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Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a very common disease and is considered "the silent killer". Hypertension is responsible for at least 45% of deaths due to heart disease, and 51% of deaths due to stroke. Hypertension plays a part in the worry of heart disease, stroke and kidney failure and premature mortality and disability. If hypertension goes uncontrolled, in the long term, it will cause serious complications, most of which will necessitate costly interventions to be solved and managed. Apparently, these interventions may include cardiac bypass surgery, carotid artery surgery and dialysis, draining individual and government budgets. Recent studies show that hibiscus (Hibiscus sabdariffa) tea can lower blood pressure as effectively as some standard anti-hypertensive drugs can. Hibiscus is widely consumed around the world as a ruby-colored, lemony beverage. Hibiscus is safe and, unlike most blood pressure drugs, rarely causes side effects. All of the studies the investigators found in the literature were either underpowered or inconclusive. All of these studies recommended further studies with bigger samples to accurately assess the effect of hibiscus sabdariffa on blood pressure in hypertensive patients. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of a large-scale study assessing the effectiveness of Hibiscus sabdariffa on lowering blood pressure in individuals with elevated blood pressure.
Previous studies have explored the correlation and impact of astrological events in relation of diseases, health concerns and relationship between birth chart and disease risk. Cardiovascular conditions, sleep and fertility were found significantly associated with moon phase. However, to best of our knowledge no study has documented the impact of astrological intervention in disease management. This is a randomised, multi-center, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial with two parallel arms. This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of Vedic medical astrological intervention for patients with mild to moderate hypertension,with respect to decreasing their blood pressure and improving their quality of life.
This study will test the quality of physician care decisions using a patient-simulation based measurement and feedback approach that combines multiple-choice care decisions with real-time, personalized scoring and feedback. The study will also measure the impact of gaming-inspired competition and motivation, including a weekly leaderboard, to improve evidence-based care decisions. In addition, the study the test the impact of CME and MOC credits on participant engagement in the process.
The Nurse Cohort Study Xiamen (NCSX) is an open-ended prospective cohort study with very broad research aims. The primary objectives of the NCSX is planned to examine genetic, epigenetic, biological, psychological, social, lifestyle and other environmental factors of nurses in relation to incidence and progression of the common chronic diseases, such as hypertension, ischemic heart disease, stroke, diabetes, chronic kidney disease and some cancers, which are emerging with economic development in Xiamen, China. Specifically, we intend to test whether empirically driven hypothesis and emerging risk factors mainly developed in response to observations in economically developed Western societies apply in a population living in a rapid changing lifestyle in China now.
The PCORnet Blood Pressure Home Monitoring (BP HOME) Study is a patient-level randomized controlled trial that will compare the effectiveness of home blood pressure monitoring (HPBM) with versus without a linked Smartphone application ("app") for helping patients with uncontrolled hypertension achieve a reduction in systolic blood pressure. The trial will be conducted within the National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network (PCORnet), which supports a research network that enables distributed querying of EHR data in a common data model. It will also use the Eureka Research Platform, an online research platform hosted by UCSF that supports eConsent, online surveys, and data collection from devices such as HBPMs. Data from these two data sources will be used together to accomplish the study aims. Given that HBPM is the guideline-recommended standard of care (without specification of Smartphone linkage), the HPBM devices and the app are all commercially available and currently in use, and that clinicians, with input from patients, will maintain full control of how BP is clinically managed, we believe participation in the project poses minimal risk to participants.
This study is a effectiveness study of the application of high-definition enhanced computed-tomography for patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension(CTEPH).The patients with CTEPH was randomized into 2 groups,precise pulmonary endarterectomy group(guided by enhanced CT scanning) and traditional pulmonary endarterectomy group,the hemodynamic changes tested with right sided heart catherization from baseline to post-operative period and end-point including peri-operative deaths,follow-up mortality,follow-up parameters of ultrasonic cardiogram(UCG),right-sided heart catherization(RHC),nuclear magnetic resonance imaging(MRI),cardiac pulmonary exercise test(CPET) are documented,so as to compare the prognosis between these 2 groups.
This is a multi-center, Phase 2 Long-Term Extension Study to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of PB1046 at an optimally titrated dose. This is a Long-Term Extension Study for subjects with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), having participated in double-blind Study PB1046-PT-CL-0004 or open-label Study PB1046-PT-CL-0005. The study will include adult subjects previously diagnosed with symptomatic PAH, who are receiving background clinician-directed therapy for PAH. All subjects during the Long-Term Dosing and Safety Follow-Up Period, will continue to be followed for safety and tolerability, as well as for periodic efficacy, quality of life data and immunogenicity. The study will continue until such time when PB1046 becomes commercially available to the subject or the Sponsor terminates the study due to lack of efficacy, safety or other reasons.
This open-label study will evaluate the safety of continued therapy with inhaled treprostinil in subjects who have completed Study RIN-PH-304. This study hypothesizes that long-term safety findings will be similar to those observed in the randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, adaptive study 'A Phase 3, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind, Adaptive Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Inhaled Treprostinil in Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension due to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (PH-COPD)(RIN-PH-304).
The overall goal is to identify trends and longitudinal associations in psychosocial, food-related, and cardiometabolic risk factors that can guide public health priorities and future research needs aimed at reducing cardiovascular-related disparities in Puerto Rico. To this end, investigators will establish 'PROSPECT: Puerto Rico Observational Study of Psychosocial, Environmental, and Chronic disease Trends', an island-wide, longitudinal population cohort of 2,000 adults (30-75 years) in PR recruited with a multi-frame sampling of probabilistic plus community approaches, and assessed in a network of several partner clinics across the island. The study will collect comprehensive data on multiple psychosocial, dietary, and food-related factors, CVD biological markers, and medical record data, with follow-up at 2-years, and will assess variations by urban-rural area and by timing before-after Maria.
Adherence to a healthy dietary pattern is part of the self-care of patients with hypertension, and may contribute substantially to therapeutic target goals as well as to a better quality of life. However, not all nutritional recommendations aimed at these patients are easily applicable in clinical practice. The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a nutritional strategy for blood pressure control in patients with hypertension users of a Public Health System after 1 year of follow-up. As secondary objectives, we will evaluate the impact of the proposed strategy on self-care and on the quality of life of the patients. In this multicenter open-label randomized trial, 408 patients ≥21 years old with hypertension, systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140mmHg and who have not received or received nutritional counseling for at least 06 months will be enrolled. Patients allocated to the control group will receive individualized dietary prescription according to the guidelines of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology. Nutritional counseling in the intervention group will be performed based on the quality of the diet, the Food Guide for the Brazilian Population and concepts of mindfulness and mindful eating; all dietary guidance will be based on feasible goals built together (patient and nutritionist), and no diet will be prescribed for intervention group. In both groups, patients will receive automatic monitors for residential self-monitoring blood pressure. On-site follow-up visits will be carried out at 30, 60, 90, 180, 270 and 360 days (final consultation). At 120, 150, 210, 240, 300 and 330 days, participants in the intervention group will receive motivational messages via e-mail or SMS (for these patients, consultations of 30 and 270 days will be group meetings). Laboratory tests (lipid and glycemic profile, serum creatinine, serum sodium, urinary sodium, serum potassium, urinary potassium and albuminuria) will be performed at baseline, 180 and 360 days; anthropometric indexes and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) will be also evaluated.