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There are limited evidence-based treatments for adolescents with binge eating and fewer specifically targeting adolescents with both binge eating and overweight/obesity. The existing research for adolescents with overweight/obesity and loss of control (LOC) eating supports a stepped-care model of treatment in which enhanced behavioral weight loss treatment is the first line of treatment followed by more intensive therapeutic treatment for individuals with remaining emotional eating difficulties. Thus, in this proposed study, the investigators will systematically develop a stepped-care protocol and manualized interventions for adolescents with LOC and binge eating behaviors. The investigators will then evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the interventions in a pilot trial and gather preliminary outcome data to inform development of a subsequent randomized controlled trial.
This is a randomized controlled trial. The present study involves an acute and chronic intervention, which is a water-based exercise (one session: to acute intervention; 12-weeks of aquatic exercise program: to chronic intervention). The sample will be composed by elderly enrolled in university extension program titled "Hidroginastica na Terceira Idade" (Hydrogymnastics in aging). It will be evaluated the effects of water-based exercise on hemodynamics, self-reported sleep quality, depressive symptoms, quality of life, body composition, level of physical activity and functional capacity. The investigators hypothesized that an acute water-based exercise under different intensities promotes hemodynamics changes in elderly. In addition, the investigators hypothesized that 12-weeks of aquatic exercise may lead improvements in self-reported sleep quality, depressive symptoms, quality of life, body composition, level of physical activity and functional capacity in elderly.
The molecular mechanisms underlying developmental programming of childhood obesity remain poorly understood. Here, the investigators address major questions about early childhood obesity programming by studying CD3+ T-cells from intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) newborns who have an increased risk for obesity and other metabolic disorders in adult life.
The enteroendocrine system is composed from different cells along the different parts of the gastrointestinal tract, secreting diverse hormones and bariatric surgery alters intestinal hormone secretion, affecting glycemic control and weight. The aim of the study is to characterize the composition and secretory profile of enteroendocrine cells in the obese, non-obese and non-obese post bariatric surgery.
Accumulating evidence suggests that the natriuretic peptide (NP) hormonal system has important effects on metabolism. However, more information is needed to better understand the effects of NPs on metabolism in humans. Therefore, the investigators propose a study to determine the effects of b-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) on energy and fat metabolism in humans. The investigators' primary hypothesis is that the administration of BNP will increase energy expenditure in humans. The investigators' secondary hypothesis is that BNP administration will promote changes in gene expression in fat tissue suggestive of fat "beiging" in humans. Interventions that safely increase energy expenditure and promote fat "beiging" represent potential strategies for treating metabolic dysfunction due to obesity.
The primary aim of this study is to test the efficacy of patient-provided treatment for weight-loss maintenance.
This study will evaluate the effects of dietary carbohydrate and sugar consumption, independent of energy content, on body fatness and metabolism in a rigorous feeding study.
This project aims first to determine the prevalence of sarcopenia in a population of obese people of extended age group (18-70 years). In a second step, the factors determining and / or predisposing to sarcopenic obesity will be identified as well as plasmatic and urinary biomarkers specific to this phenotype.
This is a randomized controlled trial studying the effects of time-restricted feeding (TRF) on weight loss in obese humans. Obesity is the number one risk factor for type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), and numerous studies demonstrate that weight loss is an effective strategy to prevent T2DM and improve the metabolic health of people diagnosed with T2DM. Unfortunately, classical calorie restriction diets often fail to produce long-term weight loss due to low compliance, reduced resting metabolic rate (RMR), and other factors. Therefore, novel dieting techniques must be explored in order to successfully treat obesity and prevent T2DM. Studies in mice provide compelling evidence that feeding/fasting cycles can be altered to produce beneficial effects on weight loss and metabolic health markers in the absence of calorie restriction. Limited research in human subjects suggests that this feeding paradigm may translate to human health as well, however, more research needs to be done in order to confirm this hypothesis. This study will determine if TRE can lead to weight loss in obese human subjects. Secondary outcomes include changes in body composition, HOMA-IR, hormonal and biochemical serum markers, RMR, and total energy expenditure (TEE).
Morbid obesity leads to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and not all NAFLD cases benefit from weight loss e.g. after bariatric surgery. Our aim is to find out, which intrahepatic factors and / or biomarkers might be beneficial or can be identified as prognostic factors for remission of NAFLD after weight loss. As other factors such as the microbiome or muscle and fatty tissue also influence the development of obesity and liver diseases, it is planned to examine these parameters before and after bariatric surgery as well. Tissue biopsies will therefore be taken during the surgery, and blood as well as stool samples will be collected and compared for suitable biomarkers before and after the intervention.