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Breast Cancer clinical trials

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NCT ID: NCT03286257 Recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

Can Exercise Training Reduce the Frequency and Severity of Hot Flushes Associated With Breast Cancer Treatment?

Start date: April 1, 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

In brief, this study sets out to understand if exercise training can reduce the frequency and severity of hot flushes associated with breast cancer treatment.

NCT ID: NCT03285607 Not yet recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

MCS110 Combined With Neoadjuvant Doxorubicin, Cyclophosphamide, and Weekly Paclitaxel in Patients With Hormone-Receptor Positive and HER2- Breast Cancer

Start date: December 2017
Phase: Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

In patients with locally advanced hormone receptor positive (HR+)/HER2- breast cancer, neoadjuvant chemotherapy produces a pathologic complete response rate (pCR) of only 9-15%, and late recurrences often occur despite neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Therefore, there is an unmet clinical need to improve the outcomes of these patients. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) infiltration leads to poor outcomes in breast cancer patients by promoting angiogenesis, activating epithelial-mesenchymal transition, degrading the extracellular matrix, and suppressing the anti-tumor immune response. Pre-clinical studies, as summarized above, have shown that the breast cancer immune microenvironment may be reprogrammed by targeting colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) to decrease TAM infiltration and increase CD8+ TIL infiltration, in order to foster antitumor immunity and improve response to therapy. Here, the investigators propose a phase I dose-escalation study in patients with locally advanced HR+/HER2- breast cancer to determine the feasibility of adding MCS110, a CSF-1 inhibitor, to the standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen of dose-dense doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel. The investigators will also include a dose expansion cohort for preliminary efficacy analysis and correlative studies. The investigators propose that if they can decrease the TAM-induced immunosuppression and TAM-induced chemoresistance observed in breast cancer patients, then the patients' own immune system could find and destroy the dormant and resistant tumor cells, and combined with enhanced chemotherapy efficacy, the investigators will see durable remissions and long term cures.

NCT ID: NCT03285412 Not yet recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

CDK 4/6 Inhibitor, LEE011 (Ribociclib), in Combination With Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy at Varying Duration for ER-positive Breast Cancer

Start date: October 30, 2017
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

This research study is studying a drug as a possible treatment for ER-positive Breast Cancer The drug involved in this study is: -Ribociclib

NCT ID: NCT03285230 Active, not recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

The French E3N Prospective Cohort Study

Start date: June 15, 1990
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

The French E3N cohort was initiated in 1990 to investigate the risk factors associated with cancer and other major non-communicable diseases in women. The participants were insured through a national health system that primarily covered teachers, and were enrolled from 1990 after returning baseline self-administered questionnaires and providing informed consent. The cohort comprised nearly 100 000 women with baseline ages ranging from 40 to 65 years. Follow-up questionnaires were sent approximately every 2-3 years after the baseline and addressed general and lifestyle characteristics together with medical events (cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, depression, fractures and asthma, among others). The follow-up questionnaire response rate remained stable at approximately 80%. A biological material bank was generated and included blood samples collected from 25 000 women and saliva samples from an additional 47 000 women. Ageing among the E3N cohort provided the opportunity to investigate factors related to agerelated diseases and conditions as well as disease survival.

NCT ID: NCT03284957 Not yet recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

Phase 1 / 2 Study of SAR439859 Single Agent and in Combination With Palbociclib in Postmenopausal Women With Estrogen Receptor Positive Advanced Breast Cancer

Start date: September 15, 2017
Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

Primary Objectives: Dose Escalation: Part A (SAR439859 monotherapy); Part C (combination of SAR439859 with palbociclib) - To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose (RD) of SAR439859 based on the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) observance in monotherapy (Part A), and in combination with palbociclib (Part C) Dose Expansion: Part B (SAR439859 monotherapy); Part D (combination SAR439859 with palbociclib) - To assess antitumor activity by Objective Response Rate (ORR) at the SAR439859 recommended dose in monotherapy (Part B), and in combination with palbociclib (Part D) Secondary Objectives: - To characterize the overall safety profile of SAR439859 as monotherapy (Parts A and B), and in combination with palbociclib (Parts C and D) - To characterize the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of SAR439859 as monotherapy (Parts A and B), and of SAR439859 in combination with palbociclib (Parts C and D), as well as of palbociclib in combination with SAR439859 (Parts C and D) - To evaluate antitumor activity of SAR439859 as monotherapy (Part A), and in combination with palbociclib (Part C) as well as the disease control rate (DCR) in Parts A, B, C, and D - To evaluate ORR and DCR (Complete Response [CR], Partial Response [PR] and Stable Disease [SD] ≥6 months) in Parts B and D according to the estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) gene mutational status (mutant and wild type) - To evaluate residual estrogen receptor (ER) availability with [(18)F] Fluoroestradiol Positron Emission Tomography (FES PET) scan (Part A)

NCT ID: NCT03284684 Not yet recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

Kinetics of Perioperative Circulating DNA in Cancer Surgery

Periop ctDNA
Start date: September 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

The aim of this study was to determine the kinetics of perioperative circulating DNA in three types of cancer. This first step will enable further studies comparing the potential impact of certain techniques or anesthetic products on cancer surgery.

