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Dietary protein is a key element of most effective weight loss regimens. This study will investigate the effects of consuming soy protein on body composition and cardiometabolic health within the context of an effective weight loss and maintenance program called the Colorado Diet.
The Youth and Sport Study (YSS) is a 20-22-year follow-up study of Danish teenagers born between 1964 and 1969. Baseline data originate from two different studies carried out in 1983 and 1985, and the follow-up study was carried out in 2005.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether red light therapy using LED 650nm red light for body contouring of the waist, hips and thighs is as effective as red light therapy using Laser 635nm red light.
Despite decades of physical activity (PA) research on inactive, obese individuals, we have not successfully moved the needle on exercise participation in this population. A recent review aptly referred to PA recommendations among obese individuals as "the public health guideline that is (almost) entirely ignored". While we have previously had little understanding of why PA rates are so low in this population, Dr. Leone's research uncovered two possible explanations: (1) women with obesity are less likely to report enjoying exercise and (2) more likely than non-obese women to report exercising only when they are trying to lose weight. In order to affect change among obese women, we need interventions that not only address disparities in enjoyment and outcome expectations. Programs must also be practical and scalable; however, these types of evidence-based programs do not exist within the context that people generally exercise (e.g., community centers, gyms). We propose a novel approach to increasing exercise participation in this population by focusing on exercise enjoyment, increasing appreciation of the proximal benefits of PA rather than focusing on weight, and addressing changes to the exercise environment that make it conducive to this population. By delivering our intervention in partnership with the YMCA, we not only have the ability to make changes to a typical exercise context, but we also ensure that our findings can be used to help exercise-focused community organizations implement a scalable, research-tested program.
The investigators will retrospectively analyze and compare data of 2 groups of overweight and obese patients: subjects who followed a diet based on Resting Energy Expenditure (REE) measured by indirect calorimetry and subjects who followed a diet based on REE estimated by the Harris-Benedict equation. Propensity score adjustment will be used to adjust for known differences between the 2 groups
Many obese individuals experience difficulties in executing household activities. In this study, we investigate the cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) of obese vs. non-obese women, and the impact of obesity on cardiorespiratory functioning during daily household activities.
Adipose tissue is strongly correlated to obesity and diabetes which are two major problems in the worldwide. Adipose tissue is involved in modulating glucose and energy metabolism locally and systemically by secreting factors, called adipocytokines. Tetranectin (TN), a novel adipocytokine, is secreted by adipose tissues. TN may regulate the glucose/energy homeostasis to affect lipid accumulation.The role of TN in adipocytes with or without TN on regulation of adipose tissue growth and lipid metabolism is valuable to be studied. Materials and methods: Secreted proteins from human adipocyte culture medium were deciphered using 2-D polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and determined by LC/MS with MALDI-TOF analysis of proteins. Adipose tissues were obtained from the breast of 15 women undergoing mastectomy. Serum samples from 200 normal healthy people and 54 breast cancer patients were assigned to either a lean or obese group according to the body mass index. The TN protein concentration was measured in the culture medium of stromal-vascular fraction (SVF)-derived adipocytes from healthy humans, breast cancer patients, pigs and also from 3T3-L1 cells. Associations between plasma TN and other biomarkers were assessed with Pearson's correlations and multivariable linear regression.
The ACTION (Awareness, Care, and Treatment In Obesity management) study aims to identify perceptions, attitudes, behaviours, and potential barriers to effective obesity care across three respondent types: 1) People with Obesity, 2) Healthcare Providers and 3) Employer Representatives in the US. Data is collected via online surveys using a cross-sectional, US-based stratified sample design.
The main aim of this study is to compare the influence of total body-weight (TBW), lean body-weight (LBW), ideal body-weight (IBW) or Body Mass Index (BMI) on peak anti-Xa levels at steady-state in bariatric surgery (BS) morbidly obese patients receiving a fixed double dose of dalteparin (5000 IU subcutaneously, twice daily a day) for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention. Secondary aims of this study are to identify which body size descriptors (BSD) has the greatest impact and could further be explored for an adjusted low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) dosing algorithm for achieving optimal VTE prevention in BS severely obese patients.
The primary objetive was to evaluate the safety and efficacy the 3 grams per day of omega-3 in adolescents with obesity and hypertriglyceridemia ( ≥ 150 mg/dl and ≤ 1000 mg/dl) for 12 weeks, compared with placebo. Half of subjects received 3 grams of omega 3, while the other half received placebo.