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The Huizhou mother-infant cohort was set up to investigate the effect of dietary factors and environmental exposures during pregnancy on health consequences of mothers and offsprings in Huizhou, China.
To assess the safety and effectiveness of the LGV in treating obese subjects with a BMI of 35 kg/m2 to 55 kg/m2 who have failed one or more conservative weight-reduction alternative(s), such as supervised diet, exercise, and behavior modification program(s).
In this study to planned to research the efficacy of low-flow anesthesia on patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy due to morbid obesity on respiratory functions after surgery by examining FEV1 and FVC values and FEV1/FVC ratio.
This study is designed to investigate whether the sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor Empagliflozin reduces sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity in humans.
Obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are two related growing epidemics that are becoming pressing public health concerns. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a promising cost-effective and time-efficient exercise modality for managing obesity and NAFLD. However, patients with obesity and NAFLD are generally inactive and unfit, and might feel intimidated by the frequency of the prescribed HIIT (conventionally three times weekly). Previous HIIT studies, mostly over 2-4 month periods, showed that the participants could accomplish this exercise frequency under a controlled laboratory environment, but the long-term adherence and sustainability, especially in a field setting, remains uncertain. The situation is more unclear if we also consider those individuals who refused to participate possibly because of their overwhelming perceptions or low self-efficacy toward HIIT. Thus, logically, HIIT at a lower frequency would be practical and more suitable for patients with obesity and NAFLD, but the minimum exercise frequency required to improve health, especially in the long-term, is unknown. This proposed study aims to examine the effectiveness of long-term low-frequency HIIT for improving body adiposity and liver fat in centrally obese adults. The premise of this proposal is supported by recent findings that HIIT performed once every 5-7 days could improve cardiorespiratory fitness, blood pressure, cardiac morphology, metabolic capacity, muscle power, and lean mass. This study will provide evidence for the benefits of long-term low-frequency HIIT with a follow-up period to assess its effectiveness, safety, adherence, and sustainability. We expect this intervention will enhance the practical suitability of HIIT in inactive obese adults and will provide evidence for low-frequency HIIT as a new exercise option in the management of obesity and NAFLD.
A prospective non-interventional single-centre study aimed to assess the current practice of non-pharmacological treatment and pharmacological therapy of overweight and obesity in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) or with a high risk of CVD according to the patients' survey data
Infertility affects approximately 10-15% of couples and one of its important modifiable risk factor is obesity, which affects 19% of Canadian women of reproductive age. Accordingly, many organizations have recommended that women should be assisted to adopt a healthy lifestyle prior to conception and maintain it during pregnancy. We therefore propose to conduct a multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) assessing the lifestyle intervention Fit-For-Fertility in women with infertility and obesity. Our hypothesis is that the Fit-For-Fertility program is an efficient and low cost solution to improve access to motherhood for women suffering from obesity and infertility. To test our hypothesis, seven fertility clinics having a good ethnic diversity will participate in this RCT and recruit a total of 616 women with obesity (BMI according to ethnicity) who consult at the fertility clinic. Participants will be randomly allocated to one of these two groups: the intervention group will be invited to participate in the Fit-for Fertility Program alone for 6 months and then in combination with usual fertility treatments; while the control group will receive standard fertility treatments from randomisation. The aim of the Fit-for Fertility Program will be to implement progressive and sustainable lifestyle changes, using 1) individual sessions with a dietitian and a kinesiologist every 6-12 weeks, for a total of 18 months or until the end of pregnancy; and 2) eight educational group sessions. Evaluation visits will take place prior to randomisation and then every 6 months for 18 months. Women who become pregnant will be evaluated early during pregnancy and at 26 weeks of gestation. Clinical outcomes will be assessed after a total follow up of 24 months. Anticipated contributions: The results of our multicenter RCT will provide important data on the importance of a lifestyle program supporting women with obesity consulting in fertility clinics, in order to improve their fertility and response to ART, as well as helping them to have a healthy baby. This study will also provide valuable information on potential cost savings for individuals and the healthcare system.
Obesity is a public health problem, not only for its high prevalence, but also because of the comorbidities found in it. Within the physiopathological mechanisms associated with obesity is a low-grade inflammatory state that is associated with endothelial dysfunction Endothelial dysfunction is known to be the beginning of the atherosclerotic process that eventually leads to the development of cardiovascular disease. Erectile dysfunction is an example of endothelial dysfunction, where blood flow is compromised as a consequence of a reduction in the production of nitric oxide among others. Tadalafil, which is an inhibitor of PDE-5, is currently used as a treatment for erectile dysfunction. However, it has been observed that the administration of tadalafil in patients with éndothelial dysfunction decreases arterial stiffness, having a positive effect on it, in addition it reduces the pulse pressure, systolic and diastolic pressure.
The effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus supplementation on body weight, hyperandrogenism and insulin resistance in overweight and obesity women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome will be analysed.
Investigators have previously shown that eating carbohydrates after protein or vegetables resulted in reduced glucose and insulin excursions over 180 min in patients with T2DM and in individuals with prediabetes as well. This is an open label, randomized controlled pilot study to assess the efficacy of carbohydrate-last food order behavior in reducing the risk of progression to type 2 diabetes (T2DM).