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In clinical practice, AZD5718 will be co-administered with CYP3A substrates. Therefore, it is important to determine the impact of AZD5718 on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of CYP3A4 substrates. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of AZD5718 on the PK of midazolam, a known sensitive CYP3A4 substrate.
This study is a randomized, open, single-dose, 3 period partial replicated crossover-design study to investigate the pharmacokinetic profiles and safety of CKD-333 in healthy volunteers.
Cardiac surgery induces hemodynamic stress on the myocardium, and this process can be associated with significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) is biomarker of myocardial remodeling and fibrosis; however, little is known regarding their potential association with cardiovascular events. This study aimed to investigate the release of sST2 and its association with cardiovascular events undergoing cardiac surgery.
Effects of Message framing and Time discounting on heath communication for Optimum Cardiovascular disease and Stroke Prevention（EMT-OCSP）is a pragmatic, 2 × 2 factorial, randomized, controlled, observer blinded, multicenter trial with four parallel groups. It aims to determine if risk and intervention communication strategy（gain-framed versus loss-frame, long-term context versus short-term context and the potential interaction）have different effect on optimizing adherence to clinical preventive management （in the endpoint of CVD risk reduction）for subjects with at least one moldable risk factor for CVD.
Individuals who underwent cardiac surgery may experience anesthesia, intracardiac operation, cardiopulmonary bypass and mechanical ventilation, which will result in a lot of injuries. Inspiratory Muscle Training (IMT) is a regimen of breathing exercises that aim to strengthen the respiratory muscles and make it easier for a person to breathe. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of preoperative IMT on e clinical outcomes in patients with cardiac surgery.
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death and prescription drug use. Research on certain dietary supplements looks promising as a way to help reduce risk factors. Previous studies showed that CoQ10 levels were decreased in cardiovascular patients and worsening of mitochondrial dysfunction was observed. The overall objective of this study is to determine if supplementing with CoQ10 can reduce inflammatory risk factors in adults with cardiac surgery, independent of other dietary or physical activity changes.
Many epidemiological studies support that 20-30gr of alcohol consumption per day is related with lower risk for cardiovascular diseases, heart attack as well as mortality related to these diseases. Since the French paradox was reported, a number of experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated the protective effect of red wine compared to other alcoholic drinks on different pathways of the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The investigator's previous results revealed that wine contain micro-constituents that exert potent in vitro anti-platelet and anti-inflammatory actions. Also, the wine consumption along with a standardized meal reduced platelet aggregation and biosynthesis of Platelet Activating Factor in healthy men. Although a large number of studies have reported protective effect of wine against atherosclerosis in healthy people there are few data about the effect of long-term moderate wine consumption in population with CVD. Therefore, the aim of this randomized, intervention clinical study, with control group was to report the effects of regular light to moderate wine consumption on cardiovascular biomarkers in people with CVD.
The Sponsor is developing the test medicine, AZD4831, for the potential treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD). CVD is a general term to describe a range of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels, examples of CVD include angina (chest pain caused by restricted blood flow to heart muscle) and heart failure (where the heart is unable to pump blood around the body properly). AZD4831 is an inhibitor of a protein that has a role in the formation of fatty deposits in arteries (blood vessels that take blood to the body). It is hoped that by inhibiting this action, AZD4831 will help with the management of CVD. The study involves radiolabelling (labelling the molecule with radioactive 14C) which is used to locate the molecule within the body. The study will try to assess how much radioactivity can be recovered from the urine and faeces (mass balance recovery) after a single oral dose of [14C]AZD4831. It will also look to identify the breakdown products (metabolites) of the parent drug. It will additionally determine the rate and route of elimination of [14C]AZD4831, along with the level of test medicine in the blood. The safety and tolerability of the test medicine will be assessed. The dose of radiation administered is very low, therefore the risk associated with this is very small. The study will consist of a single study period involving up to six healthy male volunteers. Up to six male volunteers will receive a dose of 10 mg of the radiolabelled test medicine as an oral solution. Blood, urine and faecal samples will be collected from volunteers whilst they are resident in the clinical unit for up to 336 hours post-dose (Day 15). A follow-up visit will take place seven to ten days after discharge for safety assessments.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the second leading cause of death in France and the leading cause of death on Reunion Island. Some modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular diseases are well identified and can be easily modulated, in particular by hygiene and dietetic measures (tobacco, sedentary lifestyle). Other risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes or dyslipidemia can also be pharmacologically modulated. On the other hand, there is a cardiovascular risk factor that we do not know how to modulate: a high level of lipoprotein (a) (Lp (a)), whose regulation remains largely unknown. High plasma levels of Lipoprotein (a) remain a major risk for the development of cardiovascular disease and its clinical complications, which no drug can currently reduce. Understanding the biological and genetic determinants modulating Lp (a) levels remains a major challenge for treating subjects with hyper Lp (a). Several individuals and possibly Reunion families have been detected as having abnormally high rates of apo (a) Thanks to the link between cardiovascular clinical picture, Lp (a) concentration and other biological markers, the study should allow a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying the cardiovascular risk in order to offer advice. prevention and care of at-risk subjects screened; or even avenues for adapted genetic counseling (DNA sequencing). At the genetic level, several hypotheses could be explored making it possible to link the expression of the apo (a) protein to the genotype, in particular the presence of mutations in the gene, in the promoter region, polymorphisms, or epistatic regulation.
For the sub-study, this digital navigation tool will both inform/educate, engage, support, and navigate participants and providers through the process of clinical trial participation via personalization (data profiling, adaptive and customized messaging, and tailored digital navigation) in a sample of 100 participants with diabetes and hypertension.