Now and in future, alternate ways to promote exercise and proper nutrition to the most vulnerable are needed. The investigators propose to adapt MoveStrong, an 8-week education program combining functional and balance training with strategies to increase protein intake. The program was co-developed with patient advocates, Osteoporosis Canada, the YMCA, Community Support Connections and others. MoveStrong will be delivered by telephone or web conference to older adults in their homes, using mailed program instructions, 1-on-1 training sessions through Physitrack®, as well as online nutrition seminars and support groups over Microsoft® Teams. The primary aim of this study is to assess feasibility as determined by recruitment (≥ 25 people in 3 months), retention (≥80%), adherence of (70%) and participant experience.
This clinical trial is focused in the development of a screening test for the people at risk of colo-rectal cancer (aged more than 50 years old), valid and safe, improving the screening prognosis increasing the sensitivity and sensitive as compared with the current method, fecal occult blood.
The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactorial education and support program for the prevention of cancer-related cachexia syndrome, for patients and their family caregivers during anti-cancer treatment.
Cancer patients are considered vulnerable to COVID-19 infection. During the pandemic, cancer patients may need to continue their regular treatment of chemotherapy and / or radiotherapy and therefore must visit a hospital unit. As such, they may be at risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection by means of close contact to other patients and health care workers. Hospitals may implement policies to identify symptomatic subjects and limit their access to the chemotherapy / radiotherapy unit. However, asymptomatic COVID-19 positive patients may escape these filters and potentially be contagious to other patients and their health-related workers that care for other several patients. Therefore, there is a real risk of an outbreak that affects a particularly fragile patient population. Patients and their doctors need to know what is the risk associated to visiting a chemotherapy unit in order to decide if the risk outweighs the benefits of cancer treatment in their particular case. To date, this risk is unknown. The study will test patients and health care workers for COVID-19 infection during the peak of the pandemic in a chemotherapy unit in Mexico in order to determine this risk.