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This study attempts to understand the association between maternal weight and child weight. Intended participants are both obese and lean women looking to get pregnant in the near future. Obese participants will be randomized to either a structured very low calorie diet or standard-of-care pre-natal dietary counseling. Lean participants will receive standard-of-care pre-natal dietary counseling. From pre-pregnancy through one-year after delivery, both mom and child will participate in tests looking at how their bodies process and store energy. Our hypothesis is that we affect the maternal-child weight association by changing the mother's pre-pregnancy metabolic make up.
SwissChronoFood - Study of eating patterns with a smartphone app and the metabolic effects of time restricted feeding in metabolic syndrome The purpose of this study is to assess eating patterns among teenagers and adults with a new method, going beyond the pen-and-paper food diaries, and to investigate whether time restricted feeding leads to weight loss, improvement in lipid and glucose metabolism in individuals with metabolic syndrome
This study will assess the feasibility of a randomized control trial in which the effects of probiotic supplementation throughout pregnancy on maternal insulin sensitivity and inflammation, as well offspring gene expression and body composition are examined.
It is unknown whether the bile acid pathway reacts differently to weight loss resulting from Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) surgery than weight loss resulting from caloric restriction alone.
Project which objective is to test the effectiveness of a classroom-based physical activity intervention (MOVI-da10!) on improving, body composition, cardio-respiratory fitness and executive function.
Project which objective is to test the effectiveness of an extracurricular physical activity intervention based on high intensity interval training (MOVI-daFit!) on improving cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), cardiometabolic risk, executive function, and academic performance.
The study investigates the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) versus continuous training (CT), combined or not with fasting, on capillary density, microvascular function, cardiometabolic risk markers, functional capacity, and quality of life, in overweight or obese sedentary women with cardiometabolic risk factors. The use of HIIT could promote greater improvements in these parameters than CT. Furthermore, the positive effects of exercise may increase when it is performed in the fasting state, compared to exercise performed in the fed state.
This study aims to assess barriers that prevent obesity patients from receiving adequate care for their condition. The non-interventional study will be administered in the form of a 30-minute, cross-sectional, online survey to various respondents. There is no experimentation involved in the process of data collection, and each survey poses minimal human risk. The study will evaluate lifestyle habits and weight management strategies perceived and/or practiced by each of 3 stakeholders in obesity: Patients (People with obesity), Providers, and Employers. A customized survey will be administered to each of the 3 stakeholders, and data will be analyzed based on respondents' answers.
The reason we are doing this research is to get information about the ORBERA™ Intragastric Balloon to learn if it is safe and if it works. We want to learn if older teenagers who are overweight will lose weight and if their other medical problems will get better. ORBERA™ is a special balloon approved by the FDA for overweight adults, and we would like to try using it for overweight teenagers.
The purpose of the study is to compare 3 different diets in pregnancy, equal in calories, and fats, different in refined grains compared to whole grains as a source of carbohydrates, and in calories from carbohydrate, compared to protein as a source of calories.The hypothesis is that there will be differences in the specified outcomes because the proportions of macronutrients are significant. The primary objective is to detect differences in weight gain.