NCT ID: NCT03282812 Completed - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

Metabolomics and Breast Cancer Risk in a Nested Case-control Study of the Cancer Prevention Study-II Nutrition Cohort

Start date: June 1998
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

This study aims to investigate diet, lifestyles, serum metabolomics in relation to breast cancer risk in a nested case-control study including 1,547 postmenopausal women from the Cancer Prevention Study II (CPS-II) Nutrition Cohort. The CPS-II Nutrition Cohort is a prospective cohort study of cancer incidence and mortality among 184,185 men and women, established by the American Cancer Society in 1992. Participants completed a self-administered baseline questionnaire in 1992/1993 including demographic, medical, and lifestyle information. Follow-up questionnaires were sent to living participants in 1997 and every other year to update exposure information and ascertain newly diagnosed cancers. From June 1998 through May 2001, blood specimens were collected from 21,963 women. All participants completed a short questionnaire and provided informed consent at the time of blood draw. Non-fasting whole blood collected from each participant was shipped chilled overnight to a central repository, processed, and frozen in liquid nitrogen at approximately -130 °C for long-term storage. Of the 21,963 women who provided a blood sample, investigators identified 782 postmenopausal women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer between blood draw date and June 2011 who had not been diagnosed with cancer (other than nonmelanoma skin cancer) before blood draw or prior to their breast cancer diagnosis. Controls were 1:1 matched to cases on date of birth, date of blood draw, and race and were cancer free at the date of case diagnosis. Seventeen women who were selected as controls were later diagnosed with breast cancer, at which time they became a case. A total of 1,547 postmenopausal women were included in the breast cancer nested case-control study.

NCT ID: NCT03281720 Recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

Selective Image Guided Resection of Pathologically Documented Axillary Lymph Node Metastases

Start date: April 7, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this research study is to determine how feasible and accurate identifying and removing specific lymph nodes in the axilla (armpit) after neoadjuvant systemic therapy is when patients present with breast cancer that has spread to lymph nodes in the axilla. The specific lymph nodes removed would be determined at the time of diagnosis. If a biopsy proves that cancer has spread to a lymph node, a titanium clip will placed in it to mark it for future removal. That lymph node will be removed after systemic therapy and compared with the rest of the lymph nodes removed from that region.

NCT ID: NCT03280134 Not yet recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

A Prospective Validation Cohort Study of a Prediction System on nSLN Metastasis in Early Breast Cancer

Start date: October 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

In the previous study, the investigator established a predictive model for non-sentinel lymph node involvement in early breast cancer (cT1-2cN0, 1-2 SLNs involvement). To validation the clinical value of the model, the investigator design a prospectively research using the model guiding for further axillary lymph node dissection in SLN-positve early breast cancer.

NCT ID: NCT03276845 Completed - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

Multiparametric High-resolution Ultrasound of the Breast

Start date: September 2015
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Despite advances in mammographic technique, mammography is limited in the detection and diagnosis of breast lesions with respect to sensitivity and specificity. In recent decades, ultrasound has become an essential adjunct to mammography for the further characterization of mammographically detected or palpable lesions or in the diagnosis of patients with dense breasts. However, in spite of defined morphological criteria for the differentiation of benign from malignant lesions, ultrasound of the breast also shows limitations regarding sensitivity and specificity. On the one hand, benign lesions may have one or more malignant characteristics and thus require a biopsy. On the other hand, malignant lesions can also show benign characteristics and thus make an accurate assessment difficult. To overcome these limitations, newer sonographic methods have been developed. These include elastography, color and power Doppler imaging, contrast enhanced imaging and 3D sonography. The application of elastography is based on the fact that cancer has a higher stiffness than healthy breast parenchyma. In addition, cancers are characterized by neoangiogenesis and thus generally show an increased vascularization in color and power Doppler. The detection of neoangiogenesis can be improved by the application of contrast agents. The latter provides both morphological and functional information about tumors, through the study of the contrast agent kinetics. Finally, 3D sonography allows for tumors to be examined in a third, coronal plane. This way, the interaction between the tumor and the surrounding healthy tissue can be better appreciated. The objective of this study is the evaluation of suspicious (classified as BI-RADS 4 and 5) breast lesions by using high-resolution sonography, including elastography, color/power Doppler, contrast agent application and 3D sonography. Both morphological and functional information can thus be obtained. The primary hypothesis of this study is that this multiparametric approach will improve the detection and characterization of breast lesions.