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Alternative and complementary medicines (MAC) are commonly used by cancer patients to help them to face with anticancer treatment, reduce oncology symptoms and/or anticancer treatment adverse effects, detoxifying the body. In consistence with guidelines from the French Society for Oncology Pharmacy (SFPO), the pharmaceutical consultation includes a discussion and collection of herbs, botanical and other natural products consumed by cancer patients. This aim to prevent and manage herb-drug interaction as well as other drug-related problems (DRP). The recent French experimentation dedicated to cannabidiol for medical use could enhance interest of cancer patients in the field of MAC. However, cannabidiol have shown inhibitory effect on different cytochromes with a risk of HDI as other MAC. While the prevalence of MAC consumption is already known in some type of cancer, the consumption of CBD is less known and should be explored. Through this study we wish to know the prevalence of cannabidiol consumption in cancer patients and to establish a typical profile as well as to know the modalities of use. We also want to validate a questionnaire through a literacy scale.
Rationale: Adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors, diagnosed between 18-39 years, much more than children, suffer from delay in diagnosis, lack of centralization of care, age-adjusted expertise and follow-up care. The distribution of tumor types, biology, risk factors, developmental challenges and treatment regimens are different in AYAs compared to children. Therefore findings derived from childhood cancer survivors cannot be extrapolated to AYAs. Likewise, several large tumor-specific cohort studies exist that do not specifically address unique AYA age-specific issues. Globally, so far, the identification of AYA patient subgroups that might be more susceptible to poor health outcomes has not been systematically addressed. The role of sociodemographic and treatment-associated risks, external exposures (e.g. lifestyle) and host factors (e.g. genetic); or combinations of influences for impaired (age-specific) health outcomes, remains largely unknown. Understanding who is at risk and why, will support the development of evidence-based AYA prevention, treatment and supportive care programs and guidelines. Objective: To examine the prevalence, risk factors and mechanisms of impaired health outcomes (health-related quality of life and late effects) among a population-based sample of AYA cancer survivors. Study design: Retrospective, population-based, observational cohort study. Study population: AYA cancer survivors, diagnosed at age 18-39 years between 1999-2015, identified from the Netherlands Cancer Registry (NCR), and alive 5-20 year after diagnosis Main study parameters/endpoints: Health-related quality of life; late effects
Introduction: This study has been conducted to determine the effect of music on pain and anxiety levels in patients receiving chemotherapy during COVID-19. Methods: The research has been carried out in a real trial model with adult patients receiving chemotherapy. The sample of the study is consisted of 92 patients (45 in the experimental group and 47 for the control group). The data have been collected by the researcher with Google Forms (using State and Transient Anxiety Inventory and Visual Analog Skala) between March 2020 and July 2020, through the links sent to the phones of participants on the day they received chemotherapy. Results: The mean scores obtained from the post-test STAI (53.11±4.77) and VAS (3.44±2.53) scales in the experimental group have been determined to statistically significantly decrease when compared to the pre-test measurement data (STAI:54.26±4.26; VAS:4.22±2.41) (p<0.05). No statistically significant difference has been determined between pre-test and post-test mean scores of the patients in the control group. Conclusion: It has been observed that music applications reduce the pain and anxiety levels of patients receiving chemotherapy during the COVID-19 process. It can be recommended to use music applications in the management of pain and anxiety symptoms.
Our study highlights a low degree of neutralization-afforded protection mounted by CoronaVac in cancer patients when compared with healthy volunteers, especially patients who received chemotherapy. Further booster doses, beyond the conventional two-dose regimen might be needed for recipients of CoronaVac to maintain a long-term anamnestic response.
This research explores the use of wearable sensors (WS) and electronic patient-reported outcome (ePRO) surveys as tools to describe activity patterns and stress levels of advanced cancer patient/caregiver dyads in order to understand their needs better. Physiological data will be recorded passively during wearable sensors wear times. Electronic patient-reported outcome surveys will be used to perform ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) triggered by WS signals. If this pilot finds ecological momentary assessments useful, feasible and scalable, a long-term aim for follow-on studies is to translate EMA-based interventions into routine care.
