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The researchers will conduct a study for avoiding the metabolic syndrome in morbid obese patients. Thus, the aim of the present will be determine the effects of a resistance training programme (RT) in preventing or attenuating metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients with morbid obesity. A second aim will be report the prevalence of non-responders in terms of improvements in MetS markers and other co-variables considered.
The purpose of this study was to examine the impacts of a 12-week resistance band exercise program on body composition, aging-related hormones, and blood pressure in postmenopausal women with stage 1 hypertension. Twenty postmenopausal women with hypertension participated in this study. Participants were randomly allocated into the resistance band training group (EX, n = 10) or the control group (CON, n = 10). The EX group performed a resistance band exercise training program at jump rope training program at 40-70% of their heart rate reserve (HRR) 5 days/week for 12 weeks (sessions 60 minutes in duration). The CON group did not participate in any exercise, dietary, or behavioral intervention. Body composition, aging-related hormones (growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor 1, dehydroepiandrosterone, and estradiol), and blood pressure were measured before and after the 12-weeks study.
This study evaluated whether uninsured patients living at or below 200% of the federal poverty level who received enhanced, culturally-relevant, integrated behavioral health services were more likely to improve health outcomes after 12 months compared to similar patients receiving usual care from Hope Family Health Center (HFHC), a charitable community clinic. The study employed a randomized control trial (RCT) design where intervention participants receiving integrated care at HFHC were compared to control participants receiving usual care at HFHC. Patients were placed in each group using simple random assignment. Demographic and health outcome data were collected from intervention and control participants at baseline. Health outcome data were subsequently collected at 6-month and 12-month follow-up points.
The primary aim of the study is to determine the effect of playing high school football on self-rated health in late adulthood. This is an observational study that will use data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, a longitudinal cohort of high school graduates from 1957, to compare graduates who played high school football with comparable graduates who did not play football on self-rated health, pain, functional ability, and weight at the age of 65 years.
Was performed a longitudinal, study with twenty patients recruited for the bariatric surgery group and 20 for clinical treatment. The analysis of HRV and endothelial function were performed through peripheral arterial tonometry, in patients with obesity before and after three months of bariatric surgery. Were also analyzed GLP-1, insulin and glucose at fast, and 30 and 60 minutes. The results were compared in parallel with a control group with clinical treatment for obesity.
This study evaluates whether adding home-based resistance training to a multidisciplinary specialist weight management service can promote weight loss and improve physical function, strength, power and quality of life in adults with severe obesity. The study also investigated whether performing resistance exercises as fast as possible can yield further improvements in physical function compared with traditional slow-speed resistance training. All recruited participants completed a 3-month home-based resistance training programme with behavioural support; half of the participants performed resistance exercises in a slow and controlled manner, whereas the other half performed resistance exercises with maximal intentional velocity.
Evaluation of surgical outcomes of endometriosis laparoscopic surgery in obese patients.
This is a 12 month prospective observational cohort study of the outpatient protein-sparing modified fast diet for children with severe obesity and serious comorbid condition(s). The study will enroll 30 Center for Healthy Weight and Nutrition patients aged 11-19 years who have been placed on a protein sparing modified fast as part of their treatment plan. The study-specific procedures consist of questionnaires/interviews on diet and PA behaviors, adherence and self-efficacy measures, data abstraction from the chart and tracking of activity using a Fitbit.
Obesity and diabetes are a significant global burden and there is an immediate need for novel treatments and management strategies. Our laboratory determined that avocado derived 17 carbon polyhydroxylated fatty alcohols (PFAs) are inhibitors of fatty acid oxidation (FAO) that impart minimal toxicity in mice. FAO is altered in numerous disease states including obesity and diabetes. In these chronic diseases, excessive FAO in muscle and liver mitochondria cause metabolic overload and inefficiency which drives obesity-associated glucose intolerance and insulin insensitivity. The increased FAO that occurs in obese and diabetic individuals depletes several substrates and intermediates of the Krebs cycle, making them less efficient at using oxidative phosphorylation for energy, which can ultimately lead to glucose insensitivity and weight gain. For these reasons, inhibition of FAO is now an established therapeutic approach for the treatment of type II diabetes as reducing FAO: i) improves cellular metabolism to shift towards the more thermogenic oxidative phosphorylation and glycolysis, and ii) reduces hyperglycemia via inhibiting liver gluconeogenesis while improving glucose homeostasis. In collaboration with an industry partner, Advanced Orthomolecular Research (AOR; Calgary, AB), the investigators have developed a supplement containing a blend of 17-carbon PFAs found inside a commercially available food grade avocado powder. The primary objective of this clinical trial is to determine if the avocado derived supplement is safe for oral consumption compared to a placebo-controlled group.
Increased consumption of fast-food may be a contributing factor to the obesity epidemic. Posting calories on menus in fast-food restaurants is an important public health initiative and may help consumers to make lower calorie, healthier choices. This study will develop and test an intervention to improve the impact of calorie labeling policies. Further, the study will examine potential barriers to using posted calorie information