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The study team's research fills the gap in the obesity literature where BMI with a cut point of 35 is frequently used to show the association between BMI and metabolic syndrome biomarkers. The study team was unable to locate any papers that showed the association between metabolic syndrome biomarkers and BMI from 35 to 69.9, and especially graphically as this clinical team has presented.
The Pitt Retiree Study (PRS) disseminates a novel, yet practical, diabetes prevention program among Medicare eligible adults in Western Pennsylvania. This study will provide 4, and 12 month outcome data (with a no treatment follow-up assessment at 24 months) to help determine whether a continued contact group telephone intervention is feasible and effective in enhancing health outcomes and physical functional ability in high risk adults (aged 65-80) with obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors .
The aim of the Cork and Kerry Study Phase II (Mitchelstown cohort recruited 2010-11) is to provide an updated profile of glucose tolerance status, cardiovascular health and their related factors in an Irish adult general population sample and to compare the findings with those obtained during baseline assessment of Phase I of the Cork and Kerry study (1998) and the rescreen (2008).
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a mobile phone app linked to hospital electronic medical record (EMR) system on weight reduction and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Adults aged > 20 years with witnessed snoring or sleep apnea from a sleep clinic of a tertiary center were prospectively enrolled, and the participats were randomized into app user and control groups. The mobile app was designed to collect daily lifestyle data by wearing a wrist activity tracker and reporting dietary intake. At the visit after 2 weeks of use, a summary of the lifestyle was displayed on the hospital EMR and reviewed by both physicians and app users. Further lifestyle modification was encouraged on the basis of the electronically collected data. In the control group, the lifestyle modification performed as the usual practice. All participants underwent Watch PAT and body mass index (BMI) measurement twice: on enrollment; and after 4-weeks follow up. Changes of BMI, and parameters of sleep related breathing were analyzed.
The purpose of this study is to characterize the hormonal status in fertile women undergoing laparoscopic gastric bypass, pre- and postoperatively, and evaluate if there is a correlation between health-related quality of life and proposed hormone changes post-operatively.
Despite recommends that school-based interventions use a comprehensive approach for health promotions; most fitness programs exclusively emphasize physical activity. This study compared the comprehensive Translational Health in Nutrition and Kinesiology (THINK) program to a traditional YMCA program (The Sports, Play, and Active Recreation for Kids (SPARK) fitness curriculum) on measures of physical fitness, body composition, and executive cognitive function outcomes among 105 ethnic minority children (9±1.03 years old) following a 10-week intervention period.
In Bangladesh, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children varies from less than 1% to 17.9% based on different reference standard. In 2014 school based country wide study has been demonstrated that among children (6-15 years of age), 9.6% were overweight and 3.5% children were obese. Childhood obesity is getting increasing attention due to its association with adult obesity and increased risk of co morbidities in adulthood. Childhood obesity is known to be an independent risk factor for adult obesity and once a child is obese, it is difficult to reverse through interventions. This suggests an urgent need to address overweight and obesity levels in childhood. The increasing trend of childhood obesity suggests urgent solution of the problem. There is no evidence of intervention for childhood overweight and obesity exists in Bangladesh. This feasibility study will be able to generate evidence for overcoming this upcoming epidemic in resource poor setting. If the proposed study will be able to address its objective that will create a possibility for developing a large cluster randomized trial in low resource setting like Bangladesh. This study will also give opportunity to our policy makers for advocating to the government of Bangladesh for adopting an obesity control policy for children. The aim of the study is to develop a school based healthy eating and active lifestyles module and assess feasibility and acceptability of the guideline in school setting. Outcome measures/variables: Healthy Eating and Active Living intervention material (Guideline, Tiffin box) Perception of children, parents and policy makers regarding obesogenic behavior Acceptance of children, parents and policy makers regarding planned intervention. Facilitators and barriers of Healthy Eating and Active Living.
This is a cross-sectional study aimed to investigate microvascular reactivity in prepubertal children according to adiposity status.
The study tested an intervention that used a cue-removal and implementation intentions based strategy to change habitual dietary behaviors. The intervention was evaluated using a randomized experimental design that consisted of two conditions including (1) a control condition or (2) a cue and implementation intention-based intervention. High schools (N=22) were randomly assigned to one of the two conditions. Families (N=187), with a family defined as an adolescent and one participating parent, were recruited from within the 22 schools. All of the families from each school were assigned to the same condition. Families that were eligible for the study and that were interested in participating scheduled an appointment to complete informed consent. After written parental consent and youth assent was obtained, the participants had their height and weight measured and completed a series of questionnaires programmed on laptops. In addition, the adolescent took part in a 24 Hour Dietary Recall Assessment. The family was also informed that a second 24 Hour Dietary Recall Assessment would be administered to the adolescent over the phone in approximately 3-14 days. Families that were from a school assigned to the control condition received an intervention on sun safety that consisted of a 10-minute meeting with a trained Health Coach, two generic newsletters, an email, and a text message. Families from a school assigned to the cue- and implementation intentions condition received an intervention on healthy snacking and the reduction of sugar sweetened beverage consumption that consisted of a 90-minute meeting with a trained Health Coach, two 20-minute phone calls, four tailored newsletters, and a series of emails and text messages. Both of these interventions were delivered over a period of 3-10 weeks depending on the self-directed pace of the participants. All participants were then asked to complete a follow-up assessment appointment three months after their original consenting appointment. Our hypotheses focused on dietary behaviors and stated that adolescents assigned to the cue-removal and implementation intentions intervention would consume significantly fewer daily servings of high fat snacks, high sugar snacks, and sugar sweetened beverages than adolescents in the control condition.
The investigators will assess the heterogeneity of obese individuals in the United States to help researchers, clinicians and policymakers to establish goals for obesity treatment and identify whether differing interventions may be needed.