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The third generation of CAR-T cells that target PSCA or MUC1 have been constructed and their anti-cancer function has been verified by multiple in vitro and in vivo studies.Clinical studies will be performed to test the anti-cancer function of the PSCA/MUC1-CAR-T cells in human cancer patients with PSCA or MUC1 expression.In this phase I study, the safety,tolerance, and preliminary efficacy of the PSCA/MUC1-CAR-T cell immunotherapy on human will firstly be tested.
Cancer is becoming a chronic disease, with the requirement of a lifelong intake of cancer-controlling drugs. While young(er) patients may cope with this, geriatric cancer patients may require a more customized and tailored follow up. Most elderly patients have multiple other diseases ("comorbidities") and, due to many other factors, may per se not tolerate or simply not follow anticancer therapies. This may not only impair quality of life (QoL), but on the long rung also the therapeutic outcome (survival). Handheld devices provide a new reporting/communication tool for patients and health care providers. TeleGraPH will assess if these devices are a suitable communication modality in a cohort of geriatric cancer patients.
This study prospectively evaluates whether the use of iCAGES (integrated CAncer GEnome Score) tool in guiding the treatment of advanced cancers is superior to current standard care in progress free survival (PFS),overall survival (OS),and improvement of life quality.
Background: Researchers want to study fluids and blood of people with cancer. The fluids are from the abdomen and around the lungs. Studying these might help researchers learn about the biology of cancer. This may lead to better ways to treat cancer. Objectives: To study the biology of cancer. Eligibility: Adults 18 and older with malignant solid tumors. Design: Participants will be screened with medical history, blood tests, and confirmation of diagnosis. Participants will have samples taken at regularly scheduled procedures. Fluids from the abdomen and/or lungs will be taken as part of the procedures. Blood will be taken separately. Participants may be asked to give more samples at future procedures.
The goal of the McMaster Optimal Aging Portal is to be a trustworthy source for health information. The Portal team can see (through measuring analytics of website use) that thousands of people are using the Portal and the knowledge-sharing strategies in place (email alerts, Twitter and Facebook), with many more users added each month. Previous studies have measured the quality and trustworthiness of health information available online; others have studied the numbers and populations who use different types of information and how easy it is to use and understand. This study builds on that knowledge to find out: if easy-to-understand evidence-based messages reach members of the public, do these messages change what people know and think to do to stay healthy (in this case, what they know and think to do to lower their risk of cancer)?
Anthracycline (AC) chemotherapy has substantially reduced the mortality rate from several common cancers globally. Unfortunately, AC treatment is associated with up to 19% risk of heart failure (HF). Current standard of care for preventing AC induced HF (AIHF) is cardiac surveillance followed by initiation of treatment once HF is diagnosed. With this approach 89% of patients fail to recover heart function and 46% will experience adverse cardiac events. Therefore there is a need for effective preventive therapy to reduce the risk of AIHF. Based on small human studies, animal studies, and our own pilot data, statins are an ideal class of drug for this purpose. We will conduct a pilot double blinded, placebo controlled, randomized controlled trial to assess whether pre-treatment with statins before AC can prevent heart dysfunction. Eligible patients with cardiovascular risk factors scheduled to receive AC will be recruited. They will be randomized to statin therapy or placebo and followed until the end of cancer treatment. Primary outcome is the difference in cardiac MRI-determined left ventricular ejection fraction between pre-AC and end of treatment.
Purpose: The Guangzhou Nutrition and Health Study (GNHS) aims to assess the determinants of risk of osteoporosis and cardio-metabolic diseases and changes in their relevant indices in nutritional aspects, as well as other environmental and genetic factors. Study design: GNHS is a community-based prospective cohort study. Participants: About 4540 apparently healthy residents, living in Guangzhou city (South China) for >5 years, aged 40-80 years, recruited between 2008 and 2013. Visits and Data Collection: Participants were/will be visited every three years by invited to the School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University. At each visit, face-to-face interviews, specimen collection, anthropometric measurements, DXA scanning, ultrasonography evaluation were/will be conducted. Up to May 2017, 3400 and 2380 subjects completed the 2nd and 3rd visits. Key variables: 1. Questionnaire interviews: Structured questionnaires were/will be used to collect the participants' socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, menstruation and reproductive history (women only), sleep quality, family history, psychological health, social support and participation, cognitive function, habitual dietary intake, use of supplements and history of chronic diseases. 2. Physical examinations: Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure tests, handgrip strength, and usual gait speed. 3. DXA scanning: A dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was/will be used to determine bone density and bone mineral content, bone geometry information, fat mass and muscle mass. 4. Ultrasonography evaluations: Ultrasonography evaluation was/will be performed to determine carotid artery intima-media thickness and plaque, and fatty liver. 5. Specimen collections: Overnight fasting blood sample and early morning first-void urine sample and faces samples were/will be collected, separated and stored at −80°C till tests. 6. Laboratory tests: 1. Blood tests: Metabolic syndrome-related indices; inflammatory markers; sexual hormones and SHBG; genetic markers; nutritional indices (e.g., carotenoids; fatty acids; minerals, folate, betaine, choline, and vitamin D, etc.) 2. Urinary tests: Flavonoids and flavones; minerals; creatinine and renal function related markers 3. Fecal test: Gut microbiota and related metabolites. 7. Morbidity and mortality: Relevant data were/will be also retrieved via local multiple health information systems.
The purpose of this study is to develop and test a model of patient navigation that investigators hope will address the unique needs of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients and their families by minimizing barriers in their care and potentially improving the outcomes of their treatment while reducing distress and enhancing quality of life. Investigators plan to achieve this by increasing access to, and use of, the resources available at Moffitt Cancer Center for AYA patients and their families.
This study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a titration method by selects 10 mg control-released (CR) oxycodone tablet as background drug in combined with immediate-released (IR) oxycodone, compared to conventional titration method with immediate-released (IR) oxycodone in patients with moderate to severe cancer pain in Taiwan.
This study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of oxycodone control-released (CR) and/or immediate-released (IR) use in patients with moderate to severe cancer pain in a 3-months period in Taiwan.