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The purpose of this study is to identify measures of obesity, functional capacity, and specific biomarkers that may be predictive of obesity and post-operative outcomes.
In this study, we are going to investigate the efficacy of Lactobacillus Sakei on reduction of fat mass assessed by DEXA compared to plaebo.
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) insidiously worsens metabolic function, heightens insulin resistance (IR), and in pregnancy is thought to precipitate gestational diabetes, preterm birth, growth restriction, gestational hypertension, and preeclampsia. Despite the fact that sleep disturbances are common during pregnancy, SDB remains under-recognized, under-diagnosed, and poorly understood, particularly in pregnancies affected by obesity. Sixty percent of pregnancies are now affected by obesity, yet the relationship between SDB, patterns of glycemia, and insulin resistance (IR) in obese pregnant women is a neglected area with major therapeutic implications to improve maternal and infant health. Using a prospective design in which diet and gestational age are highly controlled, the investigators propose to measure SDB (apneas/hypopneas) in obese pregnant women using an ambulatory sleep monitoring system. In parallel, robust patterns of glycemia will be measured with a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS), followed by a 75g oral glucose tolerance test to measure insulin action. The investigators global hypothesis is that worse SDB in part accounts for higher 24-hour patterns of glycemia in obese normal glucose tolerant (NGT) pregnant women in their 3rd trimester. We will test the hypothesis that: 1) In obese NGT pregnant women at 32-34 weeks gestation on a controlled eucaloric diet, higher apnea hypopnea index (AHI) will be positively associated with 24-hour glycemia measured by a CGMS and that, 2) Higher AHI in obese NGT pregnant women at 32-34 weeks gestation on a eucaloric controlled diet will be associated with higher insulin resistance measured by a 75g oral glucose tolerance test (Matsuda Model). Early identification and treatment has the potential to decrease long-term maternal cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Project Powerfood is a pilot program aimed at addressing food insecurity and food access in primary care through the implementation of a food prescription program in collaboration with a number of community partners. The objectives of this project are: 1. Implement screening for food insecurity in adult and pediatric primary care practices at Mount Sinai. 2. Provide fresh fruit and vegetable "prescriptions" to be redeemed for farm shares from local partner, the Corbin Hill Food Project. Prescriptions will provide 50% off of a fruit and vegetable box. Participants will have the option to purchase 2 boxes per month for 6 months. 3. Pilot prescriptions with 50 adult patients with poorly-controlled diabetes and 50 obese children who are food insecure and/or receive SNAP and/or WIC benefits. Examine/evaluate: 1. Feasibility of program in a busy primary care practice 2. Outcomes before and after the intervention (at baseline, 6 and 12 months), including diet, diabetes control, and body mass index (BMI) 3. Outcomes in a comparison group (that will receive the food prescriptions beginning at 6 months)
The primary aim is to determine the relative effectiveness in child BMI z-scores at 3, 6, and 12-months post baseline of iChoose+ versus Family Connections. Secondary aims are to determine (1) ongoing reach, fidelity, and implementation costs, (2) community capacity for implementation and sustainability, (3) relative impact on family eating/physical activity and parental weight, and (4) relative adherence and potential dose response relationships.
Obesity is associated with a chronic low-grade inflammation characterized by macrophage infiltration in adipose tissue that induces insulin resistance and the appearance of metabolic syndrome (MS). The aim of the study was the investigation of whether circulating monocyte subsets are differentially regulated in MS.
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are essential nutrients that the body obtains from proteins found in food, especially meat, diary products, and legumes. Data from rodent studies suggest that reduction of dietary BCAAs will promote fat mass loss and improved control of blood glucose. The purpose of this study is to test if reduction of dietary BCAAs without reducing calorie intake will lead to similar metabolic benefits in humans. Here the investigators test the feasibility of reducing dietary BCAAs using BCAA-free meal replacement beverages for two months.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of dietary fat on satiety (the experience of fullness between one meal and the next) and energy metabolism over an extended period of time (chronic effects). How dietary fat sources affect satiety, appetite and energy use is unclear. The investigators will use a controlled setting for the studies. They want to know if the source of dietary fat alters satiety, satiety hormones, and energy expenditure responses after consuming different diets.
The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of chia seed consumption on body composition, blood pressure, blood glucose, satiety, mood, joint pain, and dietary displacement in overweight and obese females (18-45years). It is hypothesized that consuming chia seeds will bring about a positive change in body composition (lower % body fat), satiety, mood, joint pain, and blood pressure, lower blood glucose levels, increased fiber and improved nutrient intake, in overweight/ obese females.
Gut hormones have therapeutic potential in the prevention and treatment obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Milk protein and calcium can each potentiate gut hormones following meal ingestion in humans. However, these nutrients may interact synergistically (and with other minerals in milk) such that specific co-ingestion of these nutrients is required to obtain the full therapeutic potential for metabolism and energy balance. This proposal is to perform a pilot study on the effect of co-ingesting Capolac® plus protein on circulating gut hormone responses.