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Worldwide, in terms of attributable deaths, the main intermediate risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases is systemic arterial hypertension, followed by overweight and sustained hyperglycemia. These factors have positively influenced public and private spending on health. The more robust studies showed that age is one of the main determinants of arterial stiffness. However, there is a possibility that other variables, such as elevated glucose levels, obesity, and systemic inflammation itself, as well as insulin resistance are important factors in this scenario. On the other hand, the measurement of the pulse wave velocity is widely acceptable for the evaluation of the arterial stiffness, inferring the cardiovascular risk in different populations. Since arterial stiffness is influenced by hemodynamic forces and inflammatory mediators, which may be related to sodium and glucose balance, it is necessary to evaluate whether a hypocaloric and low glycemic load diet, in a thesis that decreases lipid and inflammatory levels, may have favorable effects on pulse wave velocity in overweight adults.
The proposed study will design and evaluate a computerized-delivered single-session anxiety sensitivity reduction program (i.e., Anxiety Sensitivity Training; AST). The AST will be designed to achieve three primary aims: (1) provide psycho-educational information on AS and its consequences, (2) present psycho-educational information on the relationship between AS and obesity-related health behavior correlates, and (3) offer concrete, evidence-based strategies to facilitate motivation to change their obesity-related lifestyle behaviors.
Cow's milk is a dietary staple for children in North America. Though clinical guidelines suggest children transition from whole (3.25% fat) milk to reduced (1%) fat milk at age 2 years, recent epidemiological evidence supports a link between whole milk consumption and lower adiposity in children. The purpose of this trial is to determine which milk fat recommendation minimizes excess adiposity and optimizes child nutrition and development. CoMFORT will be a parallel group randomized controlled trial among children aged 2 to 4 years participating in the TARGet Kids! practice-based research network. Children will be randomized to receive one of two usual care nutritional recommendations: 1) a recommendation to consume whole milk, or 2) a recommendation to consume reduced (1%) fat milk. The primary outcome is Body Mass Index z-score (zBMI); secondary outcomes will be cognitive development (using the Ages and Stages Questionnaire), vitamin D stores (serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D), cardiometabolic health (glucose, hsCRP, non-HDL, LDL, triglyceride, HDL and total cholesterol, insulin, and diastolic and systolic blood pressure) and sugar sweetened beverage intake (measured by 24-hour dietary recall). Outcomes will be measured 24 months post-randomization and compared using ANCOVA, adjusting for baseline measures. This trial will contribute to nutrition policy for children in effort to reduce childhood obesity using a simple, inexpensive and scalable cow's milk fat intervention.
The pilot study will be a one group treatment program and will be utilized to refine the M+BWL program.
Overweight and obesity is a growing problem in the world. Today more than 50 % of all people over 18 years in Sweden are overweight or obese. Main reasons for this are changes in lifestyle habits regarding diet and physical exercise. Overweight and obesity increases risk of different diseases such as type 2 diabetes, arthrosis and cancer; it also affects quality of life. Losing 5-10 % of your body weight improves metabolic health and quality of life. Lifestyle changes are very important in order to lose weight but it can be challenging to carry through with these changes on your own without support. In the primary care in Region Orebro län a group treatment, "Step by step", has been in use since 2010. It comprises of six group sessions over 6-8 months with different themes such as diet, physical exercise and stress. Between the group sessions there are home assignments, such as writing a diet or exercise diary. This observational study will evaluate "Step by step" and the effect the group treatment has on the participants' weight, dietary habits, physical activity, quality of life, eating habits and metabolic health.
Obesity, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and gene-specific dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) are common medical conditions. Small-scale studies have shown that these are associated with proarrhythmic changes on 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) and a higher risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). However, these studies lack the deep electrophysiological phenotyping required to explain their observations. Electrocardiographic imaging (ECGi) is a non-invasive alternative to 12-lead ECG, by which epicardial potentials, electrograms and activation sequences can be recorded to study adverse electrophysiological modelling in greater depth and on a more focussed, subject-specific scale. Therefore, this study proposes to better define the risk of arrhythmia and understand the underlying adverse electrophysiological remodelling conferring this risk in three groups (obesity, RA and DCM). Firstly, data from two large, national repositories will be analysed to identify associations between routine clinical biomarkers and proarrhythmic 12-lead ECG parameters, to confirm adverse electrophysiological remodelling and a higher risk of arrhythmia. Secondly,ECGi will be performed before and after planned clinical intervention in obese and RA patients, and at baseline in titin-truncating variant (TTNtv)-positive and -negative DCM patients, to characterise the specific and potentially reversible conduction and repolarisation abnormalities that may underlie increased arrhythmic risk.
Obesity paradox In patient with non valvular atrial fibrillation
The prevalence of obesity is increasing and affects more than 650 million people of all ages to become one of the foremost global health threats. Obesity is a complex syndrome that can seriously impair health through a broad range of complications such as cardiovascular disease, type 1 and 2 diabetes (T1D and T2D), cancer, musculoskeletal disorders, psychosocial imbalances, and reduced quality of life, and impacts the treatment of other conditions. Weight reduction has been shown to have a positive effect on these co-morbidities and may increase the effectiveness of treatments specific for other co-morbidities. Lifestyle modification is an integral part of the weight management journey, but is often insufficient on its own, and can be complimented by pharmacological and surgical add-on treatments to achieve greater and more sustainable weight loss, as appropriate. It is likely that there are subgroups of patients that are more suited to certain types of treatment and results risk dilution of perceived efficacy unless these groups are identified and treatment is personalised. The aim of this project is to identify pathophysiologically and clinically meaningful subgroups of obesity by performing Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) approaches and network based algorithm that will allow the optimisation of prevention and treatment of obesity and its complications.
The primary objective is to measure the impact of this treatment for patients with obesity of class I, or class II without co-morbidity, assessed by excess weight loss (EWL)>25%. The secondary objectives are to measure total body weight loss >5%, BMI reduction, tolerance, complications related to this technique in this indication. This study is a prospective, pilot, bi-center safety and efficacy study. 30 patients will be enrolled between APHM, Marseille et CHU L'Archet Nice
The purpose of pilot trial is to compare the efficacy of lifestyle intervention, metformin intervention, lifestyle combined with metformin intervention in improving assisted reproductive technology in non-polycystic ovary syndrome(pcos) patients with overweight/obesity and insulin resistance compared with conventional clinical education. Subjects who meet the inclusion criteria will be randomized to four groups: lifestyle intervention group, metformin intervention group, lifestyle combined with metformin intervention group, and routine clinical education group. Subjects of above three intervention group will start ovulation stimulation treatment after reach the aim or duration of intervention and routine clinical education group has no intervention. All subjects are treated with the same procedures, including a long ovarian stimulation regimen, oocyte retrieval, and fertilization, followed by a planned transfer of two day-3 embryos. The primary outcome is ongoing pregnancy rate.