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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of Latino parent-focused education that combines enhancing parent engagement, building quality parent-child relationships, promoting healthy eating and physical activity, and engaging families with community resources for healthy foods on youth energy balance related behaviors and weight status.
The aim of the present study is to compare the effect of two weight loss interventions inducing the same energy deficit but one based on exercise and one using dietary restriction, on appetite control in obese adolescents. Investigator hypothesis that daily energy intake and hunger will be increased in the dietary restriction group but not in response to the exercise program.
This study evaluates differences in brain function and cognitive performance in adolescents with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to non diabetic controls (both obese and lean) and correlates these changes with obesity, insulin resistance, and glycemic control in youth with T2D.
School-based interventions have shown mixed results. Most studies have lacked enough statistical power and have been carried out in North America and Europe. The Juntos Santiago is a cluster-randomized trial based on a gamification strategy conducted in Santiago de Chile. The trial uses elements of a game such as points, levels and rewards along with a strong community participation component. Children voted their enrollment and collectively chose the rewards (two per year, one activity and another structural) they are playing for. The intervention consists of a healthy snacks challenge, a steps challenge and an activity challenge. The primary outcome is change in z-BMI and waist circumference.
Background: Family-based lifestyle intervention programmes have been known to reduce overweight and improve cardiovascular risk in adolescent obesity . This study was designed to address the gap in service provision of a family based weight management program for overweight and obese adolescents. The LITE (Lifestyle Intervention for obese teenagers) group program is a 6-month, family-based behavioural lifestyle intervention, specifically designed to treat obesity in adolescents 10-16 years referred to the Weight Management Clinic. The main principles underpinning LITE program are that parents are identified as the agents of change responsible for implementing lifestyle change in the family . Methods: The study design is a two-arm randomized controlled trial that recruited 60 overweight and obese adolescents 10-16 year olds that attended Kandang Kerbau Women and Children's Hospital(KKH) weight management clinic. Adolescents with secondary cause for obesity are excluded. Participants are randomized to LITE program with usual care or usual care. Briefly, the LITE program involves four x 180 min weekly sessions, followed by three x 90 min monthly sessions, for adolescents and parents. The key aspects covered in the LITE program are in keeping with Health Promotion Board guidelines for the management of overweight and obesity and include healthy food choices and eating patterns, increasing physical activity and reducing sedentary behavior. The parenting aspects aim to support and increase parental capacity to implement and maintain the lifestyle changes. The program takes a solution focused approach with families identifying small changes that they would like to try each week instead of a child-centric approach. Outcome measurement are assessed at 3 and 6 months post baseline and include anthropometric measurements, physical activity, dietary intake, metabolic profile, improvement in positive parenting behaviour and measurement of family support. Primary outcome is change in body mass index (BMI) z-score at 6 months. Secondary aim is to evaluate the changes in waist-height ratio and fat percentage change and improvement in positive parenting behaviour.
The overarching goal of this project is to determine whether the effect of gut microbiota on human metabolism might be mediated by short chain fatty acids (SCFA) and whether the SCFA might modulate lipid metabolism.
This study is the first of three sub-studies aimed at evaluating the outcomes of Living Green, Healthy for Teens (LiGHT v2.1), an app for 13 to 17 year -olds and their families that is intended to help them shift from an unhealthy lifestyle toward better health habits in three areas: physical activity, nutrition and sedentary behaviours. This first evaluation has the following aims to: 1) describe reach; 2) determine utilization/adherence to strategies implemented in the app and predictors of utilization/adherence; 3) assess change in knowledge and lifestyles behaviours associated with obesity as well as assess mediators of behaviour change. As this is a formative evaluation, it will prospectively follow 500 families for 4.5 months.
The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of an early and intensive intervention, based on techniques of effective counseling on healthy habits for parents, in order to reduce mean BMI at 2 years of age Secondly, the investigators will analyze the weighted increase of children's BMI, the eating habits of parents and children, duration of breastfeeding, physical activity level of parents and children and the children sleeping habits. In order to achieve it, the investigators have developed a randomized trial by Primary Care Centers, controlled by two parallel groups of study, open and multicenter study. The investigator team will recruit 414 pregnant women bwtween 12 and 16 weeks of gestation who will or will not receive an intervention, depending on their Primary Care Centers. The investigators will develop an intervention for parents, based on effective counseling techniques which are grounded on Motivational Interviewing approach with the objective of transmitting habits to reach a healthy lifestyle. The intervention consists in six workshops (90 minutes long), two prenatal and four postnatal, directed by professionals of the Field Researchers Basic Group (Family Practitioners, Pediatricians, Nurses and Midwives). Previously the field researchers will receive specialized training. This intervention will be compared to the usual model of care for children and women.
Latino children experience higher rates of obesity compared to non-Hispanic white children, especially in low-income communities. Optimal feeding strategies in early life, avoidance of screen time and longer sleep duration may lower the risk of obesity. Family financial hardship is also associated with short- and long-term health risks, including behavioral and mental health problems, and toxic stress which contributes to elevated risk of common chronic conditions over the life course. This proposal aims to pilot test two interventions to promote optimal health outcomes in Latino infants. Study participants will meet with a health educator after well child visits at 2-weeks, 2-, 4-, 6-, 9- and 12-months. Half of the parents will receive education on obesity prevention. The other half will receive financial education and case management using an established financial coaching approach. Parents will also receive text messages that reinforce educational content. The objective of this study is to determine the acceptability and feasibility of offering these interventions in the well-child setting. Study investigators also seek to determine the preliminary efficacy of these interventions on infant and parent health outcomes including dietary intake, screen time, sleep duration, health related quality of life and financial stress.
Physical inactivity is considered to be one of the ten principal risk factors for death worldwide. Children need to perform one hour of daily moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity whereof at least twice a week these activities are of vigorous intensity. In 2010, the percentage of 4-11 year-old normoactive Dutch children was approximately 20%. In addition, there is a dose-response relationship between BMI by sex and physical activity levels. Previous interventions that aimed to increase childhood physical activity produced small to negligible effects. One possible explanation is that individuals were not intrinsically motivated towards PA during the intervention period. Children spend a substantial amount of their time behind a game consule. There are a number of applications that motivate increase in PA in a fun way through engaging individuals in games that mix real and computing worlds. These games became known as serious games. In this study we want to investigate if the incorporation of a serious game BOOSTH in combination with an activity tracker to stimulate physical activity behaviour in overweight/ obese children.