View clinical trials related to Overweight and Obesity.Filter by:
Overweight and obesity is a growing problem in the world. Today more than 50 % of all people over 18 years in Sweden are overweight or obese. Main reasons for this are changes in lifestyle habits regarding diet and physical exercise. Overweight and obesity increases risk of different diseases such as type 2 diabetes, arthrosis and cancer; it also affects quality of life. Losing 5-10 % of your body weight improves metabolic health and quality of life. Lifestyle changes are very important in order to lose weight but it can be challenging to carry through with these changes on your own without support. In the primary care in Region Orebro län a group treatment, "Step by step", has been in use since 2010. It comprises of six group sessions over 6-8 months with different themes such as diet, physical exercise and stress. Between the group sessions there are home assignments, such as writing a diet or exercise diary. This observational study will evaluate "Step by step" and the effect the group treatment has on the participants' weight, dietary habits, physical activity, quality of life, eating habits and metabolic health.
Research has shown that replacing sitting time with low intensity physical activity (such as slowly walking and standing) has beneficial effects on metabolic health, like insulin sensitivity, comparable to improvements after sitting all day in combination with 1h streneous exercise. The main objective of this study is to investigate the underlying mechanisms responsible for improved insulin sensitivity after 4 days of sitting less compared to sitting and exercise in healthy obese women. Our secondary objective is to investigate the effects of sitting less on cardio metabolic parameters.
A prospective non-interventional single-centre study aimed to assess the current practice of non-pharmacological treatment and pharmacological therapy of overweight and obesity in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) or with a high risk of CVD according to the patients' survey data
The SMART 2.0 study is a 24-month trial designed to evaluate the impact of the intervention with technology and personal health coaching or with technology alone on objectively measured weight among overweight young adults in a university setting over 24 months compared to a control group. The investigators hypothesize that both interventions will significantly improve weight compared to the control group, and the group receiving personal health coaching will experience the greatest improvement.
Background: The relationship between the frequency of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and the resultant adaptations is largely unclear. Purpose: This study examined the effects of different frequencies of HIIT compared to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on body composition and cardiovascular biomarkers in overweight or obese adults. Methods: This study was a randomized, controlled, single-blinded trial. Fifty-six overweight or obese men aged between 18 and 30 years were randomly assigned to no-intervention control (CON; n=14), MICT performed thrice weekly (MICT×3/wk; n=9), HIIT performed thrice weekly (HIIT×3/wk; n=14), HIIT performed twice weekly (HIIT×2/wk; n=10), and HIIT performed once weekly (HIIT×1/wk; n=9). Each HIIT session consisted of 12 × 1-min bouts at 90% heart rate reserve (HRR), interspersed with 11 × 1-min bouts at 70% HRR (HIIT×3/wk: 69 min/wk; HIIT×2/wk: 46 min/wk; HIIT×1/wk: 23 min/wk). Aerobic capacity, resting heart rate, body composition, waist circumference, blood pressure, endothelial function, fasting blood glucose and lipids, circulatory adipokines and inflammatory biomarkers were examined at baseline, after 4 weeks and 8 weeks of intervention.
The PERGROUP trial aims to investigate whether Web-based personal or Web-based group counselling weight management program can help to achieve lifestyle changes needed for weight loss and improvement in quality of life and cardiovascular risk factors. The control group is the traditional nurse-lead weight management group counselling.
Plant-based nutrition may have positive effects on chronic diseases such as cardiovascular or metabolic disorders. This study investigates the effects of a 8 week plant-based diet for patients with metabolic syndrom and cardiovascular risk factors.
In the present study the investigators will investigate the effect of consuming lipids inside alginate gel once a day during 4 days on food intake and satiety feelings in healthy people with overweight. All participants will receive a test yogurt that includes the oil-filled Ca-alginate gels and a control yogurt where the oil is not inside the gels.
This study seeks to confirm and extend previous finding that four weeks of daily intake of 40 g of walnuts improve microvascular function, increasing the reactive hyperemia index (RHI), effects which were greatest in individuals with the worst initial RHI and correlating to circulating levels of vasoactive plasma epoxides. The current trial will enroll postmenopausal women who are at risk for cardiovascular disease due to their menopausal status and increased central adiposity. The initial trial focused on non-esterified (i.e. plasma) derived oxylipins, but substantial and unique changes were also observed in the esterified lipoprotein pool. The current study will add the esterified lipoprotein pool, important, as the mechanisms by which walnut intake influences endothelial function are currently undefined, but may include lipoprotein induced modulation of vascular hemostasis. As a secondary objective, primary metabolism and urolithin metabotype will be analyzed as a way to capture the influence of potential differences in habitual diet and metabolism on physiologic response. Therefore, this study will combine measures of cardiovascular physiology, metabolomics, and walnut-derived metabolite analyses to assess the 12 week influence of 40 g of daily walnut intake on the health of overweight and obese postmenopausal women.
The investigators aim to test an evidence-based intervention, allocated to a mobile app designed to parents and their children with 3 to 6 years old, identified by family doctors or nurses at well-child care visits as overweight or obese for age. This intervention aims to improve parent's perceptions and attitudes regarding children's weight status and food intake, leading to better dietary intake and children's' eating behaviors through positive parental child-feeding practices. In this study, the investigators aim to assess the feasibility of the intervention and explore its impact on the beliefs and attitudes of parents.