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To evaluate the safety of [64Cu] Macrin and its whole-body distribution, metabolism, pharmacokinetics, and radiation burden in healthy volunteers. To detect [64Cu]-Macrin accumulation in sites of disease in subjects with cancer, sarcoidosis or myocardial infarct.
The purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to evaluate whether a trained community health worker (CHW) who engages with newly diagnosed patients after a diagnosis of cancer can effectively improve knowledge and receipt of evidence-based precision medicine cancer care services among low-income and minority patients.
T-cell adaptive immunity is known to be required to sustain a long term immunoglobulin production and a long term memory against several infections. Previous results suggest a lack in the generation of T-cell responses against CoV-N, M and S proteins among cancer patients exposed to SARS-CoV-2 virus highlighting that cancer patients failed to mount a protective T-cell immunity. Given this context, our hypothesis is that COVID-19 vaccine candidates are not immunogenic in some cancer patients. Thus, the monitoring of CD4 and CD8 T-cell responses before and after vaccination might provide information related to the correlation between induction of CD4 T-cells (including helper follicular T-cells) by the vaccine and long-term IgG production (serological index). Additionally, the failure of COVID-19 vaccines in some patients should be monitor carefully in order to provide specific recommendations to avoid COVID-19 infections. The main objective is to assess humoral immune responses following COVID-19 vaccination in a population of cancer patients.
Phase I/II Randomized Clinical Trial to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetic and efficacy of Anti-SARS-CoV-2 hyperimmune serum. The study will include patients at early stage of COVID-19 with increased risk for severe disease due to underlying medical conditions to determine the utility of an equine heterologous serum anti-SARS-CoV-2 to avoid progression to a severe COVID-19
I. Evaluation of T. gondii infection in cancer patients using different serological markers. II. Studying genetic lineages infecting cancer patients in Sohag Governorate to predict clinical course and therapeutic needs using B1 and RE genes.
Fasting or a Fasting Mimicking diet (FMD) can lower blood concentration of glucose and IGF1. Since cancer cells rely mostly on a glucose-based metabolism, FMD renders cancer cells more vulnerable to chemotherapy, thereby enhancing therapeutic efficacy. This process is known as differential stress sensitization (DSS). Another response to nutritional stress by fasting is known as differential stress resistance (DSR). DSR is a state in which healthy cells rather focus resources on protection and internal repair, which can result in reduced chemotherapeutic toxicity. Recent preclinical studies found that fasting or FMD not only aids healthy cell protection, but also has the potential to benefit effector T-cells and could thereby improve antitumor immunity. However in most oncotherapeutic clinical trials investigating the addition of a fasting regimen, other factors such as chemotherapy, surgery and additional medication affect the immune system as well. That is why this explorative study, conducted in healthy subjects, might be more suitable to investigate the immunological alterations upon FMD more specifically. This exploratory study aims to identify immunological alterations by using extensive immunoprofiling before and after three days of FMD in healthy subjects, as well as investigate possible side effects of FMD.
Rationale: Real-world pharmacokinetic data from cancer patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are sparse. Moreover, pharmacokinetic parameters may be associated with response to ICI treatment and may act as a predictive or early response biomarker. Objective: To describe the real-world pharmacokinetics of ICIs in patients eligible for ICI treatment or already treated with ICIs. Study design: A low-interventional cross-sectional pharmacokinetic study. Study population: Patients treated with ICIs. Intervention: A maximum of 13 blood samples (39 mL) will be derived from subjects on treatment. After discontinuation of ICI treatment, a maximum of 7 blood samples (21 mL) will be derived. Main study parameters: Real- world pharmacokinetic parameters of ICIs: clearance, volume of distribution, serum exposure (serum concentration - time curve).
Background: Exercise, or physical activity, is beneficial for all cancer survivors. Despite this knowledge, there is generally a gap between the evidence and practice. And this gap is widened with (a) underserved tumour groups in exercise oncology, such as neuro-oncology patients, or (b) underutilized timelines across the cancer treatment phases to deliver exercise oncology education or programming. Thus, our current work is building a hybrid implementation effectiveness study into the clinical care pathway across Alberta in neuro-oncology - ACE-Neuro. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of an online, tailored exercise oncology program for neuro-oncology patients using a participant-oriented research (POR) approach as well as both quantitative and qualitative research methods. Specifically, the primary outcome of this study is to determine the feasibility of recruitment, referral, triage, adherence, and adverse events. The secondary outcome is to examine the preliminary effectiveness of the neuro-oncology exercise program on patient-reported outcomes and physical function. Methods: Neuro-oncology patients >18 years and able to consent in English will be referred to a study-based Rehabilitation Triage Clinic, where a Physician-Researcher will assess patients on their overall health and functional status, and next triage them to either ACE-Neuro, rehabilitation oncology, or cancer physiatry. Once referred to ACE-Neuro, participants will partake in a 12-week online exercise program, delivered by a Clinical Exercise Physiologist. Participants will complete online assessments of physical function, patient-reported outcomes, and objective physical activity at baseline (pre-program), 12-weeks (post-program completion), 6-months, and 12-months. The exercise program includes weekly one-on-one online exercise delivery, health coaching to support behaviour change, and access to an online group exercise session. Participants will also be invited to a post-program qualitative interview to get perspectives on their experiences participating in ACE-Neuro. Relevance: By working directly with patients, healthcare providers, and community partners, this implementation project will develop a framework that streamlines patient triage, and provides a tailored online exercise program for neuro-oncology patients, thereby advancing exercise oncology research and clinical practice.
Cancer is a leading cause of death for children. Chemotherapy is the most common treatment for cancer. Notwithstanding the improved survival, children with cancer still have to face a significant amount of symptoms associated with chemotherapy. Two major symptoms induced by chemotherapy are nausea and vomiting. These two symptoms were demonstrated to cause serious disruption in patients' daily function and quality of life. Given these devastating impacts, intervening children with appropriate methods to alleviate nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy is therefore crucial. It is imperative for nurses to develop non-pharmacological interventions to reduce nausea and vomiting, with the goal of improving the QoL of children with cancer when undergoing chemotherapy First, however, careful assessment of nausea and vomiting in children with cancer is a necessary step towards designing appropriate interventions. This study aims to translate and validate an instrument (PeNAT) which can assess nausea and vomiting among Hong Kong Chinese children and adolescents undergoing chemotherapy
This is a multicenter, interventional, non-pharmacological study on a app for oral anticancer therapy management. A total of 124 patients will be considered. Patients will be randomized 1:1 to one of the following interventions: A. electronic diary B. paper diary The primary aim of the study is to assess the effectiveness of the electronic diary in improving adherence to oral therapy treatment compared to the paper diary, in patients with solid and haematological tumors.