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Venous thromboembolism is a common and fatal disease closely related to cancer. The therapeutic challenge is major due to the high risk of recurrent thromboembolism and bleeding in patients with cancer. Guidelines recommend the use of low molecular-weight heparin for the treatment of Cancer-Associated venous Thromboembolism (CAT) at least for 3 to 6 months of treatment. However, recent advances through the results of several therapeutic trials such as CARAVAGGIO (NCT03045406) open the door to the use of Direct Oral AntiCoagulants (DOACs) as first-line therapy. Nevertheless, extrapolation of its results may be limited owing to a large number of inclusion and exclusion criteria, which may have selected a reduced population. The proportion of patients admitted with acute CAT who may not eligible to a trial as CARAVAGGIO is unknown.
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of a 30-week aerobic exercise therapy program in cancer patients recovering from COVID-19. The study will look at whether the aerobic exercise therapy causes few or mild side effects in participants. Aerobic exercise is physical activity that uses the large muscle groups (muscles in your legs, buttocks, back, and chest) and can be performed for several minutes at a time. The aerobic exercise therapy being used in this study will be a walking program that will be adjusted so it matches participant fitness levels (how much exercise you can handle).
Background Wales, like other UK countries, has relatively poor cancer outcomes. Late diagnosis and a slow referral process are major contributors. General practitioners (GPs) and other care providers working in primary care are often faced with patients presenting with a multitude of non-specific symptoms that could be cancer. Safety netting can be used to manage diagnostic uncertainty by ensuring patients with vague symptoms are appropriately monitored. The ThinkCancer! Workshop is an educational behaviour change intervention aimed at the whole general medical practice team, designed to improve primary care approaches to ensure timely diagnosis of cancer. The workshop will consist of teaching and awareness sessions, appointment of a Safety Netting Champion and the development of a bespoke Safety Netting Plan. This study aims to assess the feasibility of the ThinkCancer! Intervention for a future definitive randomised controlled trial, in terms of recruitment, randomisation, retention, acceptability, adherence and barriers to the intervention. Methods The ThinkCancer! study is a randomised, multisite feasibility trial, with an embedded process evaluation and economic evaluation. Twenty-three to 30 general medical practices will be recruited across Wales, randomised in a ratio of 2:1 of intervention versus control who will follow usual care. The workshop will be delivered by a GP educator, and will be adapted iteratively throughout the trial period. Baseline practice characteristics will be collected via questionnaire. We will also collect Primary Care Interval (PCI), Two Week Wait (2WW) referral rate, conversion rate and detection rate at baseline and six months post-randomisation. Participant feedback, researcher reflective notes and economic costings will be collected following each workshop. A process evaluation will assess implementation using an adapted Normalisation Measure Development (NoMAD) questionnaire and qualitative interviews. An economic feasibility analysis will inform a future economic evaluation. Discussion This study will allow us to test and further develop a novel evidenced-based complex intervention aimed at general practice teams to expedite the diagnosis of cancer in primary care. The results from this feasibility study will inform the future design of a full-scale definitive phase III trial.
PRESCIENT is a multi-center, prospective observational study aimed to detect cancers early by combined assays for serum protein markers and cell-free DNA (cfDNA) methylation markers. Blood RNA markers will also be evaluated. The study will enroll approximately 11879 participants, including participants with malignancies or benign diseases, and healthy participants.
PREDICT is a prospective, multicenter study for the early detection of pan-cancer through cell-free DNA (cfDNA) methylation-based model, in which approximately 14,000 participants will be enrolled. The development and validation of the model will be conducted in participants with cancers or benign diseases, along with non-tumor (healthy) individuals through a two-stage approach. The sensitivity and specificity of the model in cancer early detection will be evaluated, and the accuracy of the identification for tissue of origin will be obtained.
The aim of study is to analyse the feasibility of the use of nutritionnal complements after exercices before surgery for cancer. Body composition, muscle function and muscle mass will be analyse too.
The overall objective of the Morehouse Total Cancer Care study is to develop an improved standard of cancer care by facilitating new biomarker and drug target discovery, informatics solutions, clinical trials, and "personalized medicine" for our community oncology partners (i.e., community hospital systems, and other cancer care providers). To bring new translational research to the community, Morehouse School of Medicine has initiated the Total Cancer Care Program (TCCP). The TCCP establishes a unique collection of blood, tissue, other biological samples and their associated data (survey data, medical records data, cancer registry data, and other related data) from thousands of African American cancer patients, survivors, or those at risk of having cancer. This is not a treatment trial, but a longitudinal study designed to create a centralized cancer biorepository for precision medicine.
This is a single centre prospective observational study to assess the immune response to SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in cancer patients receiving active treatment or in follow-up at the IOSI and in non-cancer patients (age and gender matched).
As cancer survival rates have been increased due to technological developments and early detection strategies, there has been been a growing need to assess the effect of long-term complications and adverse effects upon patients' functionality and quality of life. Chemotherapy, which is accepted to be the body of systemic adjuvant therapy is attributed to long-term survival, yet some side effects such as sarcopenia, loss of muscle strength and functional capacity, fatigue, and sensory disturbances due to the neurotoxic effects have been well known. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a condition that is characterized by main loss of cutaneous sensation especially in the distal part of the extremities. CIPN affects approximately 30-40% of patients with cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Loss of sensation in distal sides of upper and lower extremities may cause not only deterioration of fine hand skills but also loss of balance and thereby one's mobility and independence are detrimentally affected. Thus, this study is aimed to assess CIPN in patients with cancer undergoing chemotherapy in a longitudinal design by assessing the cutaneous function of the sensory nerves and related effect of motor function.
This study will compare the VerTouch device the conventional palpation technique for performing diagnostic and therapeutic neuraxial procedures.