The impact of cancer surgery during covid epidemic is not clear. The published reports show contradictory findings that extend from no change in mortality to increased mortality, further no data on exposure and outcome of health care worker is available. This study is designed to address the above questions
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), immunization; is defined as making a person immune or resistant to an infectious disease by applying a vaccine (1). The primary indicator of an effective immunization is that adequate vaccination rates have been achieved. The risk of cancer and chronic diseases increases with advancing age, which increases the importance of immunization in adults. Cancer patients, one of the patient groups for whom adult immunization is a priority and crucial, are subjected to immunosuppressive medications, making them vulnerable to infections. In cancer patients, infections are severe, antimicrobial treatments are sometimes insufficient, leading to morbidity and mortality. One of these infections is pneumococcal disease caused by Streptococcus pneumonia, with high morbidity and mortality in cancer patients. Invasive pneumococcal disease is seen 23-48 times more frequently in cancer patients compared to healthy individuals. In many countries worldwide, the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and the 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine, both developed to prevent pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumonia, are successfully used in childhood vaccination programs within the framework of WHO's immunization policies. However, in Turkey, like in the rest of the world, the required adult immunization rates have not been achieved yet. Immunization rates among cancer patients, one of the patient groups for whom adult vaccination is required, remain below the targeted levels. Pharmacists, one of the health professionals, have significant contributions to increasing vaccination rates in adults. According to studies, pharmacists can help raise immunization rates by providing education and information. In Turkey, no study has been conducted to assess the impact of vaccination education on cancer patients' attitudes and actions about the pneumococcal vaccine. This study aimed to determine the impact of pharmacist-led pneumonia and pneumococcal vaccine education on cancer patients' vaccination attitudes, knowledge, and vaccination rates.
This is a single-center retrospective study carried out with a phone call follow-up to investigate women's decision not to return for criopreserved ovocytes use after cancer treatment. The study database includes all women who underwent fertility preservation cycles at a third-level university-affiliated center from January 2001 to December 2017. Patients were asked a set of standardized questions whose purpose was to investigate their present health conditions, cancer treatment and any potential relapses, their family projects and sentimental status, any spontaneous conception, and why they had not yet returned for embryo transfer. All data were recorded anonymously in our dataset.
Study design A single blinded, randomized controlled experimental design was used. The study complied with guidelines outlined under the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) checklist. Sample and Participants The study was carried out in July-December 2021 with the participation of cancer patients who were treated at a university hospital in Istanbul/Turkey. Inclusion criteria; Patients aged 18 and over, volunteering to participate in the study, conscious and without communication problems, who did not take any course or practice (intervention?) on anxiety, tension, depression symptoms and coping with stress were included in the study. Sample size and randomization The sample number was calculated using the GPower 3.1.9 version program. At an effect size of 0.5 and an error level of 0.05 [alpha], the required sample size was determined to be at least 54 individuals for each group. A power analysis was performed considering the number of samples and the values of the data obtained from a similar study in the literature (Lee et al., 2020). The power of the analysis made with this sample size was determined as 93.1%. Considering the losses during the study, the sample number for each group was determined as 60 people. The groups of participants who agreed to participate in the study were determined by the program with the randomization URL http://www.randomization.com/. In order to distribute the numbers to the groups, the numbers from 1 to 120 were randomly assigned to the two groups, assuming that set 1 would represent the intervention group and set 2 would represent the control group. In line with the program, the order of the patients forming the sample group was determined by randomization. A total of 130 patients, 65 in the intervention group and 65 in the control group, were included in the study. 5 participants in the intervention group who did not want to participate and died during the study, and 5 participants in the control group who did not want to participate and died during the study were not included in the evaluation. In the study, the results of a total of 120 patients, 60 in the intervention group and 60 in the control group, were analyzed.
Colectomy is life-saving in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) because cancer development is inevitable in individuals with this disease. In this study, we aimed to determine the incidence of incidental malignancy in surgical specimens from patients who underwent colectomy for FAP. Prophylactic colectomy should be performed in patients with FAP, as colorectal cancer transformation is inevitable in these individuals. The possibility of incidental cancer identified via histopathological analysis of colectomy specimens should be kept in mind in these patients.