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Insufficient or disrupted sleep, lack of physical activity and poor diet are linked with obesity and are now potential targets to combat obesity. Sleep related issues have become more important as people have been able to work, socialize, and use electronic devices outside of daylight hours. This has also altered how we eat and how we exercise. All of these factors can cause the body to not handle glucose (sugar) well resulting in insulin resistance. In time this could lead to type 2 diabetes.
This study will look at the change in the participant's body weight from the start to the end of the study. This is to compare the effect on body weight in people taking semaglutide (a new medicine) and people taking "dummy" medicine. In addition to taking the study medicine, the participant will have talks with study staff about healthy food choices, how to be more physically active and what else the participant can do to lose weight. Overweight and obesity is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Therefore, weight loss has shown to have a beneficial impact on the blood sugar levels. The participant will either get semaglutide or "dummy" medicine - which treatment the participant get is decided by chance. The participant will need to take 2 injections at the same time once a week. The study medicine is injected with a thin needle in a skin fold in the stomach, thigh or upper arm. The study will last for about 1.5 years
Background There has been much interest in the relationship between the types of gut microbiota and the development of obesity in recent years. It has been reported that the proportions of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes differ between obese and normal weight human subjects. Human intestinal microbiota compositions have been found to be associated with long-term dietary habits and lifestyle. However, an increasing number of researches show that intestinal microbiota composition may be affected after short-term diet intervention. Importantly, obesity and metabolic problems play important roles in morbidity and mortality of schizophrenia patients. Human intestinal microbiota compositions related with obesity may impact the heath of this population. Therefore, we searched current advances about the connection of obesity, intestinal microbiota compositions, and diet in schizophrenia to conduct a clinical research focus on the effect of high fiber diet on the intestinal microbiota of schizophrenia patients with central obesity. Method We will investigate in a 4-week intervention whether consumption of dietary fiber supplement(Inulin) affect the microbiota composition in schizophrenia inpatients with central obesity. Fecal samples from participants before and after the intervention will be processed for the microbiota analysis.
The aim of this study is to gain insight into brain structure and the neural networks that control taste and eating behaviour in patients with severe obesity undergoing a primary sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or a lifestyle intervention for weight loss compared with normal weight individuals, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).
The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of acute beetroot juice supplementation on exercise performance and cardiometabolic health in obese individuals with secondary cardiometabolic complications. Additionally, we will determine if the ergogenic health benefits of beetroot juice is due to the nitric oxide compound within the product, the antioxidant compound within the product, or a combination of the two compounds.
This study will investigate the effects of curcumin on the structure/function of the body by investigating whether targeted improvement of intestinal barrier function by supplementation with oral curcumin will result in attenuation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) translocation and/or intestinal inflammation.
This study investigates repetitive cold-water exposure on brown fat activity assessed by infrared thermography imagine. Furthermore we will assess glucose control upon winter-swimming. Obese prediabetic men and women will be randomized to winter-swimming or control conditions for 4 months.
- Obesity is an important and growing worldwide - Obesity is highly related to the development of metabolic syndrome, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer - Diverse adverse events have been reported with the use of antiobesity drugs. - Several articles describe the beneficial effect of several specific components of the Obex® supplement on weight loss, in the reduction of waist circumference, suppression of appetite, decrease fasting glucose levels, improvement of insulin sensitivity and β cells function. - Therefore, the administration of Obex in overweight and obese patients could be an excellent strategy to induce weight loss and ameliorate the metabolic disturbances related to obesity and overweight.
The primary objective of this study is to assess efficacy of intragastric balloon for weight loss in obese patients who also concurrently have NASH.
In the study of a population of severe asthmatics, not controlled despite the treatment conducted, it was possible to evidence 5 phenotypic groups of patients. According to the refractoriness of the response to treatment, severe asthma may be phenotype in some distinct groups.Other prospective study found a large proportion of severe asthmatics with persistent airway obstruction, despite optimized treatment and systematic follow-up. Small airway involvement and remodelling, characterized by bronchial muscle thickening, appear to be the main culprits for asthma severity and persistent obstruction in this population.A point of interest in the severe asthmatics cohort was the vast majority were female and there were a considerable number of obese. Recent reviews show that the more consistent division of phenotypes in patients with severe asthma is still based on 3 previously described criteria (presence of atopy, eosinophilia and age of onset of asthma) and a more recent criterion for the presence of multi-comorbidities. Heterogeneity is the rule, the presumption of a natural evolution of gravity is not confirmed and the overlap of clusters is frequent. The stability and natural history of the phenotypes is poorly understood, postulating that the inflammatory activation of the severe asma is multifactorial and may resemble that described in the oncology literature.To date, there are no markers that allow prediction of lung evolution of most patients with severe asthma, and which patients are at greater risk of developing persistent or accelerated loss airflow or lung function, factors determining the severity of asthma. It is also unclear whether and how much phenotype-based treatment impact on disease control and prognosis. Future studies will be instrumental in defining how and why. These phenotypes are evolving, leading to the disabling characteristics of severe asthma and what may be the more effective therapeutic approaches for these patients. Since the initiated research group from 2006 has an extensive clinical, functional, inflammatory, tomographic and morphological evaluation of a cohort of patients with severe asthma, the ideal scenario exists to advance the understanding and investigation of the evolution of this rare disease through standardized follow-up.