View clinical trials related to Obesity.Filter by:
This trial studies how well nutrition and exercise interventions work in reducing androgen deprivation therapy-induced obese frailty in prostate cancer survivors. Individualized nutrition and exercise advice for prostate cancer patients on androgen deprivation therapy may help to reduce obese frailty and change the levels of myokines in blood.
The purpose of this pilot study is to evaluate an innovative 8-wk stress reduction program called Resilience, Stress and Ethnicity (RiSE) program designed to reduce chronic stress associated with perceived discrimination among African Americans. African Americans residing in the Maywood community between the ages of 25 and 75 with at least one cardiovascular disease risk factor such as being overweight, having high blood pressure, or diabetes will be enrolled. The following specific aims will be addressed: Aim 1: Determine the feasibility and acceptability of the program as a strategy to reduce chronic stress in African Americans within the Maywood and surrounding community. Aim 2: Examine the extent to which training in RiSE (1) improves psychological well being, (2) decreases inflammatory burden, and (3) reduces cardiovascular risk in African Americans Participants will be randomized to either the RiSE program or the control (no intervention group). Participants will provide blood and saliva samples as well as complete written questionnaires asking them questions about their health, well-being, and early life at the start of the study, half way through the study (at 4 weeks), at the completion of the intervention (8 weeks) and 3 months after the completion of the intervention).
This study's overarching aim is to follow a systematic approach that incorporates community-based participatory research (CBPR) to develop a multi-component weight loss intervention that may yield significant effects for a chronic SCI sample. The approach is to obtain data on the 3 unique strategies (prepackaged/portion-controlled meals; enhanced self-monitoring; the GLB-SCI) to inform design of an empirically supported and consumer-validated multicomponent intervention program, that combines the best of the 3 approaches into one unique intervention, the GLB SCI+. Based on the investigators' prior experience with adapting and delivering the GLB AIM (a lifestyle intervention previously adapted for those with impaired mobility), interim findings, existing literature, and consumer feedback, they hypothesize that these 3 unique strategies may confer individualized benefits to people with SCI given their complex disability-related barriers to weight loss.
To investigate the effect of added sugar to bake beans on glycemic and insulinemic response.
The purpose of this study is to examine whether adding phone coaching to an Internet-based weight loss program can improve weight loss outcomes at 4 months and 1 year. All individuals will receive a 4-month, Internet-delivered weight loss program followed by an 8-month Internet-delivered weight loss maintenance program. Some individuals will also be selected to receive either 3 weeks or 12 weeks of phone coaching. Assessments of weight, diet, physical activity, and psychosocial factors will occur at baseline, 4 months, and 1 year.
The aims of this proposal are to compare the effects of 4-h versus 6-h time restricted feeding (TRF) on body weight and metabolic disease risk factors in adults with obesity. To test the study objectives, a 10-week randomized, controlled, parallel-arm trial, divided into 2 consecutive periods: (1) 2-week baseline period; and (2) 8-week TRF weight loss period, will be implemented. Obese subjects (n = 150) will be randomized to 1 of 3 groups: (1) 4-h TRF (n = 50), (2) 6-h TRF (n = 50), or a no-intervention control group (n=50). This study will be the first randomized controlled trial of 4-h versus 6-h TRF, and will show that the 4-h TRF diet produces greater improvements in body weight, body composition, metabolic disease risk factors, sleep, and inflammation when compared to the 6-h TRF diet.
Muscle insulin resistance is a hallmark of upper body obesity (UBO) and Type 2 diabetes (T2DM). It is unknown whether muscle free fatty acid (FFA) availability or intramyocellular fatty acid trafficking is responsible for the abnormal response to insulin. Likewise, the investigators do not understand to what extent the incorporation of FFA into ceramides or diacylglycerols (DG) affect insulin signaling and muscle glucose uptake. The investigators will measure muscle FFA storage into intramyocellular triglyceride, intramyocellular fatty acid trafficking, activation of the insulin signaling pathway and glucose disposal rates under both saline control (high overnight FFA) and after an overnight infusion of intravenous niacin (lower/normal FFA) to provide the first integrated examination of the interaction between FFA and muscle insulin action from the whole body to the cellular/molecular level. By identifying which steps in the insulin signaling pathway are most affected, the investigators will determine the site-specific effect of ceramides and/or DG on different degrees of insulin resistance. Hypothesis 1: Greater trafficking of plasma FFA into intramyocellular DG will impair proximal insulin signaling and reduce muscle glucose uptake. Hypothesis 2: Lowering FFA in UBO and T2DM by using an intravenous infusion of niacin will alter trafficking of plasma FFA into intramyocellular ceramides in a way that will improve insulin signaling and increase muscle glucose uptake. Hypothesis 3: Lowering FFA in UBO and T2DM by using an intravenous infusion of niacin will alter trafficking of plasma FFA into intramyocellular DG in a way that will improve insulin signaling and increase muscle glucose uptake.
Using a randomized two-group, repeated measures experimental design, the goal of the proposed study is to investigate the efficacy of a 12-week nutrition and exercise education, physical activity, coping skills training, and home-based physical activity intervention in Hispanic women and their 3-4 year old children and 6 months of continued monthly contact to help overweight and obese Hispanic mothers improve adiposity, weight, health behaviors, and self-efficacy and their 3-4 year old children improve their adiposity and weight gain trajectory and health behaviors.
These studies will define the abnormalities in the adipocyte proteins that are involved in the failure of insulin to suppress lipolysis normally in humans with upper body obesity and will help discover the mechanism by which pioglitazone, a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes and improve insulin resistance, improves insulin-regulation of adipocyte fatty acid metabolism.
NAOBE is a randomized, open and prospective clinical trial that evaluates the accuracy to achieve an adequate mechanical axis of the lower extremity in obese patients after total knee replacement.