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Background: Extracellular RNAs (exRNAs) send genetic data from cell to cell. This is how they affect the way cells communicate with each other. There are many types of exRNA, and they each serve different roles. But they have also been linked to some diseases. Researchers want to measure exRNAs to see how they relate to certain traits over time. They will use blood samples that were taken as part of the Framingham Heart Study (FHS). Objectives: To identify cross-sectional associations of exRNAs with age, sex, and cardiometabolic risk factors. Eligibility: People ages 30-70 who had blood taken as part of the FHS Third Generation cohort. Design: Researchers will study samples that have already been collected in the FHS. There will be no active participant contact for this project, only use of data that are collected as part of planned follow up from other studies. As part of the FHS, participants gave blood samples. They gave permission for the blood to be used for research. The exRNAs from the blood samples will be studied to see how they relate to certain traits. These include age, sex, and body mass index. The exRNAs will also be studied for their usefulness as biomarkers of risk for subclinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. No study participants will be contacted for this study.
Intervention targets youth ages 14 - 19 participating in soccer teams. The intervention group will be given face to face nutrition lessons and have access to an online immersive learning environment. The comparison group will not. The project will test if the immersive learning environment is effective in preventing unhealthy weight gain.
Individuals with prediabetes are at increased risk for developing diabetes. Higher hemoglobin A1c's (6.1-6.4%) are associated with a high risk of developing diabetes. It is known that programs such weight management classes and one-on-one counseling with registered dieticians can lead to weight loss and decrease the risk of diabetes. However, engagement of Kaiser Permanente Colorado members in these activities is low. The purpose of this study is to determine which of three outreach methods is most effective in increasing engagement in these activities.
The main goal of the study is to provide a unique multidimensional picture of the health of the population with simultaneous optimal standards of sampling, processing and storing of data and biomaterial that will allow discovering novel mechanisms in the development and progression of common civilization diseases. In the effect it will improve prevention, diagnosis and treatment.
The First 1000 Days (conception to age 2) is a crucial period for the development and prevention of obesity and its adverse consequences in mother-child pairs and their families. The overall aim of the First 1000 Days program is to work across early-life systems to prevent obesity, promote healthy routines and behaviors, address social determinants of health, and reduce health disparities among vulnerable children and families at the MGH Chelsea and Revere HealthCare Centers, and DotHouse Health. The study aims to simultaneously implement and evaluate an obesity prevention program across early life systems to reduce the prevalence of obesity risk factors within racial/ethnic minority families, close the gap in maternal-child health disparities, and assess and address social determinants of health.
This study will test the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy as a specialist treatment for binge eating disorder (BED) in patients with obesity. This is a controlled test of whether, amongst non-responders to acute treatments, cognitive-behavioral therapy augments on-going blinded pharmacotherapy (either naltrexone/bupropion or placebo), compared with no additional behavioral treatment .
This study will test the effectiveness and relative efficacy of naltrexone/bupropion medication as a maintenance therapy for the treatment of binge eating disorder (BED) in patients with obesity. This is a controlled test of whether, amongst responders to acute treatments, naltrexone/bupropion medication results in superior maintenance and longer-term outcomes compared with placebo.
Obesity and asthma share changes that may begin in the fetal development phase. The endophenotype obesity-asthma presents as main characteristic a pattern of inflammatory response different from the habitual Th2 profile of cytokines. In these obese patients, possible changes in the diaphragm muscle can directly influence the dynamics of pulmonary ventilation significantly. Due to the importance of the diaphragm in pulmonary ventilation, this study will be performed to verify possible alteration in the excursion and diaphragmatic thickness of adolescents with endophenotype obesity-asthma. In parallel, the possible underlying etiopathogenic substrate of this endophenotype will be explored through the dosing of muscle enzymes and inflammatory cytokines and obesity hormones.
In this study, the investigators aimed at evaluating the role of motilin in the regulation of food intake. Motilin, a gastrointestinal hormone, is a hunger signal in healthy volunteers and is significantly increased in obese patients. Its role in food intake regulation might contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity.
This project seeks to build on innovative strategies to optimize the care of low-income children with a BMI ≥ 85th percentile. To accomplish this goal, investigators will implement a new clinical-community intervention, theoretically grounded in the Integrated Clinical and Community Systems of Care Model, to address obesity through optimized screening and management known to be effective, e-Referrals, Healthy Weight Clinics, and the YMCA's Healthy Weight and Your Child weight management program (originally known as MEND). The study will examine outcomes for children that matter most to a broad group of stakeholders including parents, clinicians, and public health practitioners as well as inform the care of >7 million children with obesity covered by the Children's Health Insurance Program or Medicaid.