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Background: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and cataracts are two eye diseases. They were studied in the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS2) and the AREDS2 Follow-On study. These studies followed the natural course of the diseases. They also provided data on the long-term effects of certain oral supplements on AMD. Objective: To study the long-term effects of oral supplements on several things. These include incidences of lung cancer, development of late AMD, cataract surgery, cognitive function, and cardiovascular events. Eligibility: Former AREDS2 and AREDS2 Follow-On participants Design: Participants will have 1 visit. It will include: An eye exam that tests how well participants can see, measures eye pressure, and checks eye movements. The pupil will be dilated with eye drops. Pictures will be taken of the retina and the inside of the eye. Participants will grip a device in their hand to measure their grip strength. A blood sample will be taken. This will be stored for future genetic research. Cells may be created from the sample. A small sample of skin will be taken. Sponsoring Institution: National Eye Institute
The purpose of this study is to investigate experimental medication BMS-986277 given alone and in combination with Nivolumab in patients with epithelial cancer.
The purpose of this research is to understand if it is helpful for patients with mental illness to be connected to a psychiatrist and case manager at the time of cancer diagnosis.
The purpose of this project is to improve patient outcomes in individuals affected by cancer, through the implementation of a delirium screening and treatment protocol in the ICU setting. The hypothesis is that patients who receive an accurate and early diagnosis of delirium coupled with a standardized intervention protocol will demonstrate improved patient outcomes as evidenced by fewer days spent in the ICU, fewer days spent in the hospital (overall length of stay) and the need for less sedative medication throughout their ICU stay as compared to patient data prior to the implementation of a delirium protocol.
This work aims to describe the characteristics and methods of management of patients suffering from a solid tumor treated with immunotherapy admitted to intensive care.
The role of nutritional therapy (TN) in the surgical patient is well described in the literature and is associated with reductions in postoperative complications, length of hospital stay, and mortality. Adequate determination of caloric and protein requirements is an essential step in the TN institution, avoiding hypoalimentation and hyperalimentation. Thus, it is essential to understand the changes in energy expenditure after surgery and its relation with nutritional status. In addition, little is known about the effect of nutritional therapy and caloric adequacy on parameters such as phase angle and dynamometry. Thus, the objective of this study is to evaluate the changes in energy expenditure after major abdominal surgeries and to evaluate the phase angle and dynamometry as possible markers of nutritional therapy. Energy expenditure will be assessed by indirect calorimetry. Functionality will be assessed by means of dynamometry and 6-minute walk test. Nutritional diagnosis will be given through subjective global assessment. Energy and protein intake will be monitored and registered daily. Phase angle will be obtained by performing bioelectrical impedance.
The "Singapore Chinese Health Study" is a cohort study established by the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health in National University of Singapore, together with collaborators from several universities in the United States of America. This is a long-term study to help doctors and scientists understand the influence of diet, lifestyle and environment on the development of common diseases among Singaporean men and women. This includes cancer, heart disease, stroke, dementia, osteoporosis, high cholesterol and diabetes. The aim is to help us understand the causes of these diseases and to discover effective and efficient approaches for prevention and treatment.
APACCHE (Adapted Physical Activity and Cardiac Coherence in HEmatologic patients) study investigates effects of heart rate variability biofeedback training, combined with classical adapted physical activity, on health-related quality of life in patients previously treated for hematologic malignancies. It is a prospective, randomized clinical trial from University Hospital of Reunion Island. The main objective is evaluated with QLQ-C30 survey score differences.
The purpose of the AveNEC trial is to investigate the clinical activity and safety of avelumab in patients with NEC G3 (WHO 2010), including "NET G3" who are progressive after first line chemotherapy.
The purpose of this study is to investigate safety of experimental medication BMS-986242 and Nivolumab in patients with advanced cancers.