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The current epidemic of obesity relates to the transition from traditional to industrialised diets. The present project investigates the effect on body energy of recommending the consumption of traditional "home meals", which may be a useful recommendation against obesity. A randomized controlled trial design is applied assigning participants to a recommendation of consuming during 12 weeks either "home meals" or "healthy meals." Frequency of consumption of energy-dense foods and of exercise is monitored throughout the intervention; weight and body fat are measured at baseline and at four-week intervals. The hypothesis is that consuming more frequently "home meals" reduces at least as much weight and adiposity as "healthy meals".
The study aims to assess body weight and body composition changes in overweight and obese persons consuming an energy-reduced diet containing foods with either sucrose or isomaltulose (Palatinose(TM)) over a period of 3 months.
An initial pilot and feasibility study will be conducted using a Sequential, Multiple Assignment, Randomized Trial (SMART) design to identify acceptable and effective dietary strategies to optimize both glycemic control and weight management in young adults with Type 1 diabetes (T1D). This pilot trial will include a ten-and-a-half month behavioral intervention, with co-primary outcomes of glycemic control (HbA1C and hypoglycemia) and weight loss. The pilot trial will assess acceptability and adherence to three distinct, evidence-based dietary approaches designed to address weight management and glycemic control. Behavioral counseling strategies, use of carbohydrate counting for insulin dosing, and encouragement of physical activity will be the same across the three dietary approaches.
The purpose of this study is to 1) conduct a formative evaluation with patients and providers to a) review intervention features in a weight loss app that the Tate team has previously developed to promote PA and diet and adapt them to the needs and perspectives of those with Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM), and b) explore feasibility and acceptability of daily monitoring of BG using continuous monitoring (CGM), self-monitoring of diet using the simplified system, appropriate displays of data to facilitate comprehension and decision making, inform updates to weight loss intervention materials to meet the needs of this patient population, 2) develop the modified intervention and 3) conduct a pilot and feasibility study on short-term impacts of the intervention in overweight adult patients with T2DM not treated with medications in preparation for an R01 submission.
Breast milk is the best food during the first 6mo of life because it offers multiple benefits for the mother-infant pair. An inadequate maternal diet during pregnancy can lead to excess weight gain, leading to negative health consequences for the dyad. In Mexico, an excess of body weight coexists with micronutrient deficiencies (double burden of malnutrition). Low vitamin A concentration has been observed in northwest Mexico, which can affect the human milk composition and increase the risk of VAD in breastfed babies. An individualized dietary intervention in the lactating woman will reduce body weight and improve vitamin A status. The objective is to assess the effect of an individualized dietary intervention during 3 months postpartum on body composition and vitamin A status of lactating women.
This study evaluates the effects of Gelesis200 on Appetite Parameters, Food Intake, and Glycemic Control in Overweight or Obese Prediabetic Subjects: A Sub-Study of LIGHT-UP. Some of the patients will receive Gelesis200, the other will receive a combination of Gelesis200 and placebo and the final group will receive just placebo.
The purpose of the present study was to conduct a pilot RCT to test the feasibility of a physician-delivered ACT-based intervention for emotional eaters with overweight/obesity against standard care at a network of weight loss clinics. Participants were randomized to receive either standard care at the clinics or the ACT intervention.
Epidemiological studies have indicated that the consumption of citrus fruit is inversely associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, clinical data regarding the effects of blood orange juice upon endothelial function is scarce. This randomised, crossover study investigates whether blood orange juice compared to a control drink improves blood vessel function and other cardiovascular health indicators (such as blood pressure and blood lipids). All the subjects will be asked to consume blood orange juice and a control drink in a randomised order, each over a 2-week period, divided by a 1-week wash out period.
This is a feasibility and acceptability study of a 16-month single-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) designed to test the initial effectiveness of a well-being and small lifestyle changes intervention aimed at promoting weight loss and stress reduction in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Primary goals of this study are to 1) evaluate study feasibility and patient acceptability, 2) develop a tailored protocol of a behavioral intervention for overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes that takes stress and well-being into consideration, 3) evaluate appropriateness of research procedures and measures, 4) examine effect size estimates of key outcomes to provide essential data to inform a larger efficacy trial, 5) determine whether clinically significant improvements occurred in any key outcomes.
The purpose of this study is to learn if a new whole-person lifestyle program improves the health of low-income mothers.