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The purpose of the feature comparison study is to evaluate general mammographic features in images of the same breast when reconstructed with modified (ISR and DVIIm) processing as compared to the original processing (FBP with EDR and MFP).
This is a prospective, single institution, phase I-II study of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for unresected breast cancer. Twenty-four patients with advanced breast cancer who are not candidates for surgery (metastatic disease, unresectable, medically inoperable) or decline surgery will be enrolled in a prospective study using SBRT (4 fractions of radiation therapy over 12-15 days) as the primary treatment modality.
Breast Cancer (BC) is one of the most frequent cancers in women and is the most frequent cause of death in the female population. It represents 18% of all female cancers in the world.1 The incidence varies in different populations with almost half of the cases having their origin in North America and Western Europe. In Egypt, according to the National Population-Based Cancer Registry published in 2014, BC was the most frequent cancer among females representing 32% of all female cancers2 Metastatic disease occurs in approximately 20-50% of patients with early BC history and in 6-10% of newly diagnosed BC cases.3 Since patients with metastatic BC form a heterogeneous population, treatment recommendations ought to be made on an individual basis, considering hormone receptor (HR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status, metastasis-free interval (MFI), response to and cumulative doses of previous therapy, location and extent of metastases and symptoms 4,5. Two thirds of BC patients have HR-positive (HR+) tumors 6, for whom endocrine therapy (ET) is the preferred initial treatment for metastatic disease as recommended in the treatment guidelines, even in the presence of visceral metastases 4, 6, 7. The use of ET is supported by data showing a therapeutic benefit with less toxicity and better quality of life in comparison to chemotherapy (CT) 5,8,9. Nevertheless, it is generally thought that CT is associated with greater and earlier tumor response, especially in the case of high burden of disease. For patients with hormone receptor-positive and HER2+ disease CT plus HER2-targeted therapy was strongly recommended, except for highly selected cases for whom clinicians may offer ET 10. On the contrary, for women with hormone receptor-positive HER2-negative disease who are the scope of this study the question of whether to use CT or ET as first-line treatment for metastatic BC remains, to date, partially unresolved.
Aim of work: 1. To estimate the frequency of Cyp2D6*1 and *4 alleles in Egyptian patients maintained on tamoxifen (20 mg/day) for management of ER +ve breast cancer. 2. To measure levels of tamoxifen, 4-hydroxy tamoxifen, N-desmethyl-tamoxifen and 4- hydroxyl-N-desmethyl-tamoxifen (endoxifen) in the serum of these patients. 3. To correlate between the levels of tamoxifen/active metabolite enoxifen ratio and CYP2D6*1,*4 genotyping. 4. To investigate which is more valuable investigatory tool for prediction of the clinical outcome (response and/or toxicity) in these patients; either the measurements related to pharmacokinetics: tamoxifen/endoxifen levels or the pharmacogenetic analysis of CYP2D6 *1,*4.
Obesity among breast cancer survivors is known to be associated with recurrence and other co-morbidities. However, there have been no studies on weight reduction program combining diet and anti-obesity drug for obese breast cancer survivors. The purpose of this randomized clinical trial is to examine the effects of Mediterranean Diet and naltrexone/bupropion treatment on inflammation and metabolic risk factors in overweight or obese breast cancer patients after breast cancer treatment.
This is a pilot study designed to examine changes in muscle function after Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) therapy, at both the molecular and clinical level.
Stereotactic radiation has been implemented more than 3 decades ago, initially to radiate benign and later malignant tumors within the brain. Doses up to 24 Gy in one session have been used. Hundreds of thousands of patients have been treated worldwide with very good outcomes . Over the last decade, the stereotactic radiation techniques have been implemented to treat extra-cranial tumors. The challenges of extra cranial tumors were in part target motion during the radiation session, but also accurate re positioning of the patient and of the target volume at time of radiation treatment. Specific immobilization devices are now available to improve accuracy of target localization. Stereotactic radiation therapy is widely available, non-invasive for the patient and less operator dependent as the planning process (from target volume to dose calculation) can be done and verified by different operators through a quality assessment procedure. Stereotactic radiation is a complex type of 3D CRT that is a very attractive technique making the 3D CRT more conformal and more accurate delivery of the prescription dose within the target volume with a very good sparing of surrounding normal tissue. The principles of stereotactic radiation are the following: precise image definition of target volume and OARs, very conformal radiation treatment.
The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the value of pre-treatment and post-treatment multimodality MRI study, including quantitative evaluation of background parenchymal enhancement, for response prediction and evaluation. This study will include 100 patients treated in a single institution between 2011 and 2016
To verify the role of apatinib in neoadjuvant therapy for breast cancer, the investigators designed a prospective, randomized, parallel-controlled phase II/III trial, to investigate the efficacy and safety of apatinib combined with TP (paclitaxel + cisplatin) or TP regimen alone as neoadjuvant therapy for stage II-III breast cancer treatment. 100 cases of eligible patients were diagnosed by core needle biopsy and immunohistochemistry, with the molecular subtypes of triple-negative, HER2+ or Luminal B, evaluated by pathological complete remission (pCR), objective response rate (ORR), adverse events, disease free survival (DFS) and OS, aiming at providing a new way for neoadjuvant therapy in breast cancer and anti-angiogenic treatment of malignant tumors.
The lymphoedema is a chronic disease caused by an insufficiency of lymphatic system. In France, 100 000 persons are disabled by this disease. The most classic form is the "swollen arm" which affects the women after surgery and radiotherapy treatments in breast cancer. The lymphoedema is a traditional phlebology indication in spa therapy. The spa therapy linked with therapeutic education could constitute a favorable environment for the treatment of arm lymphoedema post breast cancer treatments.